English Second Language Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for English Second Language College Essay Examples

Title: English Second Language

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1812
  • Bibliography:10
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Research proposal

Research Question: - Do high-school students grades improve when their non-English speaking parents start attending ESL (English Second Language) classes? Do highschool students gain a higher attendance record when their non-English speaking parents start attending ESL (English Second Language) classes?

Hypothesis: - It is hypothesized that students who have non-English speaking parents attend school more often when their parents start attending ESL (English Second Language) classes, and subsequently gain improvements with their grades.

Criteria & Marking:

? Review the relevant literature to provide a background and rational for a research question ? that is, a research investigation of the issue.

? Propose a research question and discuss the methods to investigate the question and the implications of your proposal. Using the following subheadings, you will be asked to provide an industry proposal of the research question and a research project for addressing the issue or problem.

Background: Provide a brief review of the literature related to the issue and a rational for the proposed research.

Project Aims & Significance: Outline the specific aims of the research, a specific hypothesis for each aim, and highlight the significance of the research question.

Methods, Design and Analysis: Discuss the methodology of the proposed research including: participants, measures, and design plan.

Outcomes and Implications: Describe the expected outcomes and the associated implications of the research ? for example, how do the outcomes inform practice, change, and/or further enquiry?

Must have in-text referencing and full bibliography with doi?s

[ Order Custom Essay ]

[ View Full Essay ]

Excerpt From Essay:
Bibliography:

Reference:

Burnham, J.J., Mantero, M., & Hooper, L.M. (2009). Experiential training: Connecting school counselors-in-training, English as a second language (ESL) teachers, and ESL students. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 37(1), 2-14. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/236000483?accountid=34899

N, E.P. (2001). Moving from the ESL classroom into the mainstream: An investigation of English language anxiety in Mexican girls. Bilingual Research Journal, 25(1), 31-38. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/222011973?accountid=34899

Nina, L.W., & Lu, C. (2012). "English language learners": An analysis of perplexing ESL-related terminology. Language and Literacy, 14(3), 83-n/a. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1428558373?accountid=34899

Ortmeier-Hooper, C. (2008). "English may be my second language, but I'm not 'ESL'." College Composition and Communication, 59(3), 389-419. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/220713217?accountid=34899

Pracht, C. (2007). ESL toolkit: An English as a second language collection: 1) the grammar cracker 2) IPA phonics 3) varsity vocabulary 4) A boatload of idioms 5) the verb conjugater. Choice, 44(9), 1502. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/225756547?accountid=34899

Saito, H., & Miriam, E.E. (2012). Seeing English language teaching and learning through the eyes of Japanese EFL and ESL students. Foreign Language Annals, 37(1), 111-124. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/216022183?accountid=34899

Sawin, G. (2000). How to communicate with people who speak English as a second language (ESL). Et Cetera, 57(2), 140-145. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/204264590?accountid=34899

Shi, Q., & Steen, S., PhD. (2012). USING THE ACHIEVING SUCCESS EVERYDAY (ASE) GROUP MODEL TO PROMOTE SELF-ESTEEM AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT FOR ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE (ESL) STUDENTS. Professional School Counseling, 16(1), 63-70. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1312675887?accountid=34899

Young, M.W. (2012). English (as a second) language arts teachers: The key to mainstreamed ESL student success. English Journal, 85(8), 17-24. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/237305094?accountid=34899

Zhang, L.J. (2008). Constructivist pedagogy in strategic reading instruction: Exploring pathways to learner development in the English as a second language (ESL) classroom. Instructional Science, 36(2), 89-116. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11251-007-9025-6

Order Custom Essay On This Topic

Title: Writer request Amber111 Using thoughts analysis write a short effect essay topic selected unit's DB IMPORTANT Please follow guidelines outlined effect pattern development chapter textbook writing type essay

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 772
  • Sources:2
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Writer request: Amber111

Using your own thoughts and analysis, write a short cause and effect essay about the topic you have selected in this unit's DB. IMPORTANT: Please follow the guidelines outlined for the cause and effect pattern of development in the chapter of your textbook on writing this type of essay. Use the information in the chapter to outline your essay and include this outline with your essay submission. Please submit your paper in APA format.

Following the cause and effect pattern of development outlined in your textbook your paper should contain:

an introduction paragraph (place your thesis statement at the end of this paragraph).
body paragraphs (each body paragraph should present and discuss a point that supports your thesis statement).
conclusion paragraph.
CHECK-LIST:

Format your project in APA manuscript style in the following order:

Title Page
Abstract
Essay
References list
Write the essay using the cause and effect pattern of development:
Write the essay using a formal tone and style, which avoids the use of personal pronouns (you, I, me, or we).
To support your thesis statement and supporting points, cite evidence (facts, statistics, examples, and expert viewpoints) from a minimum of two (2) sources from the AIU Library databases in the text of your essay with in-text citations and corresponding reference entries in your reference list. This is not optional; you must use sources to support your thesis statement.









Presentation
Presentation: Writing a Research Paper
Introduction
This presentation will introduce you to writing a research paper. Specifically, this presentation focuses on choosing a subject, collecting information, and evaluating sources. In addition, you will be introduced to ways of finding and documenting sources, as well as structuring a research paper.

Presentation

You have already studied basic organization and development, the centrality of a thesis statement, the relationship between purpose and paragraph development, and rhetorical modes.

This unit focuses on using all these elements in a specific deliverable?the research report. The authors of Writing from the Ground Up contend that "as a student and as a professional, the research report is your opportunity to accumulate in-depth knowledge about a specific topic and to hone the writing skills necessary for competence in higher education and responsible careers" (Leesther, Bailey, Rauls, Sawh, & Williams, 1998). The primary elements of the research report include the research process and methods of evidentiary documentation.

The Research Process

The research process is usually defined in terms of linear stages, but the process itself is far more flexible than the traditional model infers. You as a writer have a responsibility for all of the elements of effective research, but the ways in which you complete them are a matter of individual preference. Generally, the research process involves defining both the topic and its scope; collecting a valid and reliable body of evidence; outlining your approach; selecting sources; writing a draft copy of your deliverable; adhering to the ethics and standards of source documentation; and producing the final draft of your research report.

Research Documentation

Appropriate documentation of sources fulfills two useful elements of effective report writing. "Any time you, as the writer, use specific sources you have an ethical obligation to let your audience know who deserves the credit for the information, idea, opinion, or explanation" (Leesther et al., 1998). Representing someone else's work without appropriate documentation is an act of plagiarism. In academics, a student found guilty of plagiarism is likely to face disciplinary consequences. In corporate work, plagiarism places the organization at legal risk. Thus, careful documentation of resources protects the writer him or herself.

Documentation of resources, however, provides another useful service. The authors of Writing from the Ground Up state, "full citations tell readers precisely where the information can be located. Readers may want to trace the facts on which you base a conclusion or to verify that block quotations were reproduced accurately" (Leesther et al., 1998). If, for example, a reader wanted to use your report as a foundation for his or her work, then the ability to check the accuracy of your information becomes increasingly significant.

Reference

Leesther, T., Bailey, S. D., Rauls, M., Sawh, R., & Williams, W. T. (1998). Writing from the ground up (2nd ed.). Boston: Simon Schuster.



Presentation
Presentation: The Cause-and-Effect Essay
The Method

A cause brings about an event or incident. The term effect means the results of the event or incident. Writing a cause-and-effect essay requires more than just knowing the cause and the effect. The writer of this type of essay wants to present information in a chronological manner so that his or her intended audience has a clear understanding of the causes and effects that could have ramification over a period of time. For instance, global warming has been in the media and news for a period of years, however, with each decade, new information is presented to support many varied claims concerning the causes and effects and environmental influences on global warming. When asking about something like the effects the environment has on global warming, Kennedy, Kennedy, and Aaron (2006) suggest that you would use the division and analysis essay to separate the flow of events into causes.

The Process

According to Kennedy, Kennedy, and Aaron (2006), you are on your way to analyzing causes of an event by answering the questions "Why?" "What if?" or "What results?" When selecting your topic, you must consider your available time and resources to not overburden yourself. Do not choose a topic that will involve extensive research when you only have a short time to write the essay. After you select your topic, clearly define your purpose. Are you trying to inform your readers or persuade them? Your purpose will dictate the angle you take in your writing; therefore, you must define it from the beginning.

Examining the causes of an event can prove to be a cumbersome task. Most often, the causes are not clearly defined; therefore, extensive research is required on your part. According to Kennedy, Kennedy, and Aaron (2006), all causes occur in a chronological order and therefore should be presented in that order. You should also place levels of importance for each cause to determine how much emphasis is needed. Present your information truthfully so you do not mislead your audience. Additionally, keep your time period as remote and relevant to your topic as possible. Finally, be cautious of post hoc fallacy and oversimplifying the causes to not include all the possible causes of an event. Post hoc fallacy takes place when an assumption is made that if Y took place after X, then X must have caused Y. According to Kennedy, Kennedy, and Aaron (2006), Kenneth Burke (a literary critic) states five elements that must be identified in the search of causes. They are as follows: the act you are trying to explain, the actor, the scene or location where the act took place, the instruments or means the actor used, and the reason the actor committed the act.

Focus on Clarity and Conciseness

When writing your essay, do not present your material in a roundabout way. According to Kennedy, Kennedy, and Aaron (2006), your writing will have a bigger impact on your readers if you provide concise sentences and use appropriate subjects and verbs. Also, as previously stated, present your causes in chronological order placing more emphasis on the major causes and less emphasis on the minor causes.

Reference

Kennedy, X. J., Kennedy, D. E., & Aaron, J. E. (2006). The Bedford reader (9th ed.). Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's.



Article
Article: The Comparison-Contrast Essay
The Comparison-Contrast Essay

The act of juxtaposing the attributes of two or more things assists in the evaluation of both. In a comparison-contrast essay, this juxtaposition is done through a thorough, structured narrative. According to Kennedy, Kennedy, and Aaron (2006), when comparing attributes, the similarities are evaluated; when contrasting attributes, the differences are examined. The purpose of a comparison-contrast essay is either to determine the preferred choice between the options available or to clarify the details of each subject.

The Method

Kennedy et al. (2006) note that a comparison-contrast essay written for the purpose of clarification examines minute and subtle details of two or more subjects. When writing for the purpose of clarification, no preference is asserted at the end of the work. If the purpose of a work is to select the one option, however, the narrative is directed toward discerning the one that best meets the predefined criteria. In both modes, the audience is provided with enough information to form an opinion of the topic.

The Process

The options discussed in the comparison-contrast essay should be dissimilar enough that the existence of a clear difference is readily apparent. Kennedy et al. (2006) point out that when the options have been selected, the writer must constrain the scope of the essay by defining all possible points of comparison and selecting the most important ones to feature in the work. The writer will then craft a thesis based on an analysis of the comparison and contrast based on those defined points. Both the thesis and main points of comparison may be altered in the prewriting stage if problems become apparent, especially if a balance between the choices is not achieved in its current form. However, a rigid parallel structure is not productive either, and the writer should not attempt to match each concept in pairs until the conclusion.

Reference

Kennedy, X. J., Kennedy, D. M., & Aaron, J. E. (2006). The bedford reader. (9th ed.). Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's.





Presentation
Presentation: The Critical Essay
The Critical Essay

According to Kennedy, Kennedy, and Aaron's The Bedford Reader (2006), a critical essay is one in which a writer separates the component parts of a concept and analyzes each one in detail. The division and analysis of these details allows the audience to understand the nature and structure of the subject.

The Method

Kennedy, Kennedy, and Aaron (2006) state that a writer must perform the same general type of process for any variety of the critical essay: the topic is defined, divided into components, and dissected. The process can be more strenuous depending on the availability of information and complexity of the concept. One of the major aspects of the process is defining the components to be divided; in many situations, such divisions are arbitrary and based upon the judgment of the writer. When the concept has been divided, clarified, and defined, the concept is reintegrated by the author as a rediscovered whole.

The Process

As explained in Kennedy, Kennedy, and Aaron (2006), four phases are required from the beginning of a critical essay, all of which should be organized in an outline prior to the creation of first full draft. First, the writer must compartmentalize the whole, separating each major element. Next, inferences must be drawn from a close examination of each element. After the separate elements have been analyzed, connections must be discerned between them. Finally, the whole must be reinterpreted in light of the writer's close analysis. The work that results from this process will allow the reader to develop a framework through which he or she may respond to the analysis. The writer's conclusions will form the basis for the work's thesis, which may be an explicit statement of the work's main idea or implicit in the body of the work, depending on the format being used for the piece.

The thesis of the work, as Kennedy, Kennedy, and Aaron (2006) point out, must be supported through evidence that is provided by the writer. To maintain the work's credibility, this evidence must be of a type that can be independently verified by the audience. The author should select an appropriate amount of evidence to present as well because too little or too much evidence can be detrimental. At all times, support of the thesis should be the explicit focus of the analysis of all evidence.

Reference

Kennedy, X. J., Kennedy, D. M., & Aaron, J. E. (2006). The Bedford reader (9th ed.). Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's.



Presentation
Presentation: Critical Essay Intro & Grammar
Critical Essay

The critical essay is one of the most complicated essay forms; however, when well written, the critical essay provides the reader with a wealth of information about the work being examined, as well as insight into what the writer thinks about the work itself. When writing a critical essay, it is essential that the writer first understand what the work is about and second, understand what has been written about the work.

Each critical essay should include the following (Critical Essay, n.d.):

A summary of the author's point of view
a brief statement of the author's main idea (i.e., thesis or theme)
an outline of the important facts and lines of reasoning the author used to support the main idea
a summary of the author's explicit or implied values
a presentation of the author's conclusion or suggestions for action
An evaluation of the author's work
an assessment of the facts presented on the basis of correctness, relevance, and whether or not pertinent facts were omitted
an evaluation or judgment of the logical consistency of the author's argument
an appraisal of the author's values in terms of how you feel or by an accepted standard
Once writers have evaluated these things, they may move into a discussion of the ways in which the work either conforms to, or deviates from, a particular claim. For example, when evaluating a literary work such as Lorraine Hansberry's play A Raisin in the Sun, the writer may choose to explore the ways in which the work emphasizes the theme of masculinity or manhood. The key to writing a solid critical essay is not to discuss the ways in which the writer likes or dislikes the work but instead to critique the ways in which the work itself illustrates the theme the writer has chosen.

In the arts and design fields, a writer may be called on to critique a design or a concept. Frequently, one will be asked to evaluate the ways in which a particular style or form either conforms to or deviates from accepted design standards. Writers should not include such statements as "I like the way in which the designer incorporated the elements in their design," but instead should evaluate the design according to what the writer knows about the style: "This designer adheres to design standards in the following ways?"

Vocabulary, Pronouns, and Clauses

Vocabulary is an essential part of every piece of writing. If words are misused or misspelled, the reader will be distracted from the overall message or meaning of the writing. Writers must learn the differences between words such as effect and affect or accept and except. Writers must also properly spell the words they use (spell-check capabilities on computers have helped improve this, but writers should not rely on spell check to correct all errors).

The use of pronouns can also be confusing at times. Standard pronouns such as he, she and it seem rather straightforward and obvious. The tricky part about pronouns is knowing which pronoun to use in issues of agreement. A frequently asked question is as follows: if there is more than one gendered subject in a sentence, how do you know which pronoun to use after referring to them all? This question, and other issues related to references and point-of-view, can be solved by learning rules related to pronouns.

A clause is a group of words that have a subject and a verb. A relative clause is defined as an adjective clause, one that further defines the subject in the sentence. In every sentence the clause can be defined as either restrictive, meaning it is essential to the sentence (and is not marked by commas) or nonrestrictive, meaning it is not essential to the meaning of the sentence (and is marked by commas on either side of the clause).

Reference

Critical essay. (n.d.). Retrieved August 25, 2009, from Essay Info Web site: http://essayinfo.com/essays/critical_essay.php



Article
Article: Process Analysis Essay
Process Analysis Essay

Process analysis is a form of exposition or explaining. According to Kennedy, Kennedy, and Aaron (2006), process analysis essays typically fall into one of two main types?a directive process analysis, which gives directions telling the reader how to do something, or an informative process analysis, which analyzes how something works or how something happened.

Analyzing a process typically means examining something that occurs in its natural state. You can analyze and describe how an e-mail gets from a sender to a receiver, for example. Doing this type of analysis takes careful observation or research. Descriptions that you find in research will vary, so you will want to compare several versions and synthesize them.

Procedures are similar to processes. A procedure is a standardized series of steps based on experience or input from experts about the best way to do something. For example, you can find recommended procedures for finding a job online.

When writing a description of a process or procedure, be sure to check your steps for both accuracy and completeness. It is all too common for writers to leave out important steps or to combine steps when they should be separated.

Effective Ways to Analyze a Process

It is said that the true expert has forgotten what it is like to learn something for the first time and therefore may leave out important steps in describing a process. Writers who are students may be better able to capture the steps and substeps involved in a process or procedure.

Kennedy et al. (2006) explain that the first step in analyzing and writing about a procedure is to clearly understand the process. What is the cue that tells you to start the sequence of steps that follow? Asking ?How do I know I need to begin this process?? helps you find the appropriate starting point. After you think your process through, you should consider your thesis. What is the purpose of your analysis? What do you want your readers to gain? Simply state your subject and an outline of the steps in your thesis statement. Make your thesis statement lively, clear, and to the point.

Next, Kennedy et al. (2006) state that the researcher and writer must identify the required steps. As indicated previously, you must take care not to miss steps or to combine steps unintentionally. For example, printing a document may involve a quick check to ensure paper is in the printer or the correct settings are used. These steps could be overlooked and are therefore missed in writing. You should list the steps in order if possible. What if the steps of a process occur at the same time? At this point, you may want to consider using a classification essay to write your process analysis. There will be times when you will have to combine rhetorical modes to communicate your points to your reader.

According to Kennedy et al. (2006), after you write your steps, make sure you have included all of the steps and included all of the information required for that step. Define all terms that may seem ambiguous, or go into extra detail for steps that may cause complications. Having more details is better than not having enough because you can always go back and revise the document to make it succinct. Transitional phrases or time markers are a great way to keep your reader aware of the flow of the process.

The final step is to revise your work. One of the best ways to test your process is to read it to someone and have him or her perform the process, noting when there are missing or unclear descriptions. Additionally, ask your friend to pinpoint areas that may be too wordy. In the revision process, you want to ensure that you have maintained consistency in the point of view, the voice, and the subject and verb forms. In summary, a process analysis should include a well-defined thesis statement, chronologically ordered steps, all details required to understand and perform the steps, explanations of terms that may be ambiguous to your reader, and time markers or transitions to guide the reader in the process, and they should be consistent (Kennedy, Kennedy, & Aaron, 2006).

Reference

Kennedy, X. J., Kennedy, D. M., & Aaron, J. E. (2006). The bedford reader. (9th ed.). Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's.


Resource Links
A Brief Guide to Writing a Comparison Contrast Essay
(http://www.rscc.cc.tn.us/owl&writingcenter/OWL/Com_Con.html)
Writing a comparison/contrast paper involves comparing and contrasting two subjects. A comparison shows how two things are alike. A contrast shows how two things are different. There are also writing strategies available for this type of essay. Site is from The Online Writing Lab of Roane State Community College.

APA Flash Tutorial
(http://www.umuc.edu/library/tutorials/citation/)
APA Flash Tutorial

About Online Writing Materials
(http://www.dartmouth.edu/~writing/materials/about.shtml)
This is a page from Dartmouth University that offers writing materials for students, teachers, and tutors.

Apple discussions
(http://discussions.apple.com/thread.jspa?threadID=1521330&tstart=0)
Troubleshooting PowerPoint

Argument Mapping Tutorials
(http://www.austhink.com/reason/tutorials/)
A website covering the fundamentals of argument mapping. Click Six Tutorials (under Argument mapping tutorials)

Callista
(http://www.ecu.edu.au/apps/CallistaSMS/pdf/CallistaMacUsersGuide.pdf)
Student Management System Troubleshooting Excel for Mac

Cause and Effect
(http://www.efl.arts.gla.ac.uk/CampusOnly/essays/17web.htm)
This site explains the cause and effect essay along with tips on how to organize this type of text from the University of Glasglow.

Comparison Contrast Essays
(http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/acadwrite/comparcontrast.html)
This is a brief guide on writing the compare and contrast essay from St. Cloud State University, St. Cloud, MN.

Deadwood: Empty or Pretentious Expressions
(http://iws.ccccd.edu/WriteStuff/deadwood.html)
This page is from William Strunk, Jr.?s, The Elements of Style. Strunk argues that, "Many of you are filling your writing with DEADWOOD in the belief that straightforward language is simplistic language." He provides examples and solutions for tired expressions. From Collin County Community College District in Texas.

English Composition: Writing for an Audience
(http://www.learner.org/index.html)
A video instructional series on English composition for college and high school classrooms and adult learners. Search: English Composition. Click English Composition: Writing for an Audience

English Second Language
(http://www.eslcafe.com/)
Students for whom English is a Second Language will find useful information at this site.

Information about Expository Writing
(http://www.stanford.edu/~arnetha/expowrite/info.html)
An article from Stanford University that provide examples and information on expository writing t

Internet Detective
(http://www.vts.intute.ac.uk/detective/)
This tutorial teaches how to evaluate online sources for university research.

Judy Vorfeld's Webgrammar
(http://www.webgrammar.com)
This website provides writing and research help.

Methods of Organizing the Essay
(http://web.uvic.ca/wguide/Pages/EssayOrgMethods.html)
In the search this server text-box enter "The UVic Writer's Guide" and press search. Select the first link titled "The UVic Writer's Guide: The Table of Contents." Then click on "Methods Of Organizing Your Essay." This brief page covers some of the organizational formats common to essay writing.

Non-Sexist Language
(http://owl.english.purdue.edu/handouts/general/gl_nonsex.html)
This is a brief article from Purdue University?s Writing Lab, on how to avoid using sexist language in your writing.

Online Technical Writing
(http://www.io.com/~hcexres/textbook/)
This is written for the technical writer but provides useful information for all writers from PrismNet.

Princeton Writing Center
(http://web.princeton.edu/sites/writing/Writing_Center/WCWritingResources.htm)
This site provides general information about all aspects of writing, including process, rhetorical modes, grammar, and mechanics.

Process Analysis
(http://www1.english.montana.edu/wc/Information/rhetorical-strategies)
This site provides brief information on process analysis as a rhetorical mode. Scroll down on the page to read about process analysis. From Montana State University.

The OWL at Purdue
(http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/)
APA Guide on quotations and paraphrases

The Rhetorical Modes: Writers' Toolbox
(http://instruct.tri-c.edu/write/box/docs/modes/modes.htm)
A brief description of modes is available at this site from Cuyahoga Community College.

Writing a Process Essay
(http://leo.stcloudstate.edu/acadwrite/process.html)
This is a brief guide for writing a process essay.

Writing an Argument
(http://papyr.com/hypertextbooks/engl_102/critique.htm)
Provides useful and interesting guidelines for writing the argument essay. Writer request: Amber111

Reference materials:

[ Order Custom Essay ]

[ View Full Essay ]

Excerpt From Essay:
Sources:

References

Allensworth, E.M., & Easton, J.Q., (2007). What matters for staying on-track and graduating in Chicago public highs schools: A close look at course grades, failures, and attendance in the freshman year (Research Report). Retrieved from University of Chicago, Consortium on Chicago School Research website: http://ccsr.uchicago.edu/content/publications.php?pub_id=116.

Balfanz, R., & Legters, N., (2008). NCLB and reforming the nation's lowest- performing high schools: Help hindrance, or unrealized potential? In G. Sunderman (Ed.), Holding NCLB accountable: Achieving accountability, equity, & school reform, 191-222. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Gay, G. (2007). The Rhetoric and Reality of NCLB. Race, Ethnicity and Education, 10(3): 279-293.

Order Custom Essay On This Topic

Title: Comprehensive Health Assessment

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1103
  • References:3
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Instructions to writer:
In this unit, you will complete a comprehensive health assessment using interventions that are both developmentally and culturally appropriate. This work will be based upon your collection of the data for your family provided in the course to date. (See attached The Garcia’s)
In Unit 5, you evaluated the developmental issues for the members of your virtual family, using Erikson or another reliable source, to support your discussion. In this unit, you will develop the culturally appropriate strategies for the nurse to use when conducting a health assessment of patients from diverse developmental stages and culture. Your project will discuss each family member individually and how cultural issues may affect the family as a group.
P2
Your final project will be a 3-5 page (excluding the title page and the references page) paper in APA format with a minimum of three references and include the following:
• A comprehensive health assessment based on developmental and cultural factors.
• Identification of developmental issues for each family member and their potential impact on the family as a whole.
• Identification of cultural issues for each family member and their potential impact on the family as a whole.
• Identification of strategies/interventions for the nurse to use when conducting a health assessment of patients from diverse developmental stages and cultures.

Overview
One Month Later
During this time frame, you will consider how cultural factors of your family members can influence their health. One of our goals as nurses is to facilitate not only our patient’s health, but also the health of the family. Families of various cultural backgrounds have unique health care issues and needs. These are often seen as very important to the patient and family, and cultural sensitivity on the part of the nurse is essential. We can never attempt to impose our own beliefs and values on any patient no matter what their cultural background. There may be barriers to health care at times, but as nurses it is our role to advocate for our patients and attempt to reduce or eliminate those barriers.
The cultural background in which we grew up and developed our customs, values, etc. can influence how we respond to stressors, our level of independence from others, etc. It is important for us to understand the characteristics of different cultures when developing strategies to conduct a health assessment on a patient. We then need to utilize information about our patient’s cultural background as a part of the total picture of our patient when implementing or planning care

THE GARCIA’s CUBAN HERITAGE/CULTURE
GERARDO GARCIA (Son)
MEDICAL FILE
Age: 25; son of Angelo and Lourdes; Physician’s Assistant; born in US
5’10” 185 lbs. Reports regular exercise.
Allergies: Sulfa Drugs
Health History: Unremarkable
Unit 2 (No visit)
Unit 3
Gerardo: presents for routine physical exam. States that he is currently in a monogamous homosexual relationship but that he feels that it may end soon. States that he told his parents that he is gay 4 years ago, and that while his mother was accepting, his father continues to struggle with his sexuality. VS essentially unchanged from prior visits.
Unit 4 (no visit)
Unit 5
Gerado: presents with complaints of cough, earache, and sore throat. Strep test positive. Temp 101. Other VS WNL. Height and weight unchanged. Reports that his relationship has ended, and that he has begun to go to gay bars to find someone else to date. States that he is still at odds with Angelo, and that he doesn’t think that Mercedes knows that he is gay.
Unit 6 (No visit)
Unit 7 (No visit)
Unit 8
Gerado: Follow up for persistant sore throat, cough and intermittent fever. On exam, tonsils inflamed with exudates. ENT consult suggested for possible tonsillectomy. States lease on apartment is up and his roommate has moved away. He is moving back home for about six months to save money.
MERCEDES GARCIA (Grandmother)
MEDICAL FILE
Age: 70 (Mother of Angelo)
Unemployed
Native of Cuba
5’2” 140 lbs.
Allergies: KNA
Health History: Cardiac disease, hypertension, osteoarthritis

Unit 2
Mercedes: complains of generalized joint pain but states that she doesn’t want to try to do anything to alleviate it, as she states that she can handle the pain. Mercedes is ESL (English Second Language) and she struggles at times with conversation. BP 136/92; other VS WNL
Unit 3 (No visit.)
Unit 4
Mercedes: presents for follow-up to elevated BP after initiation of BP meds. BP now 120/84. Denies any increase in pain or need for pain medications. Nurse attempts teaching regarding diet and adherence to medication regimen. Mercedes is given the opportunity to ask questions, but does not.
Unit 5 (No visit.)
Unit 6 (No visit.)
Unit 7
Mercedes: presents for follow-up for hypertension; BP 120/84. Height 5’1” Weight 138 lbs. States that she “hasn’t felt well” lately. Lourdes has accompanied her for this visit, and confirms this information. When asked what she thinks is wrong, states that she doesn’t know. States that joint pain is unchanged. When asked if she has any constipation or other bowel problems, does not answer.
Unit 8 (No visit.)

ANGELO GARCIA (father)
Medical File
Age: 47; successful businessman, native of Cuba
5’6” 180 lbs
Allergies: NKA
Health History: has smoked 3 packs of cigarettes per day for 15 years; chronic cough
Unit 2 (No visit)
Unit 3
Angelo: presents with continued chronic cough for “several weeks” with discolored sputum. States that he continues to smoke about 3 packs of cigarettes per day. States that cough has made him exhausted because he cannot sleep well at night. States that this is not acceptable, as he is the man and primary breadwinner for the family and must work at least 50-60 hours per week to keep his job and pay household bills in this tough economy.
Unit 4 (No visit)
Unit 5
Angelo: Presents with mild chest pain described as pressure. Occurs even at rest. No diaphoresis or arm or jaw pain. ECG abnormal. Admitted for observation. Serial cardiac enzymes and ECG indicate small posterior MI. Angelo states he does not feel bad enough to have had a heart attack. Cardiac catheterization scheduled.
Unit 6 (No visit)
Unit 7
Angelo: Follow up s/p MI. Is at home and no report of chest pain. States is anxious to return to work. Has not enrolled in cardiac rehab program as suggested by cardiologist. States participating in smoking cessation program is enough for now. VS WNL. States medications make him feel tired ??" has no energy.
Unit 8 (No visit)

LOURDES GARCIA (WIFE)
MEDICAL FILE
Age: 45; publisher of historic novels
works from home; native of Cuba
5’3” 135 lbs.
Allergies: NKA
Health History: controlled hypertension

Unit 2 (No visit)
Unit 3 (No visit)
Unit 4
Lourdes: presents for routine physical exam. Medical records need updating due to problem with conversion of files from paper to computer. States that she needs to discuss what might be causing her hypertension.
Unit 5 (No visit)
Unit 6
Lourdes: Follow up for hypertension. Mentions that she cannot sleep at night and this is a new occurrence. BP 140/86. Has been stressed about Angelo’s health and the rift between him and their son. States she is responsible for the care of Mercedes, Angelo’s mother. States Mercedes is very demanding. States she is struggling to do work at home, care for Mercedes and try to keep peace between Angelo and Gerardo. She tries to help Angelo heal from his MI. Inquires about an anti-depressant and sleeping pill.
Unit 7 (No visit)
Unit 8 (No visit)











There are faxes for this order.

[ Order Custom Essay ]

[ View Full Essay ]

Excerpt From Essay:
References:

References

Dichter, E. (1947). Why do we smoke cigarettes? The Psychology of Everyday Living. Retrieved from http://smokingsides.com/docs/whysmoke.html

Springhouse Corporation. (1990). Erikson's development stages. Retrieved from http://honolulu.hawaii.edu/intranet/committees/FacDevCom/guidebk/teachtip/erik son.htm

Text book chapter 28 on Cuban Americans.

Order Custom Essay On This Topic

Title: Motivation Theories

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1831
  • Works Cited:5
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: ********"Request for the Writter: FreelanceWriter**************

I´m currently in my 1st Undergraduate year in UK.

This essay has a big weight on the module (50 %) so please try to do the best you can. Make sure you follow all my instructions provided in the attached file.

I´m an english second language speaker, so try to use simple vocabulary.

All Informations regarding the essay will be provided on the attached file (Word Document). In addition I will provide a ppt file with a set Theories provided by the lecturer which I must pick 2 to talk about. The writter is free to choose the most 2 suitable ones for the question purposed.

In regards the number of references the writter is free to put whatever he thinks, once the number of references is not compulsory.

It also would be great of you could include real life examples (companies, individuals, etc) in order to clarify the answers.

Many Thanks.

There are faxes for this order.

[ Order Custom Essay ]

[ View Full Essay ]

Excerpt From Essay:
Works Cited:

references in German and the U.S.A. New York: Springer

Hassard, J. And M. Parker, 1993. Post modernization and organization. London, UK: SAGE

Yeatts, D. And C. Hyten, 1998. High-performing self-managed work teams: a comparison of theory to practice. London, UK: SAGE

Order Custom Essay On This Topic
Request A Custom Essay On This Topic Request A Custom Essay
Testimonials:
“I really do appreciate HelpMyEssay.com. I'm not a good writer and the service really gets me going in the right direction. The staff gets back to me quickly with any concerns that I might have and they are always on time.’’ Tiffany R
“I have had all positive experiences with HelpMyEssay.com. I will recommend your service to everyone I know. Thank you!’’ Charlotte H
“I am finished with school thanks to HelpMyEssay.com. They really did help me graduate college.’’ Bill K