Bible, King James. Revelation, from the holy Bible, King James version
Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library. Url:
http://etext.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/KjvReve.html. Accessed August 19,
Cahill, Thomas. The Gifts of the Jews. New York: Anchor Books, 1999.
In government bureaucracies over the last thirty years, the overall trend has been toward greater decentralization, deregulation and privatization, even in countries with strong welfare provisions and social democratic traditions like Sweden. Economic decline of the older manufacturing-based economy and rising costs led to these changes starting in the 1970s. This led to more decentralization and local autonomy in the provision of welfare services as well as increased cooperation and interaction between local governments, rather than simply receiving instruction from the centralized bureaucracy in Stockholm. As in the United States, this led to greater variations in spending and tax rates between different regions and municipalities, and wider discrepancies between the levels of service provided. This become so great by 1995 that the central government stepped in and imposed certain standards in taxation and spending levels on social welfare, below which no municipalities were allowed to fall.
6. Based on your reading of this book what areas of research still need to be examined around the theses.
In the Western nations, the trend toward economies-based or services and technology will certainly continue and intensify in the years ahead. Organizations that fail to adopt their structures to the new information technologies will certainly decline and disappear, just as the manufacturers of horse-drawn carriages did in the early-20th Century. There will be no escape these new trends in technology and globalized economics, and organizations will remain under pressure to 'flatten out', become more intelligent and decentralized. This will mean even greater freedom, creativity and incomes for employees with the skills and education to function in the new high technology economy, while those trained for Fordist mass production will continue to find their jobs disappearing to low-wage countries abroad. The majority of workers will be relegated to low-paying, dead-end service sector jobs ('McJobs'), and will be under tight surveillance and control through the new technologies. Their pay and benefits will be lower than in the older mass production industries and governments will provide even less funding for education and social welfare, while their jobs will still be at least as dull, repetitive and uncreative as they were for Fordist assembly line workers. Employees using the Internet and other new technologies are able to engage in "informal learning" rather than the older, top-down education model of bureaucratic organizations. Human Performance Technology (HPT) is one of the newer social science and management fields that came into being over the last twenty to thirty years that take an interdisciplinary approach. HPT borrows heavily from cognitive science, information technology, and systems theory, as well as biology, philosophy and psychology in an integrated approach to the 21st Century workplace. At present, many of its practitioners believe that it is insufficiently grounded in theory and still has a wide gap between research and actual practice.
1. Pauline Maier. "American Gospel by Jon Meacham." Washington Post.
A www.washingtonpost.com.May 7, 2006
2. Deirdre Donahue. "American Gospel by Jon Meacham." USA TODAY.
3. George Westerlund. "American Gospel by Jon Meacham." Library Journal.
A www.libraryjournal.comMay 1, 2006
American Gospel PAGE 5
1. Pauline Maier. "American Gospel by Jon Meacham." Washington Post. May 7, 2006