Bailouts Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Bailouts College Essay Examples

Title: Bailouts of Chrysler and GM

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 1688
  • References:3
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Need an example paper that follows the bailouts of Chrysler and GM. Where are they now? How were they similar? How were they different? What auditing violations caused by both companies to file bankruptcy? Who were the auditors? Was the probability of bankruptcy disclosed in the annual reports? In the notes to the financial statements? What type of opinion was given in the audit, unqualified audit opinion, with an exception? What were the repercussions to those firms, if any? Why or why not?
Excerpt From Essay:
References:

Bury, C. (2012, March 5). Federal Bankruptcy Judge: Bailout Was Only Way to Save Chrysler. Retrieved from ABC News: http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/business/2012/03/federal-bankruptcy-judge-bailout-was-only-way-to-save-chrysler/

Herbert, B. (2008, November 28). Putting a Face on Big Auto. Retrieved from The New York Times: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/11/29/opinion/29herbert.html

Isidore, C. (2012, February 16). Still fighting over GM's bailout. Retrieved from CNN Money: http://money.cnn.com/2012/02/16/news/companies/gm_bailout/index.htm

Marr, K. (2009, January 22). Toyota Passes GM as World's Largest Automaker. Retrieved from The Washington Post: http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2009/01/21/AR2009012101216.html

Neff, J. (2008, January 23). GM releases global sales numbers for 2007, in dead heat with Toyota. Retrieved from Auto Blog: http://www.autoblog.com/2008/01/23/gm-releases-global-sales-numbers-for-2007-in-dead-heat-with-toy/

Smith, A. (2009, June 2). GM unloads Hummer to Chinese buyer. Retrieved from CNN Money: http://money.cnn.com/2009/06/02/news/companies/gm_hummer/

Vohwinkle, J. (N.d.). When U.S. Automakers Can't Compete, They Beg For Government Assistance. Retrieved from Generation X Finance: http://genxfinance.com/when-us-automakers-cant-compete-they-beg-for-government-assistance/

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Title: Bailout and decision-making

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 1838
  • Bibliography:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Hi, I will be sending a .doc file containing the research I have done thus far. It is primarily in point form and some of it may be incoherent (you can e-mail me if anything needs clarification). The essay needs to cover three major points in its body (as stated in the .DOC file)

(1) Should the U.S. government now consider a bailout for the casino industry -- not to help the industry, but to save all those American jobs, which is the rationale for bailing out the auto industry (about 1 page, but could be intermingled with the other two questions)

(2) What is the single most important application of Pfeffer’s article to the growing call from corporations to readjust payroll costs? (about 1 ½ pages)

(3) Identify the most likely defects in decision-making that we should avoid making when it comes to the issue of public bailouts of troubled corporations? (about 4 pages)
Excerpt From Essay:
Bibliography:

NPR Interview with Nancy Pelosi retrieved December 13, 2008 at http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=96670508

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Title: Corporate Bail-out and the current economic situation

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1500
  • References:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Below are the instructions for this essay. Please include a reference page with at least 3 references and use in-text citations. Also, use quotations throughout the Essay. This type of paper needs to be a Research Position Essay. I will be including several articles for which to choose from. Please choose which you think are the most relevant. The topic of this paper should surround the area of the bailouts that the government has issued to many family corporations including credit card companies to clean up bad debt. What has these bailouts done to help the economy and are the consumers effected by it? Please let me know if you have any questions.

Please incorporate the below into this Essay.

Length: 4-6 pages, not including title and reference pages (1000-1500 words)

This assignment invites students to compose a persuasive essay examining a narrowly defined, academic, beneficial, and credible topic within the ten subject areas listed below. The essay should build on one’s efforts at analysis and writing during the course, concepts learned in Chapter One of Writing, and by using the Library’s resources like the “Topic” handouts and explanations. In line with the material discussed in class, the argumentative research paper invites you to establish your main persuasive claim (thesis), analyze the salient features of an issue, and develop your position on an issue using relevant and sufficient supporting evidence. The successful essay will begin to develop a “two-sided” persuasive approach discussing and supporting a defensible claim (thesis) about a controversial, but not over-wrought, subject??"something about which there is substantive and rational disagreement.

Useful in developing such an essay would be to examine initially one’s own experiences, beliefs, attitudes and values; similarly, one might, through significant reading, uncover a contradiction or argue against popular opinion. Effectively persuasive essays invariably consider counterclaims and opposing arguments, and if presented sensitively, help establish the author’s ethos. This essay challenges you to persuade the uncommitted by confidently presenting and critiquing opposing claims and evidence while convincingly presenting one’s own thoughts. Perhaps the most important element for this essay is that the topic intrigues and concerns the writer??"that it’s something the writer cares about.

? Specific Requirements: Including the standards found on the “Rubric for Writing Assessment” included below, and elements of effective persuasive essays discussed this quarter, and the textbook suggestions elaborated during the course, the research paper should be four to six pages in length, not including a Title and References pages. Additionally, the essay should incorporate quotations, summaries, and paraphrases using introductory phrasing and document sources in the text according to APA The Easy Way! At least five different sources must be used with not more than one deriving from the Internet. Information gained from reference sources, such as an encyclopedia, (e.g. Wikepedia.org) or a dictionary will not count as a legitimate source.

? Introductions: Catch the reader’s interest in the introduction by providing a short anecdote relevant to the paper; a revealing problem your research unveiled; a difficult question; a telling quotation; a misconception or stereotype that needs correction.

? Conclusions: Make the essay’s conclusions helpful and memorable for the reader. Remember to save something engaging or provocative for the end.

? Content: The essay will help you learn to construct an arguable claim, identify reasons and evidence, which are both relevant and sufficient, and to consider and respond to other writers’ positions. You will also begin to consider the rhetorical appeals of logos, ethos, and pathos as the means of making arguments.

? Audience: Try to ignore any negative preconceptions about writing a research paper. If the topic has been chosen with care and interest, this will focus one’s efforts and the ethos will be persuasively communicated to the reader. Consider the audience to be classmates or family but not necessarily your instructor. Although the essay will be academic in nature, try to use a semi-formal tone. Please try not to be dry or boring as one might imagine an “academic voice.” Work to make the paper interesting for the writer and for readers. In other words, envision that the essay teaches the reader something while also attempting to guide the reader toward accepting a particular viewpoint toward the topic.

? Rhetorical Strategies: Try to apply persuasive writing strategies learned this quarter. In addition to using convincing reasons and articulating a definite position, does the essay stir a reader’s emotions? Is the train of thought rigorous? Can you appeal to your reader's morals or ethics? Does the essay show readers that the writer??"oneself as a researcher??"is careful, responsible, and fair-minded with the presentation of information? Does the essay accurately represent competing ideas and claims fairly and accurately? Does the essay conform to conventions of written English in terms of grammar, mechanics, usage, and formatting?

? Sources: The more authoritative sources used, the more convincing the research is; the fewer and less credible the sources used, the less persuasive the writing is. Choose sources from a variety of publications like journals, magazine articles, books, databases, newspapers, government documents, and the Internet. Moreover, sources should be relatively recent, within the last five years unless you need to present a history of the topic as part of your argument. Question and challenge a source’s credibility by examining credentials, assumptions, affiliations, and implications, which could be used in the paper’s discussion.

? Quotations: Use phrases to introduce or contextualize writers or authorities. Discuss quotations that are not perfectly obvious in their meaning to integrate them smoothly into the writing and to avoid stringing them together.
Excerpt From Essay:
References:

Haugen, D., 2010, Bailout Money Should Not Be Used to Pay Executive Bonuses, Detroit: Greenhaven Press

Haugen, D., 2010, the Government Bank Bailout Plan Is a Fraud, Detroit: Greenhaven Press

Haugen, D., 2010, the Government Bank Bailout Will Not Jump Start the American Economy, Detroit: Greenhaven Press

September 2008, Government Bailouts Must Put Americans First, U.S. Newswire

2009, the History of U.S. Government Corporate Bailouts, credit Loan, http://www.creditloan.com/infographics/the-history-of-us-government-corporate-bailouts / last accessed on May 21, 2010

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Title: Fiscal and Monetary Policy.

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1364
  • Bibliography:6
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions:

Module 1 - Case

Introduction to Macro-Economics: Fiscal and Monetary Policy
The Two Branches of Macro-Economic Theory

Thinking like a Macro-Economist:

Fiscal and Monetary Policy



The United States is a capitalistic economic system but other have and currently do exist. Below is an amusing look at some comparative economic systems:

Feudalism: You have two cows that your feudal landlord owns. Your landlord takes some of the milk and lets you have the rest.

Communism: You have two cows. Your neighbors help to take care of them and the government tells you how much milk you can produce. You all share the milk.

Dictatorial control: You have two cows. The government takes them both, denies they ever existed, then drafts you into the army. Milk is banned.

Capitalism: You have two cows. You sell one and use the proceeds to buy a bull. Your herd multiplies, you sell them, and then retire.
Macro-economics is perhaps the most divisive area of economics when applied to political decision making, and macro-economists divide themselves into different schools of thought. Two of the biggest camps are the Keynesians and the Monetarists. Keynesians and post-Keynesians follow the theories of John Maynard Keynes, the most-celebrated economist of the 20th century who proposed that government stabilize the economy with the use of fiscal policy. Monetarists, on the other hand, follow the teachings of Friedrich Hayek. For this assignment do some research on the ideas of Keynes and Hayek. Focus on the "big picture" of what their main ideas are and how they have influenced policy makers. Then write a 3 to 4-page paper addressing the following questions:

_______________________________________________________________________

1-Explicitly define both fiscal and monetary policy.

2-Compare and contrast what policies Keynes and Hayek advocated regarding how the federal government should manage the economy. (Note: There is no need to include biographical information about their lives)

3-The Federal Reserve policy makers use several different tools to influence the money supply and interest rates. The three primary tools used are open market operations of transactions in Treasury securities, reserve requirements, and the discount rate. Describe each of these tools regarding how they are used by the Federal Reserve to influence the money supply and interest rates. Include in your answer at least one example for each tool that illustrates how it is used to either expand or contract the money supply.

4- Because of the close ties between macro-economics and political decision making it is important to recognize what area of economics, if any, is embedded in the decisions. The following are twelve current or historical actions dealing with government policy. For each scenario determine if it represents fiscal policy, monetary policy, or neither fiscal or monetary policy (not all government decisions are macro-economic in nature). Make sure to explain your answer.

a-First lady Michelle Obama has stressed fighting childhood obesity.

b-Some members of congress have proposed abolishing the Department of Education and its budget.

c- President Obama, through the EPA, and with the agreement of the automobile companies, increased future mileage requirements for automobiles sold in the USUS.

d-For several years subsidies have been given by the federal government to oil companies.

e- Since the onset of the recession 300,000 teachers have been laid off by state governments because of budget problems.

f- Due to the nuclear crisis in Japan, inspections of United States nuclear plants are taking place and additional safety requirements will be written.

g-A deficit reduction committee has recommended that tax deductions, such as the one allowed for interest on home mortgages, should be eliminated or altered.

h-The Federal reserve Board of Governors has recently stated they will maintain interest rates at or near their current low levels until 2014.

i-When President Clinton was in office during the 1990's there was an intentional policy of reducing interest rates, both short and long-term.

j- President Obama has proposed tax incentives for companies to encourage them to hire Iraq and Afghanistan veterans.

k-The Open Market Committee of the Federal Reserve has decided to purchase $10 billion of Treasury securities.

l-The Federal bailouts of General Motors and Chrysler.
_________________________________________________________________________

Case assignment expectations:

Use information from the modular background readings as well as any good quality resource you can find. Make sure you cite all resources you use and provide a reference list at the end of your paper.

LENGTH: 3-4 typed and double-spaced pages.

In addition to the overall quality, depth, grammar, and organization of the paper, the following will, in particular, be assessed:

1. The level of your understanding of the key concepts that make the two economists both similar and dissimilar.

2. Your ability to apply the theory by analyzing past and current economic actions as given in question 2.

3. Some in-text references to modular background readings (APA formatting not required).

Rittenberg and Tregarthen Principles of Macroeconomics. Chapter 11: Government and Fiscal Policy. Flatworld Knowledge.
For easier viewing, click on PDF version at top of page and then click on "Fullscreen".

Two economic giants have shaped economic thought, Keynes and Hayek. Below are two articles about each.

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/23/business/keynes-hayek-views-origins-of-an-economics-debate-review.html?_r=1&ref=books
http://www.bloomberg.com/news/print/2011-09-13/hayek-keynes-and-preventing-economic-crises-commentary-by-sylvia-nasar.html
Excerpt From Essay:
Bibliography:

Koehn, Nancy. (2011). Tale of the dueling economists. The New York Times. Retrieved: http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/23/business/keynes-hayek-views-origins-of-an-economics-debate-review.html?_r=1&ref=books

Nasar, Sylvia. (2011). Hayek, Keynes and How to Prevent Economic Crises. Bloomberg. Retrieved: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/print/2011-09-13/hayek-keynes-and-preventing-economic-crises-commentary-by-sylvia-nasar.html

What is the difference between fiscal and monetary policy? (2002). As Dr. Econ. The Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Retrieved: http://www.frbsf.org/education/activities/drecon/2002/0203.html

What are the tools of U.S. monetary policy? (2011). The Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco. Retrieved: http://www.frbsf.org/publications/federalreserve/monetary/tools.html

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