Essay Instructions: Case Briefs for the 5 Supreme Court Cases
1- Brown v. Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483 (1954) (Brown I)
2-Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District, 393 U.S. 503
3- Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier (1988)
4- New Jersey v. T.L.O. (1985)
5- Santa Fe Independent School District v. Jane Doe (2000)
Sample of how the Briefing Must be this format.
CASE # 1
Citation: Perry Education Association v. Perry Local Education Association, 460 U.S. 37 (1983)
(Please note that the name of a court case is always in italics!) Argued:October 13, 1982.
Date Decided: February 23, 1983
Vote: 5-4: Preferential access to a school mail system does not violate the First Amendment and the differential access afforded rival unions does not constitute impermissible content discrimination. (To find a vote in a case: go to http://www.oyez.org and click on Supreme Court Cases and then click on your case. You want to find the picture of the Supreme Court Justices for that case and click on each one. It will give their name and their vote!)
Facts of Case: A union was elected as the exclusive bargaining agent for the teachers of a school district. Per its collective bargaining agreement with the school board, only the representative union would have access to the interschool mail system and teacher mail folders. A rival union, contending the preferential-access system violated the First Amendment and the equal-protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment, brought suit. The district court entered a judgment for the defendants. The court of appeals reversed, holding that the school district’s preferential-access policy violated both the First Amendment and the equal-protection clause of the 14th Amendment.
Legal Principles at Issue: Whether the denial of equal access to an internal mail system within a school district to representative and rival unions violated the First Amendment and the equal protection clauses of the 14th Amendment.
Legal Basis for Decision: The Court adopted a three-part framework to evaluate different types of government-owned property. In traditional public forums, “places which by long tradition or by government fiat have been devoted to assembly and debate,” the rights of a state to limit expressive activity are more closely scrutinized. In such forums, the government may not prohibit all communicative activity and may enforce content-based restrictions only to the extent that such regulation is necessary to serve a compelling state interest and that it is narrowly drawn to achieve that end. A second category of property is the limited public forum, public property, which the state has opened for use by the public for expressive activity. Although a state is not bound to retain the open character of the property indefinitely, as long as it does so it is bound by the same standards as apply to traditional public forum. Public property that is not by tradition or designation a public forum is designated as a nonpublic forum. The state may reserve the forum for its
??????????intended purposes as long as the regulation on speech is reasonable and not an effort to suppress expression because public officials oppose the speaker’s view. The Court determined that the school mail facilities at issue were a nonpublic forum. The Court based its decision on the fact that the school mail system was not open to the public and permission had to be obtained from the school principal. The record indicated that permission had been granted only to a few outside organizations, such as the YMCA, Cub Scouts, and other civic and church organizations. Citing Greer v. Spock, 424 U.S. 828, 838 (1976), the court stated that this type of selective access does not transform government property into a public forum.
Quotable: “The existence of a right of access to public property and the standard by which limitations upon such a right must be evaluated differ depending on the character of the property at issue.”
Writing for: Justice White delivered the opinion of the court in which Burger, C.J.; Blackmun, Rehnquist, and O’Connor, J.J., joined the Majority:
Writing dissenting opinion(s): Justice Brennan filed a dissenting opinion in which Marshall, Powell and Stevens, J.J., joined.
Customer is requesting that (gibbs) completes this order.
Excerpt From Essay:
Essay Instructions: QUESTIONS TO CONSIDER BEFORE YOU DO YOUR PROJECT:
1. What are the Constitutional requirements under which an offender can receive the death penalty?
2. If only murder and torment qualify an offender for the death penalty, what, in your opinion, should happen to child rapists?
3. To an offender who injures his or her victim so badly that the victim is maimed or incapacitated for life?
4. To an offender who causes the suicide of the victim?
After reading the Supreme Court case Coker v. Georgia, answer the following:
1. What was the position of the state of Georgia on punishment for the crime of rape? Do you think that this can be justified under the Constitution?
2. Why did the Supreme Court reverse the decision by Georgia’s lower courts to give Coker the death penalty?
3. Do you agree with the Supreme Court decision? Why or why not?
4. If you agree with the Supreme Court, are there any circumstances under which a rapist should receive the death penalty?
Excerpt From Essay:
Total Pages: 5 Words: 1601 Works Cited: 5 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Causes and Effect paper. I am writing a paper about supreme court cases(Muller V. Oregon) women's right.
1. Good thesis Statement that clean and gets the reader attain, the background of the cases.
2. what caused it to be an issue of national importance and explain the cases it self and the judge ruled.
3.what caused the court to rule the way it did.
4. what effects the court ruling has had on American society.
5.finall my view of the cases I don't agree because as a women is our right to work as much as we wanted not up to men.
I wanted this paper to be clear when my teacher reads I wanted a A paper or else I will send back so plz do you best. English is my second language use simple words that is ease to understand and fit the sentence.
use the is three sources and find two more sourced add to it.
Excerpt From Essay:
Essay Instructions: The US Supreme Court reconvenes for its annual term on the first Monday in October. However, long before the term begins the cases that the Court will hear are well known to the public. There are a number of internet resources that list the cases to be considered by the Court at each session.
Students are to search for at least two different resources that list and review the current term Supreme Court cases. For the 2010-2011 term the Court will hear a little more than 50 cases, with some being more "significant" than others. Students are to briefly review all the cases of the Court for this term, listing 10 of the "most significant" cases. The list should note in 2-3 sentences why the student believes that each of these cases is significant, with an eye to 1-2 cases that s/he has a particular interest in.
Excerpt From Essay:
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