Essay Instructions: Writer MUST possess a sound knowledge in personality psychology, or at least understand what the "DOMAINS OF KNOWLEDGE" is-in psychology to be able to meet the requirements of this essay.
Writer MUST CHOOSE the Intrapsychic Domain as one of the perspectives through which to analyze the personality development of this interesting person.
Writer may NOT choose the Dispositional Domain for this analysis paper.
I would appreciate that the 5 pages does not include the bibliography, cover page, or any of such parts that do not contain the core content of the paper. Plus do not bother about the cover page, I'll do that. NO Wikipedia sources, please.
The instructions for the paper are as follows:
PSYCOLOGY: Theories of Personality
4-6 page paper analyzing the personality of a well-known person through two of the perspectives/domains of knowledge discussed in this course (the perspectives/ Domains of Knowledge you will chose from are clearly identified in the ‘topic’ column of the schedule on your syllabus). You will identify and describe enduring persistent characteristics of this person and then use the 2 perspectives/Domains of Knowledge to analyze their behaviors.
First, you need to choose a well-known person to analyze. Your analysis paper can only be as stimulating as your subject. Look for an interesting, complicated, multi-dimensional person who has lived long enough to do some out-of-the ordinary things in their lifetime (the guidelines for who you can specifically choose to write about are listed below).
ORGANIZE your paper into FOUR sections:
1) Provide a brief History/Biography of this person. You will have to do some true investigation to get this information because you may not just use ‘popular beliefs’ about this person. Present this information in a chronological fashion (starting with what happened first, then continue to the latest). Only list the important issues that you feel influenced ‘who’ this person came to be. Remember to be clear and brief (do your best to summarize well)…you only have 4-6 pages to do your full analysis. This is not the ‘meat’ of your paper.
2) Describe the enduring persistent characteristics of this person that make up his/her personality. Discuss in detail the personal characteristics and behaviors that depict these personality characteristics. What characteristics are consistently demonstrated through his/her biographical information? It may help to narrow your description to a specific aspect of his/her personality or how this person acts in a few specific situations. This part of your paper should be a strictly descriptive, without any interpretation. That is, describe what this person does, says or feels, not why that is. Don’t simply restate biographical information. Focus the number of enduring characteristics to a small, manageable number, so that you can analyze them well in the next section.
Be specific (bold them!) about which traits/characteristics of this person you will be explaining in the next section. Use your text and notes to ‘name’ the traits or characteristics in terms that you can explain in-depth in the next section (remember to bold them).
3) Analyze this person’s interesting characteristics and behaviors from two perspectives/domains of knowledge covered in this course.
Go back over the description in the second part and now provide an explanation for each of the enduring characteristics from the two domains/perspectives you are choosing. Use two different domains of knowledge and perspectives discussed in this course to analyze why you believe the person behaves the way s/he does or has the personality characteristics that s/he does. Can you make connections between your subject's past and present? Why does s/he do what s/he does? Discuss any aspect of the domains of knowledge/perspectives that you feel is relevant. Briefly define the terms/concepts you will reference from the textbook and provide citations. If you find something in your textbook that you feel ‘fits’, but we did not cover it in class, you can still include that information in your paper (there is a lot!). I recommend you become comfortable with your text and see if it has information that will help you describe the person you will choose. Only psychological terms from your textbook or course lecture are fair game to be the basis of your analysis (don’t go to outside sources and pull in obscure terms…your text has all you’ll need for this assignment).
This is your chance to analyze why someone behaves the way the way they do, and base your analysis on theory. You will be addressing the question, “Why is this person like this, according to this theory?” You will not give your opinion here based on your personal history or ideas. You will base this analysis on theory found in the two perspectives/domains of knowledge you choose. When discussing various concepts and topics from the two perspectives/domains you choose, make sure you briefly define the concepts first, then explain how they are related to or explain the enduring traits/behavior of your identified person.
Here are a couple rules when choosing which perspectives/domains you will explore:
- You may NOT choose the Dispositional Domain (students tend to be too narrow in their discussion if using this domain). You may use terms from this Domain to ‘name’ the enduring traits in section #2, but you cannot use this domain to analyze the enduring traits.
- You MUST CHOOSE the Intrapsychic Domain as one of the perspectives through which to analyze the personality development of this interesting person. You can discuss any aspect of this domain, from Freud’s information to more current ideas of personality development. You may include information in your text that was not covered in class.
So, you will then choose one additional domain/perspective through which to analyze this person’s personality. Remember?"if you choose a Domain you have not covered yet in class, review the outline and text for details.
[Note: make sure to follow these two rules for choosing a domain of knowledge/perspective to analyze the personality of your famous person?"your grade will suffer if you do not follow these rules. Ask if you have any questions.]
Remember to be clear and use your two domains of knowledge to explain each of the enduring characteristics from the previous section. Explain ‘why’ the person you chose has those traits in this analysis section, using theories.
4) Summarize and present your Opinion about how well the domains of knowledge or perspectives explained the personality of the person you chose. State your opinions and the reasons behind them. This is your opportunity to have a personal voice. To get full credit for this section, you must be sure to provide the reasons for what you think so that the reader can understand your thinking. Also, include in this section any unanswered questions you might still have about how this person became who they became. Are there inconsistencies in their personality that you were unable to explain through the domains/perspectives you choose, even after reviewing your notes and textbook? What still has you thinking about this person? What unanswered questions have you been thinking about? Is there anything you did not get a chance to address in this paper due to length constraints?
Papers should be 4-6 pages in length (not including title page),double-spaced, 12-pt font, with 1-inch margins all around. If you paper is much longer than 6 pages, you need to ask yourself why you are having trouble being concise. Focus on what is important, according to these instructions.
Use simple headings to separate the four sections of your paper discussed above. This will keep you focused and makes the reader’s task easier. Do not insert extra spaces between headings and your paragraphs. Follow these formatting directions?"my grade will suffer if you do not.
THANK YOU FOR HELPING.
Excerpt From Essay:
Essay Instructions: This paper is intended to display an understanding of the conceptual and empirical bases of key theories of personality across the six main theoretical approaches: classical psychoanalytic, contemporary psychoanalytic, cognitive-behavioral, humanistic-existential, narrative, and psychometric/descriptive. Indicate how each approach shares a set of basic assumptions about what people are like, their motives, course of development, and sources of change. An understanding of the commonalities and uniqueness across theories is essential.
Information must primarily be derived from the seminal, classic works of each key theorist (noted below). These "primary sources" (written by the theorists themselves) are to be used instead of "secondary sources" (written by others about the theories or theorists). Particular attention should be devoted to the original publication dates in order to grasp the specific cultural contexts in which each theorist lived, as well as the theoretical goals/aims and data sources that guided development as the theory evolved. More over, consider the kinds of questions the theorists were trying to answer, the sources of their data and the kinds of empirical evidence they present.
Articulate the core assumptions of each main approach and the primary source material of the seminal theorist. The key elements of each theory such as the nature of motivation, developmental/change perspective, individual versus social emphasis, view of health and psychopathology, and implications for practice must also be investigated. Address similarities and differences and critique strengths and limitations of each theory.
For each theory, identify the nature of motivation, developmental/change perspective, individual vs. social emphasis, view of health and psychopathology, and implications for practice.
Integrating the above details, provide a broad discussion of the approaches to personality. Source material must focus on the following:
Classical Psychoanalytic: Freud
Freud, S. (Trans. Strachey, 1989). Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, London:
Liveright, Standard Edition.
Contemporary Psychodynamic: Erickson
Erikson, E. (1994). Identity and the Life Cycle, NY: Norton.
Skinner, B. F. (1974). About Behaviorism. NY, Wiley.
Cognitive-Behavioral/Social Learning: Bandura
Bandura, A. (1994). Self-efficacy. Retrieved August 25, 2011 from
Social Learning/Personal Construct Theory: Kelly
Kelly, G. The psychology of personal constructs. Vol. I, II. Norton, New York. (2nd
printing: 1991, Routledge, London, New York).
Maslow, A. (1968). Toward A Psychology of Being Von Nostrand Reinhold.
May, R. (2009). Man?s Search for Himself, NY: Norton.
Trait Theory: Digman
Digman, J. M. (1990). "Personality structure: Emergence of the five-factor model".
Annual Review of Psychology 41: 417?440.
McAdams, D. (2006). The Role of Narrative in Personality Psychology Today.
From: http://www.sesp.northwestern.edu/docs/publications/4490a099 30
McAdams, D.P., & Pals, J.L. (2006). A new big five: Fundamental principles for an integrative
science of personality. American Psychologist, 61, 204-217
Monte, C. (2008). Beneath the mask: An introduction to theories of personality (8th ed.). New
York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston
Pervin, L.A. & John, O.P., Eds (1999). Handbook of personality: Theory and research (2nd ed). New York: Guilford Press.
Excerpt From Essay:
Essay Instructions: PSY 6030 Personality Theory and Research
• Create your document with the course number and title, “Midterm short answering”, term and year, and your name at the top.
• Use 1” margins, 12 pt Arial font, and 1.5 line spacing
• For each question you answer, first copy the question number and question into your response document then provide your response below the question.
• Although there is no specific page requirement per answer as it is the content and expression that counts (sometimes longer responses are weaker due to not being clearly to the point) it would be difficult to answer all of these questions well in less than 4-5 pages. Therefore, the total page range could be 4-7 pages.
• Proofread your final document carefully before submitting for organization of thought, quality of written expression, citations and basic technical errors (spelling, grammar, etc).
• Be written in the language, tone and form of a scholarly research articles and book chapters.
• Include complete citations for statements in APA format in text and in a final reference list.
As described in the course syllabus, assessment will focus on the demonstration of the ability to:
• Understand the content and issues addressed in the course material.
• Articulate this understanding clearly and specifically.
• Express this understanding in a professional and scholarly manner.
• Utilize written expression that is at the graduate level regarding content, organization, expression and format.
Assignment Include of Questions Answers
Describe and discuss the basic characteristics, tenets and methods of investigation/research for psychodynamic and cognitive perspectives regarding personality psychology, and the benefits/strengths and limitations/weaknesses of each approach.
Describe and discuss the status regarding the Big Five/Five Factor Model (FFM), cultural context, cross-cultural generalizablity/relevance, and the evidence that pertains to these issues, including related methodological issues for research.
Describe and discuss the issues, research and current status regarding the Big Five/Five Factor Model (FFM) and its applicability and relationships to adjustment problems and psychopathology.
Describe, compare and contrast the Big Five factors and the Big Three factors; the areas of experience, behavior and life that have been found to be related to each; and what relationships have been found in these areas.
1. John Text: Ch. 3 Psychoanalytic Approaches to Personality
2. John Text: Ch. 4 Paradigm Shift to the Integrative Big Five Trait Taxonomy
3. John Text: Ch. 5 The Five-Factor Theory of Personality
4. John Text: Ch. 6 When is Personality Revealed?: A Motivated Cognition Approach
5. John Text: Ch. 7 Toward a Unified Theory of Personality
6. John Text: Ch. 8 Personal Narratives and the Life Story
7. John Text: Ch. 23 The Psychological Unconscious
8. Monte, C. F. (2000). Personality psychology: Theories. In A. E. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of psychology, Vol. 6. (pp. 128-133). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.
9. Westen, D. (2002). Implications of Developments in Cognitive Neuroscience for Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 10(6), 369-373.
10. Cantor, N. (1990). From thought to behavior: 'Having' and 'doing' in the study of personality and cognition. American Psychologist, 45(6), 735-750.
11. Robinson, M. D., & Gordon, K. H. (2011). Personality dynamics: Insights from the personality social cognitive literature. Journal of Personality Assessment, 93(2), 161-176.
12. Epstein, S. (1998). Cognitive-experiential self-theory: A dual-process personality theory with implications for diagnosis and psychotherapy. In R. F. Bornstein, J. M. Masling (Eds.), Empirical perspectives on the psychoanalytic unconscious (pp. 99-140). Washington, DC, US: American Psychological Association.
13. Dweck, C. (1996). Capturing the dynamic nature of personality. Journal of Research in Personality, 30, 348-362. (Available in ScienceDirect Health & Life Sciences College Edition database)
14. Clark, L.A., & Watson, D. (1995). Constructing validity: Basic issues in objective scale development. Psychological Assessment, 7(3), 309-319. Special Issue: Methodological issues in psychological assessment research.
15. Smith, T. W., & Ruiz, J. M. (2004). Personality theory and research in the study of health and behavior. In T. J. Boll, R. G. Frank, A. Baum, J. L. Wallander (Eds.). Handbook of clinical health psychology: Volume 3. Models and perspectives in health psychology (pp. 143-199). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
16. Widiger, T. A., Trull, T. J., Clarkin, J. F., Sanderson, C., & Costa, P. R. (2002). A description of the DSM-IV personality disorders with the five-factor model of personality. In P. R. Costa, T. A. Widiger (Eds.). Personality disorders and the five-factor model of personality (2nd ed.) (pp. 89-99). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
17. McAdams, D. P. (1992). The Five-Factor Model in personality: A critical appraisal. Journal of Personality, 60(2), 329-361.
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Excerpt From Essay:
Essay Instructions: Please following APA citation and Direct quotation. If you do not know how to cite APA, please ask me.
Nature-Nurture Factors: Biology, Disposition and Temperament
02/17/2014 or is it due 03/10/14
The last two units focused on four perspectives in personality psychology - psychodynamic, cognitive, trait and narrative. Select two of the perspectives for your commentary. What do you see as the benefits/strengths of each perspective? What do you see as the limitations/weaknesses of each? Do you prefer one to the other? Why? Why not?
Your discussion posting should be substantive, thoughtful and specific regarding the topic at hand and information from the course that is pertinent to it. The posting should be a minimum of the equivalent to one page single-spaced text. When using information from a reading (rather than your own opinion/view) use APA citation format (author, year) to reference the source of the information you have just included.
References that are not in the John, Robins & Pervin (2008) text are found in the Saybrook Library databases. Most journal articles are in PsycARTICLES and book chapters in the PsycBOOKS databases. Read in order listed in each unit.
Unit 4 Reading (Week 6)
Nature/Nurture Factors: Biology, Disposition, Temperament
1) Strelau, J. (2001). The concept and status of trait in research on temperament. European Journal Of Personality, 15(4), 311-325. doi:10.1002/per.412
2) John Text: Ch. 9 Temperament: An Organizing Principle
3) John Text: Ch. 10 Behavioral Genetics and Personality: A New Look at the Integration of Nature and Nurture
4) John Text: Ch. 11 Toward a “Molecular Psychology” of Personality
5) Rothbart, M. K. (2007). Temperament, Development, and Personality. Current Directions In Psychological Science (Wiley-Blackwell), 16(4), 207-212. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8721.2007.00505.x
6) Rueda, M., & Rothbart, M. (2009). The influence of temperament on the development of coping: the role of maturation and experience. New Directions For Child And Adolescent Development, 2009(124), 19-31. doi:10.1002/cd.240
7) Clark, L. A., Watson, D., & Mineka, S. (1994). Temperament, personality, and the mood and anxiety disorders. Journal Of Abnormal Psychology, 103(1), 103-116. doi:10.1037/0021-843X.103.1.103
Thank you for your help.
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