Essay Instructions: Perfer user-Freelancewriter:
I sent you some papers on my ethics and one of my job issues, to give you a little background on me for the Personal Values Development. If you cannot completed both papers I do understand and you can pass one on to another writer.
Perpare a paper on Personal Values Development examining your personal values, ground rules and/or ethics development. Focus on the development aspect rather than on a particular position on any issue. Do this by identifying:
A) what your vaules are
B) the sources(people, institutions, events, etc.) that helped shape your my values
C) the criteria and decision-making factores you utilize to revise them
D) the implications/application of my values my work situation
Nature of Ethics
The definition of ethics is a very difficult thing to pin down, since in the modern world it means so many things to so many people. Of course, the basic, main meaning of the word is clear enough. Through one?s life, and especially when growing up, a person learns what ethics are. This usually entails that one?s parents give guidelines according to which life in society should be lived in order to make life as easy as possible for every individual person and for society itself. So on the one hand ethics come from how a person was raised. This in itself is very individual, since some parents do a better job of raising ethical children than others. A child could in this way grow up to be either ethical in a social sense, or unethical. Either way, every person forms an individual set of ethics, even though this set of ethics could be negative, or not compatible with the general ethics accepted by society.
An individual on his or her own also derives an ethical system. Using a parent's guidelines while growing up, a child also uses his or her experiences in society to shape personal ethics. When a person is very young, for example, it is easy to succumb to peer group pressure in order to form ethics that are not really in keeping with what is required by general society. Peer group ethics may require a person to steal and to murder, and this is not ethical in the general, social sense. This could happen even if parents were extremely conscientious and ethical in raising their children.
In the job situation, ethics are again subjected to the individual situation. Business ethics in certain companies are for example not necessarily values that would be acceptable when applied to society in general.
The law profession is an example of this. Lawyers are often obliged by professional ethics to keep conversations with their clients confidential, even though such a person confessed to a murder or some other unlawful act.
The lawyer in question must then defend the client, even though he or she knows that the client is guilty. If individual ethics clash with professional ethics, it is difficult to keep doing the job with enthusiasm.
In the workplace, ethics as a concept is more complicated than ethics in general life. The reason for this is that each profession entails its own set of specific ethics. This helps the job to run smoothly, and it gives workers a guideline according to which they must work. I therefore believe that it is very important to be in a work environment where one's personal ethics do not collide with those required by the job. I also believe that the rules of ethical behavior, both socially and professionally, should be followed absolutely and without fail.
I do think that circumstances dictate the ethics of a situation, but these should never interfere with the basic principle. I would for example not let my relationship with a person interfere with what I believe is right. If I think I need to report the unethical behavior of a family member, friend, or co-worker for example, I would not hesitate to do so. I do not think this is only good for the workplace and society, but also for the person committing the act of unethical behavior. When a person's ethical system breaks down, this endangers the person's future ability to function well in society. In the end curbing, such behavior by reporting the wrongdoer is then better than turning a blind eye for the sake of my relationship with the person.
It is therefore important to me to maintain a strong basis of ethics in both the business and social world. I do not think society or the workplace can function properly without a strong set of ethics. This belief comes from the way I was raised, my family members, and from my life experience during the 45 years that I have lived as a black man. I was raised to have a strong set of values, because often this is all that separates us from those committing crimes against humanity in the name of justice.
My ethics have helped me through my years as a teenager and as a young man. Because I was given a strong set of ethics in my parental home, I was able to withstand peer pressure and not be drawn in by things like gangsterism, drugs or any other self-destructive things. This is why I believe that not behaving in an ethical way endangers a person's safety and way of life. The function of ethics is therefore to protect public safety.
My family members also help me to keep up my ethical behavior, as they support this point of view. Family support helps a great deal when there are ethical problems and issues at stake. My family has supported and helped me to keep up my ethical lifestyle, and to keep from succumbing to peer pressure not only when I was young, but also now. Like me, my family would also turn in anyone they perceive as behaving unethically. Knowing this also helps to keep us from breaking the rules.
I have also seen from experience how things work out better if I keep up a certain standard of ethical behavior. The danger of breaking the rules is not only that one gets caught; it is also about the destructive effect of breaking the rules. Drinking too much for example results in a loss of self-control, which may in turn be destructive when fights break out between people.
I manifest my ethics both in my relationship with myself and with others. For myself, I am very aware of my conscience at all times. I therefore try to make decisions and do things that do not bother me in an ethical sense, and I try to do what I think is the right thing at all times. This then translates to my relationships with others as well. My family, friends and co-workers know me as a person who would never help another person commit an unethical act. Instead, I would report this person regardless of my relationship with him or her.
Ethics are important, both socially and professionally. When a business is perceived as ethical, the public trusts it, which is good for business. In society, an ethical person is also seen in a favorable light, which is beneficial in all contexts of life.
Audi, Robert. (2004). The good in the right: a theory of intuition and intrinsic value. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.
Post, James E., Anne T. Lawrence, and James Weber. (2002). Business and society: corporate strategy, public policy, ethics. Boston: McGraw-Hill/Irwin.
ETHICAL DILEMMA IN THE WORKPLACE: SENIORITY POLICY
Ace Hardware is a large national chain of independent hardware and home
improvement franchise retail outlets. At the particular retail store in question, the
policy of employee seniority, as it relates to all matters other than vacation allocation,
is either applied inconsistently, or ignored outright, resulting in antagonism between
co-workers, erosion of respect for management, and ultimately, undermining
employee morale in general.
Manager Mike Riley has been with the organization since 1994 and has been
in charge of day-to-day operations since 1998. Several employees have worked at
Ace almost as long as Mike, while two others, Brian Knight and Kevin Brady, were
hired more recently, by Mike, since his promotion to Management. Brian and Mike
grew up in the same neighborhood, attending the same high school where they were
good friends before losing touch while Brian served four years in military service.
Kevin was first introduced to Mike by Brian, who had befriended him shortly after
they met playing in the same weekend softball league.
According to company policy, vacation time, work shift preferences, and
choice of assignments are to be awarded based on seniority, provided employees
fulfill their obligations with respect to minimum scheduled hours and satisfactory job
performance. Corporate directives have issued very specific instructions as to the
proper allocation of vacation time among and between co-workers in good standing,
based strictly on seniority. As a result, Mike has always honored vacation requests
appropriately, according to the relative seniority of employees. On the other hand,
corporate headquarters has never specifically enforced its other policy elements of
seniority, particularly as it relates to honoring shift change requests and preferences
for specific work assignments.
Joe Leonard and Marie Delacruz have been with the company since 1995 and
1997, respectively, both having worked side-by-side with Mike before his promotion
to Manager in 1998. Whereas Brian and Kevin both maintain social friendships with
Mike outside of work, Joe is quite a bit older than any of his co-workers and spends
all of his personal time away from work with his family and rarely, if ever, maintains
any social contact with Mike outside of work. Likewise, Marie is a single, working
mother who attends nursing school in the evenings; she has little interests in common
with Mike and his friends. Joe and Marie both perform quite satisfactorily, in fact,
they helped train Brian and Kevin after Mike hired them.
Initially, Mike honored Ace company policy in entertaining employee requests
for shift and assignment preferences in accordance with seniority. Gradually, as he
and Brian rekindled their old friendship, Mike started giving Brian preferential
treatment, often disregarding Ace policy on employee seniority, to the detriment of
Marie and Joe whenever their wishes conflicted with those of Brian. More recently,
Mike joined the same softball team where Brian and Kevin first met, which greatly
exacerbated the problem.
Since then, Mike has allocated work shift and assignment preferences with
complete disregard of seniority as between Brian, Kevin, Marie and Joe. Mike?s
unofficial policy seems to be that softball-related scheduling issues take precedence
over any matters where the wishes of other employees conflict with those of Brian or
Kevin. To make the situation even worse, Mike simultaneously uses the convenient
excuse of ?seniority? to justify his decisions anytime Carlos Ramirez, his most recent
hire, puts in a request that conflicts with the preferences of his other employees,
including Joe and Marie. Mike?s unofficial policy seems to be that seniority is
respected, but only whenever it does not conflict with his softball team?s schedule.
As a result, Joe and Marie have become quite dissatisfied working for Mike,
and a thinly veiled atmosphere of antagonism exists on their part toward Mike, Brian,
and Kevin, collectively.
Human resource experts have implicated unfair, differential treatment of
employees by management as a very significant source of employee dissatisfaction
and morale (Ross, 2002), which seems to have been borne out in this particular
situation. Even from a more general industrial psychology perspective, the
inconsistent application of established rules is even more detrimental to employee
morale than the absence of any such guiding principles in the first place (Gerrig &
Since Ace corporate headquarters already requires that relative seniority
among co-workers be recognized in matters pertaining to vacation time,
management?s only beneficial option is to adhere strictly to this principle in all
situations where relative seniority provides an appropriate method for approving
employee requests. Conversely, continuation of the situation currently prevailing at
the Ace Hardware outlet in question is likely to undermine relations, both between
employees and management, as well as among the employees, themselves.
Ross, A. (2002) No Collar: The Humane Workplace and Its Hidden Costs.
Gerrig, R., Zimbardo, P. (2001) Psychology and Life 16th ed.
Allyn & Bacon
Excerpt From Essay:
Essay Instructions: Assessment item 2
Length: 1500-2000 words
Generational differences in the workplace are often discussed in relation to mobility, technological adaptation and motivation preferences. However the differing values between each of the four generations provides another contrast:
? Older generation
? Baby boomers
? Gen X
? Gen Y
Using your own value set identified in Assessment 1 (NOTE FOR WRITER: Assignment 1 is Included at the bottom of this document), compare and contrast your values with those of an older generation, either in your workplace, or from your family. This essay should reference at least 6 (six) journal articles (from Australia or America) written between 2000 ? 2012 which has researched the nexus between values and generations.
This assignment requires students to complete two tasks as a single essay:
1. A brief literature review
2. An application of the topic reviewed to a workplace example
A literature review explores and evaluates common themes, key arguments and differences in viewpoints across the journal articles that form your review, therefore six are required (at a minimum) to have enough information. Focus on the two parts of the topic ? values and generations (here you might have to use ?values and Baby Boomers?, or ?values and generational differences? to find your articles. As part of your review (think of it from a ?helicopter? perspective) and focus on the following:
? Are there different definitions and explanations, of when synthesized do the articles basically say the same thing?
? What are the key arguments and do these differ between different authors?
? What are the common themes? What are the main differences?
? What are the key findings from your review?
We discourage six (or more) separate summaries of each of the articles reviewed.
This assessment builds on the theme of the first assessment by encouraging students to review the literature to develop an understanding of relevant current research into an aspect of OB and to link this to their own experiences.
Assignment 1: Individual attributes: Personal Values
RESPECT: To me both self-respect and respect for others represents the foundation of any type of human relationship. It teaches me to be truthful with myself and adhere to my values, to make the right decisions and take responsibility for my actions, being respectful of different opinions and ideas, nature, animals and life in general.
FREEDOM: Is important because it allows me to make choices, be informed, express my ideas and to act without restrictions. People need to express themselves and find their way in life to live better, longer and happier. It also increases productivity and provides an overall high quality of life.
PASSION: For me this is the drive to do what I love rather than doing something for the sake of it. It supports my happiness and it helps me to be determined and stay motivated. Passion gives me the reason to keep learning and work hard toward my goals.
LOVE: Is the way I can express honesty, affection and friendship, it keeps people together. I believe love could be the solution for many problems, especially violence and hunger because love is associated with peace and wanting the best for one another. Love is like the electricity that runs all the elements of happiness in life.
GENEROSITY: Represents the sensitivity, availability and time that I offer to another person. The more directly I see my personal efforts impact someone else, the more I gain from the experience of giving. Generosity makes people more likely to share what they have.
Excerpt From Essay:
Total Pages: 3 Words: 1073 Bibliography: 3 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Below is the paper requirements, I need one page summary based on my two personality assessments and two on why I choose and MBA citing 2 references to
(Support your point of view as part of countering objections with research. Examples include department of labor statistics, fairly current articles on the impact of education, especially graduate education on earnings. You can also cite a source to support your use of objections as well; for example, show the objection is documented as a valid concern.)
Individual Assignment: Construct and Support an Argument
Complete the Personality and Values Self-Assessment
located on our course site, under Week 2 Materials.
Your personality traits and values influence your daily choices and decisions. Your traits and values will even influence the decisions you make as a business manager. Take the Personality and Values Self-Assessment located on the student website. To access the personality self-assessment select the Assessment tab, then scroll to the What About Me section, and then to
Personality Insights. Select What?s My Jungian 16-Type Personality?
To access your values self-assessment select the Assessment tab, then scroll to the What About Me section, and then to Values and Attitudes. Select What Do I Value?
Complete both self-assessments. Write a short summary explaining the details of your results. How can these results assist you in the workplace or selecting future careers?
Jung 16 Personality type is ENTP
I am innovative, individualistic, versatile and entrepreneurial.
With a possible career as politician, strategic planner, literary agent, publicist, entrepreneur, investment broker, computer analyst ad executive.
What do I value Assessment;
Values and Interpretation
Based on Rokeach, 1973, Values are basic convictions of what is right, good or desirable. Your values reflect what you think is important. There are of course, no right or wrong values. The Basic Values Self-assessment only gives us insight into our values.
Based on this it might be helpful to assess your value structure in terms of our career goals. This is most effective when we compare our value system to people we hold in high regard as being successful. Contrary to this is how our values conflict with those we see in successful people who we aspire to be like.
My value assessment is as follows, listing them in ascending order of importance.
Terminal Values Instrumental Values
Salvation; finding eternal life Hard work and achievement
Happiness; satisfaction in life Assertiveness; standing up for yourself
Pride in accomplishment Dependability; being counted upon by others
Knowledge and wisdom Truthfulness; honesty
Lasting relationships Open-mindedness; receptivity to new ideas
Recognition from peers Be helpful or caring towards others
Security; freedom from threat Education and Intellectual Pursuits
Self-respect Obedience; following wishes of others
Peace and harmony in the world Self-sufficiency; independence
Prosperity; wealth Being well-mannered and courteous towards others
Based on Rokeach, The Nature of Human Values (New York: Free Press 1973)
1) Write an APA formatted paper of no more than 1,050 words in which you construct and support an argument on your decision to pursue an MBA degree to further your career, start a new career, or achieve a personal goal. Your paper should include consideration of the Personality and Values Self-Assessment on how others perceive you. Use and evaluate published information in support of your argument.
Support your point of view as part of countering objections with research. Examples include department of labor statistics, fairly current articles on the impact of education, especially graduate education on earnings. You can also cite a source to support your use of objections as well; for example, show the objection is documented as a valid concern.
Identify the criteria you used to evaluate the credibility of sources of information you selected.
Discuss how raising and countering objections has helped inform your own decision to get an MBA and the reason(s) you have decided to go back to school. Your paper should cite and reference at least two sources.
Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.
Career path is Healthcare Administration
Excerpt From Essay:
Total Pages: 1 Words: 322 Sources: 0 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: A personal ethics statement:: I need to submit a 250-350 word reflection that defines my ethical viewpoint. In this statement I need to have these things included: my preferred ethical lens, my blind spot, my strengths and weaknesses and my values and resultant behaviors, but do not use real technical words when describing them. Other things to include in this ethics statement is defining what personal ethics mean in your own words, and lastly an explaniation on how my personal ethics might help me determine a course of action in a situation. I have my ethical lens inventory(ELI) as an attachment with this. I am relying on this service because its been real hard to try and comprehend the meanings of my ELI and I do not want to be off key on my statement. I also am depending on you to help me out, I have had some setbacks with this class. I was out almost 2 weeks due to a death in the immediate family and have been stringing along trying to keep up. So I hope that this writing service can help me through a bind this time. I appreciate this alot. :) Thank you! Jennifer
Excerpt From Essay:
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