Law Enforcement Agency Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Law Enforcement Agency College Essay Examples

Title: terrorism

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2444
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Purpose
CRM 332---TERRORISM RESEARCH PAPER & WRITING INSTRUCTIONS
This paper will afford you the opportunity to research 3 agencies
involved in Homeland Security. If you follow the required format and
write a well-researched paper, you will learn a great deal about 3
agencies of your choice, and attain a good grade.
General Instructions
The completed research paper should be typed in MS Word only, 12 point
font, double- spaced format, approximately 2000 - 3000 in length (not
counting the bibliography page). Additionally, this paper will be at
least 85% original thought (according to Turnitin evaluation). It is
expected that you will devote a great deal of initiative toward
producing a quality product worthy of the high academic standards
established at Saint Leo University. This research paper will represent
25% of the final course grade. You may NOT use a paper you have
previously submitted to Saint Leo or elsewhere, even if it is your own
work. This is to be an original paper. Hang in there, you will really
learn about three agencies if you research conscientiously!
Citation Format
You will utilize exclusively the APA style (and NO Wikipedia!). You can
find many resources for APA, including our university?s Library. Go to
www.saintleo.edu/Library, click on Research & Writing Help, then
Citation Help and choose APA. There is also an APA Guide under
Resources in the Course Menu.
Grading Criteria
First Draft:
This assignment will be graded based on the expectation that you have
completed at least 1500 words and your paper (at this point) must be at
least 80% original thought.
Revised (Final) Version:
1. Compliance with required format?20 points 2. Depth of research?30
points 3. Writing style (clear; follows logical progression; includes
headings and sub-
headings for major/minor areas)?20 points 4. Grammar (spelling,
grammar, punctuation, all count. Proofread and proofread
some more!) ?30 points As discussed in the Syllabus, Saint Leo
University uses Turnitin to assist with plagiarism
1
detection. The Dropboxes in the course are directly linked to Turnitin,
so when you submit your paper to the Dropbox, it is evaluated by
Turnitin.
Please note that your instructor is available to assist you at any
time. All you have to do is ask!
Topic
?National Security? and ?Homeland Defense? are topics that saturate the
media, consume much of our intelligence and investigative resources,
and concern all Americans. One of the keys to effective Homeland
Defense is the integration of our law enforcement and intelligence
assets at all levels: federal, state, and local.
Your assignment is to comprehensively research three (3) agencies
involved in Homeland Defense, and write your paper on these agencies,
following the format described in Section 2 below. The agencies are to
be:
1 Federal (but NOT the FBI) 1 State 1 Local (as follows)
A. Federal: Any law enforcement or intelligence or military agency (BUT
NOT THE FBI) involved in Homeland Security.
B. A State Law Enforcement Agency: State Police agency (e.g. New Jersey
State Police, Florida Department of Law Enforcement), or National Guard
C. Local: Municipal or County Police (Tampa P.D., Pasco County Sheriff,
Seattle Police, etc.).
Research Paper Structure
Your paper is to be structured as follows for each of the 3 agencies
(mandatory): 1. NAME of AGENCY (e.g. LAPD)
a. Jurisdiction (What area does it police?) b. Size (How many members?
Sworn and unsworn?) c. Missions (What does the agency say are its
responsibilities?)
2. ROLE IN HOMELAND DEFENSE (a review of the agency?s web site is a
good place to start)
a. What does the agency itself say about its own role in Homeland
Defense?
2
b. What do other sources say? (For example, news articles)
3. SUMMARIZE AND DISCUSS at least 3 cases in which Homeland Defense
issues have arisen in one or more of your selected agencies (obtain
from news media research, agency web site, or direct contact with
agency public affairs office.). Examples include:
a. Arrests of terrorists b. Interdiction of terrorist plans c. Seizure
of terrorist supplies or materials d. Successful cooperation with other
U.S. or foreign agencies
NOTE: You only need 3 stories from any combination of your agencies;
not 3 stories for each.
4. CORE VALUES OF EACH AGENCY What are the CVs of each of your
agencies? (Some agencies have Mission Statements instead.)
a. List the Core Values. (or similar statement that the agency has
chosen about itself)
b. Discuss how the Core Values of each of the three agencies compare
with the SLU Core Values.
c. How do the Core Values affect the balancing of the agencies?
missions to safeguard our nation with America?s traditional and
constitutional respect for individual liberties?
Reminder: The Core Value discussion is not to be an after-thought at
the end of the paper. I want to see thoughtful insight applied to the
application of Core Values to your topic.
this is what i have so far done

The three law enforcement engines that I have chosen are every similar when it comes to going through to get the job, the training and the testing and the back ground checks. But there responsibilities are different I picked the Secret Service, New York State troopers and suffolk pd. After doing my research I would have to say that state and local law enforcement agencies are more similar together then federal agencies. Even though that all three agencies have different responsibilities they all have a common goal and that is to protect and serve.

Suffolk P.D which is a local agency that was discovered on January 1, 1960 that consist of municipal, county, tribal and regional, their many focus is to is main and uphold the laws and investigate local crimes in their jurisdictions. The suffolk P.D jurisdiction consists of 5 towns which are Babylon, Brookhaven, Huntington, Islip and smithtown that run from west to the east end of Long Island an in the five towns are smaller towns that the suffolk P.D covers. There are about 2,500 sworn in police officers that make up the suffolk P.D making it one of the largest police forces in the country and also one of the high paid along with Naussa county and L.A.P.D. Suffolk county police department mission is to up hold and maintain a peaceful and safe environment for all of Suffolk county residences, and also provide aid and professional services for those whom need it through out the community. (http://www.suffolkcountyny.gov/Departments/Police.aspx). The New york State troopers is a state agency that was established on april 11, 1917 their agency consist of 4,600 of sworn in troopers that make up field troops, Bomb squad, Emergency units, snow and mountain bike units and etc. The New York state troopers jurisdiction is the whole state of New York that is 54,556 square miles. A New York state trooper daily mission is to focus on their patrol duties maintain order through out the state of New york and and spend most of there time on the state highways enforcing the traffic (http://www.nystpba.org/Yournystroopers.aspx). The state troopers thoughts on counter terrorism is to detect, determine and try to pervent and type of a future attacks and that they have to keep working with all the other ATTF to make this possible.

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Bibliography

Department of Homeland Security. (2013) "About" Official website of the Department of Homeland Security. Available at http://www.dhs.gov/about-dhs

New York State Police. (2013)Specialized Services. Available at http://www.troopers.ny.gov/Specialized_Services/

New York State Police. (2013)Vision, Values and Mission. Available at http://www.troopers.ny.gov/Introduction/

Suffolk County Police Department. (2013) Specialized Units. Available at http://apps.suffolkcountyny.gov/police/specialunits.htm

Taylor, Alan. (2013)"On the Border" in The Atlantic, online, May 6th. Available at http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2013/05/on-the-border/100510/

US Customs and Border Protection (2012). "We are CBP!" Official website of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Available at http://www.cbp.gov/xp/cgov/careers/customs_careers/we_are_cbp.xml

US Customs and Border Protection (2013) On a Typical Day in Fiscal Year 2012, CBP. Available at http://www.cbp.gov/linkhandler/cgov/about/accomplish/typical_day_fy12.ctt/typical_day_fy12.pdf

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Title: National Security and Homeland Defense

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 2097
  • Bibliography:4
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: “National Security” and “Homeland Defense” are topics that saturate the media, consume much of our intelligence and investigative resources, and concern all Americans. One of the keys to effective Homeland Defense is the integration of our law enforcement and intelligence assets at all levels: federal, state, and local.

Your assignment is to comprehensively research three (3) agencies involved in Homeland Defense, and write your paper on these agencies, following the format described below. The agencies are to be:

1 Federal (but NOT the FBI)
1 State
1 Local as follows:

A. Federal: Any law enforcement or intelligence or military agency (BUT NOT THE FBI) involved in Homeland Security.

B. A State Law Enforcement Agency: State Police agency (e.g. New Jersey State Police, Florida Department of Law Enforcement), or National Guard

C. Local: Municipal or County Police (Tampa P.D., Pasco County Sheriff, Seattle Police, etc.).

Your paper is to be structured as follows for each of the 3 agencies (mandatory):

1. Name of Agency (e.g. LAPD)

a. Jurisdiction - what area does it police?
b. Size - how many members? sworn and unsworn?
c. Missions - what does the agency say are its responsibilities?

2. Role in Homeland Defense (a review of the agency’s web site is a good place to start)

What does the agency itself say about its own role in Homeland Defense? What do other sources say? For example, news articles?

3. Summarize and Discuss at least 3 cases in which Homeland Defense issues have arisen in one or more of your selected agencies (obtain from news media research, agency web site, or direct contact with agency public affairs office.).

Examples include:
a. Arrests of terrorists
b. Interdiction of terrorist plans
c. Seizure of terrorist supplies or materials
d. Successful cooperation with other U.S. or foreign agencies

NOTE: You only need 3 stories from any combination of your agencies; not 3 stories for each)

4. Core Values Of Each Agency What are the CVs of each of your agencies? (Some agencies have Mission Statements instead)
a. List the Core Values (or similar statement of that the Agency has chosen about itself)

b. Discuss how the Core Values of each of the 3 agencies compare with the SLU Core Values?

c. How do the Core Values affect the balancing of the agencies’ missions to safeguard our nation with America’s traditional and constitutional respect for individual liberties?

Reminder: The Core Value discussion is not to be an after-thought at the end of the paper. I want to see thoughtful insight applied to the application of Core Values to your topic.
Customer is requesting that (washberne) completes this order.

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References

Casteel, Philip. (2011, Feb. 24). "Mayor Reacts to Terrorist Arrest in Lubbock." KCBD

Webpage. Retrieved from http://www.kcbd.com/story/14136417/mayor-reactas-to-terrorist-arest-in-lubbock?redirected=true

"Core Values." (n.d.) St. Leo University Webpage. Retrieved from http://www.saintleo.edu/About-SLU/Florida-Catholic-University

"Lubbock Police Department swears in 13 New Officers." (2011, Sept. 9). Lubbock

Online | Lubbock Avalanche Journal. Retrieved from http://lubbockonline.com/local-news/2011-09-09/lubbock-police-department-swears-13-new-officers http://police.ci.lubbock.tx.us/default.aspx

"Michigan State Police Webpage" (n.d.) Retrieved from http://www.michigan.gov/msp/0,1607,7-123-1579_1654_1667-,00.html

Sedition in Alleged Plot to Kill Police." CBSnews.com. Retrieved from http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-504083_162-20001341-504083.html

http://www.michigan.gov/documents/msp/Homeland_Security_Strat_FINAL_362552_7.pdf

"Three Plead Guilty to Conspiracy to Provide Support to Terrorist Group." (13 Sept.

2011). FoxNews.com. Retrieved from http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2011/09/13/three-pakistani-men-plead-guilty-to-providing-support-to-terrorist-group/

"U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Webpage." (n.d.) Retrieved from http://www.ice.gov/

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Title: Law Enforcement and the Social Media

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1446
  • Sources:4
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Based on Activities 4, 5 and 6, draft 4 to 6 Research Questions for your study. Use the NCU Topic Paper Template and NCU Concept Paper Template found in the Dissertation Center as the model for your Research Questions.
In this group of questions, you must have at least 2 that are qualitative in nature and at least 2 that are qualitative in nature. For each question, briefly discuss the appropriate approach (qualitative or quantitative) and speculate on the specific approaches that may be used.

Length: 4 pages (app. 350 words per page). Include 4 references.

Your essay should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts that are presented in the course and provide new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards.


Here is the Topics:

#4
roblem Statement: Social media and law enforcement
Overview
Social media is a fact of everyday modern life. For law enforcement personnel, it has created new opportunities to share resources with the public, including as ?tweeting? information about a possible suspect or releasing safety information to the public about terrorist incidents or natural disasters. At first, in the Internet age, police departments were reluctant to change. ?Especially when it comes to computers and technology, because most officers want to be out chasing the bad guys and don't want to be behind the computer looking at things,? but now most law enforcement agencies have come to embrace the new technology and learned to use it to their advantage (Conan 2013). On the other hand, the explosion of unregulated social media has also created the opportunity for new crimes, including bullying and identity theft. This research proposal will compare and assess the different ways that online ?sharing? has both made law enforcement agencies more engaged and responsive but also complicated their mission.
Social media as a law enforcement tool: The Boston bombings and other recent events
One of the most frightening incidents of mass violence to have gripped the nation in recent months was that of the Boston Marathon bombings. When law enforcement agencies were attempting to locate and apprehend suspects, ?police and other law enforcement agencies also used tweets to correct misinformation that spread on Twitter and other media. Once suspects had been identified, their Twitter and Facebook accounts became part of the investigation, even an Amazon wish list? (Conan 2013). The existence of social media like Twitter and Facebook have made people more proactive about taking photographs, which adds to the availability of evidence even in the hectic aftermath of an event. Law enforcement can ?tweet? or ?share? photographs submitted by bystanders or taken by surveillance cameras nearly instantly, versus using television or print sources. The image of a dangerous suspect, a missing person, or any other individual who is being sought after by law enforcement can be immediately disseminated and thus recruit the public as part of its search efforts.
On a very practical level, this enables agencies to gain valuable information for its search efforts and makes it more difficult for individuals to hide; on another level it creates a positive connection between law enforcement and the public. Rather than ?the enemy? or an entity wielding power, the agency is shown as responsive and appreciative to the public?s concerns. When the public is regularly informed of law enforcement agencies? efforts, it is less likely to be angry at delays in apprehending suspects. Also, with legitimate channels of information disseminating coverage on a moment-by-moment basis, there is less of a chance that rumor, innuendo, and non-legitimate channels will put forth inaccurate ideas. In Boston, ?the department?s tweet clarifying that there was no arrest shortly after the bombings saw more than 11,000 retweets. A polite scolding to those tweeting information from police scanners was retweeted more than 20,000 times, higher than any other tweet at that time and indication that the public accepts the fact that they too need to show some restraint? (Bar-Tur 2013). The ?retweeting? of this request shows a level of respect and confidence of the public in the Boston police department, versus previous public-police relationships.
In terms of researching crime, social media also leaves a valuable ?paper trail? with evidence for law enforcement agencies. Most rapists know their victims, for example, but in the pre-online era, it was often very difficult to draw a connection between perpetrator and victim. According to the Cincinnati Police Department: ?One big thing is we've had rape cases and burglaries where people were meeting each other via Facebook and became familiar with each other just through chats on the Internet. And when they would meet up with these individuals, the victim would then be either unfortunately a victim of a rape or robbery, and we were able to backtrack it through that? (Conan 2013). Because the social media coverage is in ?real time,? the exact nature of the relationship can be more objectively determined, without the potentially clouding effects of hindsight or memory lapses.
Social media can be helpful for law enforcement for less dramatic scenarios as well. For example, even a local agency can use the Internet to communicate up-to-date information about ?blizzard, floods, hurricanes, et cetera?what roads are closed, if there's accidents, what areas of town are out of power, et cetera? (Conan 2013). In the case of an ever-changing natural event such as a forest fire, social media updates can help the community determine where a high risk area is; what precautions to take, and where to relocate in the event of an emergency. This has the valuable effect of reducing panic and also reducing the chances of an unfortunate incident occurring?members of the public are less likely to get stuck in a snowstorm if the police are tweeting to stay inside and that conditions are impassable, or to put themselves at risk if someone dangerous is at large, as was the case in Boston. This is another instance of how friendly and pertinent updates about natural disasters and community events forge a positive relationship between the law enforcement agency and the public. Instead of viewing the police as punitive or punishing figures with whom they have contact only when committing a minor traffic violation, the police are more apt to be seen as ?friends? in the literal as well as the Facebook sense.
However, social media, for all of the potential positives it offers law enforcement, has also created opportunities for new crimes and made existing crimes easier to commit. Although Facebook and Twitter may make it easier to track and trace a relationship on one hand, it can also facilitate the ability of strangers to connect with one another under misleading premises, or predators to lure underage teens with whom they might not otherwise have contact. Identity theft is also much easier. ?Information obtained from public records (e.g., birth, death, and real estate) has been available online for years. By increasing exposure of personal information, social media has raised the threat level. This new entity has a unique nature that makes it powerful and unpredictable. Several characteristics combine to make it especially threatening to law enforcement? (Waters 2012). The nature of social media encourages ?sharing? and interactions depend upon displaying personal information. Seemingly innocent data such as ?checking in? a particular location can be a tipoff for a criminal contemplating a burglary of an unattended house or a stalker seeking to find a victim. Mobile phone numbers can be available through Facebook and can be used to elicit data. It is very easy to conceal information about one?s true identity and create a false public profile to obtain data. The instantaneous nature of social media also makes it very easy to put forth information and very difficult to delete it, even more so than email. Information that is unthinkingly ?shared? can come back to haunt the poster very easily. The police have a role in educating the public about protecting itself against identity theft and other new and old crimes made easier by the Internet.
The online environment also facilitates bullying, both amongst teens and even adults in collective environments such as offices. ?Pooling of like minds often occurs online. This bolsters confidence and gives the impression of support for socially unacceptable conduct. Copycat behavior can make the first well-publicized transgression the impetus for many more. Social media can engender a mob mentality wherein one small stimulus spurs a wide-scale reaction that feeds on itself and grows out of control. Incidents develop faster, reach farther, and spread more rapidly than anything society has dealt with before? (Waters 2012). Because of the distance and screen of anonymity offered by the online environment, rumors and harassment can ?feel? less negative to the perpetrator, even if they have severe emotional consequences for the victim. When the harassment begins to affect the individual?s ability to obtain an education or to do his or her work effectively, it becomes a legal matter.
Finally, for better or for worse, social media has also placed law enforcement personnel under greater scrutiny in terms of their actions. ?This public profession, officers? duties occur in a societal arena allotting them no privacy. Social media significantly has increased officers? community exposure. The problem that prompted this study is multifaceted. Police often are surrounded by cameras and amateur reporters who broadcast every action and their opinion of it to a worldwide audience. Law enforcement officer?s reputation and well-being can be affected by the comments, videos, and pictures that individuals post in social media sites about them. The officers are being affected by individuals who chose to use social media to damage the officer?s reputation and share their personal information with others. Secondly often officer?s personal lives and personal opinions become publicly scrutinized when the officers or members of his/her family post things on social media sites. Many times the nature of the problem comes from law enforcement officers who make mistakes when on duty or simply reveal to much about their own personal lives while on social media. Due to its public nature, policing is an easy topic for network discussion? (Waters 2012). There is far greater officer accountability to the public than ever before, given that officers must be mindful of the fact that they can always be ?watched? via social media and photographs, audio, and bystander data can be quickly and easily disseminated.
It is essential that law enforcement personnel remain savvy about the potential ways in which they can use social media for their benefit as well as the risks it poses. ?Ongoing training on current issues, the hazards of social media, and self-protection is essential. Due to the web?s rapidly changing environment, one-time training is not sufficient. Individuals alone cannot keep up with social networking?s constant evolution. A dedicated manager must ensure personnel are updated through e-mails, memorandum, briefings, and trainings? (Waters 2012). Just like the law itself, the relationship of law enforcement agencies to social media remains a work in progress, one which will continue to be negotiated in the future.

#5
Purpose Statement
This study will examine how the social media is affecting the lives of those who are currently in law enforcement in the U.S. The focus of this study is on how the use of social media can be both a useful tool and/or a negative impact on officers and their respective organizations. Socially, civilly and even criminally the social media can be used for or against law enforcement organizations and their employees. More importantly the study will focus on effective policies and controls that must be implemented by law enforcement organizations to secure both themselves and their employees from criminal and civil liabilities. It is expedient in today's society for law enforcement organizations to address this 21st century development that has become a reality.

#6
Quantitative, Qualitative, and Advocacy Research Approach
The effects that social media has on law enforcement can be both negative and positive. In this research I have indicated how social media is affecting law enforcement negatively. The following is three hypothetical research approaches for the statement and purpose of the statement. The hypothetical approaches are quantitative research, qualitative research, and pragmatic approach. A significant part of analyzing a project is research. To define a particular project?s outcome, researchers use several research methods. This paper will discuss the characteristics and differences of the action, mixed, qualitative and quantitative research. Also the paper will discuss how to select the best method of research for a project.
Quantitative Research Approach
Quantitative research focuses on data?s quantitative characteristics. Data is explored by using statistical tools. Moreover, to resolve the research issues, this method is associated with the statistic format usage like, statistical models, figures and numeric data. This method is significant to target the enormous sized individuals? group. Researchers use interview, questionnaire or survey in this type method (Amaratunga, Sarshar, Baldry & Newton, 2002).Quantitative research involves collecting numerical data to calculate and come to a conclusion. The process helps with more than one hypotheses. It also helps answer questions that will address predictions of possible relationships among variables. Aiding the search for answers one would use various papers or computers to search for a plan to be executed. This analysis allows researchers to decide the relationship among the variables. Relationship in variables can be association or just casual relationships. Statistical analysis will allow the researcher to determine the extent of how a variable influences other variables. The results of statistical analysis are presented in P value (Sage Research Method, 2013).
This approach will be used to determine how social media is affecting law enforcement officers. Taking data of how many individuals use social media websites to make comments, post videos, or post pictures that have a negative effect on law enforcement officers. Also data will be taken of individuals who post comments, post videos, or post pictures that produce positive effects on law enforcement officers. Once the data has been collected, it will be compared against each other to determine the statistical analysis and find the P value (Sage Research Method, 2013).
Qualitative Research
Qualitative research methods focuses on the meaning of realities and interpretations. Qualitative research is an approach usually associated with a paradigm that emphasizes the social constructed nature of reality. It involves recording, analyzing, and attempting to find the true meaning of the behavior of humans and experience. This includes contradictions in beliefs, behavior, and emotions. This research process is intended to give a better understanding of a person?s experience and not gathering information that is general and in large groups (QSR International, 2013).
In the qualitative method of research presentation, words, or pictures etc. are used to disclose the issue. In this method, researchers target small number of respondents to achieve the research?s objectives. To reach at a conclusion, researchers use several methods, for example: review, in-depth interview, focused group interview, etc. (Ponterotto, 2005).Qualitative researchers when using this type of research process look for a pattern for a meaning. It goes from specific to general and it is referred as the bottom-up approach. This research is not based on a pre-determined hypotheses. However, researchers specifically identify a problem or topic that he or she wants to study. The researcher maybe guided by a theoretical lens. This provides a framework for the research. This research approach is methodical which allows broad flexibility. The data collected is in textual form of observations and interactions with participants by participant observation, interviews, and focus groups. The data collected is carried in various ways instead of only one. Researchers using this research process may want to adopt the mid-way process to address other issues and eliminate questions that do not apply. In some cases, the researchers will interview or observe a set number of people. In other cases, the process of data collection and analysis may continue until the researchers find that no new issues that are emerging (QSR International, 2013).
This research process will be used to find out the reason why individuals are using social media outlets to harm law enforcement officers. This method will require interviewing, observing, and using focus groups to gather information of the true reasons why individuals want to negatively affect law enforcement officers This involves asking questions that will determine if the reasons are fueled by bad experiences with law enforcement officers or that they just have issues with authority figures (QSR International, 2013).
Advocacy or Participatory Approach
This research approach is used when the researcher feels the previous approaches did not respond to the needs or to the situation of individuals in a marginalized or vulnerable group. Because this research approach aims to bring positive changes in the lives of the individuals being researched, their approach is described as emancipatory. It is not a neutral stance. The researchers have a private agenda of giving the individuals a voice (University of Kansas, 2013).
Researchers might adopt a less neutral position than one in which it is usually required in scientific researches. This can involve informal interactions and even living amongst the participants. The data collected may be reported in personal terms. Often researchers use exactly the same words the research subject used. This type of research is often criticized for not being objective, but it need to be noted that in some research cases it is necessary as this type of research would otherwise not include the feelings and thoughts of participants (University of Kansas, 2013).
This research approach will be utilized to understand the reasons why the individuals are using social media to damage the reputation and harm law enforcement officers. The idea would be to make sure to gather as much information on the feelings and thoughts of the individuals concerning law enforcement officers (University of Kansas, 2013).
Compare and Contrast
While seeking for the best method, it would actually hinge on the researcher that what he or she is seeking for attain from the research outcomes. Quantitative research is gathering data that is converted into numbers to decide the results of the research. Qualitative research collects data in order to gather information and find out the reason for the outcome. Advocacy or participatory research is when the participants are asked about their feelings and thoughts behind the topic and in this case the social media and law enforcement. They are studied and interviewed. In qualitative research the approach to data collection and analysis is methodical but allows for greater flexibility than in quantitative research. Data is collected in textual form on the basis of observation and interaction with the participants through participant observation, in-depth interviews and focus groups. It is not converted into numerical form and is not statistically analyzed. When both quantitative and qualitative measurements are required to be implemented in the research then the mixed method research would be appropriate. Furthermore, when processes in a specific research are required to be improved continually the action research would be appropriate (Rohrer, 2008).
Conclusion
Either using qualitative, quantitative, or advocacy research approach, the researcher needs to understand that in some aspects the individuals using social media to affect law enforcement might be influence by others. Also this might be learned behavior from family members or parents. In the end, the research needs to find the reasons and analyze it to find a solution to prevent individuals from using social media and other outlets to damage the reputation and harm law enforcement officers.

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References:

Clarke, B. (2012). Deconstructing the rioters: a case study of individuals convicted and sentenced in Greater Manchester. Safer communities, 11(1), 33-39.

Denef, S., Bayerl, P.S., & Kaptein, N. (2013). Social Media and the Police -- Tweeting Practices of British Police Forces during the August 2011 Riots.

Frank, R., Cheng, C., & Pun, V. (2011). Social Media Sites-New Fora for Criminal, Communication, and Investigation Opportunities. Public Safety Canada.

Fresenko, V.L. (2010). Social media integration into state-operated fusion centers and local law enforcement potential uses and challenges (Doctoral dissertation, Monterey, California Naval Postgraduate School).

Prot, S., & Anderson, C.A. (2013). Research Methods, Design, and Statistics in Media Psychology. The Oxford Handbook of Media Psychology, 109.

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Title: Creating a Police Department

  • Total Pages: 20
  • Words: 5079
  • References:20
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Capstone Project Information

Understand that you will be creating a police department for this Capstone project. The principles that you will be researching and implementing are the same principles as if you were developing a new correctional facility, court system, parole or probation system or other related criminal justice agency.

Proposal to Create a Police Department

You have recently been appointed as the Chief of Police of a newly incorporated city within the State of Florida. The city was chartered to operate under the Council-Manager form of government. The City Commission is comprised of five members, Mayor-Commissioner and four City Commissioners, elected to specific areas at large. The City Commission appoints a professional City Manager who serves as the Chief Administrative Officer and Chief Executive Officer of the City. As the Chief of Police, you are appointed by and serve at the pleasure of the City Manager.

The incorporated city consists of fifty (50) square land miles with ten (10) square miles of navigable waterways. The permanent population of the city is one hundred thousand with an additional daily tourist population of approximately twenty-five thousand. The racial make-up of the permanent population is 80% white, 14% black and 6% other. The per-capita income is twenty-seven thousand dollars. The population median age is forty-three. The unemployment rate is 5.6%. Within the city there is a school enrollment of eleven thousand students. Prior to incorporation as a city, the Sheriff’s Office provided all police services to the area.

During the incorporation process an agreement was reached with the Sheriff to obtain the building his agency used as a precinct to service the area currently within the city. The student can assume that this building is satisfactory for housing the new Police Department for several years to come. The building also contains a functional communication center with adequate equipment to include portable radios for all police officers. Fully equipped police cruisers, both marked and unmarked were also obtained for the Sheriff. Therefore as the new Chief of our new city, you need not be concerned about the above mentioned issues.

For informational purposes, last year within the area incorporated into the city, the Sheriff’s Office handled 175,000 calls for service. Deputies wrote 41,000 original reports and 21,300 supplemental reports. They investigated 3,021 automobile accidents and wrote 63,099 traffic citations. Deputies made 9,128 criminal arrests including 501 arrests for DUI. The also responded to 5,318 burglary and robbery alarms.

Your assignment is to establish a police department for our yet to be named city (Silver Spring, FL). You will also be responsible to name the agency (Silver Spring Police Department).

You are to employ the number of personnel you need to deliver professional and competent police services to the citizens of our city. You must determine the number of sworn (officers) and non-sworn (civilian) personnel you will hire inclusive of any minimum standards you wish to implement; you can choose any States Police Standards to follow, but you must meet or exceed those that are established. If you are using particular States requirements, you must identify that State (Virginia). Salaries and benefits must be established and justified within your proposal. A brief job description must also be prepared for the various classifications of employees; e.g. police officer, communication operator, desk officer, property clerk, detective, secretarial staff, etc.

Your proposal should begin with a Mission Statement and proceed with a clear and concise Description of Services that your Department will provide. You must determine the various divisions, sections and units that will be required to effectively accomplish your intended mission. For each division and subsequent sub-unit established, you will cite the responsibilities of each, including specific performance indicators. Within your proposal, the city manager has asked you to submit an organizational chart for the entire Department, along with separate organizational charts for the various divisions you have recommended.

It is imperative that you provide a detailed budget for your entire Department. It is recommended that you begin with a line-item format and proceed into a zero-based, performance indicator format.

You are expected to personally submit your proposal for the new city police department, inclusive of all aspects of your budget to the City Council for their approval. You must be prepared to thoroughly defend your proposal. Additionally, you can be certain that you will experience intensive questioning by the City Manager.

There is no specific length for your paper, but it must thoroughly address all of the issues involved with the creation of a model police department. If the student determines the need for a Policy and Procedure Manual for the police department, it will be necessary to document how the system will operate and what General Orders, Rules and Regulations or Standard Operating Procedures are necessary. NOTE: It is not necessary to draft actual General Orders and Rules and Regulations, but you must identify the categories (example: Sick Leave, Vehicle Usage, Informant Handling, Confidential Funds, etc). Make sure your list is complete!

In developing a modern and progressive police agency, there exists a need to consider state of the art computer technology for overall efficiency. Just as important is the need to consider implementing innovative policing programs that provide personalized services while keeping in touch with the concerns of the community.

The student’s proposal should discuss the concept of Community Based Policing and the feasibility of incorporating this type of program within the Police Department. Problem-Oriented Policing and Differential Police Response should also be addressed. Included should be the civilianization of certain traditional sworn positions should also be considered; i.e. front desk officer, forensic specialists, victim advocates, etc.
Should the proposal include an Investigative Division, will the investigators specialize in specific criminal investigation categories or will they be generalist and available for any type of assignment? You must identify their responsibility and will there be a case-management system for follow-up investigations.

In order to effectively address the requirements of this assignment, the student is expected to research the various issues identified above, along with any other issues that may arise in the preparation of this proposal.

Finally, when considering your personnel requirement, please consider the concept of Affirmative Action and Equal Employment Opportunity.

As a newly created Police Department, you do not have a police union involved. The actual budget for your Police Department must not exceed $30 million dollars.

Below is the explanation and description of the main components you will need to complete this project.

In this section you will write your mission statement, description of services, and agency divisions.

Mission Statement: The mission statement explains and defines the reasons that the organization exists, the organization's purpose, business philosophy and the critical process for the level of performance.

Description of Services: The description of services will define the duties and responsibilities of each category or group within the organization. What the group will be responsible for, how the group will function and information to allow the reader to understand their individual mission.

Division: The division is a section of the whole or entire agency. It is the major units that oversee or have responsibility to the organization. A division could include Investigations, fiscal affairs, administration, etc.

Make sure you have developed and written a Mission Statement for the project, define the description of services that are needed within an agency, and list the different sections that will be needed to create a comprehensive law enforcement agency.

In this section you will write and develop the agency's subdivisions and describe their performance objectives

Subdivision: The subdivisions are sections within the main division, and are part of the prescribed organization. For example, the Investigative Division could include Subdivisions of Homicide, Robbery, property crimes, etc
Performance Objectives: The performance objective is a statement of actions or standards that describes the division or subdivisions. It is also known as the objective of each group and how they will operate to show effectiveness.

Make sure you have developed a strategic plan for each division or group within the agency, define what subdivision(s) will be required, describe the performance objectives for each division, define the description of each division within the proposal, and explain the various components needed for each division.

In this section you will write and develop your organizational chart and job descriptions for each position within the agency. Also, develop a chain-of-command system within the organizational chart.

Organizational Chart: This is a chart identifying the relationships of each division and subdivision within the organization, with lines identifying the responsibility between each section within the confines of the large agency. The organizational chart is also used to identify the chain of command.

Job Descriptions: The job description is a statement which discusses the position and its responsibility to its mission.

Chain-of-Command: Describes the system by which the authority and responsibility passes down from the top of the organization to the bottom. Each position is responsible to each other via a chain of command.

Make sure you have developed and a strategic plan for identifying various job descriptions, define what positions are required for the agency, describe where each position will report to, develop an organizational chart, explain within the organizational chart where each division and subdivision are located, and develop a chain of command system within the organizational chart.

In this section you will determine the number of sworn and non- sworn personnel and identify the minimum standards for each position. You are also required to identify the salary and benefits for each of the positions.

Sworn Personnel: Individuals that are commissioned by the State to hold a Law Enforcement License or Certification. These members have the power to arrest.

Non-Sworn Personnel: Individuals that are considered civilians and hold no commission by the State to enforce laws and make arrests.

Make sure you have determined the number of sworn and non-sworn personal needed for an agency, identify the minimum standards for each position within the agency, and identify the salaries and associated benefits for each position.

In this section you are required to develop your policies, standard procedures, and general orders

Standard Operating Procedures (SOP): Policies that pertain to a certain section, unit, or division within the agency. The SOP are normally written to supplement the General Orders, and the SOP can have sub-sections within the main SOP. As an example, the Investigative Division could include subdivisions of homicide, robbery, property crime, etc.

General Order: Policies that are put into place to provide rules and regulations that affect the entire agency.

Make sure you develop a procedure and policy manual for the organization, define the different types of procedures and standard operating procedures needed, and describe the various policies needed for each separate division or section.

You will be develop a budget, define what items will be purchased in the first year and describe in detail which division will be responsible for the budget and the budgeting process.

Make sure you have identified budget items, developed a complete budget, and kept budget under the dollar requirements.

This project will be graded on the following criteria:

The project relates the process of developing a police department to the core value of personal development.

The project adequately identifies the resources needed, including number of sworn officers and non-sworn civilians, based on current situations given for existing equipment

The mission statement and description of services are appropriate and complete

A budget is proposed, considers all relevant funding concerns for a new department and is within the set limit

The project addresses technology needs for the new department.

The project addresses and analyzes Community Based Policing, Problem- Oriented Policing, Differential Police Response, Civilianization, case- management, Affirmative Action and Equal Employment Opportunities

Presentation of the proposal is professional, well-planned and thorough

Grammar, spelling, and syntax are appropriate to the college level

Typed in a double-spaced APA format with citations

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September 23, 2012

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