Kuhn Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Kuhn College Essay Examples

Title: Kuhn's Paradigm Shift

  • Total Pages: 9
  • Words: 2518
  • Sources:12
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This order is two assignments in one. The annotated websites have to be done on their own. However, these websites must be used in the critique of Kuhn's theories.

Detailed Instructions:

Assignment 1. Find five Web sites that discuss Kuhn’s concept of the paradigm. At least ONE of the sites should be critical of the concept. Submit an annotated bibliography of 100-150 words describing the content of each of these five sites. Evaluate the ideas, and explain why you think it is useful. Also provide some background about the site. What is the title of the site? Who is the author (if you can determine it)? What is their objective? Is it an academic site? Is it credible? Is it one person’s opinion?

Assignment 2. Write a critique of Kuhn. Include in your critique:

1. Comments from Web sites;

2. A discussion of Kuhn’s evidence for the paradigm concept;

3. The effect Kuhn’s paradigm concept has on our perception that scientific discovery represents progress in our understanding of the universe.

The critique should be six to nine pages in length, typed, and double-spaced.

There should be a total of 12 sources, one being the book and the rest websites. I will email them. Please, please, please cite the work within the text. I also need a reference list.
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Sources:

THOMAS KUHN (2) Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://www.ee.scu.edu/eefac/healy/kuhn.html

Thomas S. Kuhn: The Tech. Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://www-tech.mit.edu/V116/N28/kuhn.28n.html

Weinberg S. The Revolution That Didn't Happen. Retrieved Sept. 22, 2007 at http://www.nybooks.com/articles/735

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Title: Kuhns concept of the paradigm must be critical

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 1765
  • References:6
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: * Annotated Bibliography; Find Five web sites that discuss Kuhn's concept of the paradigm. At least ONE of the sites should be critical of the concept.
* Write a crtique of Kuhn that would include comments from web sites; a discussion of Kuhn's evidence for the paradigm concept. the effect Kuhn's paradigm concept has on our perception that scientific discovery represents progress in our understanding of the universe.
* please avoid using encyclopedias and dictionaries as media references.
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References:

James Franklin (2000) looks at Kuhn's work from a different angle, and finds that the paradigm theory is the same in science as it is in terms of human interactions: "Kuhn's thesis is that scientific theories are no better than ones in the humanities. The idea that science is all theoretical talk and negotiation, which never really establishes anything, is one that caused trouble long ago for Galileo." Furthermore, Franklin looks at the content of the book and finds several inconsistencies. Probably the most relevant example in this sense is constituted by the classification of several "unsustainable" theories. The author of the article points out that Kuhn did not clarify the understanding of the appellative "unsustainable," nor its context, be it logic or philosophical. Either way, Franklin argues that the use of this adjective in the given context is inappropriate. "If it means that there are a number of observed results that would be unlikely if the theory were true, then one is back in the realm of logic, of the bad old philosophy of science that studied the relation of evidence to hypothesis. Naturally, Kuhn is not keen to emphasize that direction. But if "unsustainable" is a purely psychological matter, a kind of collective disgust by a salon des refuses of younger scientists who simply think their elders are too smug, then it is impossible to see why it should have any standing as science" (Franklin).

An article of the Physics Department at the Weber State University argues that Kuhn's complicated view is due to the essential nebulous character of the paradigm itself. Given this situation then, the authors at the Weber University argue that Kuhn's model is not entirely applicable as one cannot entirely know the features and characteristics of a paradigm, such as its components or its evolution. They go on by offering the example of the atoms, which, despite the extensive years of research and analysis, continue to be used in terms of assumption and controlled experiments. Given this situation, in which it may be difficult to control and foresee the movement and actions of atoms, the professors at Weber conclude that it is rather impossible to foresee the evolution of science as a whole, and even less so include it in a paradigm.

The final critique brought to Kuhn relies in the actual choice of words. Critics argue that the concept of paradigm is generally vague, and as such fails to offer consistency and reliability throughout the research and theory formulation process. Despite this criticism however, the author of the Structure of Scientific Revolutions promoted the concept of paradigm in its understanding of "a collection of beliefs shared by scientists, a set of agreements about how problems are to be understood" (Emory University, Division of Educational Studies).

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Title: Kuhns concept of the paradigm

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 679
  • Works Cited:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Preferred language style: English(U.S.)

Find five Web sites that discuss Kuhn’s concept of the paradigm. At least ONE of the sites should be critical of the concept. All web sites should be found by you and should not be those already listed on the course syllabus.

Web sites should supplement or directly relate to the unit in question. Avoid unreliable sites like wikipedia.com( which is not acceptable for it is a "pop site).

You should give full web site citations not just a short cut. DO NOT SEND WEB SITES WITHOUT THE ANNOTATIONS.

You must provide annotations for each new web site and they should be 6 to 8 sentences long (not just a sentence or two). They must summarize the contents of the site, your reaction to it (useful or non-useful, reliable or not reliable) and your evaluation of its relationship to the course content you learn in readings. Also provide some background about the site. What is the title of the site? Who is the author (if you can determine it)? What is their objective? Is it an academic site? Is it credible? Is it one person’s opinion?

Use APA citation format.

Sources of information:

Kuhn, Thomas. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. 3rd Edition. University of Chicago Press, 1996. ISBN-10: 0-226-45808-3

These web sites are just examples of web sites to look for. They are not to be used in the assignment.

http://www.winstonbrill.com/bril001/html/article_index/articles/501-550/article538_body.html

http://www.marxists.org/reference/subject/philosophy/works/us/kuhn.htm

http://carbon.cudenver.edu/stc-link/bkrvs/kuhn/overview.htm

http://philosophy.wisc.edu/forster/220/kuhn.htm

http://newcriterion.com:81/archive/18/jun00/kuhn.htm

http://www.leaderu.com/aip/docs/geuras.html

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Works Cited:

Wilson, Kenneth G. (2001). Review: The Road since Structure: Philosophical Essays, 1970-1993, with an Autobiographical Interview and Thomas Kuhn: A Philosophical History of Our Times in Physics Today:

http://www.physicstoday.org/pt/vol-54/iss-3/p53.html

The review begins by addressing the issue of history and how it relates to science. This is made relevant to Kuhn's concept of the paradigm, and how paradigm shifts are a necessary part of historical development. It is a useful site, in that it provides not only an overview of current works relating to Kuhn's views, but also a multiplicity of dimensions relating to these views. Indeed the review describes potential shortcomings in Kuhn's concept, in that it does not address a very wide range of actions needed to accomplish a true paradigm shift. The author does concede Kuhn's vast contribution to the field of studying science. In general, the Physics Today site exists to inform students of science regarding developments and studies in the field. Hence I believe that it is both a useful and legitimate site, in that it addresses more than one point of vies relating to Kuhn's concept. The site is legitimized not only by the fact that it appears in Physics Today, but also by the fact that it focuses on the sources reviewed, rather than solely on the author's opinions.

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Title: Need an Outline for Kuhn's paradigm

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 481
  • Bibliography:2
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Hello I need two outlines for a paper that I will be starting. These outlines will need to be on seperate pages and original wording. The topics to outline are below.

- Outline One) describe what Kuhn meant by paradigm, normal science, anomaly, revolution science and paradigm shift...how these constitute processes and the way of natural sciences.

-Outline two)- -pick an organization of choice and explain how these foundations can be used to describe the change occurrence in organizations based on dynamics of that practice. ( the Organization I will select will be Cox Communications)

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Bibliography:

Works Cited

Cox communications, inc.. (2011). Retrieved from http://ww2.cox.com/aboutus/our-story.cox

Kuhn, T. (1996). Structure of scientific revolutions. (3rd ed.). Chicago, IL:

University of Chicago Press. Print.

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