Junk Food Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Junk Food College Essay Examples

Title: Childhood Obesity

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 2938
  • Sources:10
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Basically, I need this research paper to be about Childhood Obesity - The causes, the effects, and the possible solutions.

I need at least 10 sources and I need a bibliography written in APA style.

Following are suggestions for possible causes, effects, and solutions - these are for guidance only. You are not required to use them if you feel you can think of something better(which I'm sure you can).

- CAUSES -
-parents don't have time
-fast food is easier and quicker
-parents lack of nutritional knowledge
-schools don't educate children to make right eating choices
-fast food panies' advertising targets children

- EFFECTS -
-skyrocketing childhood diabetes rates
-child's life expectancy is less than parent's
-a future of obese people who must be catered to with plus-size furniture, doorways, clothes, cars, etc...

- POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS -
-nutrition classes are mandatory in all schools
-make school lunches healthier
-stop allowing soda and junk food vending machines in schools
-hopefully you could cite some real world examples of how we're going in the right direction or how we're going in the wrong direction

I think that's about it. If you have any questions, feel free to email me at . Thank you in advance for helping me!

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Sources:

Bibliography

1) a Maggio, Y. Aggoun & L. Marchand et.al (2008), ' Associations among Obesity, Blood Pressure, and Left Ventricular Mass', the Journal of Pediatrics, Volume 152, Issue 4, Pages 489-493

2) CDC, "The Obesity Epidemic and United States Students," retrieved Oct 7th 2009, from, http://www.cdc.gov/HealthyYouth/yrbs/pdf/yrbs07_us_obesity.pdf

3) CDC, 'Availability of Less Nutritious Snack Foods and Beverages in Secondary Schools -Selected States, 2002 -- 2008', Retrieved Oct 9th 2009, from, http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm58e1005a1.htm

4) Commercial Alert, 'Junk Food Ad Ban Comes into Force in Britain', retrieved Oct 9th 2009, from, http://www.commercialalert.org/issues/health/international-public-health/junk-food-ad-ban-comes-into-force-in-britain

5) David S. Ludwig (Dec 2007), 'Childhood Obesity: The Shape of Things to Come', NEJM volume 357:2325-2327, Number 23. Retrieved Oct 9th 2009, from http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/full/357/23/2325#T1

6) FAO, 'Carbohydrate Food Intake and Energy Balance' retrieved Oct 8th 2009, from, http://www.fao.org/docrep/w8079e/w8079e0m.htm

7) Jennifer L. Baker, Ph.D., Lina W. Olsen, Ph.D., and Thorkild I.A. Sorensen, M.D., 'Childhood Body -- Mass Index and the Risk of Coronary Heart Disease in Adulthood', NEJM, Volume 357:2329-2337, No 23, retrieved Oct 9th 2009, from http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/abstract/357/23/2329

8) John Dorsey & Jeanne Segal Ph.D, 'Childhood and Juvenile Obesity', retrieved Oct 7th 2009, from http://helpguide.org/mental/childhood_obesity.htm#causes

9) Mashid Dehghan, Noori Akhtar Danesh & Anwar T. Merchant, (2005), 'Childhood Obesity, Prevalence and Prevention', Nutrition Journal 2005, 4:24, retrieved Oct 8th 2009, from, http://www.nutritionj.com/content/4/1/24

10) MedicalNews, 'Direct Link Between Childhood Obesity and Junk food Advertising', retrieved Oct 9th 2009, from, http://www.news-medical.net/news/2006/04/24/17556.aspx

11) Paul Veugelers, 'Study Shows Parents Back Junk Food Ban in Schools',

retrieved Oct 9th 2009, from, http://www.physorg.com/news173362954.html

12) Science Daily, 'Childhood Obesity Risk increased by newly discovered Genetic Mutations, Says Study', retrieved Oct 7th 2009, from, http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/01/090118200638.htm

13) Tamara S. Hannon, MD, Goutham Rao, MD and Silva a. Arslanian, MD, (2005), 'Childhood Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus', PEDIATRICS Vol. 116 No. 2 August 2005, pp. 473-480

14) WebMed, 'Mental Illness Common in Childhood Obesity: Defiance, Depression cited in Study', retrieved Oct 9th 2009, from, http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/news/20030407/mental-illness-common-in-childhood-obesity

15) Wordpress, 'Junk Food Banned in Schools', retrieved Oct 9th 2009, from, http://www.fitnesstipsforlife.com/junk-food-banned-in-schools.html

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Title: Public Relation

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 2040
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Compare Mcdonald's PR respond to the recent documentary "SUPER-SIZE-ME" with tis PR activitiy surrounding the McLiBel Trial Case. And this and Mcdonald handling of the recent proposal by The Australia's labour parties to band junk food at advertisement in CHildren's TV indicate the company had learn from it's past?

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References:

Bibliography Continued:

"Super Size Me: Eating McDonald's, Making Millions" (2004) CNN News Report [Online] available at: http://cnn.entertainment.printthis .clickability.com/pt/cpt? action=cpt& title=CNN.com+-+Eating+McDonald%27s%2C+making+millions+-+Jun+9%2C+2004& expire=06%2F23%2F2004& urlID=10707525& fb=Y& url=http

%3A%2F%2Fwww.cnn.com%2F2004%2FSHOWBIZ%2FMovies%2F06%2F09%

Ffilm.spurlock.reut%2F& partnerID=2010

Tober, Bruce (2004) "McDonalds Breaks Agreement in McLibel Suit" Albion Monitor [Online] available online at: http://www.monitor.net/monitor/9-2-95/McLibel.html

ABC News Report Online (2004)

ABC News Report Online (2004) paraphrased*

HYPERLINK http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/24/139.html?

www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/24/139.html? [Online]

CNS News Online 2004'Obesity Becomes Political Issue in Australia: McDonald's Strikes Back"

Ibid

Ibid

Ibid

Ibid

Ibid

http://www.diabetesnsw.com.au/News/news.asp?NewsID=452

Albion Monitor (2 Sept 1995)

Ibid

* paraphrased

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Title: CASE STUDY

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1542
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Josephine is a 20 year old female who is present for an eating disorder not otherwise specified. She currently teaches salsa lessons at the community college and is in her last semester of college. She reports she is living at home and the food her mom prepares is not the healthiest because her mom is from Honduras and her father is from Guatemala, so the food is prepared differently. She indicates she has been thin all her life, but as soon as puberty hit, she has struggled to maintain her weight and since she is a salsa instructor, she has to remain fit. She reports she feels very guilty if she has consumed fried foods during the day, but since that is the way her mom primarily cooks, she feels awful to tell her mom to stop cooking that way. She reports if she does consume too much fried foods or junk food, she will run at least 2-3 miles that day or else force herself to vomit, but all the food does not come out. She reports sometimes if she has a later class, she will not eat dinner or only eat 1 meal per day. She has tried counting calories, but then she gets so mad at herself for having more than 1200 calories it causes her to exercise more, which then leads her to feeling exhausted. She indicates she is on no medication, but does take a multivitamin when she remembers. She indicates she has gone from 110 pounds to 125 pounds over 5 years and wants to be back down to 110 or even less. She also had gone to the doctor and he was quite concerned with her lab values. She has provided you a 24 hour meal record:
Breakfast:
1-6” corn tortilla
½ cup fried beans cooked with peppers, onions and oil
½ cup rice
1 cup no sugar added orange juice
Lunch:
1 slice of whole wheat bread
2 slices turkey
1 small apple
Dinner:
2- 6” tortillas
Beef with onions, peppers cooked in oil
Tomato, onion, pepper salad (made with oil and lime juice)
2 cups of rice
Height: 5’2” Weight: 117 pounds (based on your scale in the office)
Labs:
Test Result Reference Units
Albumin (visceral protein stores) 3.3 g/dL 3.5-4.8 g/dL
Sodium 133 mEq/L 136-145 mEq/L
Potassium 3.8 mEq/L 3.5-5.2 mEq/L
Iron 0.4 mg/dL 0.6-1.1 mg/dL
Vitamin B12 185 pg/mL 200-835 pg/mL

Questions for Unit 5:
1. Based on her height and weight, what is her BMI and is this considered underweight, normal or overweight/obese?
2. Based on her above food record, what are some areas you can see that needs to be improved?
3. What lab values are elevated or decreased and what are some reasons for these high or low values?
4. What nutrition recommendations would you provide her? Specifically, how many calories, carbohydrates, proteins and fats would you provide her? A good website to use to calculate out the appropriate nutrients would be www.mypyramid.gov. You will need to type in her age, height, weight and sex and wait for the results.

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Works Cited:

References

Benton, D. & Parker, P. (1998) Breakfast, blood glucose, and cognition, Am J. Clin Nutr 1998;67(suppl):772S -- 8S.

Health Castle.com. Nutrition Advice by Registered Dietitians www.healthcastle.com

Lovett, R. (Aug., 2007). The best way to start the day. New Scientist. www.Newsceitnist.com.

Mayo clinic. Healthy diet.

www.mayoclinic.com/health/healthy-diet/NU00200

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Title: ProWriter 1500 words In assignment work create informative dynamic introduction A dynamic introduction important grab readers attention sets a tone essay To write effective introduction writers types patterns development provide introduction introduces thesis statement creates interest insprires readers read rest essay

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 557
  • Bibliography:3
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: ProWriter

1500 words
In this assignment, you will work to create an informative and dynamic introduction. A dynamic introduction is important to grab your readers? attention, and it also sets a tone for your essay. To write an effective introduction, writers use many different types of patterns of development to provide an introduction that not only introduces their thesis statement, but creates interest that insprires readers to read the rest of the essay. Write an introduction to create interest for your essay.

To Prepare Your Introduction:

1. Choose a pattern of development explained in your textbook from the list below:

a. Narrative

b. Description

c. Illustration

d. Process Analysis

e. Comparison and Contrast

f. Classification and Division

g. Definition

h. Cause and Effect

2. Use the pattern of development that you have selected and create your introduction.

3. At the top of your paper, place the type of pattern of development you have chosen.

4. At the end of your introduction, place your thesis statement.
Thesis Statement
Obesity in the United States is largely caused by unhealthful lifestyles and the ubiquitous availability and continual promotion of non-nutritious fast foods and junk foods throughout American society.
Introduction
Approximately one-quarter of all Americans are clinically obese and as many as two-third are overweight (Oliver, 2006). With estimates of obesity-related deaths as high as 400,000 annually, Surgeon General Richard Carmona has called obesity a greater threat to Americans than terrorism and former Health and Human Services Secretary Tommy Thompson has referred to obesity as an American public health ?crisis? (Oliver, 2006). The cumulative costs attributable to obesity-related diseases approach $123 billion every year (Obesity in America). According to some projections, America?s teens are at risk of becoming the first generation in history to live a shorter lifespan than their parents, mainly because of obesity issues (Oliver, 2006).
Defining Obesity and Overweight
A person is considered to be overweight if they have a body mass index (BMI) of 25 or greater and weigh at least 10 percent more than the recommended weight for their height and body type (Obesity in America). A person is obese if they weigh at 30 percent more than their recommended weight and have a BMI of 30 or greater (Obesity in America). Currently, approximately 25 percent of American children are overweight or obese, while an estimated 54 percent of American adults are obese, and another 22 percent are overweight (Hill & Peters, 1998).
The Causes of Obesity in America
Non-nutritious, high-fat, high-calorie foods are ubiquitous in American supermarkets and restaurants, particularly in fast-food restaurants (Hill & Peters, 1998).
Even more generally, portion-sizes in all American restaurants have continued to grow to unreasonable sizes as a result of their values in marketing and promotions. The average person is typically presented with an over-abundance of high-fat food choices and comparatively few low-fat choices. Empirical research has linked such diets of 35 percent fat or higher to obesity in animals, especially when they are not physically active (Hill & Peters, 1998).
The other principal component of obesity in America is the increasingly sedentary lifestyle attributable mainly to modern advances in technology and transportation, in addition to the appeal of sedentary entertainment options, such as television, video games and computers. There is substantial empirical evidence documenting the benefits of increased activity and improved aerobic fitness in connection with bodyweight reduction and obesity prevent obesity, particularly in children (Epstein, Paluch, Gordy, & Dorn, 2000).
Preventing Obesity
Obesity prevention likely requires cooperation from both consumer and the food industry, together with education aimed at controlling portion sizes and reducing dietary fat content. Parents must encourage their children to eat low-fat foods as early as possible as well. Another important change would be creating an environment that encourages physical activity by raising the physical education standards in schools, resisting the appeal of sedentary activities by emphasizing the ?fun? component of sports and aerobic exercise, shifting the focus of social gatherings from food consumption to more active pursuits, such as a family hiking, and offering public incentives such as lower insurance rates or more paid vacation time for healthy individuals (Hills & Peters, 1998; Epstein, et al, 2000)
Conclusion
The available empirical evidence demonstrates conclusively that a combination of a healthy diet and regular physical activity most effectively treats and prevents obesity, regardless of family history. In general, even individuals with a genetic predisposition to obesity can avoid becoming obese by cultivating certain habits, such as ?restrained eating? and regular exercise. In essence, while obesity is a disease, it is one of the most easily preventable diseases for those who approach it proactively, though this obviously requires very specific departures from the typical contemporary American lifestyle

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Bibliography:

Rosenheck R (November 2008). "Fast food consumption and increased caloric intake: a systematic review of a trajectory towards weight gain and obesity risk." Obes Rev 9 (6): 535 -- 47.

Sturm R (2007). "Increases in morbid obesity in the U.S.A.: 2000 -- 2005." Public Health 121 (7): 492 -- 6.

Whitlock G, Lewington S, Sherliker P, et al. (March 2009). "Body-mass index and cause-specific mortality in 900-000 adults: collaborative analyses of 57 prospective studies." Lancet 373 (9669): 1083 -- 96.

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