Interconnection Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Interconnection College Essay Examples

Title: Sufism and Politics

  • Total Pages: 12
  • Words: 4294
  • Bibliography:10
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: The topic of my 12 pages double spaced paper is "Premodern Morocco's Sufi policy" and it explores the interconnection between Sufism and Political rulers in the period ranging from the Almoravid dynasty (year 1040) until the colonial period (1912-1956). The paper tries to see how sufism becomes politicized in Morocco. We have then two categories: activist or rebellious sufism (against the political state) and Aquiescent Sufism (cooperating and being used by the state). This paper tries to seek the causes that lead Sufism to be co-opted by the state and how it is done, and those that push the Sufis to be against the state, and how this happens. From those two categories, other subcategories follow like rural/urban sufism, berber/arab sufism...
The material is to be found in the biography of saints and in the works on specific sufi orders in Morocco (the Tijani order, The Derqaoui order, the Kettani order, the Qadiri order). Here are some books and articles that you can start with:

Books

Bazzaz, Sahar. Challenging Power and Authority in pre-Protectorate Morocco: Shaykh Muhammad al-Kattani and the Tariqa Kattaniyya, PHD thesis, History, Harvard University, May 2002.

Abun-Nasr, Jamil. A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period. Cambridge University Press, 1987.

------------------------. The Tijaniyya: A Sufi Order in the Modern World. London: Oxford University Press, 1965.

Aubin Eugene. Morocco of Today. London: J.M. Dent, 1906

Brown, Kenneth. Scholars, Saints, and Sufis: Muslim Religious Institutions in the Middle East since 1500. ed. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1972.

Cornell, Vincent. Realm of the Saint: Power and Authority in Moroccan Sufism. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1988.

Munson, Henry, Jr. Religion and Power in Morocco. New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1993.

Bewley, Aisha. The Darqawi Way. London: Diwan Press, 1981

Michon, Jean-Louis. The Autobiography (Fahrasa) of a Moroccan Soufi: Ahmad Ibn `Ajiba (1747-1809). Louisville: Fons Vitae, 1999.

Articles:

Cornell, Vincent. "Mystical Doctrine and Political Action in Moroccan Sufism: the Role of the exemplar in the tariqa al-Jazuliyya" Al-Qantara 13 Fasc.1 (1992)

Hagopian Elaine. "the Status and Role of the Marabout in Pre-Protectorate Morocco" in Ethnology, 3:1 (January 1964)

Vidal.F.S. "Religious Brotherhoods in Moroccan Politics" in Middle East Journal, 4 (1950)

Website

www.dar-sirr.com

http://www.fonsvitae.com/ajiba.html

Enjoy!

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References

Abun-Nasr, Jamil. A History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period. London: Cambridge

University Press, 1987.

-. The Tijaniyya: A Sufi Order in the Modern World. London: Oxford University Press, 1965.

Ahmed, Saladdin. 2008, "What is Sufism?" Forum Philosophicum, 13, 233-251.

Aubin, Eugene. Morocco of to-day. London J.M. Dent & Co., 1906.

Azra, Azyumardi. Islam in the Indonesian world: an account of institutional formation.

Bandung, Indonesia: Mizan, 2006.

Combs-Schilling, M. Elaine. 1991. "Etching Patriarchal Rule: Ritual Dye, Erotic Potency, and the Moroccan Monarchy." Journal of the History of Sexuality 1(4): 661.

Esposito, John L. The Oxford History of Islam. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

Green, Nile. 2004. "Oral Competition Narratives of Muslim and Hindu Saints in the Deccan."

Asian Folklore Studies 63(2): 221-222.

Hammoudi, Abdellah. Master and Disciple: the Cultural Foundations of Moroccan

Authoritarianism. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1997.

Howe, Marvine. Morocco: The Islamist Awakening and Other Challenges. New York: Oxford

University Press, 2005.

Kanya-Forstner, a.S. The Conquest of the Western Sudan: A Study in French Military

Imperialism. London: Cambridge University Press, 1969.

McManus, J. 1999. Ancient Wisdom and Secret Sects. Richmond, VA: Time-Life Books.

Morgan, Kenneth W. Islam- the Straight Path: Islam Interpreted by Muslims. New York:

Ronald Press, 1958.

Morocco. 2009. U.S. Government: CIA World Factbook. [Online]. Available: https://www.cia.

gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mo.html.

Nasr, Seyyed Hossein. Islamic Spirituality: Manifestations. New York: Crossroad Herder, 1997.

Schwartz, Stephen. 2003, September 22. Sufi Surfing: Pico Iyer and the Californication of mystical Islam. The Weekly Standard, 9(2), 37.

Shafqat, Saeed. Civil-Military Relations in Pakistan: From Zulfikar Ali Bhutto to Benazir Bhutto.

Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 1997.

Spadola, Emilio. 2008, July. "The scandal of ecstasy: communication, Sufi rites, and social reform in 1930s." Morocco Journal of Contemporary Islam 2(2): 119-138.

Voll, J.O. Islam, Continuity and Change in the Modern World, 2nd ed. Syracuse,

New York: Syracuse University Press, 1994.

Webber, Sabra J. Romancing the Real: Folklore and Ethnographic Representation in North

Africa. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 1991.

Westerlund, David. Sufism in Europe and North America. New York: RoutledgeCurzon, 2004.

Ziring, Lawrence. Pakistan: The Enigma of Political Development. Folkestone, England: WM.

Dawson & Sons, 1980.

Appendix a

SOURCE: Jamil Abun-Nasr, a History of the Maghrib in the Islamic Period, 2nd ed. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987)

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Title: OSI Reference Model

  • Total Pages: 1
  • Words: 355
  • Sources:2
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Write an expositional essay on Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) Reference Model (7 layers)and the layer functions in Intro-Body-Conclusion format.

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Bibliography

Open Systems Interconnection -- Reference Model (OSI -- RM). http://www.its.bldrdoc.gov/fs-1037/dir-025/_3680.htm

The 7 layers of the OSI Model (2008, March 3). Webopedia. http://www.webopedia.com/quick_ref/OSI_Layers.asp

The seven-layer Open Systems Interconnection Reference Model. http://www.citap.com/documents/tcp-ip/tcpip006.htm

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Title: Local Global Relations

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1160
  • References:4
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This paper will use Exxon Mobil and its operations in baton rouge Louisiana as an example of local- global relations. The purpose is to demonstrate an understanding of the key feature of globalizaion: the spatial interconnections of peoples and places by networks of forces and flows at different levels of scale (local-regional-global).

It should illustrate a network of connections that link a locality with national, regional and global forces. The point of the paper is to describe and explain how a network of interconnections is produced, instantiated, and experienced.

Must propose an argument and support it, Don't just paraphrase, must analyze.

The sources must be academic

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Title: Critical Evaluation of the key features of apple industry

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 594
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Hello,

I would like a discussion on critical evaluation of the key features of apple industry

The key points of discussion should be

Competiveness of the industry
Collaboration and interconnection of firms
Concerntration on expertise of the industry
Supply chain
Dynamic changes of consumer needs and the need to meet those changing needsI
Innovative culture
Transformational and visionary culture
Pto deliver ground breaking products and attracting talents
Product lifecycle and marketing mix

Please i dont want introduction , conclusion i just want work to focus on the above because i had earlier on requested for this work to be done but all these were not discussed hence my reordering it. please i dont mind the work done asap because its passed its due date

Thanks in anticipation
There are faxes for this order.

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