Infant Mortality Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Infant Mortality College Essay Examples

Title: Infant Mortality

  • Total Pages: 9
  • Words: 2269
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Explore Healthy People 2000 objectives and focus areas related to infant mortality in West Philadelphia. Use vital statistic data which will be faxed. Define infant mortality, state why it is a concern (because West Philadelphia has the highest rates of infant mortality), describe risk factors, relate incidence and prevalence, relate mortality. Identify current resources and efforts made to reduce infant mortality in this community and evaluate if these resources are successful (include data from published sources). Identify a solution to the concern of infant mortality in this community. Consider legal, ethical, economic and social implications. Review of literature supporting topic should be included. Research articles will be faxed. If there is additonal resources needed for paper, you can use any other resources you need.
There are faxes for this order.

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Bibliography

Eric Gibson et.al, "Effect of Nonviable infant on the Infant Mortality rate of Philadelphia," American Journal of Public Health, August 2000, Vol 90, pg 1303

Center for Disease Control, "Infants Death / Mortality: Data for U.S. In 2001," Retrieved on March 13th 2004 from, http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/infmort.htm

Lorraine Halinka Malcoe, "The Effect of Congenital Anomalies on Mortality Risk

In White and Black Infants," American Journal of Public Health, June 1999, Pg

Mary Harkins-Schwarz, "Philadelphia Interdisciplinary Youth Fatality Review team," Retrieved on 17th March 2004, from, http://www.phmc.org/pdf/99ReportPIYFRT.pdf.

This Utah Department of Health (UDOH), "Infant Mortality,

Retrieved on March 17th 2004, at http://hlunix.hl.state.ut.us/matchiim/main/infntdth/define.htm

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Maternal, infant and Child Health"

Retrieved on March 17th 2004, from, http://www.healthypeople.gov/document/html/volume2/16mich.htm

Deborah D. Roebuck, "West and Southwest Philadelphia; Healthy Start Initiative,"

Retrieved on March 16th 2004, from, https://performance.hrsa.gov/mchb/MCHProjects/AbstractIndexes/..%5CCollection%5CHealthy%20Start%5C2003%5COther%5CHTML%5CWestPhila.html

Division of Early Childhood, Youth and Women's Health', "Healthy Beginnings Plus: Prenatal Services," Retrieved on March 17th 2004, at http://www.phila.gov/health/duplicate1/RG_2002-web.PDF

Maternity Care Coalition (MCC), "The Healthy Living Project Sponsors HIV / AIDS Workshop On World AIDS Day," Retrieved on March 18th 2004, from, http://www.aegis.com/news/pr/2000/PR001148.html.

John F. Street, "Vital Statistics Report 2000: City of Philadelphia,"

Retrieved on March 16th 2004, from, http://www.phila.gov/health/units/ahs/vitalstats/2000_Vital_Statistics__Report.pdf.

Jerry Janda, "West Philadelphia Youths Hang Out on the Health Corner,"

Retrieved on March 17th 2004, from, http://www.upenn.edu/pennnews/current/features/1995/101095/Whelan.html.

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Title: Choice 2 Behind Headline US Babies Dies Higher Rates Read excerpt US Babies Die Higher Rates pages 258 259 text uploaded Listen audio clip NPR Infant Mortality Rate Odds Culture Life Answer questions 1

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1466
  • References:4
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Choice 2: Behind the Headline: US Babies Dies at Higher Rates
Read the excerpt, "US Babies Die at Higher Rates" on pages 258-259 of your text (uploaded). Listen to the following audio clip from NPR: Infant Mortality Rate at Odds with 'Culture of Life'
Answer the following questions:
1. What methodological explanations have been offered for the relatively high infant mortality rate in the US?
2. What social explanations have been given for the infant mortality rate in the US?
3. Explain the issue from each of the sociological theories outlined in the chapter

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Works Cited

"Behind the Headlines: U.S. Babies Die at Higher Rates" (p.258-259). {Don't have the rest of the biblio info. I need to complete this citation}

Spence, Lester. "Infant Mortality Rates at Odds with 'Culture of Life.'" NPR. N.p., 5 Jun.

2006. Web. 17 Jul. 2011.

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Title: I writer moriks 58 write paper I talk free health insurance infant mortality My Thesis statement access free basic insurance free health care insurance born order care born prevent illness impact lower infant mortality rate

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1163
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: I would like this writer (moriks 58 ) to write my paper

I would like to talk about free health insurance and infant mortality
My Thesis statement is about: everyone should have an access to free basic insurance where they can get free health care insurance for the new born in order to take care of their new born and prevent illness that might impact them so that we can lower the infant mortality rate. (you can rewrite it again to look better )
Here are my resources:
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhis/earlyrelease/earlyrelease201306_about.pdf
(review).
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nvsr/nvsr62/nvsr62_08.pdf
http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2014/how-health-care-plan-quickly-lowered-infant-mortality-0430
http://www.creators.com/opinion/steve-chapman/health-care-and-infant-mortality-the-real-story.html
http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/29770727?uid=3739696&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=38251
http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6231a3.htm
I need 2 pages the first one is a page summary and the second one is focus on one solution/intervention to the problem you described in page 1. Each page must be single-spaced and please do not forget citation format is in APA.

i will sent you by e-mail more details. you will find more description about the 2 pages and how to

write it also there is a Excellent Portfolio Examples please look at it

thank you

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References

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013). Public Health Approaches to Reducing U.S. Infant Mortality. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm6231a3.htm

Chapman, S. (2009). Health Care and Infant Mortality: The Real Story. Creators.com 2009.

Dizikes, P. (2014). How a health care plan quickly lowered infant mortality. MIT News, 30 April 2014. Retrieved from http://newsoffice.mit.edu/2014/how-health-care-plan-quickly-lowered-infant-mortality-0430

Morman, E. (2011). Infant Mortality in Detroit: Finding Solutions. Metro Parent, Oct 2011. Retrieved from http://www.metroparent.com/Metro-Parent/October-2011/Infant-Mortality-in-Detroit-Finding-Solutions/

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Title: To Assess The Impact of Prenatal Care And Health Care Access On Infant Death Outcomes In Five Public Health Districts With The Highest and Lowest Rates Of Infant Deaths In Georgia

  • Total Pages: 32
  • Words: 8616
  • Bibliography:17
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Research Topic/Title:

To Assess The Impact of Prenatal Care And Health Care Access On Infant Death Outcomes In Five Public Health Districts With The Highest And Lowest Rates Of Infant Deaths In Georgia

(Basically, the study will focus on infant mortality in African American women in Georgia for the years 2000-2005 in 5 public health districts with the highest rates of infant mortality and 5 public health districts with the lowest infant mortality rates (so we are looking at 10 public health districts total that can be found on the OASIS website) in the state of Georgia).

Please Note:
* Thesis needs to be in APA format
* Focus on African American Population (compare to whites & others)
* Data sets are for the years 2000-2005
* Include a hypothesis, if needed

Sections:

I. Introduction (Suggested topics to include in introduction please, you can also add more info. and change the order of topics)

A. Epidemiology of Infant Mortality in the United States
(What is infant mortality, Why it matters, Infant mortality on national, state (GA.), local level)
1. Prevalence and Distribution on Infant Mortality
a. Age (maternal (teens & adults), neonatal & post neonatal)
b. Geographic Location (Urban & Rural)
(include background info. on the 5 public health districts with the highest rates of infant mortality and the 5 public health district with the lowest in GA., demographics, population age, average income, ethnicity)
c. Social Economic Status (include info on national, state (GA) level, & local level, also include info. on mothers education, income, ethnicity, birth rates & lifestyles)

B. Purpose of Study
a. Literature Review( include hypothesis,
include info. on the state of Georgia,
African American women in GA, Infant
mortality in GA, state rank, etc…)
b. Theoretical Framework (as of now I
think the social cognitive theory
works with this study, please show the
relationship between this theory and the
research topic, & the variables that should
be considered to answer research questions)

C. Preconception Care (In the U.S., in GA. & within
the particular public health districts)

D. Prenatal Care (include info. on the number of
hospitals in each public health district, the
number of physicians in each public health
district, barriers to seeking care, please add
other relevant info.)

E. Access to Health Care (Info. on access to health
care in GA, info. on each public health district,
medical insurance: private, Medicaid, no
insurance at all, barriers to access and anything
else that is important).

F. Reducing Infant Mortality (on a national level, in GA and in particular public health districts, please add other relevant info.)

II. Methodology (include Measure, Procedure, Analysis, also please include the study design, the population to be studied, data collection procedures, the location and time
frame of the study, and how the data will be analyzed)

III. Results (include Findings for Research Question/Topic/Hypothesis, Describe findings as they relate to specific research question or hypothesis. This section should include the results of the study. Tables and figures may be used to describe pertinent findings).

IV. Discussion (Strengths and Limitations, a summary of your results and a discussion of the implications of your findings. Consider your results in terms of health policy, clinical, or public health implications. Your discussion must be supported by pertinent literature).

V. Conclusion (if you need to conserve space or pages the conclusion and recommendations can both go under the discussion)

VI. Recommendations (Consider your results in terms of health policy, clinical or public health implications)


Please include all of the following in the email:
• Data sets used for each public health district for the years 2000- 2005 (OASIS website)
• Abstract: Brief summary (250 words or less) of the major components of the study including purpose, method, results and discussion.
• References: All cited references must be included in the reference list. All references included in the reference list must be cited in the body of the text or tables.


• Tables- (suggestions for tables to include, you can add more or any tables relevant to research)
o Infant deaths and mortality rates for the five leading causes of infant death by race in GA, 2000 or 2004 or 2005
o Percentage of mothers receiving late or no prenatal care, by race and age in U.S. and GA (pick a year 2000 or 2003 or 2004, whatever you can find data on)
o Infant Mortality rates by education and race/ ethnicity, 2000-2005
o Low Birth Weight and very low birth weight, live birth rates by race/ethnicity, 2000-2005 (Blacks, Whites, American Indian Asian Pacific Islanders, Hispanics)


• Figures- (suggestions for figures to include, you can add more or any figures relevant to research)
o Infant Mortality Rates in GA. and U.S. 2000-2005
o Infant Mortality Rates by Public Health District in GA., 2000-2005 (can be displayed using the map of GA. and using different colors to represent the 5 public health districts with the highest IMR and the 5 public health districts with the lowest IMR, is it possible for you to use Geographic Information System (GIS) for all the maps)
o Infant Mortality Rates by Race/Ethnicity in GA., 2000-2005 (or pick a year, display African American, Whites, Hispanics, American Indian, Asian/Pacific Islanders)
o Map of GA. with hospitals, active primary care doctors displayed within proximity to public health districts (Geographic Information System (GIS))
o Infant, Neonatal and Post-neonatal mortality rates be race/ ethnicity, 2000-2005 (or pick a year, whatever data you can find for particular year)
o International comparisons of infant mortality rates, United States and selected countries, 2003 or 2004 or 2005


Other sources that might assist with data collection:
• Online Analytical Statistical Informational System (OASIS-GA, 2000-2005)
• Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System(PRAMS-GA, 2000-2005)
• National Institute of Health (NIH)
• Office of Minority Health
• (CDC MMWR)
• CDC WONDER: infant deaths, linked birth/ death records
• National Vital Statistics
• National Center for Health Statistics 2000-2005
• United Health Foundation- Americans Health Ranking
• World Health Organization


THANK YOU

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Bibliography:

Bibliography

Allan M. Brandt (1985) "Racism and Research: The Case of the Tuskegee Syphilis Study," in Judith Walzer Leavitt and Ronald L. Numbers, eds., Sickness and Health in America; Readings in die History of Medicine and Public Health, second edition, revised (Madison, 1985), 331.

Ashman, Rene L. (2005) Infant Mortality Rates and Financial Stability. Pace University - DigitalCommons. Online available at http://digitalcommons.pace.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1000&context=honors_college_class_research_papers

Bandura, a. "Human agency in social cognitive theory," American Psychologist (44), 1989, pp. 1175-1184.

Bandura, a. "Self-Efficacy: Toward a Unifying Theory of Behavioral Change," Psychology Review (84), 1977, pp. 191-215.

Bandura, a. "Social cognitive theory: An agentive perspective," Annual Review of Psychology (52:1), 2001, pp. 1-26.

Bandura, a. Social foundations of thought and action: A social cognitive theory, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1986.

Collins, James et al. (2005) Very Low Birthweight in African-American Infants: The Role of Maternal Exposure to Interpersonal Racial Discrimination" American Journal of Public Health. 2005 Jan 7. MedScape Today. Online available at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/496909

Davis, Alanah (2006) Social Cognitive Theory: Theories Used in Research. 2 Feb 2006.

Dekalb Health Net (nd)

Gates-Williams, J.; Jackson, M.N.; Jenkins-Monroe, V. And Williams, L.R. (1992) the Business of Preventing African-American Infant Mortality. Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics. University of California, San Francisco. Online PubMed Central available at http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1011293

Hoffman, Steven J. (2001) Progressive Public Health Administration in the Jim Crow South: A Case Study of Richmond Virginia, 1907-1920. Journal of Social History Fall 2001. Online available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m2005/is_1_35/ai_79151298/pg_6

http://health.state.ga.us/epi/manuals/perinat/pdf/distblack.pdf

Improving Indicators for Children and Families in Georgia (2007) Report on Child and Well Being in the State of Georgia. Family Connection Partnership, Atlanta, GA. Online available at http://www.gafcp.org/kidscount/pubs/200710%25improvementFINAL072507.pdf

Infant Mortality (2000) Fact Sheet - Georgia Department of Human Resources - DHR Office of Communications. December 2000. Online available at http://www2.state.ga.us/departments/DHR/infant1.html

Kashef, Ziba (2006) Persistent Peril: Why African-American babies have the highest infant mortality rate in the developed worldColorLines Magazine. Online available at http://www.arc.org/racewire/030210z_kashef.html

McDermott, Jeanne M. et al. (1999) Does Inadequate Prenatal Care Contribute to Growth Retardation among Second-Born African-American Babies? American Journal of Epidemiology 1999 Vol. 150 No.7. John Hoskins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. Online available at http://aje.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/150/7/706.pdf

Pajares (2002). Overview of social cognitive theory and of self-efficacy. 12-8-04. Online available at: at http://www.emory.edu/EDUCATION/mfp/eff.html.

Perinatal Epidemiology, Epidemiology and Prevention Branch, Georgia Division of Public Health, November 1990-1997 Vital Records Online available at:

Shi, L., et al. (2004) Primary Care, Infant Mortality, and Low Birth Weight in the States of the U.S.A. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2004;58:374-380. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. 2004 Online available at http://jech.bmj.com/cgi/content/abstract/58/5/374

Testimony on Infant Mortality and Prenatal Care by James S. Marks, M.D., M.P.H (1997) National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Public Health Service U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Before the House Committee on Government Reform and Oversight, Subcommittee on Human Resources and Intergovernmental Relations. 13 March, 1997. Online available at:

Wegman, Myron E. (2001) Infant Mortality in the 20th Century, Dramatic but Uneven Progress. Journal of Nutrition 2001; 131:401S-408-S. The American Society for Nutritional Sciences. Online available at http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/full/131/2/401S

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