Health Plans Saving Infants Essay

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Infant Mortality

In today's day and age with the massive amount of resources to humanity, it is a wonder as to why infant mortality is still a problem. The impact of the healthcare system has made improvements in this area, but there are still issues that lack clarity. The purpose of this essay is to demonstrate the need for free basic health insurance for new born babies to prevent illness and suffering. This essay will first summarize the problem before offering solutions on how best to address the problem.

The Centers for Disease Conrol (CDC) defined infant mortality as "the death of an infant before his or her first birthday." In this first year of life, the child is especially vulnerable to the threats of his or her environment and the risk of an infant dying is especially strong. Through medical and social evolution, infant mortality has generally gone down throughout time, but there are still efforts that need to be made .

There is an infant mortality problem evident within our society today. According to Matthews et al. (2013), " the U.S. infant mortality rate was 6.14 infants per 1000 live births in 2010, 4% lower than the rate of 6.39 in 2009. The number of infant deaths was 24,572 in 2010." The results of this study suggested that infants are dying at a lowered but still significant pace, and it is wise to assume that many infant mortality deaths are underreported.

Infant mortality is a complex issue that does not provide easy solutions. Since the infant's well being depends so much on the parents of that child, health care approaches are limited in their effects of influencing such problems.
Chapman (2009) agreed with this when he wrote "like life expectancy, infant mortality is a function of many factors. The more you look at the problem, the less it seems to be correctable by a big new federal role in medical insurance -- and, in fact, the less it seems to be mainly a medical issue at all."

The impact of our culture suggests that individual behavior may behind many of these deaths. Obese and unhealthy mothers routinely put their children at risk due to their poor concepts of health and health care. The issue becomes mostly a battle of wills and not application of new health care instruments.

There are many factors that may contribute to the well being of an infant and these need to be explored in order to understand the problem in a holistic fashion. Infants depend on both the environmental factors and the family factors that contribute to the health and welfare of that child. Low birth weight and premature births are the main factors in predicting infant deaths and these factors can be addressed by not involving the medical health care system.

Technology has allowed for very small and premature infants to stay alive longer and has slightly remedied the problem to this point, however the numbers of infant deaths are still very significant in the larger scheme of society. The problem of infant mortality has many different political and social aspects that need to be understood by the medical industry in order to provide the best and most appropriate treatment.

Solutions and Interventions….....

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