India Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for India College Essay Examples

Title: India China provide fascinating country case studies comparing political systems political cultures economic growth future worlds largest populations Write 8 10 page research paper comparing systems process policy countries hypothesizing future political system

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 1970
  • Works Cited:6
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: India and China provide two fascinating country case studies for comparing political systems, political cultures, economic growth and the future of the world?s two largest populations. Write an 8-10 page research paper comparing the systems, process and policy of these two countries and hypothesizing the future of each political system.

Political System- to include the political environment, political structure and its functions.
Political Culture- to include system, process and policy levels to include how political socialization occurs in each country and what are the key agents for socialization in each.
Interest Articulation & Aggregation- describe how this occurs in each country.
Compare how public policy is crafted in these two countries
In conclusion, students will hypothesize the direction in which they believe each country will head in the future. Will these countries become more or less democratic? How will their political cultures change with increased economic prosperity? How might interest aggregation and public policy creation change in the future?
Restrict you sources to major newspapers, magazines, news outlets, and professional journals

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References:

Becker, L.B. 1975. Family traditions, In, S.C., Political communication: Issues and strategies for research. NY: Praeger.

Chan, K.W. 2007. Misconceptions and complexities in the study of China's cities: Definitions, statistics, and implications. Eurasian geography and economics. 48(4): 383-412.

Cheng, L. 2001. "China's political succession: Four mis-perceptions in the West," a paper delivered at the Woodrow Wilson Center, Washington DC, Feb 21, 2001; In, Martin, M.F., "Understanding China's Political System, 2010. CRS Report for Congress.

Cheng, L. 2009 Fall. Intra-Party democracy in China: Should we take it seriously. Leadership Monitor, no. 30, Brookings Institute.

Dillon, D. & Tkacik, J. 2006, Jan. "China's Quest for Asia. Policy Review, Hoover Institution.

Issue No. 134,

Jan. Retrieved: http://web.archive.org/web/20060210135228/http://www.policyreview.org/134/dillon.html

Glass, J. 1986. Attitude similarity in three generational families: Socialization, status inheritance, or reciprocal influence? American Sociological review, 685-98.

Martin, M.F. (2010, April). "Understanding China's political system." CRS Report for Congress,

Congressional Research System, R41007, 7-5700.

Wax, E. 2008 July 24. "With Indian politics, the bad gets worse. Washington Times. Retrieved:

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/07/23/AR2008072303390.html

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Title: India's Outsourcing Firms Lure More Japan Business http online wsj article SB125046661753935465 html Indian software outsourcing companies starting crack tough Japanese market effort trim dependence ailing U

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 440
  • Bibliography:5
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: India's Outsourcing Firms Lure More Japan Business

http://online.wsj.com/article/SB.html

Indian software and outsourcing companies are starting to crack the tough Japanese market in an effort to trim their dependence on ailing U.S. financial clients. Wipro Technologies Ltd., Infosys Technologies Ltd. and other Indian information-technology companies that had only tiny teams here five years ago now have thousands of employees dedicated to Japan. And with Japan's aging populace producing few new engineers, Indian companies expect much more business in the future. "The game is changing," for Japanese companies, says Hiroshi Alley, the Yokohama-based head of Wipro's Japan and China businesses. "They are becoming more open to outsourcing and taking it further and even going offshore." Wipro just had its best year to date in Japan. Its revenue there climbed 15% to $115 million in the year ended March 31. While that is 2% of Wipro's global revenue, Mr. Alley expects close to 10% of the company's sales to come from Japan over the next few years.
India's software companies are keen to diversify. This year has been painful proof of the problems of overexposure to the U.S. financial industry. Outsourcers have seen their profits plunge because often more than 60% of their revenues come from the U.S., and most of that from the troubled financial industry. Japanese companies have been reluctant to use foreign companies. Still, some are slowly starting to experiment with sending information-technology work to China and India.
Wipro engineers in India, for example, are helping design car-navigation systems for Toshiba Corp. and medical scanners for Olympus Corp. Infosys is designing software for Fujitsu Ltd., and Tata Consultancy Services Ltd. is designing the on-board systems for some Nissan Motor Co. cars.
Japanese investment bank Daiwa Securities SMBC Co. chose India's Tata Consultancy to build its international automated trading system. Tata had more experience in building this kind of software than its Japanese competitors, and charged half of what they were asking. "There were concerns about using an Indian company, but we saw what they are already doing in the U.S. and Europe and that gave us confidence," says Masaji Harada, the Tokyo-based general manager of Daiwa's IT department. "To survive, we must become more international."
V. Sriram, the Tokyo-based head of Infosys' Japan business, says he started to look for customers in Japan in 1997 but there was little interest then. It wasn't until the past five years when Japanese companies noticed their competitors using Indian firms that some started to consider outsourcing projects. During the last fiscal year Infosys had sales of $88 million in Japan. It is expanding its Japan team this year even as it cuts back at home.
Japan's interest in outsourcing is part global trend and part local demographics. As its population ages, it isn't producing enough computer engineers to keep up with demand. More than three million Japanese are expected to retire from the service sector alone by 2020, according to India's Nasscom, a software-industry lobbying group in India. The shortage is already so acute that Japanese businesses had to deal with what they dubbed the 2007 Cobol Problem, when a large batch of older engineers who programmed in the Cobol computer language -- which many Japanese companies still use for their internal systems -- retired. "They are short of engineers" for technology work, says Girija Pande, executive vice president in charge of the Asia/Pacific business at Tata Consultancy. "They have to look to China and India."
In pursuit of Japanese clients, Indian companies put their engineers through Japanese-language and business-culture courses. They also send their Japanese employees to India to learn how business is done there. While the language barrier is one of the reasons the outsourcing business isn't bigger, Indian companies say the biggest barrier is corporate culture in Japan. It can be difficult to persuade companies to trust part of their business to others, especially when that company's model is to do most of the work half way around the globe. Japanese companies also expect perfection, the Indian firms say, even if that takes time. The Indian software model, meanwhile, leans more toward delivering software quickly, testing it and fixing it along the way.
"They want absolute completion and absolute robust reliability," says Mr. Sriram of Infosys.

I need answers for below questions. ( 10 lines each answer)
Question: Select the appropriate answer from the list and briefly discuss your reasons
1. The strategy behind attempts by Indian software and outsourcing companies to enter the Japanese market could be termed
(a) emergent.
(b) defensive.
(c) global integration.
(d) geographical diversification.
(e) leveraging advantages from regional culture.

2. One particular trait of Japanese firms that Indian software and outsourcing companies have noticed is
(a) xenophobia.
(b) perfectionism.
(c) a parochial outlook on global competition.
(d) dynamism.
(e) a surprising reluctance to speak English.

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References

Bellman, E. (2009, Aug. 17). India's Outsourcing Firms Lure More Japan Bausiness. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from: http://online.wsj.com/article/SB125046661753935465.html

Hofstede, G.H. (2003). Culture's Consequences: comparing values, behaviors, institutions, and organizations across nations. Sage.

Itoh, M. (1996, Spring). Japan's abidign sakoku mentality -- seclusion from other countries -- Economic Myths Explained. ORBIS. Retrieved from: http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0365/is_n2_v40/ai_18338848/

Nelson, L. (2011). The Importance of Effecitve Cross Cultural Communication in International Business. Retrieved from: http://www.ehow.com/about_6472127_importance-cultural-communication-international-business.html

Wagner, T. (2009). Foreign Market Entry and Culture. Grin Verlag. Retrieved from: http://www.mendeley.com/research/foreign-market-entry-and-culture/

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Title: India's health care compared to the U.S.

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1881
  • Sources:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: India's haealth care ass contrasted to the USA.
Exploration of the impact this may have on Health Care Reform
Comparison of the history
Compare and Contrast: Mortality, morbidity,services, finfancing, resources, regulation, assessment
Present a summary of the overall effectiveness of India's health system compared to the US.

References cited- must have at least 5 references. Limit website information to 2 sites.

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Arora, N., Banerjee, A.K., (2010) Emerging Trends, Challenges and Prospects in Healthcare in India. Electronic Journal of Biology, 6(2), 24-25

Berman, P., Ahuja, R., Bhandari, L. (2010) The Impoverishing Effect of Healthcare Payments in India: New Methodology and Findings. Economic & Political Weekly, 45(16), 65-71.

Ma, S., & Neeraj, S. (2008) A Comparison of the Health Systems of China and India. RAND Center for Asia Pacific Policy. Retrieved from http://www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/occasional_papers/2008/RAND_OP212.pdf

Manchikanti, L., Caraway, D.L., Parr, A.T., Fellows, B., Hirsch, J.A. (2011) Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010: reforming the health care reform for the new decade. Pain Physician, 14(1), 35-67.

National Public Radio: Compare International Medical Bills (2008) National Public Radio. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=110997469

Roberts, J. (2009) A History of Health Insurance in the U.S. And Colorado. University of Denver: Center for Colorado's Economic Future. Retrieved from http://www.du.edu/economicfuture/documents/HistoryOfHealthInsurance_CCEF.pdf

Shetty, P. (2010) Medical tourism booms in India, but at what cost? The Lancet, 376(9472), 671-672. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61320-7

Shiva Kumar, A.K., Chen L.C., Choudhury, M., Ganju S., Mahajan, V., Sinha, A., Sen, A. (2011) Financing health care for all: challenges and opportunities. The Lancet, doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(10)61884-3.

Varatharajan, D., Thankappan, R., and Sabeena, J. (2004) Assessing the Performance of Primary Health Centres Under Decentralized Government in Kerala, India. Health Policy and Planning, 9(1), 41-51.

WHO Global Health Observatory Database (2011) World Health Organization. Retrieved from http://apps.who.int/ghodata/?vid=10400&theme=country

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Title: Ethnic Divisions and Democracy

  • Total Pages: 1
  • Words: 378
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: India and Nigeria are both former British colonies characterized by extreme divisions. A comparative paper analyzing why India was relatively more successful in its process of democratization than Nigeria? Be sure to use specific examples to support your arguments and opinions.

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Both India and Nigeria had been under British rule for generations. As the sun fell on the British Empire, both eventually gained their independence. However, this independence reached limited initial success and came about very differently in both regions. Before eventually entering a democratic style of government, Nigeria was ruled by military forces after the British pulled out. Slowly, it has come to become more of a democratic nation. On the other hand, India has seen more success in its move to democracy, despite some problems. After independence in 1947, only about three passed before India molded into a democratic nation.

Nigeria achieved its independence from the British in 1960. After the British left their African colony, the country was thrown into military rule for the next thirty years. Initially, several different power houses opted to create their own nations. Divisions sprouted between the Muslim and Christian majorities within the small African nation. Corrupted democratic elections led to military overthrows which dominated the political scene until the 1990's. Skirmishes broke out between the eastern and western portions of Nigeria, and the country was in violent upheaval for several generations. In the 1970's the first major military regime collapsed and there was a brief return to democracy. However, a new military power returned and took control until 1998. Democracy returned to Nigeria in the election of 1999, and the country has remained a democratic nation ever since, despite long rooted divisions still tormenting parts of the nation.

In 1950, three years after the British left India, an Indian constitution was drafted to ensure the nation would remain in democratic hands. The initial formation of the independent state stipulated on the split between India and Pakistan. Pakistan was a region which was largely Muslim, in contrast to the majority of Hindus in mainland India. After the constitution was written in 1950, India has had its fair share of ethnic divisions and conflicts which threatened its ties to democracy. India's constant conflict with Pakistan has also been a source of violence and strife. However, despite such conflicts, India has held on to its democratic ideals and original 1950 constitution and formulation of government figures. In comparison to the thirty years of military rule seen in Nigeria, India has held on to their democratic traditions.

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