Essay Instructions: Write an essay that will involve the analysis of a local conflict(New York State Gun Control Laws).summarize the conflict from multiple angles, discuss how the conflict was resolved, and provide your opinion as to whether you believed the conflict was resolved successfully. Recommendations should be provided.
ALL I NEED IS ONE ARTICLE ON THE TOPIC TO BE SUBMITTED ALONG WITH THE ESSAY.
Excerpt From Essay:
Essay Instructions: I am requesting a research paper about pro gun control. my claim is that Gun control laws should be regulated and ban assault rifles to prevent unnecessary violence and mass shootings. The paper must be 8-10 pgs APA style and must use 6-8 credible sources ( 2 sources per point/ground must be used). I will be providing 4 sources which have been already approved by my professor and so must be used in the paper. The other 4 sources will be chosen by the writer you provide and used in the paper as long as they are credible sources. I will also be providing an outline which has been approved by the professor. All citations must be APA (the new format) style. This paper must be submitted to turnitin.com and have a similarity rate of less than 12 percent. The outline I provide will only be the grounds (body paragraphs) not including the intro and conclusion. Thank you.
Excerpt From Essay:
Total Pages: 2 Words: 597 Sources: 2 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: I need you to invalidate the following argument using the essay that is listed below. it is on gun control. They are counter argumnents i need them invalidated
Violation of Second Amendment Right
Gun control laws directly violate a citizen?s right to keep and bear arms as granted under the second amendment to the constitution. Gun control, by definition, limits the resources that are available for self-defense thereby reducing the ability to defend oneself. The Second Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America states that ?A well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.? Merriam-Webster defines the word ?infringe? as ?to wrongly limit or restrict? 1(Merriam-Webster). It is clear that the intent of the Second Amendment is to not restrict gun ownership by citizens. Gun control does the opposite of this by restricting and limiting gun ownership.
But should the Second Amendment be interpreted to mean that gun ownership is a fundamental human right subject to strict limitations? Todd Barnet attempts to answer this question in an article in the Missouri Law Review ?The Supreme Court has not ruled definitively on this question so far, although in several cases the Court did indicate that it considered the right to bear arms provided for in the Second amendment a fundamental right? 2(Barnet). The author goes on to say that ?The viability of an interpretation of the Second Amendment as a self-enforceable fundamental right fundamental right was demonstrated in a dissenting opinion in Quilici v. Village of Morton Grove, where Judge Coffey of the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals viewed the right to bear arms as one of the ?basic human freedoms?.? (Ibid)
The Second Amendment should be interpreted to mean the right not only of a militia, but also that of an individual to keep and bear arms. Barnet argues that ?legal academia generally has argued that the individual right approach is consistent with the language of the Second Amendment and its interpretations at the time the Bill of Rights was drafted and debated? (Ibid). It is important for the right of an individual to keep and bear arms not be infringed not only because that was the original intent of the Second Amendment, but also because infringing upon that right limits the individual?s ability to defend himself against a greater criminal force. If a person cannot adequately defend him/herself then who would? The government?s duty is to protect the citizens as a whole not to protect the individual 24/7; only the individual can do that therefore he/she must have access to firearms unrestricted by the government. To infringe at all is to violate the right granted by the Second Amendment.
Gun Control Laws will not Necessarily Affect the Homicide Rate
Gun control laws do not necessarily lead to a lower crime rate. Current gun control laws do not restrict all firearms so those committing violent acts with firearms can still commit them albeit with firearms that are not fully automatic. Even complete gun prohibition would not change the homicide or crime rate. Violent individuals would just find other ways to perpetrate their crimes or obtain a firearm illegally.
In their article in the Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Kates and Mauser point out that historically the Soviet Union has pointed to the homicide rate in the U.S. as a good reason to prohibit gun ownership while at the same time ignoring the fact that their homicide rates paralleled or surpassed that of the United States. Murders were still being committed in the Soviet Union at a very high rate but with weapons other than firearms. The authors state that ?In the 1960s and early 1970s, the gun-less Soviet Union?s murder rates paralleled or generally exceeded those of gun-ridden America? 3(Kates, et al). They go on to say that by the 1990s the murder rate was three times higher in Russia than in America. ?Between 1998-2004 (the latest figure available for Russia). Russian murder rates were nearly four times higher than American rates? (Ibid). Those for gun control in the U.S. point to the high murder rate and immediately blame guns while ignoring the socio-economic factors that influence murder rates.
Authors Kates and Mauser also point out that there are many developed countries with high gun ownership that have the same or less murder rates than countries with gun prohibition (Ibid). ?For?example, Luxembourg, where handguns are totally banned and ownership of any kind of gun is minimal, had a murder rate nine times higher than Germany in 2002? (Ibid)?This makes clear then that high murder rates cannot be attributable only to high gun ownership. One must also consider the conditions, culture, poverty level and other factors that contribute to high homicide rates.
The works cited from this essay are below
1 Merriam-Webster. www.merriam-webster.com. November 9, 2014. Encyclop?dia Britannica, Inc. Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. Accessed November 9, 2014 < http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/infringe>
2 Barnet, Todd. Gun Control Laws Violate the Second Amendment and May Lead to Higher Crime Rates, 63 MO. L. Rev. (1998) Available at: http://scholarship.law.missouri.edu/mlr/vol163/iss1/10
3 Kates, Don B.Mauser, Gary. Would Banning Firearms Reduce Murder and Suicide? ? A Review of International and Some Domestic Evidence. Harvard Journal of Law & Public Policy, Vol. 30. Available at:
Excerpt From Essay:
Total Pages: 15 Words: 4967 References: 8 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: General topic: "Your paper should offer a critical analysis of the U.S. Supreme Court's reasoning by focusing on the policy implications of the decision."
Topic case and brief description: District of Columbia v. Heller, 554 U.S. 570 (2008).In this case, the Supreme Court considered whether the Second Amendment gives individuals not connected with any state militia the right to own guns and its implications for gun control laws.<<<
Full instructions: A superior paper is structured carefully. Among other things, you should: briefly summarize or reconstruct the main points in the case; assess the key arguments advanced by both sides; identify the moral and political assumptions on which these arguments rely; and analyze the institutions, groups, and individuals likely to experience the impact of the decision. Develop a reasoned defense of your own views on the controversies at issue, and refute possible objections to your argument. Do not simply state your opinions; provide arguments for your views. Clear, systematic, and imaginative arguments will make for the most successful papers. This should be approximately two-thirds of the essay.
An important part of the essay is the impact analysis. If you identify the social, political, economic, and ideological forces that shaped the opinion, this should guide you to its effects. If possible, determine through empirical investigation whether the decision caused any specific reactions such as demands for new statutes or constitutional amendments, or whether the decision provoked public outcry for or against the policy. What enforcement problems might be encountered in the process of implementing the decision, if any? Even if empirical study is not feasible at present, how might one go about measuring the impact of the court case? Indicate what questions you would pose, what data would be relevant, and how you would go about gathering this information. This part should about one-third of the paper.
Research for this assignment is necessary. You should do some background reading on the general subject of your paper. Look for scholarly books, articles in journals and law reviews, and also newspaper coverage of the case. Consider at least six scholarly sources before writing your essay. Four should be in-depth articles, and two should be scholarly books. You should conduct two interviews with individuals or organizations affected by the ruling as part of the research project. (Please note that you should not contact professors unless they were directly involved in the litigation.) Include the names and titles of the individuals you interview in your bibliography, alphabetized according to surnames. Phone interviews are acceptable for the purpose of this assignment. One interview may be via email. Conduct your own interviews for your research project.
Proper Citation in the Endnotes and Bibliography
Be sure to cite your sources properly in the endnotes and bibliography. Your bibliography should be typed, and double-spaced. Be sure that every citation is complete. See the examples below as they serve as models for your bibliography. Also look at our course syllabus. All items in the bibliography should be in alphabetical order. Do not subdivide them by category, e.g., articles, books, and cases---just make one list. Please call the list of sources your bibliography or references. Do not use works cited because that refers only to sources you cite or quote. I prefer that you include all the sources you consulted whether you cite or quote them in the text of your paper.
Examples for the bibliography.
Article: Charlesworth, Hilary, Chinkin, Christine and Shelley Wright (1991). Feminist Approaches to International Law. American Journal of International Law 85, 613-645.
Book: Watson, Alan (1974). Legal Transplants: An Approach to Comparative Law. Edinburgh: Scottish Academic Press, 1974.
In the endnotes, the names of authors in the notes should be first name first and then surname. This is the reverse of the order in the bibliography.
Papers without footnotes AND a bibliography will NOT be graded. Footnotes are required to indicate any ideas which are not your own. Any time you use a direct quotation from someone else or take an idea from a source, you must reveal this to the reader. This includes quotations from the court decision itself. Failure to acknowledge sources constitutes plagiarism and will result in a failing grade as well as possible University disciplinary action. Keep copies of all of your sources, as you may be asked to submit them should there be any question about your use of reference materials."
Note: Please pay extra attention to the bibliography and sources. :)
There are faxes for this order.
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