Grading System Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Grading System College Essay Examples

Title: Changing the grading system

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1550
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This is the assigment straight from the paper:

For this essay assignment, we will be writing a proposal form of argument. If you recall, proposals are explained in Chapter 12 of our text, and involve calling on readers to take some action proposed by the reader to address a need or solve a problem, as explained by the writer; one important factor is that the action is feasible.

The topic for this essay is the following: Changing the grading system. Remember, a topic is a general category from which a specific focus and thesis are derived by the writer based on interest, personal experience, knowledge, beliefs, and values. Here are some possible directions this essay could go, based on this topic:

At PCC, the use of a plus/minus system with the current letter grade system in order to give further clarity to grade records and more specific GPA
-Removal of letter grades entirely, to be replaced by an alternative assessment (several exist, as research will quickly reveal)
-Changing assessment at certain grade levels for specific reasons, usually tied to development or outcome of education at that level
-Improving the current system so that the letter grades represent something different or are more accurate or meaningful in some way

This list is simply one of suggestions. There are other directions to take this essay, depending on your interest and experience.
Length: The length of the paper always becomes a question at some point. Proposals vary, but generally these essays should run between 1000-2500 words, which is basically 4-7 pages of double-spaced text.

Research documentation: This paper must have a Works Cited page. The information about creating a Works Cited page is in our text in Chapter 22. Please use the MLA format."

Any direction of this topic is fine with me, as long as it''s good.


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Works Cited:


Godolphin, Barry. "On Grades and Grading." Sonoma State University Web site. 8 February 2003

Goodman, Paul. "A Proposal to Abolish Grading."

Grading Systems." 2003. Brigham Young University Web site. 8 February 2003

Letter vs. Alternative Systems." 30 April 2002. Montgomery County Public Schools Web site. 8 February 2003.

Szmicsek, Gizella. "Grading in Schools." Electronic Resource Centre for Human Rights Education Web site. 8 February 2003

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Title: Causes of low student achievement

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 1070
  • Bibliography:3
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Write an essay of that analyzes the causes of low student achievement in regards to curriculum and instruction. Include in your analysis the following issues:
1. Does the grading system produce valid measures of learning?
2. Are there alternative methods of measuring learning that would be more meaningful?
3. What are the curriculum implications of standards-based report cards?
4. What are the curriculum implications of standards-based test scores being used as a litmus test for teacher competency?
5. Should grading systems measure effort and/or participation?
6. What should be the criteria for promotion/retention?
7. How would an administrator set guidelines for the staff regarding grading systems?

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Works Cited

Allen, J.D. (2005). Grades as Valid Measures of Academic Achievement of Classroom

Learning. The Clearing House, 78(5), 218-228.

Edutopia. (2008). How Should We Measure Student Learning? The Many Forms of Assessment.

The George Lucas Educational Foundation. Retrieved September 25, 2013, from

Haycock, K. (2001). Closing the Achievement Gap. Educational Leadership. 6-11.

Moon, T.T., and Callahan, C.M. (2001). Curricular Modifications, Family Outreach, and a Mentoring Program: Impacts on Achievement and Gifted Identification in High-Risk

Primary Students. Journal for the Education of the Gifted, 24(4), 305-321.

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Title: Hybrid On line Instruction

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 3091
  • Sources:8
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: There is a debate regarding the use of assessment techniques to develop critical thinking skills rather than requiring students simply to reiterate information. This is especially true in the online and hybrid environments, where there is a fine line between these methods of assessment, particularly with regard to grading systems. Research the various assessment techniques that are being utilized in these environments and write an 8 page paper discussing alternatives in hybrid and online instruction. Topics may include:
-Testing (online, computer-based, proctored) -Classroom Assessment Techniques (CATs) -Competency-based Learning -Self-paced versus structured instruction -Adaptive Release

Dabbagh, N. & Bannan-Ritland, B. (2005). Online Learning: Concepts, Strategies, and Application. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.

Alexander, B. (2006). Web 2.0: A new wave of innovation for teaching and learning? Educause Review, 41(2), 32-44.. Retrieved from

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Alexander, B. (2006). Web 2.0: A new wave of innovation for teaching and learning? Educause

Review, 41(2), 32-44. Retrieved March 29th 2010 from

Angelo, T.A., & Cross, K.P. (1995). Classroom assessment techniques: A handbook for college teachers (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Bartram, D. (2007). Guidelines and standards for computer-based testing. Retrieved March, 30th,

2010 from ISPRA database.

Bosner, A., Daugherty, K., & Palmer, D. (1998). Students Attitudes toward Technology in Selected Technology Education Programs. Journal of Technology Education, 10(1), 4-19.

Kern, G., & Matta, K. (1988). The influence of personality on self-paced instruction. Journal of Computer Based Instruction, 15(3), 104 -- 108.

Keys, W. (1934). The influence of learning of retention of weekly as opposed to monthly tests.

Journal of Educational Psychology, 25, 511-520.

Kruse, K. (1995). The advantages and drawback of e-learning. Retrieved March 28th 2010 from

Sullivan, R. (1995). Competency Based approach to Training. Retrieved March 28th 2010 from

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Title: article review

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2498
  • References:15
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: For this assignment you are required to investigate a given topic. Currently issues around patient safety and risk management are of considerable interest in all facets of healthcare and this forms the broad basis of the given topic. You will be provided with the first article, as below, which is essential for you to review.
Considine, J. & Botti, M. (2004) Who, when and where? Identification of patients at risk of an in-hospital adverse event: Implications for nursing practice. International Journal of Nursing Practice. 10: pp. 21-31

Considine and Botti (2004) provide a good overview of the literature and raise a range of relevant aspects to this issue. While you are required to address this topic broadly, you need to choose a specific focus for your review.
It is essential that you use the article cited above as one of the three to be reviewed. This will give you some ideas to help you to choose the focus for your search of the topic in the literature.

You will choose two more journal articles which relate to this topic. They do not need to be “saying the same thing” – in fact articles that propose different views often make for a more interesting review, as you can analyse and critique these views and analyse your findings.

This section provides an overview of the structure and grading of the assignment.

See the marking criteria sheet that follows to see how the criteria are written and the grading system.

This assessment is divided overall into three parts:

? Part 1: Abstract and introduction (5 marks)
? Part 2: Articles reviewed (30 marks)
? Part 3: Overall concluding summary and directions (15 marks)

Using this structure, we suggest you use the following approach to this assignment.

Start with Part 2. This section presents your own review of each article, identifying the key points which support your approach to the topic.

For each article, you must write your own review.

? Begin with a concise introduction (author/s, their approach to the topic), and then a statement of each article’s relevance to the topic for the article review.
? Following a description of the background to each paper/study, you then present your overview of the main points, and an analysis and discussion of the issues raised in each article.
? The next step is to include your critique and evaluation of the specific article and is where you state your professional judgement of the content and/or approach of each article.
? For each article write a brief summary and conclusion that draws together the essence of each paper and how it contributes to your understanding of your topic.
? It is customary in a review of this kind to also identify any limitations, gaps and/or future directions for further scholarship in the area. Each article review should be approximately the same length.

Next, prepare Part 3 in which you:

? Present a discussion of the commonalities/ differences in the three articles. Finish with a summary which brings together the findings and conclusions of the entire review.
? Then present your own ideas and conclusions about the directions for improving health outcomes for hospitalised older adults and nursing practice.

Next, prepare Part 1. Begin by preparing the introduction in Part 1. This section sets the scene for the reader and provides the structure for the whole review.

? The introduction presents the framework and key issues for the whole review. You will state very clearly what the whole review is about and how it will be presented. It typically provides a mirror image of what is discussed in the conclusion.
? Finally, having written the whole piece, you then write the abstract, which provides a concise overview of the whole piece, addressing the purpose, background, approach, important findings and implications and conclusions of the paper.
? Complete the Reference List, to include all articles used in the assignment.
? Note that you must submit your two self-chosen articles with your assignment. Do not submit the article provided. You may submit the articles that you have actually used – it is not necessary to re-copy and present clean copies.

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Teri Britt Pipe; Kay E. Wellik; Vicki L. Buchda; Carol M. Hansen; Dana R. Martyn, 2005, "Implementing Evidence-Based Nursing Practice," Urol Nurs. 25(5): 365-370, Available at,

Ryan, S, Hassell, a.B, Lewis, M, & Farrell, a. (2006). Impact of a Rheumatology Expert Nurse on the well-being of patients attending a drug monitoring clinic. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 53(3), 277 -286.

Considine, J. & Botti, M. (2004) Who, when and where? Identification of patients at risk of an in-hospital adverse event: Implications for nursing practice. International Journal of Nursing Practice. 10: pp. 21-31

Other references

McGloin H, Adam SK, Singer M. (1999), "Unexpected deaths and referrals to intensive care of patients on general wards. Are some cases potentially avoidable? Journal of the Royal College of Physicians: London; 33: 255-259.

Leape LL, Brennan TA, Laird N. et al. (1991) 'The nature of adverse events in hospitalized patients. Results of the Harvard Medical Practice Study II'. New England Journal of Medicine; 324: 377-384.

Schein RM, Hazday N, Pena M, Ruben BH, Sprung CL. (1990) 'Clinical antecedents to in-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest.' Chest; 98: 1388-1392.

Buist M, Jarmolowski E, Burton P, Bernard S, Waxman B, Anderson J. (1999), 'Recognising clinical instability in hospital patients before cardiac arrest or unplanned admission to intensive care. A pilot study in a tertiary-care hospital.' Medical Journal of Australia; 171: 22-25

Daffurn K, Lee a, Hillman KM, Bishop GF, Bauman a. (1994), 'Do nurses know when to summon emergency assistance?' Intensive and Critical Care Nursing; 10: 115-120.

Knaus, W.A., Draper, E.A., Wagner, D.P., & Zimmerman, J.E. (1986). 'An evaluation of outcome from intensive care in major medical centers.' Annals of Internal Medicine, 104(3), 410-418.

Peden-McAlpine, C., & Clark, N. (2002). 'Early recognition of client status changes: The importance of time. ' Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing, 21(4), 144-150

Rosswurm, M.A., & Larrabee, J.H. (1999). 'A model for change to evidence-based practice. Image, the Journal of Nursing Scholarship' 31(4), 317-322.

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