Revise the paper below and give be sure to include an explanation of the topic, possible viewpoints on the topic selected position on the topic, and appropriate evidence to support both your position and that of your possible opponents. Avoid errors by providing my argument in a logically defensible form.
Currently, depending on what state they live in, a teenager can get their permit as early as age
15, and can obtain a limited license as early as age
16. For example, you can get your permit at age
15 in the state of Georgia and get a limited drivers license by the age
of 16. In New York City, however, you have to be 16 years of age
before you can get your permit and 17 before you can get a limited license. By having the ability to get their license at such a young age
, it decreases the demands on the parents for transportation to work, sports programs in which they participate. It also allows students the ability to participate in community service and or volunteer work which they need to do to apply for college and potentially for their future career. In the current economy, most families must have both parents working in order to meet all the financial needs of the family. With this comes less and less time that parents are available to transport their children to these various venues as they would have done in the past. If the driving age
was raised to 18 this would potentially put a significant burden on these parents and as well as limit experiences and opportunities that these teenagers currently are afforded by being able to drive themselves places. The burden is less for those living in New York City however, because there is significant public transportation available to still allow teenagers to get around independently compared to Georgia where public transporation is limited at best, where it even exists.
The arguments on this topic range from the extreme conservative viewpoint where they believe that teenagers should be 18 years old before they can drive alone period, to the more liberal viewpoint where they believe 16 year olds should have full privileges and don't believe that there is any difference between a 16 and an 18 year old driver. There are varying kinds of evidenced used to argue this point. The more conservative viewpoint utilizes alot of statistical information to prove their point including driving
statistics from the DMV and insurance companies comparing individuals under the age
of 18 to those 18+. They look at the cost of accidents including medical expenses, lost work, property damage, quality of life loss and other related costs. They also look at research from National Institutes of Health regarding brain development and maturity at age
16+ and then 18+. They utilize this information to argue that there is a significant difference in the maturity level at these ages
that warrants consideration of restricting the driving
privileges. Some of the statistical information used includes the following: "The National Teen Driving
Statistics says: 1. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for teenagers; 2. 16-yr-olds have higher crash rates than drivers of any other age
; 3. 16-year-olds are three times more likely to die in a motor vehicle crash than the average of all drivers". (http://www.rmiia.org...) "A recent report by AAA estimates the cost of crashes involving 15-17 year olds to be $34 billion annually in medical expenses, lost work, property damage, quality of life loss and other related costs in 2006. In 2006, 974,000 crashes occurred in 2006 involving drivers ages
15 to 17 according to the analysis conducted by the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation for AAA." (http://aaanewsroom.net..) "New findings from brain researchers at the National Institutes of Health explain for the first time why efforts to protect the youngest drivers usually fail. A 16-year-old's "the executive branch" of the brain is generally far less developed than those of teens just a little older - the part that weighs risks, makes judgments and controls impulsive behavior. Scientists at the NIH campus in Bethesda, Maryland have found that this vital area develops through the teenage years and isn't fully mature until age
25. That is why brain and auto safety experts think that most teenagers are just too immature to handle today's cars and roadway risk as they tend to treat cars more like toys or video games." http://www.usatoday.com... The more conservative viewpoint accepts the statistics as complete fact with no room for interpretation and do not take into consideration anything but the statistical facts.
The more liberal viewpoint utilizes the same statistics but interprets it with a different perspective so as to show how it proves just the opposite or doesn't prove the point at all. They will argue that it is better to be given the ability to perform a potentially dangerous task in a time, at age
16, when one is more likely to be in a nurturing environment under supervision and care and able to develop skills rather than first being given such a legal ability, at age
18, which is the most reckless and stressful time of a young adults life. A time when most leave home for the first time to live alone, generally going off to college. Being allowed to drive for the first time in their lives at this point with all the temptations of social life, drinking and partying and having never been given the responsibility of driving
before makes them more likely to make poor driving
and risky decisions. They will argue that there are problems with these statistics in that we do not know if in a society where driving
is only first permitted at the age
of 18 that the same statistics regarding crashes and damages would not merely shift forward several years. They think it is likely that it is the first years of driving
rather than the specific years of 16-18 in which people are most likely to get into crashes. They will argue that allowing 16 year olds to have cars provides many benefits to their lives including helping them to establish basic credit history through their first cars. Students are completing hundreds of hours of community service, putting a demand on the parents for transportation is damaging and limits the youth and students ability to participate in the community..In many areas public transport does not exist and students are limited in their access to activities and events which are needed to keep them competitive for college and scholarships. They will argue that there will always be a cost associated with letting untrained drivers on to the road no matter what their age
. They will also argue that letting a bunch of drunk college students get their hands behind the wheels for the first time is even more dangerous than allowing for earlier training. They want it to be proven that 18 is a better age
than 16 in any meaningful, concrete and non arbitrary way. The more liberal viewpoint utilizes different reasoning when interpreting the same statistical information that the more conservative viewpoint interprets.
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