Disruptive Innovation Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Disruptive Innovation College Essay Examples

Title: Disruptive innovation in businesses

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 664
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This is what's required of the assignment:

"Your assignment will be to pick a company that you view as bringing disruptive innovation to its industry, and then write an in-depth paper on why you believe this company is innovative and disruptive.

Your responses will be graded on the following attributes:

Ability to explain succinctly what the business does
Ability to clearly state your view on why you believe the business is disruptive
Clarity of argument in support of your views, and grasp of the concept of disruption as expressed in your arguments."

I picked the company Apple and want the essay to be focused on the iPod and how it changed what MP3 players are and what they can do (the iPod touch and all its apps that is), and that it didn't just affect the MP3 market, but mobile phones as well.

Thanks.

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References

Dedrick, J., Kraemer, K.L., & Linden, G. (2010). Who profits from innovation in global value chains?: A study of the iPod and notebook PCs. Industrial and Corporate Change, 19(1), 81.

Tariq, M., Ishrat, R., & Khan, H. (2011). New product development processes a case study of apples success with iconic iPod and iPhone. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 3(1), 158-169.

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Title: In classic articles attached The Discipline Innovation Peter Drucker The Rules Innovation Clayton Christensen authors discuss factors ensuring success innovation process utilization sources innovation organization

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 687
  • Bibliography:1
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: In two classic articles (attached), ?The Discipline of Innovation? by Peter Drucker and ?The Rules of Innovation? by Clayton Christensen, the authors discuss factors ensuring the success of an innovation process and the utilization of all possible sources of innovation for an organization.

How did disruptive innovations in the industry affect Xerox?
Did it adjust; and if so, how?
Discuss possible sources of innovation for Xerox.

Use common knowledge, industry and library resources in answering this question.

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References:

1) Smith, Gene. "Xerox Planning to Market Color Copier Next Year." New York Times. May 19, 1972

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Title: Strategy

  • Total Pages: 15
  • Words: 3816
  • Sources:15
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: For your course project you will present a case study that analyzes a company (I have selected EXXON)through the lens of four strategy perspectives. Select an organization that captures your imagination from an industry that you work in or that interests you. Your case study project will analyze the company through the lens of four strategy perspectives:

Strategy as rational thought, strategic planning, and decision-making.
Strategy as revolution, what we call disruptive innovation. Read The Industrialized Revolution at FastCompany.com for more details (LaBarre, 2003).
Strategy as resource allocation and accumulation in the firm. This is called the resource-based view (RBV) of the firm, and takes into account an organization's unique bundle of resources and capabilities. It is associated with author and scholar Kenneth Andrews and a perspective of how to view internal analysis such as SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) and Value Chain Analysis.
Strategy as technology leadership viewed as a unique competitive advantage. Technology is more than computers and telecommunications. It is the processes, materials, and tools that enable the work of the organization and the production of its products and services.
In your paper, describe how the theories used by your selected organization utilize one of a number of the theoretical stances, and how these stances affect the ability of the organization to compete in its environment.

Be creative in your approach telling what you see from your own stance as a strategist. It is our intention that this case study will help you understand how an organization of your choosing deploys these strategic theories, which they utilize and which they choose not to utilize, and how the market may help drive the decisions around these choices. This scholar/practitioner exercise will help you ground your reading in practical reality as you wind up the course by producing this paper.


Reference
LaBarre, P. (2003, November) The industrialized revolution. Fast Company Magazine, 76. Retrieved March 6, 2007, from: http://www.fastcompany.com/homepage/index.html

Project Objectives
To successfully complete this project, you will be expected to:

Compare and contrast strategic analysis tools and the theories upon which they are built for their ability to inform the organization about risk and uncertainty of business decisions.
Evaluate how strategy helps to define risk, uncertainty, and effective resource allocation.
Review and evaluate current strategy research methods and techniques and their efficacy as business decisions and organizing tools.
Identify how theory (or theories) used by the selected organization utilize one of a number of the theoretical stances.
Identify how the theoretical stances affect the ability of the organization to compete in its environment.
Relate evidence to main and supporting points through analysis that demonstrates depth, creativity, crispness, and clarity

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References

Boyles, D.R. (2005). Schools or markets? Commercialism, privatization and school-business partnerships. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Culpan, R. (2002). Global business alliances: Theory and practice. Westport, CT: Quorum Books.

Dale, J.G. (2005). In dire straits: Why big oil needs transnational regulation. Journal of International Affairs, 59(1), 288.

Exxon. (2007). Yahoo! Finance: Market Guide. [Online]. Available: http://finance.yahoo.com/q/sec?s=XOM.

Form 10-K, Exxon annual report. (2006). FreeEDGAR. [Online]. Available: http://yahoo.brand.edgar-online.com/fetchFilingFrameset.aspx?dcn=0001193125-07-042435&Type= HTML.

Hunter, S. (2004). Strategic developments in Eurasia after 11 September. Portland, or: Frank Cass.

Intagliata, J., Smallwood, N., & Ulrich, D. (2000). Leveraging leadership competencies to produce leadership brand: Creating distinctiveness by focusing on strategy and results. Human Resource Planning, 23(3), 12.

Kline, J.M. (2005). Ethics for international business: Decision making in a global political economy. London: Routledge.

Lewis, a. (2001). The innovator's dilemma. The Public Manager 30(3), 61.

Livesey, S.M. (2002). Global warming wars: Rhetorical and discourse analytic approaches to ExxonMobil's corporate public discourse. The Journal of Business Communication, 39(1), 117.

Silverman, B.S. (2002). Technological resources and the logic of corporate diversification. London: Routledge.

Smith, D.L. (2007, April 30). Can you dig it, Exxon? The Motley Fool. [Online]. Available: http://www.fool.com/investing/value/2007/04/30/can-you-dig-it-exxon.aspx.

Smith, R.D. (2005). Strategic planning for public relations. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Naresh, R., Spieler, W., & Strassfeld, E. (2006). Public corruption. American Criminal Law Review, 43(2), 825.

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Title: Discontinuous Innovation

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 2225
  • References:10
  • Citation Style: Harvard
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Assignment: “Discontinuous Innovation


Recently the CEO of a company, an OEM for the light bulb industry, attended a business seminar where everyone agreed that “there is a potential threat of disruption from new Light Emitting Diode (LED) technologies”. Moreover, the CEO was told that “Many incumbent firms find it hard to spot or respond adequately to the threat of disruption, which often leads to loss of market share and in some cases total failure.”

The CEO decided to appoint an innovation consultant to help the firm understand what discontinuous or disruptive innovation is and how it could affect the company. The CEO also wants to know how his company should respond to the potential threat of being disrupted.

You are required to take the role of the innovation consultant.

In your report you should:

A. Discuss what discontinuous and/or disruptive innovation is and whether or not it is likely to affect the firm you are a consultant for.
B. Suggest how the firm should respond to the possibility of disruption

Your brief involves desk research.

You might consider areas such as R&D, Marketing activities, technology strategy, organisation, but it should be related to new product development

Other terms: radical innovation, breakthrough innovation, high technology

Refereed journal papers

e.g. Journal of Product Innovation Management, Technovation, R&D Management, Journal of Marketing etc
Also general ones like Academy of Management Review, Academy of Management Journal, Harvard Business Review, Organization Science etc

You are required to review the relevant literature on successful product innovation factors. You are expected to consider at least 6 different sources on successful product development, comprising refereed articles from the library (sources such as books, practitioners’ reports, non-refereed periodicals and internet sites will not be accepted in this 6, but can be included in addition).

The core text for this unit is:

Smith, David. (2006). Exploring Innovation, McGraw-Hill Education, ISBN 0-07-710861-2

Other useful reading material

Trott P (2005) Innovation Management and New Product Development, 3rd ed, FT/Prentice Hall, ISBN 0-273-68643-7

Crawford M and di Benedetto A (2005) New Products Management, 8th edition, McGraw Hill

Cooper R G, Edgett S J and Kleinschmidt E J (2001) Portfolio Management for New Products, 2nd ed, Perseus Publishing, ISBN 0-7382-0514-1

Maital S and Seshardi D (2007) Innovation Management: Strategies, concepts and tools for growth and profit, Sage, ISBN 0-7619-3527-4


Common Mistakes

? Not attending lectures

? Not referencing academic journals or only 1 or 2

? Not using a wide range of references from different journals, text books and the internet

? Over-reliance on internet sources – use just for company information

Important notice:
• Appendices can be used to include detailed diagrams if needed. Appendices and references sections do not count towards the overall word count.
• Word limit 2000 words.


(a) GUIDELINES FOR REPORT WRITING

A written report is used to present the analysis, discussion and recommendations for a given question, problem situation or case study. A report is a formal document that follows a specific style and structure. In real business life reports are used to support the decision making process within organisations. In such cases where alternative courses of actions compete for a share of the company’s resources, a well-documented and structured report may be your only means for attracting the attention of the decision-maker. Bear in mind that decision makers have limited time to spend on each report and therefore an easy to follow structure, clarity of the report and relevance to the problem situation have paramount importance.

The accepted style for report writing is outlined below.

Report Format

The main difference between a report and an essay is the layout. Reports are designed to be easily and quickly absorbed by the reader. So, they are laid out schematically and everything is headed, sub-headed, numbered and labelled. This helps you to develop a logical structure and the readers to make sense of the material you present to them.

1. Title page: should reflect the content of the report; use two or three lines if necessary.
2. Executive summary: this is a very important part of the report. It should include a brief summary of each main section of the report and a clear statement of the purpose of the report (objectives) and a summary of the conclusions and recommendations.
3. Contents: this is a list of the main sections of the report, headings and sub-headings, and the pages on which the reader can find them.
4. Introduction: this part of the report provides background information to the work that the report discusses. It includes details such as why the work was done, what the problem was, who authorised the work and what similar work has been done in the past within the organisation. Clear aims and objectives are paramount. Beware that aims lead to objectives and objectives lead to research questions which when taken together with the conceptual framework allow you to list the types of information you need in order to make a decision.
5. Analysis and interpretation: this is the main and longest body of the report so will need to be divided up. Here you need to classify parts of the discussion and devise appropriate headings and subheadings. Your discussion should be navigated by the research questions you stated in the introduction section.
6. Conclusions: this part of the report provides a clear account of the conclusions. Your discussion here should be navigated by the objectives of your project. It often involves repeating statements that have appeared elsewhere in the report but this part involves synthesis rather than more analysis.
7. Recommendations: this part provides a higher level of synthesis and creative thinking since it reflects your ability to relate your conclusions to the overall aim of the project e.g. to improve the service quality of an organisation. Recommendations refer to future actions and should be grounded to the findings of your study. You are not allowed to make general recommendations that you cannot justify on the basis of the information you collected, analysed and interpreted in the report.
8. List of references: this part provides a list of sources (e.g. books, journal papers, reports, Internet addresses, magazines, lecture notes etc.) that you have consulted to produce your report. BEWARE of the right style for referencing your sources
9. Appendices: this part often includes information in the form of tables, chars, illustrations etc., that is not essential for the first reading of the report but that it supports points raised and actions taken in the report and its undertaking. Be careful in making the choice of what to include in the report and what to put in an appendix. If, for example, a table or diagram illustrated the results it may be more ‘reader friendly’ to include it near to the text that it supports rather than in an appendix.

Overall a report reflects your ability for creative/critical analysis and synthesis. Move from aim to objectives to research questions, make use of a relevant method/conceptual framework and ground your analysis and interpretation to the research questions in order to show your analytical skills. Move from research questions to objectives to the main aim and relate your conclusions and recommendation to the objectives and aim of your project respectively in order to provide evidence of your ability for synthesis i.e. bringing together relevant information to make sound recommendations for the problem in question.

(b) ASSESSMENT CRITERIA FOR THIS REPORT AND WEIGHTS


Executive summary
Clarity of overall aim
Clear key results and conclusions
Clear recommendations 10%
Introduction
States clearly aim and objectives
Provides assumptions made
Outlines structure of the report 5%
Analysis/interpretation
Critical discussion of relevant literature
Depth of literature reviewed
Coverage of relevant literature/number of references used
Alignment with stated aim and objectives
Critical and purposeful presentation of findings 35%
Conclusions and recommendations
Synthesis of key results
Clear managerial recommendations/suggestions 30%
Structure/presentation
Correct use of references (with text and at the end)
Easy to follow
Use of subheading for signposting
Good quality tables/figures/diagrams 20%





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References

Herzberg, Torsten (2005-2006) Toward a Mid-Range of Method Selection for Innovation Pre-project Activities" School of Industrial Manufacturing Science Enterprise Integration.

Cranfield University. Online available at: https://dspace.lib.cranfield.ac.uk/bitstream/1826/1059/1/060429_PhD_Torsten_Herzberg.pdf

Kaplan, Soren and Palmer, Derrick (2007) Strategic Imagination: External Thought Leaders Inspire Breakthrough Innovation. Innovation Point. LLC. Online available at http://www.innovation-point.com/Strategic%20Imagination.pdf

Profitable Innovation in High Tech: Innovate to Compete, Innovate Profitably to Win (2008) Oracle. Online available at http://www.oracle.com/industries/high_tech/Profitable_Innovation_for_High_Tech.pdf

Wagner, Marcus (2007) Organization of Innovation in High-Tech Industries: Acquisitions as a Means for Technology Sourcing. Bureau d'economie theorique et applique (BETA) UMR 7522. Online available at http://cournot2.u-strasbg.fr/users/beta/publications/2007/2007-28.pdf

Radical vs. Incremental Innovation (2008) 1000 Ventures Business Guide. Online available at http://www.1000ventures.com/business_guide/innovation_radical_vs_incr.html

Baranano, Ana Maria, Bommer, Michael, and Jalajas, David S. (2005) Sources of Innovation for high-tech SMEs: A Comparison of USA, Canada and Portugal. International Journal of Technology Management 2005. Vol. 30, No.1/2. Abstract Online InderScience Publishers available at http://www.inderscience.com/search/index.php?action=record&rec_id=6351&prevQuery=&ps=10&m=or

Discontinuous Innovation in a Business Organization

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