Criminal Investigation Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Criminal Investigation College Essay Examples

Title: Criminal Investigations

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1303
  • Sources:4
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Respond to each of the following questions with detailed responses:
1. What are the methods of inquiry and how are they used in a criminal investigation?
2. What is the optimal mindset of an investigator, and how are the concepts associated with the optimal mindset of an investigator manifested?
3. What is the scientific method and how is it applied to criminal investigations by investigators?
4. Discuss four important sources of information for the criminal investigator, and provide detailed practical examples of each source listed.

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Becker, R.F. & Dutelle, a.W. (2012). Criminal Investigation (4th ed.). Burlington, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Hess, K.M. & Orthmann, C.H. (2009). Criminal Investigation (9th ed.). Clifton Park, NY: Cengage Learning.

Osterburg, J.W. & Ward, R.H. (2010). Criminal Investigation: A Method for Reconstructing the Past (6th ed.). New Providence, NJ: Matthew Benders & Company, Inc.

Palmiotto, M. (2004). Criminal Investigation (3rd ed.). Lanham, Maryland: University Press of America.

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Title: Criminal Investigation

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3054
  • References:6
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Case Study Analysis Paper


A significant criminal event may occur at any place and at any time. The size of the jurisdiction does not dictate the scope and scale of the incident. It is perfectly possible, even predictable, that investigative needs will be beyond the resources and/or sophistication of a local law enforcement agency. In such cases, one option is to expand the resources available through multiagency collaboration and cooperation (e.g., a task force). However, regardless of who or how many investigative resources are brought to bear on an incident, the parent agency remains responsible for the successful outcome of the criminal investigation.

Project Setting

Acting as a subject matter expert on criminal investigation, you have been asked to assist in the creation of a simulation exercise of a multijurisdictional criminal investigation. Some of the preliminary work has already been completed. Your specific task is to compile the post investigation review document (rubric) to be used by exercise assessors in their evaluation of the quality of the criminal investigation. This is what you know:

A series of 11 random explosions have occurred in an area that traverses two states, and a total of seven counties (five counties in one state and two counties in the other state), embracing a total of nine cities and incorporated towns. The explosions resulted in five deaths, 32 injuries, and significant property damage. In each case, the explosion was detonated remotely. The lead investigative agency is the Virtual, Maryland, Police Department, because the first three explosions occurred within its jurisdiction. VPD has about 100 sworn personnel, including 17 all-purpose detective investigators. It has a certified forensic laboratory for rudimentary analysis, staffed by credentialed civilians. Ultimately, two suspects were identified and apprehended, one adult male and one teenage (minor) male. Statements were made by each, resulting in investigative searches and seizures of forensic evidence. Both subjects eventually confessed to their respective and collective parts in the crimes.

Assessors in the simulation exercise will be debriefing the role players as to their actions; their understanding of the legal basis, purpose, and advantages and disadvantages of their investigative strategies; and the conduct of the investigation. The assessors have already come up with a series of questions for the participants. You have been asked to provide the "model" answer against which the responses of the participants will be graded.

Following are the questions to be posed by the simulation exercise assessors to the investigators:

Investigative Task Force
Assuming that legal authority was not an issue, should this investigation be conducted by VPD personnel or a multijurisdictional task force?
At what point should the potential of establishing an investigative task force be considered?
What are the advantages and disadvantages of an investigative task force?
Who, or what entities, should be involved in the decision to create an investigative task force?
Assuming, on balance, that you favor a task force approach, what difficulties do you foresee, and how will each be addressed?
What demands and/or concessions should VPD exercise in order to employ a cooperative task force in this particular case?

Legal Issues
1. What legal issues should be considered when embarking on a task force investigative strategy?

2. How are each of these issues resolved?

C. Forensic Evidence Collection and Analysis

Without regard to individual items of forensic evidence, describe the steps necessary to ensure that items, materials, and samples are eligible as forensic evidence in a criminal proceeding.
In what ways do the evidence collection procedures differ at the scenes of the explosions versus the residences of each of the suspects?

D. Testimonial Evidence

1. Describe the steps necessary to ensure that verbal or written communications from each of the suspects are eligible as testimonial evidence in a criminal proceeding.

2. Describe the direct and indirect consequences if the testimonial evidence is deemed inadmissible by the trial court.

E. Public Information

As the investigation proceeds, in general terms, what information is or is not available to
non-VPD members of the task force?
other law enforcement agencies?
family members of the deceased and injured victims?
credentialed news reporters?
community members?
Who should be the point of contact for investigative information, and how should that designation be decided?
Project Assignment

You will compose a comprehensive "model" response for each of the questions posed by the simulation exercise assessors. Note: This project submission is enhanced by outside resources that support the appropriateness of the model responses. Creditable resources and citations (or lack thereof) will be graded accordingly.

Grading for this project will be based on

the comprehensiveness of the model responses
your description of reasons and rationales for the responses provided
your general understanding of cooperation and collaboration in conducting criminal investigations
the clarity and efficiency of your writing
Review of this project will help the instructor determine your ability to

communicate effectively across a wide variety of stakeholders
apply sound knowledge of administration, leadership, and organizational principles to a law enforcement agency
use interpersonal and leadership skills to work both independently and cooperatively as a member of a criminal justice team
Format Requirements

· Paper should be a minimum of 2,500 words or about ten pages
· Double space
· 12 pt. font
· 1” margins
· Use APA citations for all sources
· Include reference page using APA format guidelines (not included in word count)

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Baden, M., MD., & Roach, M. (2001). Dead reckoning: The new science of catching killers. NY: Simon & Schuster.

Barak, G. (ed.). (1998). Integrative criminology (International Library of Criminology, Criminal Justice & Penology.). Aldershot: Ashgate/Dartmouth.

Burgess, A.W., Roberts, A.R., & Regehr, C. (2009). Victimology: Theories and applications. NY: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Deflem, M. (ed.). (2006). Sociological theory and criminological research: Views from Europe and the United States. NY: Elsevier.

Nickell, J. & Fischer, J.F. (1999). Crime science: Methods of forensic detection by Joe Nickell and John F. Fischer. KY: University Press of Kentucky.

O'Hara, C.E. & O'Hara, G.L. (2003). Fundamentals of criminal investigation (7th ed.). NY: Charles C. Thomas Publishers.

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Title: Investigation Research

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1658
  • Works Cited:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Topic: Discuss the evolution of Criminal Investigation Research.

Term Paper Instructions:

The Term Paper will be written in APA (6th edition)Format. This format will consist of the following:

1. Cover Page
2. Abstract Page
3. The Body of the Paper(Content of the Page)
4. The Reference Page.

The paper will have a MINIMUM of 5 pages of content. NOT to exceed 8 pages of content. Written in 12 point Font with one (1)inch margins, double spaced. Numbered pages. No graphics or designs on the Cover Page. The page count DOES NOT INCLUDE the Cover, Abstract and References Pages. The last page of the paper MUST be at LEAST half filled with content. One or two sentences at the top of the page WILL NOT meet this requirement No Graphs, Art or Shading on the Cover Sheet of the submission.
No Pictures, Graphs,Charts or Power Points will be included in the body of the paper.
(These items can be attached as addendums at the end of the paper)

The paper MUST have 5 scholarly resource references, properly cited in APA format. (wikiapdia and are not considered scholarly research sources).

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Works Cited:


Bradbury, S. & Heist, A. (2005). The Use of Forensic Science in Volume Crime Investigations: A

Review of the Research Literature. Retrieved from Home Office website:

Morn, F. (2000). Foundations of criminal investigation (chap. 1, pp.1-18). Retrieved from

O'Connor, T. (2006, September 30). An Overview of Criminal Investigation. Retrieved November 10, 2014, from

Osterburg, J.W. & Ward, R.H. (2014). Criminal investigation: a method for reconstructing the past (7th ed.), New York, NY: Routledge

Swanson, C.R., Chamelin, N.C., Territo, L. & Taylor, B. (2012). The Evolution of Criminal

Investigation and Forensic Science. In Criminal investigation (11 ed., pp.1-16). Retrieved from

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Title: Criminal Investigation Midterm

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1695
  • Bibliography:0
  • Citation Style: None
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: 1. (a) Explain what is meant by the term “Criminal Investigation”.
(b) Describe and give examples of the three primary sources of information in a criminal investigation

2. List and explain four (4) personal traits which you believe a criminal investigator should possess.

3. Describe and explain the process known as the “scientific method” for conducting a criminal investigation. In doing so create a hypothetical crime and be sure to incorporate and demonstrate your understanding of the following terms: inductive and deductive reasoning; hypothesis; theory and “investigative mindset”.

4. The success of a criminal investigation is measured not only by the outcome of a case but also by the quality of the evidence intended for use in court

(a) What is the difference between the standards of probable cause and reasonable doubt in the contexts of charging a person and convicting that person of a crime? Is it fair to bring a person to trial having only enough evidence to charge (probable cause) but hope for a conviction (reasonable doubt)? (Gap Theory) Explain and give an example.
(b) Explain the meanings of testimonial, real and demonstrative evidence.
(c) Explain the meanings of direct and circumstantial evidence and compare and contrast these two (2) types of evidence in terms of quality and persuasiveness. Can circumstantial evidence be as strong as direct evidence? Give examples.
(d) Explain the meanings of relevant and competent evidence. In the instance of competent explain why reliability is most important. Why are privileged communications, hearsay and illegally seized evidence deemed not to be competent? Give examples.

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Bibliography Privileged Communication, 2009. Retrieved on March 10, 2009 at

Exclusionary Rule.

Brown, Alvin and Associates. Criminal Investigation, 2002. Retrieved on March 10, 2009 from

Congressional Research Service. Criminal Investigation, 2006. North Carolina Justice

Academy. Retrieved on March 10, 2009 at

D'Amico, Daniel. The Use of Knowledge in Proportionate Punishment, 2007. Mercatus

Center: George Mason University. Retrieved on March 10, 2009 at

Doyle, Charles. Probable Cause, Reasonable Suspicion and Reasonableness in the Context of the Fourth Amendment and the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, 2006. American Law Division: Federation of American Scientists. Retrieved on March 10, 2009 at

FindLaw. FindLaw Dictionary, 2009. Thomson Reuters: Retrieved on March 10, 2009 at

Master'sGirl. The Differences between Scientific Research and a Criminal Investigation.

Associated Content: Associated Content, Inc., 2009. Retrieved on March 10, 2009 from

PInow. Criminal Investigations., 2005. Retrieved on March 8, 2009 at

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