Civil Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Civil College Essay Examples

Title: Civil rights

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 817
  • References:2
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Civil Rights Assignment
Many American cities try to keep the appearance of politics and favoritism out of their human resources decisions by using standardized written tests to decide who gets promoted when promotions are available in the city's workforce. In 2003, the New Haven, Connecticut, Fire Department conducted a test for promotion to lieutenant and captain. 118 firefighters took the test, but when the city found that white firefighters made the ten highest scores, and would fill all eight vacant positions, the city decided to discard the test results on the grounds that they must have been racially biased.

The firefighters who passed the test argued that, in being passed over for a promotion to which they were entitled, they were discriminated against because of their race - a violation of The Civil Rights Act of 1964. The City of New Haven argued that accepting the test results would have been discrimination - given the discriminatory result of promoting only white firefighters.

Find a U.S. Supreme Court case called Ricci v. DeStefano, which was decided in June, 2009.

Write an essay explaining the facts pertaining to this case. Explain the views of both parties to this case, and the reasoning behind the court's decision. Explain why one justice wrote a concurring opinion, and what he said in his. Explain why one justice (joined by three colleagues) issued a dissenting opinion, and summarize her dissent. Finally, tell me how you would rule on this case if you were a member of the Supreme Court.

I like the Cornell University Law School website for Supreme Court research, but you can use any of the sources mentioned in the directions for the civil liberties assignment, or any others that you find on your own.

Submit this assignment in Microsoft Word. Cite your sources.

Resources you may use:

Oyez has a great summary to get you started:

The Supreme Court's Scotuswiki has a wealth of information on this case:

The Wall Street Journal called the court's decision "an important step in the right direction:"

The New York Times called it a "blow to diversity:"
Excerpt From Essay:

McConnell, James, and Lucienne Pierre. "Ricci v. DeStefano (07-1428); Ricci v. DeStefano (08-328)." Legal Information Institute. Cornell University Law School, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2012. .

THERNSTROM, ABIGAIL. "The Supreme Court Says No To Quotas." The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company, Inc., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2012. .

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Title: Civil Disobedience

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 870
  • Bibliography:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Civil Disobedience and other essays by Henry David Thoreau is the name of the book. What i need you to write is about the Civil Disobedience (1849) essay which is the first section of the book, about 18 pages. It would be nice if you described what kinda writer henry david thoreau is based on that Civil Disobedience essay and give examples supported by the text. What i know about him so far, is that he's a proactive writer, all over the place, Not consistant. For the level of writing, make it in between high school and college, dont make it look like im a genius. Also analyze a couple of texts and explain them breifly of how it might affect the society or something like that. Remember that its not the whole book, its about the first section which is titled Civil disobedience. Use ordinary font, 3 pages double spaced.
Excerpt From Essay:
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Title: civil liberties

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 716
  • References:2
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Civil Liberties Assignment

The Supreme Court is constantly exploring the limits of our civil liberties. Everybody knows that we are guaranteed the freedom of speech in the Bill of Rights amendments to our Constitution. But you can't yell "Fire!" in a crowded theater. You can't slander someone without consequences. You can't tell secrets that jeopardize national security in many instances, especially during wartime. We have the right to bear arms, but I can't buy a machine gun or a bazooka, much less carry one around. We have the freedom of the press, but you can't libel someone without consequences. As we learned last week, you can even stage protests at soldiers' funerals

Where are the limits to our civil liberties? Where does my exercise of my rights begin to intrude on your exercise of yours?

The Fourth Amendment says, in part, that the "right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated...," but the Supreme Court is constantly reviewing and redefining what "unreasonable" means.

Antoine Jones was a nightclub manager who allegedly made a lot of money dealing cocaine. To help track his movements, police officers attached a GPS tracking device to his car, without obtaining a warrant. They argued that since police can covertly follow a car on any public street without obtaining a warrant, this was no different. The GPS device didn't tell them anything an undercover 'tail" couldn't tell them, it was just more accurate, and cheaper than the personnel costs of a live undercover surveillance operation. With the GPS tracking device, it was easy to link Mr. Jones to a wide range of illegal narcotics dealing, but his attorney argued that placing something on his car without a warrant violated Mr. Jones' Fourth Amendment rights - that the placement of the device constituted an illegal "search" Who's right?

Find a U.S. Supreme Court case decided in January, 2012, called United States v. Jones.

Write an essay about the case. Make sure to cover:

What are the basic facts of the case?
What was the decision of the majority, and why?
What was the reasoning behind the ruling?
If you were on the Supreme Court, how would you rule, and why?
Read the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. These words were written in the 1790s, but think about them in the context of an age with emailemail, cell phones, high-resolution satellite photography and infra-red sensors that can detect the heat generated by indoor marijuana plants from outside the building. Where do you think a government search crosses the line from reasonable to unreasonable? Give some examples.
Submit this assignment in Microsoft Word. Cite your sources.

Resources you may use:

The U.S. Supreme Court's Website:

The Legal Information Institute at Cornell University:

The Washington Post has an excellent page on Supreme Court issues. You may have to register one time to get to the page, but it's free:

The New York Times compiles its Supreme Court Coverage here:

The Times a good article about the case here:

As always, the ScotusBlog has a wealth of information about this case. You can even listen to the audio of the lawyers arguing their case before the court.

Orin Kerr, at the Volokh Conspiracy blog, thinks the decision is more complicated than it appears.

As usual, the ACLU has strong feelings about this issue:

The Christian Science Monitor has a good article about he case:
Excerpt From Essay:

"Online Law Library - Case Summary." Applied Discovery. Applied Discovery, Inc., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2012. .

"UNITED STATES v. JONES." U.S. Supreme Court Media. Oyez, Inc., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2012. .

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Title: Civil Liberties Habeas Corpus War Terror subtopics Explain historical evolution habeas corpus including English American traditions The explanation evolution American tradition include general meaning habeas corpus U

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 1862
  • Bibliography:7
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Civil Liberties, Habeas Corpus, and the War on Terror

Explain the historical evolution of habeas corpus, including its English and American traditions. The explanation of its evolution within the American tradition should include the general meaning of the right of habeas corpus in the U.S. Constitution and its relationship to the protection of other civil liberties.
Provide examples from U.S. history of the suspension of habeas corpus and their applicability to the present.
Analyze the relevance of habeas corpus to the contemporary U.S. situation during the war on terror, especially with respect to persons characterized by as enemy combatants or illegal combatants.
Explain the U.S. Supreme Court's interpretation of the right of habeas corpus with respect to enemy combatants or illegal combatants (i.e., the views of the five justices making up the majority in Boumediene v. Bush as well as the views of the four dissenting justices).
Evaluate a minimum of four perspectives on this topic expressed by justices of the Supreme Court, leaders in other branches of government, and commentators in both the academic and popular media. Your evaluation should consider perspectives on the following topics as they relate to habeas corpus:
The role of the President as Commander-in-Chief.
The role of Congress in determining when habeas corpus can be suspended.
The role of the Supreme Court in protecting civil liberties, including the judicial philosophy which should guide the Court in this role, and
In your evaluation, you should also include your personal philosophy, values, or ideology about the balance between civil liberties and national security in the context of an unending war on terror.
Follow these requirements when writing the Final Paper:
The body of the paper (excluding the title page and reference page) must be at least 1,500 words long.
The paper must start with a short introductory paragraph which includes a clear thesis statement. The thesis statement must tell readers what the essay will demonstrate.
The paper must end with a short paragraph that states a conclusion. The conclusion and thesis must be consistent.
The paper must logically develop the thesis in a way that leads to the conclusion, and that development must be supported by facts, fully explained concepts and assertions, and persuasive reasoning.
The paper must address all subtopics outlined above. At least 20% of the essay must focus on subtopic six, listed above (your evaluation of perspectives on the topic).
Your paper must cite at least three academic articles (excluding the course textbook) and at least four other kinds of sources (e.g., Supreme Court opinions, magazine or newspaper articles, the course textbook, and reliable websites or videos).
Use your own words. While brief quotes from sources may be used, altogether the total amount of quoted text must be less than five percent of the body of your paper.
When you use someone else's words, they must be enclosed in quotation marks followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source on the reference page at the end of the essay.
When you express in your own words someone else's ideas, arguments or facts, your statement must be followed by an APA in-text short citation (author, year, and page) to your source. The in-text citation must correspond to a full APA citation for the source in the reference page.
The form of the title page, the body pages, and the reference page must comply with APA style. Additionally, the title page must include the course number and name, the instructor's name, and the date submitted.
The paper must use logical paragraph and sentence transitions, complete and clear sentences, and correct grammar, spelling, and punctuation.
For this paper you need to do research in peer-reviewed journals or other sources that are considered to have reliable information. In addition to your required course text, you need at least seven scholarly sources, three of which must be peer-reviewed journal articles from the Ashford Online Library.
Academic research papers must meet university level standards of quality. What constitutes quality, academic research?

Primary sources written by experts in the field of study
Secondary sources supported by research in primary sources
Credible sources (experts in the area of study)
Relevant research (materials are pertinent to the area of study)
Peer-reviewed journal articles (journal articles reviewed by recognized experts in the relevant field of study).
Educational and government websites (those ending with a web URL suffix of .edu or .gov) may be appropriate in some cases but should be evaluated carefully.
Excerpt From Essay:

Dueholm, J.A. "Lincoln's Suspension of the Writ of Habeas Corpus: An Historical and Constitutional Analysis," Retrieved September 17, 2013, from;view=fulltext

Garcia, M.J. "Boumediene v. Bush: Guantanamo Detainees' Right to Habeas Corpus," Retrieved September 17, 2013, from

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