Case Formulation Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Case Formulation College Essay Examples

Title: Case Formulation

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2446
  • Sources:8
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Using case vignette (will be provided), select two psychotherapeutic orientations (from readings I will be attaching) and do the following:

1) briefly review the main features of the treatment theory, goals, and specific techniques (be sure to use appropriate citations and include only review that is relevant to the case presented in the vignette); and
2) apply these perspectives to the vignette.

In the application of each theoretical orientation to the vignette, be sure to state the: 1) case formulation, 2) goals for treatment, and 3) specific strategies or techniques that would be used in the treatment from that particular orientation for that particular client(s).

In the case formulation, be sure to address any mandated reporting/safety issues, the need for outside consultations (such as medical evaluation), sources of information about the client(s) (i.e., who do you want to speak to about the client(s)?), and include the cultural formulation.

The treatment goals and techniques should be specific to the case vignette and should be related to the theory you reviewed in the earlier section of the paper. Be sure to incorporate information about diversity into the case conceptualization and treatment plan.
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Works Cited

American Academy of Child Adolescent Psychiatry. (2010). Comprehensive Psychiatric Evaluation . Retrieved February 14, 2012 from AACAP Web site:

Bullano, R.Z. (2009, September 17). Transition services prepare students for life beyond high school. Retrieved February 14, 2012 from Virginia Commonwealth University Web site:

Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA. (2010). Common psychosocial problems of school aged youth: Developmental variations, problems, disorders and perspectives for prevention and treatment. Los Angeles, CA: Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA.

Center for Mental Health in Schools at UCLA. (Summer, 2007). Addressing barriers to learning: Evidence-based practices in schools: Concerns about fit and implementation. School Mental Health Project/Center for Mental Health in Schools, 12(3), 1-12.

Dettmer, P., Thurston, L.P., & Dyck, N. (2005). Consultation, collaboration, and teamwork for students with special needs (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon.

Duncan, J., & Arntson, L. (2004). Children in crisis: Good practices in evaluating psychosocial programming. New York, NY: Save the Children Federation, Inc.

Kupper, L. (2000). My child's special needs: a guide to the individualized education program. Retrieved February 14, 2012 from U.S. Department of Education Web site:

Lewis-Fernandez, R., & Diaz, N. (Winter 2002). The cultural formulation: A method for assessing cultural factors affecting the clinical encounter. Psychiatric Quarterly, 73(4), 271-295.

National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities. (2010, September 24). Subpart D: evaluations, eligibility, IEPs, and placement. Retrieved February 14, 2012 from National Dissemination Center for Children With Disablities Web site:

National Resource Center on AD/HD. (2012, January 5). IDEA (the Individuals with disabilities education act). Retrieved February 14, 2012 from National Resource Center on AD/HD Web site:

Rosner, R. (2011). Albert Ellis' rational-emotive behavior therapy. Adolescent Psychiatry, 1(1), 82-87.

UBM Medica, LLC. (2010). Psychologist vs. neurologist testing. Retrieved February 14, 2012 from Healthier You Web site:

Weisz, J.R. (2004). Psychotherapy for children and adolescents: Evidence-based treatments and case examples. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Yeung, A.S., & Chang, D.F. (2002). Clinical Case Study: Adjustment disorder: Intergenerational conflict in a Chinese immigrant family. Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, 26, 509-525.

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Title: Case Formulation

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 2380
  • References:7
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: This is a 2 part paper. The first part of the paper (Case Conceptualization) has been completed and graded. The second part (Case Formulation with Treatment Plan) is the basis for this assignment. The first part will be uploaded….

Here are the directions:
Prepare a written clinical case formulation that includes a literature review relevant to the presenting problems, case conceptualization (may be same client from u03a1), etiology of the presenting problem and diagnosis, theoretical approach, treatment plan, treatment referral, and potential ethical and legal issues involved.
The case also should involve a client with multiple problems and systems issues (such as family, school, work) and be a client from social-cultural backgrounds different from the counselor. The information in your case conceptualization should lead you to clinical hypotheses about what drives the client’s presenting problem(s) and the hypotheses should dictate the treatment goals for your clients. This formulation should be centered in an integrative theoretical approach best suited for your client. You may wish to utilize Activity 1.1 (Ingram, 2006, p. 548) and Maria: A Sample Case Formulation Report (Ingram, 2006, p. 589??"597) as resources in how to create a Case Formulation Report. If you need me to send a copy of the Case Formulation...let me know.

To successfully complete this project, you will be expected to:
1. Evaluate the major counseling theories related to clinical practice.
2. Establish long and short range counseling goals based on theoretical counseling orientation.
3. Apply counseling theories, techniques, and methods to client needs.
Project Components
Project Component Course Grade Weight Unit Due
Case Conceptualization 20% Unit 3
Case Formulation with Treatment Plan 25% Unit 10
Total: 45%
Project Requirements
To achieve a successful project experience and outcome, you are expected to meet the following requirements.
• Written communication: Written communication is free of errors that detract from the overall message.
• APA formatting: Resources and citations are formatted according to APA (5th Edition) style and formatting
• Number of resources: Minimum of 8 peer reviewed references.
• Length of paper: 10­??"15 typed double-spaced pages.
• Font and font size: Arial, 10 point.

This is the distinguished criteria for evaluating the project…A distinguished paper would meet the following criteria on the grading rubric

Integrates knowledge of the various theories and accompanying methods and procedures for the treatment of clients from diverse social-cultural backgrounds.

Compares and contrasts skills involved with the effective practice of the major counseling theories to include individual, group, systems, developmental and consultation forms of counseling

Generates appropriate treatment goals that promote social justice and respect for diversity while utilizing a personal theoretical counseling orientation for working with a diverse client population

Supports counseling goals with empirical evidence from available research, and provides specific examples

Evaluates the effectiveness of major theoretical approaches as applied to culturally diverse populations, and provides a detailed rationale
Examines the importance of varying counseling approaches to meet the needs of clients from diverse social-cultural backgrounds.
Generates treatment plans for clients from diverse social-cultural backgrounds that promote social justice and respect for diversity, and provides a detailed rationale for the type of treatment plan chosen.

The first half of the paper has been completed (and I will attach it to the e paper that I will attach to the document.

Overall Comments from first PART !
Rodney you presented an interesting case with attention to cultural dimension in terms of black women (are you considering research in this area for dissertation?), but not so much in terms of ethnicity. I noted you addressed this creatively in your post in terms of the meaning attributed to weight for example. Certainly cultural considerations are ethical considerations in counseling - discussing this more explicitly, and perhaps the crisis element of this case in terms of voluntary treatment would have helped you more fully meet the criteria. Check on your APA formatting in terms of the Running head: COMPREHENSIVE CASE STUDY. Note I did credit you fully for the last criterion given your in depth discussion of approaches but noted there was little support provided relative to the effectiveness of these approaches, especially with a client of this cultural background.

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American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (4th Ed.). Arlington, VA: Author.

Barlow, DH (2008). Clinical handbook of psychological disorders: A step-by-step treatment manual (4th Ed.). New York, USA: Guildford Press.

Becker, C.B., Zayfert, C., & Anderson, E. (2004). A survey of psychologists. Attitudes towards and utilization of exposure therapy for PTSD. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 42, 277-292.

Berzoff, J., Flanagan, L.M., and Hertz, P. (1996).Inside out and outside in: Psychodynamic clinical theory and practice in contemporary multicultural contexts. New Jersey: Jason

Aronson, Inc.

Carlson, J., & Sperry, L. (Eds.). (2000). Brief Therapy with Individuals & Couples. Phoenix, AZ: Zeig, Tucker & Theisen, Inc.

de Shazer, S. (1985). Keys to solution in brief therapy. New York: Norton.

Frueh, B.C., Turner, S.M., Beidel, D.C., Mirabella, R.F., & Jones, W.J. (1996). Trauma Management Therapy: A preliminary evaluation of a multicomponent behavioral treatment for chronic combat-related PTSD. Behavior Research and Therapy, 34(7), 533-543.

Grunert, B.K., Weis, J.M., Smucker, M.R., & Christianson, H.F. (2007). Imagery rescripting and reprocessing therapy after failed prolonged exposure for posttraumatic stress disorder following industrial injury. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 38(4), 317-328.

Holmes, E.A., Arntz, A., & Smucker, M.R. (2007). Imagery rescripting in cognitive

behaviour therapy: Images, treatment, techniques and outcomes. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 38(4), 297-305.

Institute of Medicine (IOM). (2008). Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder: An assessment of the evidence. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

Kendall-Tackett, K. (2009). Psychological trauma and physical health: A psychoneuroimmunology approach to etiology of negative health effects and possible interventions. Psychological Trauma: Theory Research, Practice, and Policy, 1(1), 35-48.

Kessler, R.C., Barker, P.R., Colpe, L.J., Epstein, J.F., Gfroerer, J.C., Hiripi, E., Howes, M.J, Normand, S-L.T., Manderscheid, R.W., Walters, E.E., Zaslavsky, A.M. (2003). Screening for serious mental illness in the general population. Archives of General Psychiatry. 60(2), 184-189.

Kessler, R.C., Andrews, G., Colpe, L.J., Hiripi, E., Mroczek, D.K., Normand, S.-L.T., Walters, E.E., & Zaslavsky, A. (2002). Short screening scales to monitor population prevalances and trends in nonspecific psychological distress. Psychological Medicine. 32(6), 959-976.

Lester, K., Artz, C., Resick, P., & Young-Xu, Y. (2010). Impact of race on early treatment termination and outcomes in posttraumatic stress disorder treatment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78, 480-489.

Mulick, P.S., & Naugle, A.E. (2004). Behavioral activation for comorbid PTSD and major depression: A case study. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 11(4), 378-387.

Powell, T.J. (1992). The mental health handbook. Bicester: Winslow Press.

Powell, T.J. (2009). The mental health handbook: A cognitive behavioural approach (Third Edition). Bicester: Winslow Press.

Reber, S., & Reber, E.S. (2001). Dictionary of psychology. St. Ives Plc, England: Penguin.

Simms-Brown, R. (1982). The female in the black family: dominant mate or helpmate?

Journal of Black Psychology, 9 (1), 45-55.

Smucker, M.R., Dancu, C.V., Foa, E.B., & Niederee, J.L. (1995). Imagery rescripting: A new treatment for survivors of childhood sexual abuse suffering from posttraumatic stress. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 9(1), 3-17.

Sommers-Flanagan, J., & Sommers-Flanagan, R. (2003). Clinical interviewing. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

Sutker, P.B. & Allain, A.N., Jr. (1996). Assessment of PTSD and other mental disorders in World War II and Korean Conflict POW survivors and combat veterans. Psychological Assessment, 8(1), 18-25.

Wagner, A.W., Zatzick, D.F., Ghesquiere, A., & Jurkovich, G.J. (2007). Behavioral activation as an early intervention for posttraumatic stress disorder and depression among physically injured trauma survivors. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice, 14(4), 341-349.

Wight, J.H., Basco, M.R., & Thase, M.E. (2006). Learning cognitive behaviour therapy: An illustrated guide. Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.

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Title: Diagnosis of famous person with disorder

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3288
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Put yourself in a position of a clinician and complete the following activities:
Headings appreciated.

1. Select an individual (artist, writer, musician, actor, famous person, etc.) who has suffered from a psychological disorder.

2. Provide relevant history.

3. Describe evaluation procedures.

4. Identify a diagnosis using the DSM IV criteria

5. Develop a case formulation.

6. Develop a cultural formulation.

7. Plan the most appropriate treatment program for the given diagnosis
based upon a review of findings from current research

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Reference: the belief that random events, objects, others? behaviors, have a particular signi-cance to oneself

Poor judgment

Eating problems leading to weight gain or loss

Elevated mood


Hallucinations: an experience involving the apparent perception of something not present

Little need for sleep

Feelings of worthlessess, hopelessness, or guilt

Delusions: rmly held false beliefs

High involvement in activities


Negativism: the tendency to be negative or skeptical in attitude while failing to offer positive views.

Feelings of self-importance

Low self-esteem

High levels of agitation

Suicidal ideations

Paranoia: delusions of persecution, unwarranted jealousy, or exaggerated self-importance

Poor temper control

Sleep problems

Appropriate Treatment Plan

A suitable treatment plan for the diagnosed mental health problems as proposed by Tan et al. is as follows:

Psychological Treatment: Informing the patient in detail about his condition may aid in getting his will and hence a rapid recovery may be expected. Patient should know about the onset and course of his illness and should be encouraged to comply with intake of medication, as well as with the life style and thought processes that he should be following have to be elaborated to the patient.

Interpersonal psychotherapy and cognitive therapy: Such treatments are known to reduce the symptoms of Bipolar Disorder.

Biological Treatment: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

Medications: Certain recommended medication should be administered like:

a. Mood stabilizers: Lithium carbonate (requires regular monitoring)

b. Anticonvulsants (anti-seizure): divalproex sodium (Depakote)

c. Antipsychotics: olanzapine (Zyprexa), quetiapine, risperidone, or aripiprazole


American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (text revision). Washington, DC: Author.

Blumer, D. (2002). The illness of Vincent van Gogh. American Journal of Psychiatry, 159(4), 519-526.

Hirsch, S.G. (n.d.). Psychiatric Evaluation and Diagnosis: What it Is and What to Expect. Retrieved from

Hulsker, J. (1977). The complete Van Gogh: paintings, drawings, sketches. Phaidon.

Kring, a.M., Davidson, G.C., Neale, J.M., & Johnson, S.L. (2007). AbnormalPsychology, (Tenth Edition). New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Lewis-Fernandez, R., & Diaz, N. (2002). The cultural formulation: a method for assessing cultural factors affecting the clinical encounter. Psychiatric Quarterly, 73(4), 271-295.

Loftus, L.S. & Arnold, W.N. (1991). Vincent van Gogh's illness: Acute intermittentporphyria? British Medical Journal, 303(6817), 1589-1591.

Tan, D.G.T. (2011). The psychiatric health of Vincent Van Gogh: A Case Study. Ateneo de Manila University.

Van Gogh, V., & van Gogh-Bonger, J. (1914).BriefeanseinenBruder (Vol. 1). P. Cassirer.

Van Gogh, V., & Van Gough, V. (1958).The complete letters of Vincent van Gogh (Vol. 3). London: Thames and Hudson.

"Vincent van Gogh: Early Years." The Van Gogh Gallery. 15 January 2011. Retrieved on June 07, 2013.

"Vincent van Gogh: Overview." The Van Gogh Gallery. 15 January 2011. Retrieved on June 07, 2013.

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Title: Watch one of the following Australian films which feature the impact of drug and or alcohol abuse Samson and Delilah Little Fish The Finished People

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 1659
  • Bibliography:7
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: This assignment provides you with the opportunity to apply theories and models of substance abuse to a case study, and develop an intervention plan which applies a treatment model (e.g. motivational interviewing) to the presenting issues of the client. This assignment should be written in first person as the counsellor or services provider. Academic writing and referencing conventions are to be followed. Your essay should include an introduction and conclusion.
Watch one of the following Australian films which feature the impact of drug and/or alcohol abuse:
Samson and Delilah
Little Fish
The Finished People

Choose one of the characters in the film who is using or abusing alcohol and/or other drugs as the basis for your client and case study.
Write a concise description (no more than 300 words) of the character and their family and the social context as the case study.
Provide an assessment and case formulation of the client, their psychosocial needs, and their use or abuse of alcohol and/or other drugs. References from this unit should be used to support your assessment and formulation.
Briefly describe the substance abuse counselling model you would draw on and its usefulness for the client. Describe how you would work with the client and the likely outcomes, using published research on client outcomes in the drug and alcohol field of research. Describe the challenges the client would face and identify the supports for recovery in their social context.
Identify ethical issues likely to be faced in counselling the client, referring to relevant codes of ethics.

1. Case study is written concisely, describes the client’s social and family context and is true to the film

2. Assessment and case formulation are well-reasoned, specify the psychosocial needs of the client and supported by theory

3. Accurate description of substance abuse counselling model, or treatment option and rationale for use with the client are outlined

4. Credible outline of the counselling or treatment process, client outcomes, challenges and supports is provided

5. Case study includes accurate identification of ethical issues


6. Appropriate introduction is provided that clearly articulates the topic

7. Main ideas are clearly and logically presented

8. Appropriate conclusion is provided that summarises the major points of the case study and what was learnt from the assignment

9. Relevant references from this unit are used to support the case study (minimum 8 references for undergraduate students)

Written Expression

10. Academic writing style is used including correct spelling, grammar and punctuation; presentation guidelines followed as specified in the Academic Skills Guide and first person writing style is used

11. Writing is direct, concise and clear


12. Word count is within 10% of requirement

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American Society of Addiction Medicine (2011) The Definition of Addiction

Carlson, M (2001). Physiology of Behavior, Allyn and Bacon, Boston.

Feltenstein MW, See RE (2008 May). "The neurocircuitry of addiction: an overview." Br J. Pharmacol 154 (2): 261 -- 74. doi:10.1038/bjp.2008.51. PMC 2442446. PMID 18311189.

Leshner, AI (1997).Addiction Is a Brain Disease, and It Matters, Science 3.Vol. 278. no. 5335, pp. 45 -- 47

McKim, WA (1997). Drugs and Behavior, 6th Ed, Prentice Hall, New Jersey.

Miller, W.R., Zweben, A., DiClemente, C.C. & Rychtarik, R.G. (1992). Motivational enhancement therapy manual: A clinical research guide for therapists treating individuals with alcohol abuse and dependence. Project MATCH Monograph Series, Vol. 2. Rockville MD: NIAAA

Rollnick S, & Miller, W.R. (1995). What is motivational interviewing? Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, 23, 325-334.

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