British Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for British College Essay Examples

Title: Managing Organizational Change

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 580
  • References:2
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: British Airways
Read the case study The British Airways Swipe Card Debacle. Review the swipe card story, drawing on each of the following change perspectives discussed in chapters 7 and 8: organizational development, sense-making, change management, contingency, and processual. Answer the following questions in a two page APA style paper; include 2 outside sources to support your answers.
a. From each change perspective, what are the key issues to understanding the wildcat strike?
b. Assume that you have been retained as a change consultant by BA management to advise them on how to avoid such a situation in the future. What lessons emerge from each perspective and what recommendations would you draw from each in constructing your advice to BA management? If appropriate, role-play the presentation of this advice to senior management of BA.
c. Is there one change perspective, or a combination of change perspectives, that provides the best way of understanding the swipe card issue? Why?
d. What broad conclusions emerge from this analysis?

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Assume that you have been retained as a change consultant by BA management to advise them on how to avoid such a situation in the future. What lessons emerge from each perspective and what recommendations would you draw from each in constructing your advice to BA management?

BA Management first needs to realize that this type of program, which affects thousands of employees and their lives, must be launched to maximize adoption, not compliance. There is a major difference in launching any new initiative where adoption is key to its success relative to introducing one where compliance can be demanded. BA Management, by not informing employees of the change, is in effect saying through their actions that compliance is demanded or they will lose their jobs. The sobering fact of 13,000 people let go or nearly 25% of the workforce is a force in the BA culture that implies compliance is critical if one is to stay employed. The swipe card is introduced by management through a compliance-driven strategy with none of the business benefits defined that are relevant to those most affected. Consequently, it fails as a program and serves as the volatile catalyst of a wildcat strike.

The lessons learned include the following. First, BA Management needed to be more transformational as a leadership team, less authoritarian and transactional. Transformational leadership seeks to create trust by being authentic, transparent and showing how the vision of change is relevant to the better performance of an enterprise (Nussbaumer, Merkley, 2010). BA Management failed to deliver a transformational vision for the program or even consider the people it would affect the most. Second, BA Management could have explained in detail why the swipe program would be essential for the airline to stay competitive, and designed it to provide employees with more flexibility and freedom to interchange schedules. If Southwest Airlines can do this with a regional operation, surely BA has the ability to do the same. The lack of vision and explanation of benefits to the employees, and

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Title: Gender differences in attitudes to alcohol use

  • Total Pages: 20
  • Words: 5548
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: British Psychology BSc dissertation, 10,000 words on "Gender differences in attitude towards alcohol consumption"
Needs abstract,introduction, methods, results and discussion. (raw data /questionnaires) results analysed using SPSS.
Questionnaires will need to be used. Results section will need relevant graphs and charts.
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References

Allamani, A., Voller, F., Kubicka, L., & Bloomfield, K. (2000). Drinking cultures and the position of women in nine European countries. Substance Abuse, 21, 231-47.

Ammerman, R.T., Ott, P.J., & Tarter, R.E. (1999). Prevention and societal impact of drug and alcohol abuse. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Anderson, B., Bjarnason, T., Choquet, M., Elekes, Z., Morgan, M. & Rapinett, G. (2003). Alcohol culture, family structure and adolescent alcohol use: Multilevel modeling of frequency of heavy drinking among 15- to 16-year-old students in 11 European countries. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 64(2), 200.

Bloomfield, K., Gmel, G., Neve, R., & Mustonen, H. (2001). Investigating gender convergence in alcohol consumption in Finland, Germany, the Netherlands and Switzerland: A repeated survey analysis. Substance Abuse, 22, 39-53.

Boreham, R., & Shaw, A. (2001). Smoking, drinking and drug use among young people in England 2000: Summary of key findings. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office.

Briggs, F., Love, M., & Mcveity, M. (2000). Teaching children to protect themselves: A resource for teachers and adults who care for young children. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin.

Bukstein, O.G., Clark, D.B., Cornelius, J.R., Delbridge, T.R., Donovan, J.E., & Kelly, T.M. (2003). Psychiatric disorders among older adolescents treated in emergency departments on weekends: A comparison with a matched community sample. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 64(5), 616.

Chaloupka, F.J., Grossman, M., & Saffer, H. (2002). The effects of price on alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems. Alcohol Research & Health, 26(1), 22.

Cheng, K.F., & Wu, J.W. (1994). Testing goodness of fit for a parametric family of link functions. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 89(426), 657.

Cox, W.M., Inderhaug, R., King, A.L., Klinger, E., Man, F., Schippers, G.M., Skutle, A., & Stuchlikova, I. (2002). Motivational structure and alcohol use of university students across four nations. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 63(3), 280.

Dee, T.S., & Evans, W.N. (2001). Teens and traffic safety. In: Gruber, J., ed. Risky behavior among youth: An Economic Perspective. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001. pp. 121-65.

Effendi, Y., Hill, D.J., & White, V.M. (2003). Patterns of alcohol use among Australian secondary students: Results of a 1999 prevalence study and comparisons with earlier years. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 64(1), 15.

Geller, E.S., & Kalsher, M.J. (1990). Environmental determinants of party drinking: Bartenders vs. self-service. Environmental Behavior, 22, 74-90.

Health Risks and Benefits of Alcohol Consumption. (2000). Alcohol Research & Health, 24(1), 5.

Leigh, B.C., & Stacy, A.W. (1991). On the scope of alcohol expectancy research: Remaining issues of measurement and meaning. Psychological Bulletin, 110(1), 147-54.

Macmanus, S.A. (1996). Young v. old: Generational combat in the 21st century. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Martin, A.L. (2001). Alcohol, sex and gender in late medieval and early modern Europe. New York: Palgrave.

Pyne, H.H., Claeson, M., & Correia, M. (2002). Gender dimensions of alcohol consumption and alcohol-related problems in Latin America and the Caribbean. World Bank Discussion Paper No. 433. Washington, DC: The World Bank.

Saffer, H. (2002). Alcohol advertising and youth. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 63(2), 173.

Toomey, T.L., & Wagenaar, A.C. (2002). Environmental policies to reduce college drinking: Options and research findings. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 63(2), 193.

Wilsnack, S.C., & Wilsnack, R.W. (2003). International gender and alcohol research: Recent findings and future directions. National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). Retrieved August 14, 2005 at http://www.niaaa.nih.gov/publications/arh26-4/245-250.htm.

Wood, G.D., & Ellis, R.C.

2003). Risk management practices of leading UK cost consultants, Engineering, Construction and Architectural Management, 10(4), 254-62.

Appendix B

Copy of Survey Instrument

Section 1: Demographic Information

1. Please indicate whether you are a male or female in the space below.

Male ____ Female

2. Please indicate how long you have been drinking alcohol in years in the space below.

____ years

3. How old are you?

____ years

Section 2. Likert-Scaled Questions

Please rate how strong your desire was to use alcohol during the last 24 hours?

Not at All Extremely High

Please rate how strong your desire was not to use alcohol during the last 24 hours?

Not at All Extremely High

Please rate your confidence in your ability to resist using alcohol today:

I'm sure I'll use I'm sure I'll resist

Please rate the likelihood that you will use alcohol in the next week:

I'm sure I won't drink I am sure I'll drink

Please imagine yourself in the environment in which you previously used alcohol (e.g., a bar, your friend's house, a sexual situation, or whatever situation reminds you most strongly of active alcohol use). If you were in this environment today, what is the likelihood that you would use alcohol?

I'm sure I would use

Please rate how strong your urges are for alcohol when something in the environment reminds you of it (a beer ad, something sexual, etc.).

Not at All Extremely High

7. Do you think drinking is an acceptable social practice for young people even if it may lead to addiction problems later in life?

Absolutely Not at all

Section 3: Open-Ended Comments

In the space below, please provide any other comments, observations or insights that you have concerning alcohol use and how men and women might view the practice differently. Thank you for your participation; all responses will remain confidential and will be used for academic research purposes only.

Appendix B

Table of Raw Survey Results

Section 2 - Likert-Scaled Questions

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Title: Discuss on the topic History has no place in the modern hospitality industry

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 830
  • Bibliography:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: British sources
Specifications = Discuss on the topic - "History has no place in the
modern
hospitality industry"
This topic is in the hospitality industry in society subject.

Precise

-Plan the answer and show the plan (signpost)
-To get for a credit is an argument (sustained and well-developed). Not a list.
-Use examples from the industry in order to support your argument. I do
not mind if those examples are taken from media representation.
-Give the definitions on the topic.
-Include a paradox at the end, as there is no conclusion

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Title: Discuss the relationship between design and modern hospitality consumption

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 716
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: British sources
Specifications = Discuss on the topic - The relationship between design and
modern hospitality consumption.

This topic is in the hospitality industry in society subject.

Precise

-Plan the answer and show the plan (signpost)
-To get for a credit is an argument (sustained and well-developed). Not a
list.
-Use examples from the industry in order to support your argument. I do not
mind if those examples are taken from media representation.
-Give the definitions on the topic.
-Include a paradox at the end, as there is no conclusion

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