Behavior Plan Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Behavior Plan College Essay Examples

Title: Behavioral Support Plans

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 1825
  • Bibliography:3
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Review the Week 3 assignment, “Functional Behavioral Assessment Short Paper,” in which you outlined three challenging behaviors (and a possible function for each behavior) commonly observed in young children. Then, explore the purpose and process of behavior management in a paper in which you:

• Describe the purpose of behavior management in early childhood education settings, including why it is
important to think proactively. Integrate the specific challenging behaviors to be detailed in this paper.

• Discuss three strategies teachers may use to determine the functions of challenging behaviors.

• Design an individual support plan for each of the challenging behaviors which includes:
-the possible functions of the behavior
-specific positive behavior supports
-replacement behaviors

• Summarize the role of the teacher in designing and implementing a classroom behavior plan.

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References

Koza, W. & Smith, J. (2010). Managing an Early Childhood Classroom. Huntington Beach, CA: Shell Education.

Young, M. & Richardson, L. (2007). Early Childhood Development from Measurement to Action. Washington DC: The World Bank.

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Title: 18 Week Instructional Plan

  • Total Pages: 13
  • Words: 3549
  • Sources:9
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: I need an 18 week instructional plan based on 3 Indiana State Standards for 3rd graders who are in special education. It should use the computer based curriculum of Alpha Omega Publications- . I will send an overview. Since this is based on computer assisted instruction, using communication devices to improve reading skills with special needs children; its imperative to include in the lessons the type of technology that is going to be used in each lesson i.e smartboard, clickers, etc.

Area's to cover are Literacy based on reading, writing and social behaviors. I will send an overview of the program for you to use as a guide. Make sure to include basic pre/quartley/post assessments using both Gates MacGinitie reading test for the pre/post and NWEA for the quartlery assessments.Please include lessons on phonics, spelling, vocabulary, comprehsion and the ability to demonstrate communicating it via both written and spoken word. Along with a social behavior plan incorporate in the 18 weeks to teach positive social behaviors to aide in transitioning into mainstream environments.

Sample Lesson Topics: VOWELS, MAIN IDEA, CAPITALIZATION Course Overview Language Arts Symbols Spelling with Short Vowels Quiz 1 Spelling Quiz 1 Reading to Find the Main Idea Project: Book Report Project: Learning a New Language Spelling with Short Vowels Quiz 2 Spelling Quiz 2 Grammar: Complete Sentences; Capitalization Quiz 3 Grammar: Punctuation Spelling with Silent Letters Quiz 4 Spelling Quiz 3 Unit 1 Special Project Review Game Test Alternate Test Reference SENTENCES, CAPITALIZATION, ABC ORDER Grammar: Sentence Sense; Capital Letters (1) Project: Book Report-- Poetry Spelling with Long Vowels Quiz 1 Spelling Quiz 1 Grammar: Capital Letters (2) Reading Comprehension Spelling Words That Sound or Look Alike Quiz 2 Spelling Quiz 2 Grammar: Alphabetical Order Spelling with Silent E Quiz 3 Spelling Quiz 3 Spelling with Vowel Pairs Writing a Story Quiz 4 Spelling Quiz 4 Unit 2 Special Project Review Game Test Alternate Test Reference DICTIONARY SKILLS, WORD PARTS, VOCABULARY Grammar: Using the Dictionary Project L303A--Making Your Own Dictionary Grammar: Capital Letters (1) Spelling with r-Controlled Vowels Quiz 1 Spelling Quiz 1 Grammar: Word Parts (1) Grammar: Word Parts (2) Spelling with ar Quiz 2 Spelling Quiz 2 Grammar: Antonyms Reading: Vocabulary Project: Book Report--Folk Tales Spelling Antonym Pairs Quiz 3 Spelling Quiz 3 Grammar: Capital Letters (2) Grammar: Synonyms Project: Writing a Story about Pets Spelling with or Quiz 4 Spelling Quiz Four Unit 3 Special Project Review Game Test Alternate Test Reference PARTS OF SPEECH, IRREGULAR VOWELS, COMPREHENSION Grammar: Nouns Grammar: Adjectives Spelling Words with Irregular Vowel Sounds Quiz 1 Spelling Quiz 1 Grammar: Verbs Grammar: Adverbs Spelling with w-controlled Vowels Quiz 2 Spelling Quiz 2 Grammar: Punctuation Marks Grammar: Using Capital Letters Grammar: Using the Dictionary Quiz 3 Grammar: Reviewing Words and Word Parts Reading: A Big Surprise Project: Gideon Today Project: Book Report: Biography Spelling with y as a Vowel Quiz 4 Spelling Quiz 3 Unit 4 Special Project Review Game Test Alternate Test Reference READING TO UNDERSTAND, COMMAS, SILENT LETTERS Reading (1) Grammar: Review Project: Vowels Spelling with Different Vowel Sounds Quiz 1 Spelling Quiz 1 Reading: Comprehension Reading: Story Elements Project: Book Report--Animal Stories Spelling with Silent gh Quiz 2 Spelling Quiz 2 Grammar: Reviewing Capital Letters Grammar: Punctuation Marks Spelling with Suffixes Quiz 3 Spelling Quiz 3 Unit 5 Special Project Review Game Test Alternate Test Reference CAUSE AND EFFECT, HOMOGRAPHS, HAIKU POETRY Character/Main Idea/Details in a Parable Spelling with -eer and -ion Quiz 1 Spelling Quiz 1 Grammar: Capitalizing Titles; Using Commas Spelling with the Letter G Quiz 2 Spelling Quiz 2 Sequence/Cause and Effect/Responding to a Parable Spelling Plurals or Words with -air Quiz 3 Spelling Quiz 3 Reading: Haiku Poetry, Homographs Project: Book Report--Haiku Poetry Project: Haiku Poetry Spelling with -ei and -ie Quiz 4 Spelling Quiz 4 Unit 6 Special Project Review Game Test Alternate Test Reference FOLLOWING DIRECTIONS, SUFFIXES, PRONOUNS, FRIENDLY LETTERS Reading for Main Idea Grammar: Noun Review Grammar: Singular and Plural Nouns (1) Grammar: Singular and Plural Nouns (2) Extra Practice: Singular and Plural Nouns Spelling Compound Words Quiz 1 Spelling Quiz 1 Reading: Follow Directions/ Fact or Fiction Project: Following Directions Spelling with Suffixes (1) Quiz 2 Spelling Quiz 2 Grammar: Pronouns Grammar: Suffixes -er, -est Spelling with Suffixes (2) Quiz 3 Spelling Quiz 3 Composition: Friendly Letters Essay: Writing a Friendly Letter Spelling General Words Quiz 4 Spelling Quiz Four Unit 7 Special Project Review Game Test Alternate Test Reference READING A PLAY, COMPARING WITH ADJECTIVES, ROOT WORDS Reading for Sequence Grammar: Adjective Review Spelling with -le Quiz 1 Spelling Quiz 1 Reading for Details Grammar: Comparing with Adjectives (1) Grammar: Comparing with Adjectives (2) Extra Practice: Comparing with Adjectives Spelling Compound Words Quiz 2 Spelling Quiz 2 Reading a Play Grammar: Action Verbs Grammar: State-of-Being Verbs Spelling Root Words Quiz 3 Spelling Quiz 3 Unit 8 Special Project Review Game Test Alternate Test Reference CLASSIFYING, REFERENCES, THANK-YOU LETTERS, PREDICTING OUTCOMES Reading to Classify Grammar: Adverbs Spelling with Prefixes Quiz 1 Spelling Quiz 1 Reading for Information Project: Book Report--Nonfiction Composition: Thank-you Letters Project: Writing a Thank-you Letter Spelling with Suffixes Quiz 2 Spelling Quiz 2 Reading to Predict Outcome Using Reference Books Spelling with the Suffix -teen Quiz 3 Spelling Quiz 3 Unit 9 Special Project Review Game Test Alternate Test Reference

Course Overview:COURSE OVERVIEW



Language Arts 300 focuses on the sequential development and integration of communication skills in four major areas??"reading, writing, speaking, and listening. It most specifically focuses on deepening and furthering students' understanding in the following ways:

•Reading??"introduces students to basic reading skills, including the identification of main ideas, supporting details, sequence, and facts and opinions; shows students how to identify parts of speech in sentences; helps students develop basic literary comprehension skills through the reading of short stories, a short play, and haiku poetry.
•Writing??"develops students’ understanding of sentence structure, providing hands-on experience with complete sentences and parts of speech; introduces students to roots and affixes, and basic word relationships, including homographs, synonyms, and antonyms; develops students’ vocabulary and spelling skills; gives students the opportunity to develop their abilities in writing paragraphs, haiku poetry, short stories, and friendly letters.
•Special Topics??"introduces basic research skills, including the use of atlases, dictionaries, encyclopedias, newspaper and magazine articles, and textbooks.
Curriculum Contents
Reading Comprehension Skills
•Cause and Effect
•Context Clues
•Determining Author’s Purpose??"Reading for Entertainment and Reading for Information
•Following Written Directions
•Identifying Facts and Opinions
•Identifying Main Ideas and Supporting Details
•Predicting Outcomes
•Reading Haiku
•Reading a Short Play
•Reading Short Stories
•Sequence
Composition
•Writing a Friendly and Thank You Letter
•Writing Haiku
•Writing Short Stories
Grammar and Usage
•Adjectives??"Making Comparisons
•Nouns??"Singular and Plural
•Parts of Speech??"Identification
•Punctuation??"Commas, Exclamation Points, Periods, and Question Marks
•Sentence Structure??"Complete Sentences
Literature Studies
•Drama
?-?Definition
?-?Elements??"Structure, Character, and Setting
•Fiction??"Definition
•Nonfiction??"Definition
•Poetry
?-?Definition
?-?Elements??"Structure, Rhyme, and Meter
?-?Haiku
Spelling
•Compound Words
•Confusing Spellings
•Irregular Vowels
•Short and Long Vowels
•Silent Letters
•R-controlled and W-controlled Words
•Roots and Affixes
•Word Endings
•Words with “ie,” “ei” and “ar”
•Words with Irregular Vowels
Vocabulary Building
•Compound Words
•Dictionary Skills
•Word Relationships??"Synonyms, Antonyms, and Homographs
•Word Structure??"Roots and Affixes
Special Topics
•Reference Materials??"Atlases, Dictionaries, Encyclopedias
Suggested Resources
In addition to the default course program, Language Arts 300 includes extra alternate lessons, projects, and tests for use in enhancing instruction or addressing individual needs. Below is a list of suggested resources which can be used in conjunction with these assignments.

Unit Assignment Resource
2 Book Report ??" Poetry •A Child's Garden of Verses, by Robert Louis Stevenson, Grosset & Dunlap, 1957
•The Christopher Robin Verses, by A. A. Milne, E. P. Dutton & Co., 1967
•The Llama Who had No Pajama, by Mary Ann Hoberman, Browndeer Press, a division of Harcourt Brace & Co., 1998
•Pizza the Size of the Sun, by Jack Pretutsky, Greenwillow Books, 1996

3 Book Report ??" Folktales •Llama and the Great Flood; a Folktale from Peru, by Ellen Alexander, Crowell, 1989
•The Tale of Three Trees, retold by Anglea Elwell Hunt, Lion Publishing Company, 1989
•Fairy Tales and Stories, by H. C. Andersen. A Wonder-Book for Girls and Boys, by Nathaniel Hawthorne
•Rapunzel, by Brothers Grimm, retold and illustrated by Bernadette Watts, Thomas Y. Crowell Co, 1975
•The Nutcracker Ballet, retold by Deborah Hautig, Random House, 1992
•The Snow Queen, by Hans Christian Andersen, translated by Noami Lewis, Henry Holt and Co. 1979
•Johnny Appleseed, retold and illustrated by Steven Kellogg, Morrow Junior Books, 1988
•Mr. Yowder and the Train Robbers, by Glen Rounds, 1981, Holiday House
•Pecos Bill, retold and illustrated by Steven Kellogg, Morrow Junior Books, 1986
•Paul Bunyan, retold and illustrated by Steven Kellogg, Morrow Junior Books, 1984
•Aesop's Fables, by Aesop, illustrated by A. J. McClaskey, retold by Ann McGovern, Scholastic, 1963
•Fables, by Arnold Lobel, Harper and Row, 1980. Caldecott Medal Winner
•The Fisherman and His Wife, by Jacob Grimm, Farrar, 1980

4 Book Report ??" Biography •Diego Rivera, by Mike Venezia, Children's Press, 1994.
•Isaac Newton: Scientific Genius, by Pearle and Harry Schultz, Garrard Publ., 1972.
•Thomas Edison, by Haydn Middleton, from the "What's Their Story?" series, Oxford University Press, 1997.
•The True Story of Pocahontas, by Lucille Recht Penner, Random House,1994.
•The Chimney Sweep's Ransom, about John Wesley (1992)
•Defeat of the Ghost Riders, about Mary McLeoad Bethune (1997)
•Escape from the Slave Traders, about David Livingston (1992)
•Flight of the Fugitives, about Gladys Aylward (1994)
•The Forty-Acre Swindle, about George Washington Carver (2000)
•The Hidden Jewel, about Amy Carmichael (1992)
•Hostage on the Nighthawk, about William Penn (2000)
•Listen for the Whippoorwill, about Harriet Tubman (1993)
•The Queen's Smuggler, about William Tyndale (1991)
•Spy for the Night Riders, about Martin Luther (1992)

5 Book Report ??" Animal Stories •Chester the Worldly Pig, by Bill Peet, Houghton Mifflin, 1965.
•The Desert Critter Friends series: Friendly Differences; Clubhouse Surprises; Campout Capers; Desert Detectives; Thorny Treasures.
•Fantastic Mr. Fox, by Roald Dahl (author of Charlie and the Chocolate Factory), Alfred A. Knopf, 1970.
•Frog and Toad All Year, by Arnold Lobel, Harper & Row, 1976.
•Only One Woof, by James Herriot, St. Martin's Press, 1985.
•Why Mosquitoes Buzz in People's Ears, by Aardema, Dillion, 1976. Caldecott Medal Award book.

6 Book Report ??" Haiku Poetry •Cricket Never Does; a Collection of Haiku and Tanka Poetry, by Myra Livingston Cohn, published by Margaret McElderry, 1997.
•Haiku: the Mood of Earth, by Ann Atwood, Charles Scribner's Sons, 1971.

9 Book Report ??" Nonfiction •Abe Lincoln Grows Up, by Carl Sandburg, Harcourt, 1985.
•Buffalo Hunt, by Russell Freedman, Holiday House, 1988.
•Mother Teresa, by Lola M.Schaefer, Pebble Books, 2003.
•The Plymouth Thanksgiving, by Leonard Weisgard, Doubleday, 1967.
•Promise of a New Spring: the Holocaust and Renewal, by Gerda Weissman Klein, Rossel Books, 1981.
•Young Frederick Douglas, Fight for Freedom, by Laurence Santrey, Troll, 1983.

10 Book Report ??" Historical Fiction •Abigail Takes the Wheel, by Avi, HarperCollins, 1999.
•Addy Saves the Day, by Connie Porter, Pleasant Company, 1994.
•Felicity Learns a Lesson, by Valerie Tripp, Pleasant Company, 1991.
•Josefina's Surprise, by Valerie Tripp, Pleasant Company, 1997.
•Ben and Me: An Astonishing Life of Benjamin Franklin by His Good Mouse Amos Discovered, Edited, and Illustrated by Robert Lawson, Little, Brown, and Company, 1988.
•The Drinking Gourd, by F. N. Monjo, published by Harper, @1969.
•Kia, a Mission to her Village, Africa 1440, from "Girlhood Journey's" series, by Dawn C. Gill Thomas, Simon & Schuster, 1996.
•Paddle-to-the-Sea, by Clancy Holling, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1961. A Caldecott Honor book.
•An Old-Fashioned Thanksgiving, by Louisa May Alcott, Holiday House, 1989.
•The Very First Thanksgiving: Pioneers on the Rio Grande, by Bea Bragg, Harbinger House, 1989.
•Song of the Trees, by Mildred D. Taylor, Dial Press, 1975.
•Troubles Times Ten, by Dave Lambert, from the Christian Heritage Series published by Christian Book Distributors (CBD), a division of David C. Cook, 2000.
•The Wall, by Eve Bunting, published by Clarion Books, @1990.
•Whispering Cloth; a Refugee's Story, by Pegi Deitz Shea, Boyd Mills Publ., 1996.

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References:

Indiana Standards. (2010, March 3). Retrieved from Learniing Connection: https://learningconnection.doe.in.gov/Standards/About.aspx?art=11

Classroom Resources. (2012, September 5). Retrieved from ReadWritethink: http://www.readwritethink.org/classroom-resources/lesson-plans/

Elementary K-5 Writing Curriculum. (2012, September 5). Retrieved from Melrose Public Schools: https://docs.google.com/viewer?a=v&q=cache:aLFi5i1eLl4J:www.melroseschools.com/lincoln/MPS_Writing_Curriculum_K_5.pdf+writing+curriculum+for+elementary&hl=en&gl=us&pid=bl&srcid=ADGEEShGXpwCDU3mdB2rQVO2e3Dav6AgQn-3Ng2vDjsDa_f50Pd5k8wDn4zmQH2cTwV3P7kAA2v9zu

Gates-MacGinitie Reading Tests® Online. (2012, September 5). Retrieved from Online reading test: http://www.riversidepublishing.com/products/gmrtOnline/index.html

Indiana Academic Standards. (2012, September 5). Retrieved from Metropolitan School District of Pike Township: http://www.pike.k12.in.us/district/academics/statestandards.htm

State of Indiana Academic Standards. (2012, August 5). Retrieved from Education.com: http://www.education.com/reference/article/Ref_State_Standards_2/

Third Grade Standards | Indiana. (2012, September 4). Retrieved from http://www.evscicats.com/fran/toybox/Resources/Standards/Third%20Grade%20Standards.pdf.

Why Holding Back Third Graders Who Fail Reading Tests Isn't a Silver Bullet Strategy. (2012, September 5). Retrieved from Indiana: Education, From the Capitol to the Classroom: http://stateimpact.npr.org/indiana/2012/08/17/why-holding-back-third-graders-who-fail-reading-tests-isnt-a-silver-bullet-strategy/

John, a. (2012, September 5). State Senator: Third Grade Reading Exam Represents State Overreach. Retrieved from Indiana: Education, From the Capitol to the Classroom: http://stateimpact.npr.org/indiana/2012/05/02/state-senator-third-grade-reading-exam-represents-state-overreach/

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Title: teaching manding thorugh functional communication training to a 53 year old man with cerebral palsy

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2889
  • References:15
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This is a literature review for a case study which I must defend to the psychology board in order to graduate just as I would a thesis. I have worked with an individual since June of 2011 which had moderate self injurious behavior, specifically hand biting. The outcome of several weeks of observations concluded that he would bite to escape or terminate an unpleasent condition, specifically hunger. This poor man was hungry and did have any other means of expressing himself being that he has extremely limited, if any, verbal skills. I began to teach him how to mand and say "hambre" via functional communication training (in spanish because his family does not speak English). Instead of biting himself in order to receive a meal or snack he now says "hambre", either with or without a prompt, and his hand biting has reduced to only one incident in December 2011 compared to 66% in July 2011. Therefore, the literature review should specifically target how manding via functional communication training helps persons with cerbral palsy and profound intellectual disabilities communicate their needs and, in turn, produces an overall better quality of life.

I will send the functional assessment of my client as well as his behavior plan. Additionally, I have a few articles I have already found and will send those as well.

If the writer has any questions during the writing process please have him/her contact me immediately.

Thank you.

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References:

References

Emerson, E. (1995). Challenging Behaviour. Analysis and Intervention in People with Learning Difficulties. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gerra, L.L., & Dorfman, S. (1995). Functional communication as a means of decreasing self-injurious behavior: A case study. [Article]. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 89(4), 343.

Harding, J.W., Wacker, D.P., Berg, W.K., Winborn-Kemmerer, L., Lee, J.F., & Ibrahimovic, M. (2009). Analysis of Multiple Manding Topographies during Functional Communication Training. [Article]. Education & Treatment of Children (West Virginia University Press), 21-36.

Howlett, M.A., Sidener, T.M., Progar, P.R., & Sidener, D.W. (2011). Manipulation of motivating operations and use of a script-fading procedure to teach mands for location to children with language delays. journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 44(4), 943-947.

Lingraphica News. (2006). What is "Functional Communication?." Lingraphica News, Fall 2006.

Mikhail, A.G., & King, B.H. (2001). Self-injurious behavior in mental retardation. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 14, 457-461.

Murphy, C., & Barnes-Holmes, D. (2010). ESTABLISHING COMPLEX DERIVED MANDING WITH CHILDREN WITH AND WITHOUT A DIAGNOSIS OF AUTISM. [Article]. Psychological Record, 60(3), 489-503.

Padilla Dalmau, Y., Wacker, D., Harding, J., Berg, W., Schieltz, K., Lee, J., . . . Kramer, A. (2011). A Preliminary Evaluation of Functional Communication Training Effectiveness and Language Preference When Spanish and English are Manipulated. [Article]. Journal of Behavioral Education, 20(4), 233-251. doi: 10.1007/s10864-011-9131-z

Reichow, B., Volkmar, F.R., Doehring, P., & Cicchetti, D.V. (2010). Evidence-Based Practices and Treatments for Children with Autism. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Schieltz, K., Wacker, D., Harding, J., Berg, W., Lee, J., & Padilla Dalmau, Y. (2010). An Evaluation of Manding Across Functions Prior to Functional Communication Training. [Article]. Journal of Developmental & Physical Disabilities, 22(2), 131-147. doi: 10.1007/s10882-009-9181-5

Scope. Challenging behaviour and cerebral palsy Retrieved February 17th, 2012, from http://www.scope.org.uk/help-and-information/cerebral-palsy-and-associated-impairments/challenging-behaviour-and-cerebral-pa

Shirley, M.J., Iwata, B.A., Kahng, S., Mazaleski, J.L., & Lerman, D.C. (1997). Does functional communication training compete with ongoing contingencies of reinforcement? An analysis during response acquisition and maintenance Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 30(1), 93-104.

Simic, J., & Bucher, B. (1980 ). Development of spontaneous manding in language deficient children. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 13(3), 523 -- 528.

Sternberg, L. (1991). Functional communication: analyzing the nonlinguistic skills of individuals with severe or profound handicaps. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.

Wacker, D.P., Steege, M.W., NoRThUP, J., Sasso, G., Berg, W., Reimers, T., . . . Donn, L. (1990). A component analysis of functional communication training across three topographies of severe behavior problems Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 23(4), 417-429.

Winborn-Kemmerer, L., Wacker, D., Harding, J., Boelter, E., Berg, W., & Lee, J. (2010). Analysis of Mand Selection across Different Stimulus Conditions.j. Education & Treatment of Children, 33(1), 49-64.

Yamamoto, J. i., & Mochizuki, A. (1988). Acquisition and Functional Analysis of Manding with Autistic Students. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 21(1), 57-64.

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