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Appendix A Comparison of Terminologies used for Supportive Housing Options
According to Mollica (2001), supportive housing options tend to differ widely in terms of size, cost, services, and facilities; the terms used to describe these options vary from state to state. Table 1 below outlines the most common terms and the differences among them:
Names/Types of Facilities
Personal Care Homes
Homes for Adults
Board and Care
Adult Foster Care
Senior Group Homes
Facilities using these names tend to be smaller (fewer than 10 individuals) and less expensive. Many of these are in traditional homes in residential neighborhoods. Shared bathrooms, bedrooms and living spaces are the norm.
Residential Care Facilities
Assisted Living Facilities
Adult Congregate Living
Facilities within this grouping tend to be larger, more expensive, and specifically designed to house the frail elderly or persons with disabilities, with an emphasis on independence and privacy. Most offer private rooms or apartments along with large common areas for activities and meals.
Continuing Care Retirement Communities
Life Care Facilities
These are usually large complexes that offer a variety of options ranging from independent living to skilled-nursing home care. These facilities are specifically designed to provide life-time care within one community. Facilities within this category tend to be the most expensive option.
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