The Big Book, the Basic Text for Alcoholics Anonymous, Chapter 5: How it Works (pg. 58). Please read this entire chapter. Retrieved: www.alcoholics-anonymous.org?
Leshner, A.I. (1997). Addiction is a brain disease, and it matters. Science 3 October 1997: Vol. 278 no. 5335 pp. 45-47
Narcotics Anonymous. "For the Public" and "In times of Illness" and "information about NA." Retrieved: www.na.org
Parssinen, T.M. & Kerner, K. (1980). Development of the disease model of drug addiction in Britain, 1870-1926. Cambridge Journal of Medical History 24(3).
Peele, S. (1999). Diseasing of America: How We Allowed Recovery Zealots and the Treatment Industry to Convince Us We are Out of Control.
Wallace, J. (1990). Controlled Drinking, Treatment Effectiveness, and the Disease Model of Addiction: A Commentary on the Ideological Wishes of Stanton Peele. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 22(3): 261-284.
A.A. Factfile." 1998. Alcoholics Anonymous Official Website. 21 October 2002 http://www.alcoholics-anonymous.org/default/en_about.cfm.
The July 29, 2010, cover of Times Magazine is certainly disturbing and intended to raise public awareness concerning the way in which cultural values can affect society in general and some individuals in particular. Although it would be ignorant to claim that events like the one that happened to Aisha are very common in Afghanistan, the article is nonetheless important because of the way it addresses this matter.
The "Women of Afghanistan Under Taliban Threat" Times article addresses the topic of women being severely discriminated in Afghanistan. The article brings forward a series of women who had the courage to come out and speak about their suffering and the way that gender in general represents a reason for discrimination in their community. The Taliban authority made it especially difficult for women to be able to be considered equals in the Afghan community and it shaped the public's idea regarding gender roles. Men have traditionally been inclined to believe that they have the right to oppress women simply because of their gender.
Stories like Sakina's further emphasize the gravity of the situation, with her marriage being especially harmful for her. "He used her as an indentured servant and beat her with weaving tools when she didn't work fast enough." (Women of Afghanistan Under Taliban Threat) Conditions are critical when regarding gender roles in Afghanistan and articles such as the one in Times magazine provide society with the ability to actually understand them.
references so that the research can be reviewed by the reader (p. 560-561, p. 566). Also the journal in which the study was published is a reputable journal, so the results and study can be trusted for validity.
Call Number: AN 6582532, EBSCO Host
Vick, R. (Fall, 2002). Questioning the Use of Alcoholics Anonymous With College Students: Is an Old Concept the Only Alternative for a New Generation? Journal of College Counseling, 3 (2): 158-168.
Vick examines the effectiveness of A.A. within the college student subset of the population (p.160-161), and includes research in the area of A.A. related treatment (p. 160). In addition, Vick focuses on the reasons why A.A. may not be the best solution for college students (p. 160-161). Research of the prevalence of drinking in college students is also provided (p. 185-159). Alternative approaches which may be more effective than A.A. are also evaluated (p. 161-164). Vick concludes that, for many college students, alternative treatment methods are more successful than A.A for college students (p. 164-165).
This article is important because it shows that A.A. may not be the best treatment solution for all areas of the population (p. 164). In addition, relevant research is evaluated (p. 160-197), and appropriate citation is given at the end of the article (p. 168). Alternate methods are evaluated, providing a counter point to other studies (p. 161-165). In addition, the journal in which the article is published is a well-known, credible source of information.
Call Number: AN 5197914, EBSCO Host.