Ormrod, Jeanne Ellis. (2003): Educational Psychology: Developing Learners. New York: Prentice Hall.
Bandura, a. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of Control. New York: W.H. Freeman.
Bandura, a. (1986). Social Foundations of Thought and Action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ:
Bandura, a. (1977). Social Learning Theory. New York: General Learning Press.
Bandura, a. (1969): Principles of Behavior Modification. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
Bandura, a. & Walters, R. (1963). Social Learning and Personality Development. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
Elias, J., Merriman S.(1995):Philosophical Foundations of Adult Education. Malabar,
FL: Krieger Publishing Co.
Knowles, M. (1980): The Modern Practice of Adult Education: From Pedagogy to Andragogy. New Jersey: Cambridge/Prentice Hall Regents.
Lieb S. (1991): Principles of Adult Learning. Retrieved April 9, 2011 from lts-2.htm" http://honolulu.hawaii.edu/intranet/committees/FacDevCom/guidebk/teachtip/adu lts-2.htm
Maslow, a.H. (1971): The Farther Reaches of Human Nature. New York: Esalen
Books. Viking Press.
Maslow, a.H. (1968): Toward a Psychology of Being. New York: D. Van Nostrand
Miller, N. & Dollard, J. (1941). Social Learning and Imitation. New Haven, NJ: Yale
Newmann B.M., Newmann P.R. (2007): The Theories of Human Development. Mahwah,
NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Publisher.
The cognitive self consists of our self-knowledge -- all that we know or believe that we know about ourselves. The affective self is the felt or emotional self, while the executive self is the active or behavioral self that is evident in human agency (Bandura, 2001). Considering the multiplicity of the self, it is apparent that these interdependencies do not permit Annie to easily separate her feelings from her perceptions from her self-concept.
Bandura described self-efficacy as "the belief in one's capabilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to manage prospective situations" (1995, p. 2). That is, a person's perception or belief in his or her capacity to be successful in certain situations is colored by that individual's self-efficacy (Cherry, 2011). What people believe, Bandura argued, acts as a determinant of their behavior, feelings, and thoughts (Bandura, 1994). Bandura stressed the influence of observational learning and social experience on behavior -- he also theorized the importance of reciprocal determinism on personality development (Cherry, 2011).
How could you apply social cognitive theory to helping Annie become more confident and successful in her writing skills? The principles of observational learning and reciprocal determinism can be directly employed to assist Annie to change her perceptions of her writing skills. Writing tasks can be assigned for which there is no right or wrong set of standards. Memoir writing or interviewing or transcribing oral interviews are all examples where writing stems
Akers, R. & Jensen, G. (Forthcoming). Social Learning Theory and Crime: A Progress Report. Advances in Criminological Theory. To be published in Volume 15.
Boeree, G. (2006). Albert Bandura. Personality Theories. Retrieved November 11, 2008 at http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/bandura.html.
Ormrod, J.E. (1999). Human learning (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Shephard, L. (2000). The Role of Assessment in a Learning Culture. Educational Researcher. 29 (7):4-14.
Social learning theory." Encyclopedia of Psychology.. FindArticles.com. 05 Nov. 2008. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g2699/is_0003/ai_2699000323