Total Pages: 20 Words: 5424 Works Cited: 16 Citation Style: Chicago Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This is a HISTORY paper examining the theories of nationalism and specifically looking at gender and the nation. The goal is to answer the theoretical question of "Do policies of nationalist gov'ts modernize gender relations or do they represent a traditionalist aim to preserve or reestablish unequal and 'pre-modern' gender relations, in effect archaizing gender relations?" Another important goal is to connect this to a more specific question of "How does the notion of women as biological reproducers of the nation influence reproductive choices of women and nationalist agendas behind reproductive policy in socialist and postsocialist Poland?"
This paper is largely based on theories of nationalism and gender and the nation (Nira Yuval-Davis). The structure of the paper should follow:
2) thesis statement
3) secondary literature (thematizing it and setting up my project in terms of other literature)
4) theoretical framework (explaining different theories and how they're useful in examining my question)
5) talk about primary sources (explaining them and their limitations and the selection method)
6) restate thesis and give context
7) prove argument/attempt to answer question with secondary and primary sources
8) conclusion (restate thesis, being speculative is ok, also future research or what someone else could do in this field)
Also, primary sources are REQUIRED for this paper (roughly 5 or 6 would be good). They can be newspaper articles, government reports/documents, actual reproductive POLICIES (highly encouraged), and women advocacy group reports (such as UN WomenWatch population reports).
In addition to what I will send by email, here is a list of recommended bibliography:
(I will send this) Albanese, Patricia. “Mothers of the Nation, Guardians of the Hearth: Women, Family and Nationalism in 20th Century Europe” (PhD dissertation, University of Michigan Press, 2003).
Baron, Beth. Egypt as a Woman: Nationalism, Gender, and Politics. Berkley: University of California Press, 2005.
Brinker-Gabler, Gisela and Sidonie Smith, ed. Writing New Identities: Gender, Nation, and Immigration in Contemporary Europe. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1997.
Hutchinson, John and Anthony D. Smith, ed. Nationalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1994.
Kligman, Gail. The Politics of Duplicity: Controlling Reproduction in Ceausescu’s Romania. Berkley: University of California Press, 1998.
(I will send this) Mishtal, Joanna Z. “Contradictions of Democratization: The Politics of Reproductive Rights and Policies in Postsocialist Poland” (PhD dissertation, University of Colorado, 2006).
Ramet, Sabrina P., ed. Gender Politics in the Western Balkans: Women and Society in Yugoslavia and the Yugoslav Successor States. University Park, PA: Penn State University Press, 1999.
(I will send this) Tammeveski, Peeter. “Reproducing the Gendered and Racialized Body of the Nation-State: Changing Discourses of Estonian National Identity in the Homeland and Diaspora” (PhD dissertation, Pennsylvania State University, 2005).
Wilford, Rick and Robert L. Miller, ed. Women, Ethnicity, and Nationalism: The Politics of Transition. London: Routledge, 1998.
Yuval-Davis, Nira. Gender & Nation. London: SAGE Publications Ltd., 1997.
Yuval-Davis, Nira and Floya Anthias, ed. Woman – Nation – State. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1989.
There are faxes for this order.
Excerpt From Essay:
Essay Instructions: Paper 1
Part A - Globalism
When most people think of globalism they think of the loss of job to outsourcing. Most of these jobs were in manufacturing, especially in clothing and food wear. Just check the labels of what you’re wearing. I would be surprised if you even have one item that was “Made In The USA”. But you benefit with low clothing prices” apparel prices in the US has dropped over 60% since 1972. “ (www.wallybarker.com/Apparel_history_pricing.html)
We have all encountered that IT or Help Desk phone voice that we know is not from Kansas. We have gone through the frustration of the uneven knowledge of the voice at the other end. I have been lucky to eventually get connected to someone who knows what he/she is doing, but this after the unpleasantness of dealing with a voice that had limited knowledge of the system and often gave wrong advise. But while these are minor annoyances to us, what they represent are a major change in the lives of the people at the other end of the line – good paying jobs, way above the national average; equal opportunities for women and a new door to independence; new opportunities for entrepreneurs to start new businesses servicing the outsourcing community; and major changes in the social structure of India. While India is the stereotype of the outsourcing industry, today it has spread to the Philippines and other South East Asians Countries, and it is beginning to change their societies.
A good place to start on your research on this subject:
There is a excellent documentary on this subject 1-800-India , I am sorry to say it is not available on the web. If you Google the show you can access some trailers. I will make copies of the show available in all three campus libraries. At Grant it will be available after January 15th. You will only be allowed to view the show at the libraries. I strongly recommend that you make time to view this documentary – it runs under an hour. If you know someone who took the course they might have a copy, otherwise there is no other free source. These references are just your base. I expect much additional information beyond these web site and documentary.
After your research answer these questions in essay form.
I. The effect on the role of woman
A. in society/ social norms
B. in the family - both parental, and marriage
C. in determining their own life style
D. the parents and general male view
E. their fertility rate - compare with similar situation in other countries
II. The effect on the economy:
A. Creating new business inside and outside the company. Use examples from the video.
B. Spending patterns
Part B – Status of Women
As your research on part A will show you a woman with her own job is an independent women, and that gives her the power over her choices, and her life.
India is a wonderful country. I have been there five times and I will be going back next fall. There are many India’s. There is the India that you have/will discover in Part A. Young, educated, urban, upward mobile, and western. This is a very small per cent of the population, but they are the new and growing India. The vast per cent of the population that lives besides this new India are the poor and the very poor. But while the cities are huge – Mumbai is over 12 million – less than 30% of the population lives in urban center. Seventy per cent live in small rule villages. Many of these villages’ only water supply is a well, they have no electricity, and they are on unmaintained dirt roads with little if any contact with the outside world. This is another universe from the urban woman in part A. Life is controlled by custom and tradition. One of the governing factors is that women are looked at as second class citizen at best. They are a burden to the birth family, and a servant in the husbands’ household. They only gain status when they have a son, they are in disgrace when they give birth to a daughter. The video you are about to see does not represent all of India. But arranged marriages are a strong part of Indian culture. It is a tradition that some Indian families have brought with them to American. I am sure some of you might know of Indian friend that is betrothed to a person they hardly know, if they know them at all. As I have said Indian society is changing for the better.
After viewing this documentary I would like you to write a paragraph or two on your feelings about the documentary. Before you submit this statement reread it, focus your thoughts and ideas.
Then I want you to expand your horizons. Look into arranged and child marriages around the world. Also research one NGO (Non-government organization) that is doing work to educate women and society on the negative aspects of both arranged and child marriages.
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