The Birth of Venus by Sandro Botticelli is an example of pagan subject matter. It was completed during 1485-1486, and painted for the villa of Lorenzo di Pierfrancesco de' Medici. The painting shows the Goddess Venus as the focal point. Her nudity and beauty, as well as the lush depiction of the other figures, show the greater familiarity of the Renaissance with the physical. While Venus stands at the center of the painting, and is balanced by two figures on her right and one figure with trees on her left. While the balance is asymmetrical, these elements provide the painting with a sense of harmony.
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci was born in 1498. This painting demonstrates the harmony of symmetrical balance. The focal point is Christ, with six disciples on each side of him. When compared to Venus, the mood in this painting is significantly somber. Venus depicts the joy of birth, while da Vinci's work focuses on the sorrow of the pain and death in the near future of Christ and his disciples.
St. George and the Dragon by Tintoretto was completed around the years 1555-8, and depicts a mythical Christian theme. In this painting, the central figure is not the focal point. Instead, he is in the background, while the painting is dominated by a fleeing female figure in the foreground and a heavenly figure towards the top of the painting. Like the Venus painting, nature appears to play an important role in the painting, with trees, sky and ocean forming the backdrop of the action.
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Giorgio Vasari, a 16th century painter writes in his Lives of the Artists that the young Leonardo, while still a pupil of Andrea del Virrochio, was so immensely talented that when he painted an angel on his master's painting the Baptism of Christ, it so outshone the rest of the painting that Andrea vowed never to touch color again.
Virgin Mary is shown as a young woman
The paintings took four years (1508-1512) of back-breaking work on the part of the artist to complete and Michelangelo made the painting while lying flat on his back