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Psychopharmacology Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Psychopharmacology College Essay Examples

Title: Robert Downey Jr. Drug Abuse

Total Pages: 4 Words: 1228 Sources: 4 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay

Essay Instructions: Psychopharmacology class: Choose a celebrity ( Robert Downey Jr ) that abused drugs:

a. tell their story
b. what drugs they took, how much, how often, show evidence of knowledge of drugs
c. what the effect was on their body
d. what could have been done differently
e. If you were the celebrity's doctor--advice you would have given
f. what we all should learn from this

Excerpt From Essay:

Title: Paranoid Schizophrenia

Total Pages: 4 Words: 1791 References: 5 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Research Paper

Essay Instructions: APA Format with abstract. Discussion 4-6 pages with footnotes and citations within text, but a specific # wasn't listed. References required are:(3)Peer reviewed data based articles and (2)Peer reviewed articles. Introduction of topic. Background and significance of problem to include affect of alteration on individual, family, and community. Social and cultural considerations. Trends in management: Historical and current. Evidence based nursing practice information to include: Assessment/Diagnosis, Expected outcomes, Interventions: Therapeutic Relationships, Psychopharmacology, Milieu management, and Evaluation. This is a nursing research paper for my ADN-RN Psychology class.

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Title: Avoidant Personality Disorder

Total Pages: 11 Words: 4280 Works Cited: 0 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay

Essay Instructions: 11 pages, double spaced, well-researched (using books, professional journals such as American Journal of Psychotherapy, reliable internet sites etc...) & referenced APA style (using citations & reference list in APA format). If possible the paper should not be of A+ quality, more like A-. Try to write using normal everyday language & not too much intellectual & over the top jargon (I hope you know what I mean)

An overview/detailed exploration of Avoidant Personality Disorder. Whenever possible, try to include information throughout the paper, that reflects an understanding of the disorder from the part of the client by utilizing the use of videotapes, books, personal accounts etc..

Paper should be set up using the following general guidelines: 1) Intro: what's the importance of examining the disorder as it relates to professional counseling? 2)Exploration of disorder: assessment, diagnosis, signs, symptoms, relevant resarch related to etiology, course etc. 3)Research related to effective treatment. 4)Future directions: research might be needed and cutting edge ideas.

In addition to your research references use: DSM IV, Essential Psychopathology & Its Treatment 2nd edt. by Jerrold S.Maxmen & Nicholas G. Ward ISBN#0-393-70173-5 , Instant Psychopharmacology 2nd edition by Ronal J Diamond ISBN # 0-393-70367-3

Excerpt From Essay:

Title: Biological Psychology Is marijuana a dangerous drug

Total Pages: 4 Words: 1006 Bibliography: 10 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper

Essay Instructions: The assignment is divided into two parts. (Each of which is 600-800 words) Basically 1200-1600 words total for both.

Part 1: Encompasses 3 activities, with a combined word count of 600-800 words

Characteristics of Scholarly Writing

Format: Short Answer

Word Count: 600-800 words in total (for the three activities)

Bloom’s Taxonomy and Constructing an Essay Plan
In the 1950's Bloom and colleagues, who were educational psychologists, developed a way to categorise the degree of abstraction required of people when answering questions. Within this cognitive domain, Bloom developed six categories ranging from 'knowledge' to 'evaluation'. Importantly, in Bloom’s proposed taxonomy, each category builds upon previous categories such that more is required of a person asked to 'evaluate' evidence than when they are simply asked to 'describe' the evidence. At university we most often expect you to evaluate (or critique) evidence. Therefore, it is necessary for you to know: 1) what is expected of you intellectually when you are asked to 'evaluate' the evidence; and 2) how to improve your essay writing to demonstrate this high level of abstraction. The following two activities are designed to further your understanding of the process. Before attempting them, familiarize yourself with the following article, reproduced in the ‘Readings for Assignment 1’ section of this Assignment Guide:

Granello, D. H. (2001). Promoting cognitive complexity in graduate written work: Using Bloom's taxonomy as a pedagogical tool to improve literature reviews. Counsellor Education and Supervision, 40, 292-307.

Activity 1
In Assignment 2 (Section A) you will be asked to write an essay on one of three possible topics. For the current activity, choose one of those essay topics.

Essay Topic:

Biological Psychology
Is marijuana a dangerous drug?
In your essay you may wish to consider:
• The molecular events through which marijuana acts
• Changes to the brain and behaviour as a result of marijuana use
• Medicinal uses of marijuana

Having chosen an essay topic, use the information in Granello (2001) to outline how you will go about the writing process to produce an essay that is consistent with Bloom's 'evaluation' category. The focus of your response should be on the general principles of essay construction at the evaluation level (i.e., summarising the information in Granello, 2001). However, you will get the most out of this activity by using your chosen essay topic to provide specific examples of how you will apply the general principles discussed in your own essay. You do not need an extensive knowledge of your chosen topic to do this.

Activity 2
Construct a brief essay plan for your chosen topic, which demonstrates the evaluative essay principles you discussed in response to Activity 1. The plan can be dot pointed (in fact this is encouraged) and should fit easily onto a single A4 page.

Distinguishing Between Scholarly and Nonscholarly Writing ??" Note: I don’t mind which pair is chosen.

When researching an essay question it is important to read widely, but to reference only scholarly publications. To help you determine what makes writing scholarly we have prepared four pairs of articles for you:

First pair
(a) Too sexy for the job ??" at the top, that is.
(b) Perceptions of power: First impressions of a woman wearing a jacket.

Second pair
(a) Ladies who lotto: The ranks of female gamblers are growing.
(b) Not the same: A comparison of female and male clients seeking treatment from problem gambling counselling services.

Third pair
(a) The attractiveness factor
(b) Attitudes and perceptions of workers to sexual harassment.

Fourth pair
(a) Beware beer goggles.
(b) Effects of alcohol on person perception: A social cognitive neuroscience approach.
(Note: All of these articles will be uploaded)

Each pair above consists of an article from a daily newspaper or magazine (an example of non-scholarly writing) and a corresponding article from a peer-reviewed journal (an example of scholarly writing). The term ‘peer-reviewed’ refers to the fact that these articles go through a rigorous screening process before being accepted for publication. The process involves a review of the article by two or more independent (and anonymous) researchers, qualified in the area, who provide feedback on the quality of the experiments and theoretical propositions discussed within. An article will only be published in a peer-reviewed journal if it receives a favourable assessment from the reviewers. Therefore, an article will often need to be revised on the basis of the reviewer feedback before being acceptable for publication. This maximises the accuracy of the information provided.

Activity 3

Choose one of the article pairs listed above then compare and contrast the two pieces of writing for:
1. Purpose
2. Intended audience
3. Structure
4. Depth of knowledge
5. Accuracy of information presented
6. The use of citations/references
7. The ability to present alternative perspectives
Having completed this activity you should be aware of what constitutes scholarly writing when you go to choose readings for your essay (Assignment 2).

Part 2: Application of Learning Theory

Format: Short answer

Word Count: 600-800 words

The first two sections of Assignment 1 introduced you to principles of ‘information communication’. This section of the assignment addresses another skill that is just as important: applying the accumulated knowledge to a practical ‘real world’ situation. Below you will find two scenarios, whereby the fundamental learning theories of classical or operant conditioning can be applied. Choose ONE of the scenarios to write up as directed. Note: I don't mind which.

Scenario 1

A colleague from New York once described the problems they had trying to rehabilitate users of ‘crack’ (a derivative of cocaine). Users were taken from the South Bronx area, a highly urbanised and poor location, to the surrounding countryside for rehabilitation. The users were largely able to stop using crack and to maintain their abstinence while in the countryside environment. However, once the bus transporting them away from the rehabilitation centre crossed the Hudson River and neared home, many of the ex-users reported extreme cravings and most relapsed within 48 hours. Provide a classical conditioning explanation for why a stay in the countryside permitted abstinence and why the mere sight of familiar surroundings prompted drug cravings and relapses in these individuals. In your answer you may also like to discuss the link between this phenomenon and other observations such as drug tolerance and overdose. Note: To answer this question it would be helpful to have a basic knowledge of classical conditioning, which you can obtain from the Learning section of the Unit Study Guide plus the associated reading. The question also requires you to think beyond this initial information. The following reference has been included in the ‘Readings for Assignment 1’ to help extend your understanding in this area.

Siegel, S., & Ramos, B.M.C. (2002). Applying laboratory research: Drug anticipation and the treatment of drug addiction. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 10, 162-183.

Scenario 2

Sometimes inappropriate behaviour can be acquired through behavioural condition. Discuss how a child’s tantrums might be learnt through operant conditioning. How could operant principles be used to bring about more appropriate behaviour? What other behaviours can be modified through operant conditioning and how? Discuss principles of reinforcement and punishment in your response.

I have extensive pdf's for everything so the independent research required is minimal.

There are faxes for this order.

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