Appleby, Julie. (2011, Jan. 10). Effort To Reward Medicare Advantage Plans Draws Criticism. Kaiser Health News. Retrieved from http://www.kaiserhealthnews.org/Stories/2011/January/10/Medpac-on-Medicare-Advantage-bonuses.aspx
"Side Effects: Obamacare Could Punish Docs for Better Quality Care." (2010, July 16). The Heritage Foundation. Retrieved from http://fixhealthcarepolicy.com/health-care-news/side-effects-obamacare-could-punish-docs-for-better-quality-care/
Gold, Jenny. (2011, Jam. 18). "Accountable Care Organizations, Explained." NPR. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/2011/04/01/132937232/accountable-care-organizations-explained
"Health Care Reform: Annual Fee on Prescription Drug Manufacturers and Excise Tax on Medical Devise Manufacturers." (2010, Apr.). Covington & Burling LLP Retrieved from http://www.cov.com
"PPACA: A Closer Look" (2010). Hart Health Strategies. Retrieved from http://www.primaryimmune.org/advocacy_center/pdfs/health_care_reform/
Allison, Graham. "The Cuban Missile Crisis at 50." Foreign Affairs, 91.4 (2012): 11-16.
Baker, Peter, and Bilefsky, Dan. "Russia and U.S. Sign Nuclear Arms Reduction Pact."
The New York Times. Retrieved October 13, 2012, from http://www.nytimes.com 2010.
Baker, Peter. "Romney and Obama Strain to Show Gap on Foreign Policy." The New York
Times. Retrieved October 14, 2012, from http://www.nytimes.com. 2012.
Beauchamp, Zack, and Gharib, Ali. "Quite Far To The Right': Meet Mitt Romney's Foreign
Policy Team." Think Progress. Retrieved October 15, 2012, from http://thinkprogress.org.
Crowley, Michael. "Romney's Not-So-'Major' Foreign Policy Address Casts Obama as Weak."
Time. Retrieved October 14, 2012, from http://swampland.time.com. 2012.
Dueck, Colin. "The Accommodator: Obama's Foreign Policy." Policy Review, Issue 169
Ignatius, David. "David Ignatius: What Romney got right and wrong in foreign policy speech."
Billings Gazette. Retrieved October 14, 2012, from http://billingsgazette.com.
Kline, Joe. "Romney on Foreign Policy." Time. Retrieved October 14, 2012, from http://swampland.time.com. 2012.
Quinn, Adam. "The art of declining politely: Obama's prudent presidency and the waning of American power." International Affairs, 87.4 (2011): 803-824.
Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. "Political Realism in International Relations." Retrieved
October 13, 2012, from http://plato.stanford.edu.
The White House. "Foreign Policy / Guiding Principles." Retrieved October 15, 2012, from http://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/foreign-policy.
Abrams, M. et al. How the Affordable Care Act will Strengthen Primary Care and Benefit Patients, Providers, and Payers. The Commonwealth Fund, 2011.
Chaikind, H. et al. Private Health Care Provisions of HR 3962. Congressional Research Service, 2009.
Chaikind, H. et al. Private Health Insurance Provisions in PPACA (P.L. 111-148). Congressional Research Service, 2010.
Gruber, J. And I. Perry. Will the Affordable Care Act Make Health Insurance Affordable? The Commonwealth Fund, 2011.
Robertson, R. And S.R. Collins. Women at Risk: Why Increasing Numbers of Women are Failing to Get the Health Care they Need and how the Affordable Care Act Will Help. The Commonwealth Fund, 2011.
The Affordable Care Act is looking for to close the Donut Crack within the prescribed strategy. Deep within the act in Title III, Improving the Quality and Effectiveness of Healthcare is where you can discover the Medicare Component D. modifications. The United States Division of Health and Human services carried out an analysis that reveals over the next 10 years an individual signed up in Medicare can conserve near to $3,500 on medicine expenses (Targeted News Services, 2011). "Without the Affordable Care Act, lots of senior citizens and individuals with impairments would pay two times as much for their prescribed medicines in the Donut Crack" (Targeted News Services, 2011, p. 1). The brand-new law will minimize the Donut Crack which will lower expense responsibility. "The accurate schedule of reduced out-of-wallet expenses hinges on whether the prescribed medicines possess trademark or band name or whether they are generic" (Kaplan, 2011, p. 25). Enhancing the accessibility of generics will yield considerable cost savings. The Donut Crack will not entirely close however a 25% gap is left for the enrollee.
To be able to obtain to this 25% space, closing portions of the space will be phased in over a 10-year duration. "For generic medicines, expenses lower by just 7% in 2011, and the enrollee carries on to pay most of the appropriate expenses till the year 2018" (Kaplan, 2011, p. 25). Up until the end of the stage in duration, common medicines will cost even more than branded ones. Reason being, the government desires both common and brand minimized up until both equal 25%. "The enrollee's portion responsibility for branded medicines is lesser than the similar portion for generic medicines till they both reach the 25% level in 2020" (Kaplan, 2011, p. 25).