Franz and White (1985) argue that while Erikson's stages are generally sound, they could be made stronger by a discussion of the underlying process of interpersonal attachment. They argue that the tension of intimacy vs. isolation do not adequately account for how males and females form interpersonal attachments.
The writers are clear, however, that these shortcomings do not invalidate Erikson's theory.
Instead, they are looking for ways in which his theory could be made stronger and more nuanced.
In conclusion, Erikson's models remain quite relevant, as can be seen in the illustrations of these stages and in the body of research that his work has spawned. Erikson is among the first theorists who theorized continued psychosocial development past adolescence. For this reason alone, Erikson's work will continue to occupy an important space in Western psychology.
Asbury K, Dunn JF, Pike A, Plomin R. 2003. "Nonshared environmental influences on...
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