Science may not be able to absolutely determine laws of human social development for all groups. In fact, a large majority of studies focus on a white, middle class population sample and therefore cannot be generalized to the entire population. Science is in itself a social construction, reflecting the biases, values, and beliefs of its practitioners. Because of its role in our society, science also perpetuates existing social hierarchies and power structures.

Postmodern theorists have responded with two suggestions for change. First, educators should include ideas and concepts from multiple disciplines to ensure an expansive set of knowledge and to validate multiple forms of human experience. Second, educators should discuss childhood development in context and with references to social and cultural realities.

Because childhood developmental theories continue to predominate, researchers lack consensus regarding developmentally appropriate practices. Incorporating postmodern theories in early childhood education training can held future educators and current...
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