Social Cognitive Theory


Major Components and Theorists

This theory is a concept or view, which focuses on learning by observing others (Hurst, 2014). It has three major components or assumptions. The first is that learners can obtain new knowledge or learn new behaviors by observing a model. A model is someone who shows a certain behavior or transmits knowledge to another or others. The second assumption or component is that leaning is an inner process, which can result in a behavior or not result in it. The new learning may be processed but not occur until another time. The third is the acquisition of goal-directed behavior. This assumption states that people fix their own goals and adjust their behavior according to these goals. Motivation leads them to fulfill these goals. The next assumption is the eventual self-regulation of the learned behavior by observing models,...
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