Assessment, however, has proven far easier than implementation.

A large part of the problem in implementing security measures has been the conflicts and simple lack of organization that exist between the many different interests and operators involved in any given port. In the near-decade since the passage of the Homeland Security Act, port control for many ports has become more standardized both federally and internationally (Beisecker 2006). Perhaps this is the most prominent effect of the Homeland Security Act of 2002 on port security: it has established a codified system for assessing and implementing standardized security awareness and features.


Beisecker, R. (2006). "DP world and U.S. port security." Monterey institute of international studies. Accessed 22 February 2010.

HAS. (2002). homeland security act of 2002. Accessed 22 February 2010.

Hecker, J. (2002). "Port security: Nation faces formidable challenges in making new initiatives successful." General accounting office. Accessed 22...
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