A lack of good relationships with staff can also result in a high risk factor for abuse from caregivers at these facilities.

According to Woolf (1998), other factors that can contribute to the abuse of elderly persons, either in care facilities or in the home environment include external stress and intra-individual dynamics or personal problems. In terms of the former, a family members financial problems, job stress, or other issues may impact upon their ability to properly care for their elders in need. In terms of intra-individual dynamics, caregiving professionals could be the victims of their own circumstances, which may put them at risk of becoming abusive towards elders. The NCEA (2005) cites alcoholism, drug addiction, or emotional disorders as high-risk factors in this regard.


According to the NCEA (2005), elder abuse in nursing homes can manifest itself in various ways, of which physical abuse...
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