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Cruse's book was published in 1967 and is blend of cultural history and the analysis of the relationship between African-Americans and society. He looks at black intellectual life beginning in the Harlem Renaissance all the way through the 1960s. He discusses the legacy of the likes of Paul Robeson, James Baldwin and Richard Wright among others.
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Grinnell begins his article stating that while Richard Wright might not have said that specter is haunting Communism in the U.S., his novel Native Son is strangely like a ghost, "fictionally visiting and revisiting a particular history of the Party's attempts to understand race in terms functionally equivalent to those of class." "Exchanging Ghosts" examines Wright's life as he was once a part of the Communist Party and asserts that communism marks for Wright a future that cannot be known and cannot be exchanged, except as the possibility of change.
Marx, Karl. & Engels, Frederick. Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
and the Communist Manifesto (Great Books in Philosophy). Prometheus Books,
Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844 serves as the foundation for Marx's indictment of capitalism. Marx offers his theory of human nature as well as an analysis of emerging capitalism's degenerative impact on man's sense of self and his creative potential. Is begs the question, 'what is man's true nature?'
Rampersad, Arnold. "Introduction" in Wright, Richard. Native Son (Bloom's Modern
Critical Interpretations). Chelsea House Publications, 2008.
Rampersad's introduction to Wright's Native Son discusses the book and how it was meant as a wake-up call for Americans to come out of their "self-induced slumber about the reality of race nations in America." He contemplates Wright's belief that Americans were afraid -- whether white or black -- to face the consequences of slavery openly. He states that for black, the centuries of abuse and exploitation created ways of life that were self-deceptive, as well as more lethal.
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Kalayjian, Patricia Larson. "Revisioning America's (Literary) Past: Sedgwick's Hope Leslie." NWSA Journal 8.3 (1996): 63-78.
Pazicky, Diana Loercher. Cultural Orphans in America. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 1998.
Richards, Ellen Swallow. "S." Notable Women in American History A Guide to Recommended Biographies and Autobiographies. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1999. 323-360.
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Sedgwick, Catharine Maria. "Hope Leslie, Volume 1 and 2." Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia Library. 2004. 14 Dec. 2004.
Vasquez, Mark G. "Your Sister Cannot Speak to You and Understand You as I Do': Native American Culture and Female Subjectivity in Lydia Maria Child and Catharine Maria Sedgwick." ATQ (The American Transcendental Quarterly) 15.3 (2001): 173.