Marine Pollution Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Marine Pollution College Essay Examples

Title: Marine Pollution Law

  • Total Pages: 16
  • Words: 5150
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Please would you be so kind as to provide me with a paper answering the question: "Discuss critically the approach of international law to civil liability and compensation for pollution from ships".

In this regard the following sources are to be used (amongst others):
RR Churchill and AV Lowe "The Law of the Sea" 3rd edition, 1999 (pp 358-363);
PW Birnie and AE Boyle "International Law and the Environment" 2nd edition 2002 (pp 382-390);
P Sands "Priciples of International Environmental Law" 2nd edition 2003 (pp 912-923);
M Gorannson: Liability for damage to the marine environment, in A Boyle and D Freestone (eds) "International Law and Sustainable Developement" Chapter 15;
M Jacobsson and N Trotz, The definition of pollution damage in the 1984 Protocols to the 1969 Civil Liability Convenion and the 1971 Fund Convention (1986) 17 Journal of Maritime Law and Commerce 467-491;
G Little, The Hazardous and Noxious Subsrtances Convention: a new horizon in the regulation of marine pollution (1998) Lloyd's Maritime and Commercial Law Quarterly 554-567;
M Mason, Civil liability for oil pollution damage: examining the scope for environmental compensation in the international regime (2003) 27 Marine Policy 1-12;
P Wetterstein, Trends in maritime environmental empairment liability (1994) Lloyd's Maritime and Commercial Law Quarterly 230-247;
International Oil Pollution Compensation Fund Web-Site:

The abovementioned sources are all internationally used and familiar, but if any materials are required, I could also forward them.

Please use a footnote referencing system.

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1. The International Regime On Liability And Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage: Recent Developments" by Jose Maura Barandiaran

2. "Global Marine Pollution International Gateway "

3. "The Law of the Sea" by RR Churchill and AV Lowe 1999 3rd edition

4. Unesco: Laws For The Ocean"

Global Marine Pollution International Gateway"

The Law of the Sea" by RR Churchill and AV Lowe, 1999 3rd edition

The International Regime On Liability And Compensation For Oil Pollution Damage: Recent Developments" by Jose Maura Barandiaran

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Title: ocean pollution

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2459
  • References:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: The topic of my research paper is marine pollution
i would like to explain a little about what contributes to pollution of the oceans.(people,ships,companies) the effects pollution has on marine wildlife, the effects it has on beaches, the hazards it has on people. What will happen to our oceans and beaches if things don't change. Organizations that help our oceans and beahes

It needs to be in APA citation style

It needs to have a clearly defined thesis statment that outlines information that follows the body of the paper

a prpoerly fromatted Works Cited page

it needs to be paginated

only 2 e sources

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1. Boukhari, Sophie. 20,000 Worlds Under the Sea: Ocean Pollution. UNESCO Courier: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, 1998

2. Earle, Sylvia. Sea Change: a Message of the Oceans. Perspectives on Marine Environmental Quality Today, 1998-Year of the Ocean. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 1995.

3. Glausiusz, Josie. Dead Zones - Pollution Killing Off Ocean Life. Discover, 2000

4. Mulvaney, Kieran. A Sea of Troubles: in the International Year of the Ocean, Are We Reaching the Limits? E: the Environmental Magazine: Earth Action Network, Inc., 1998

5. Scheer, Roddy. Ocean Rescue: Can We Head Off a Marine Cataclysm? E: the Environment Magazine: Earth Action Network, Inc., 2005

6. U.S. Congress. The Oil Pollution Act. Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Trustee Council, 1990

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Title: Marine Bioluminescence

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3296
  • Works Cited:10
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: 1. Global Climate Change and Role of Ocean
2. Marine Bioluminescence
3. Coastal or Marine Pollution
4. Ocean Acidification
(You can use different titles, these are just the subject area).

What is expected?
This is a major research paper.

Due: Dec 1 (last class)

*12 pages 1.5 spacing, 12 point font, Times Roman, figures not counted in pages
*Reference list in appropriate format, published papers
and books, not over 4 web resources, at least 8 total
web sources should be peer-reviewed in journals, not
Wikipedia for example
*Paper to be divided into sections….these are standard
journal article divisions, yours can deviate from these
(Abstract, Introduction/Background Information,
Results/Discussion, Summary/Conclusions)
* Make sure you do not plagiarize! If you quote someone, make sure to use quotation marks. I do not encourage extensive use of quotations.

(make sure to be really in-depth)

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Works Cited:


Bush SL, Robison BH, Caldwell RL. 2009. Behaving in the dark: locomotor, chromatic, postural, and biolu- minescent behaviors of the deep-sea squid Octopoteuthis deletron Young 1972. Biol. Bull. 216:7 -- 22

Carnevale G. 2008. Miniature deep-sea hatchet-sh (Teleostei: Stomiiformes) from the Miocene of Italy. Geol. Mag. 145:73

Fleisher KJ, Case JF. 1995. Cephalopod predation facilitated by dino-agellate luminescence. Biol. Bull. 189:263 -- 71

Fristrup KM, Harbison G. 2002. How do sperm whales catch squids? Mar. Mammal Sci. 18:42 -- 54

Haddock, S.H.D., Moline, M.A. And Case, J.F. 2010. Bioluminescence in the Sea: Annual Review of Marine Science. Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute, Moss Landing, California

Herring PJ. 1985. Tenuous evidence for the luminous mouthed shark. Nature 318:238

Herring PJ. 1987. Systematic distribution of bioluminescence in living organisms. J. Biolum. Chemilum.

Herring PJ. 2000. Species abundance, sexual encounter, and bioluminescent signalling in the deep sea. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 355:1273 -- 76

Herring PJ. 2007. Sex with the lights on? A review of bioluminescent sexual dimorphism in the sea. J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK 87:829 -- 42

Johnsen S, Widder EA, Mobley C. 2004. Propagation and perception of bioluminescence: factors affecting counterillumination as a cryptic strategy. Biol. Bull. 207:1 -- 16

Jones B, Nishiguchi M. 2004. Counterillumination in the Hawaiian bobtail squid, Euprymna scolopes Berry (Mollusca: Cephalopoda). Mar. Biol. 144:1151 -- 55

Kubodera T, Koyama Y, Mori K. 2007. Observations of wild hunting behaviour and bioluminescence of a large deep-sea, eight-armed squid, Taningia danae. Proc. Biol. Sci. 274:1029 -- 34

Latz MI. 1995. Physiological mechanisms in the control of bioluminescent countershading in a midwater shrimp. Mar. Freshwater Behav. Physiol. 26:207 -- 18

Morin JG, Cohen AC. 2010. It's all about sex: bioluminescent courtship displays, morphological variation and sexual selection in two new genera of Caribbean ostracodes. J. Crust. Biol. 30. In press

Pietsch TW. 2009. Oceanic Angler-she's: Extraordinary Diversity in the Deep Sea. Berkeley: Univ. Of Calif. Press. 576 pp.

Rivers TJ, Morin JG. 2009. Plasticity of male mating behaviour in a marine bioluminescent ostracod in both time and space. Animal Behav., doi: 10.1016/j.anbehav.2009.06.020. In press

Taylor MW, Radax R, Steger D, Wagner M. 2007. Sponge-associated microorganisms: evolution, ecology, and biotechnological potential. Microbiol. Mol. Biol. Rev. 71:295

Turner JR, White EM, Collins MA, Partridge JC, Douglas RH. 2009. Vision in lantern-sh (Myctophidae): adaptations for viewing bioluminescence in the deep-sea. Deep Sea Res. I 56:1003 -- 17

Woods W. Jr., Hendrickson H, Mason J, Lewis S. 2007. Energy and predation costs of ?re-y courtship signals. Am. Nat. 170:702 -- 708.

Wagner H, Douglas RH, Frank TM, Roberts NW, Partridge JC. 2009. A novel vertebrate eye using both refractive and reflective optics. Curr. Biol. 19:108 -- 14.

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Title: international law and human trafficking

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3756
  • Bibliography:10
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: The paper i need written is a political science paper,specifically on international law. To make it easier for you, i want you to write about international law and human trafficking, meaning how international law has been applied to human trafficking and whether it has been successful or not. So you must take a position on whether international law has proven effective or ineffective in terms of protecting human rights violations such as human trafficking.This would be your thesis.You can use the following three countries to evaluate the situation:albania, cambodia and russia. If you do not feel comfortable using these countries, feel free to use any other countries that may suit the paper but i want you to stick to three or four countries to make the paper more specific. It shouldn't just be about human trafficking and international law in general, it should be specific, especially using various countries to argue your point. In addition, since it is a research paper, i need you to obviously use at least 10 valid sources or evidence to prove your position. I would also like to include the directions from my syllabus, just in case i haven't explained myself well enough, which is written below:
**Paper assignment: you will pick an actual case, contemporary or historical, to argue one of the following: (1) where the jurisdiction is under international law (e.g. the Somali pirates; IPR piracy); (2) whether international law is violated (e.g., invasion of Iraq, torture of prisoners); (3) how should international law be applied (e.g., a territorial dispute, marine pollution, air hijacking, hostage taking); or (4) whether “might makes right” or power determines if law is applied (e.g., selective prosecution, selective intervention). You can come up with your own thematic question as we proceed with the textbook. A minimum of 10 pages double-spaced and a minimum of 10 credible sources. please feel free to e-mail me if you have any questions.
Also if you would like, you may change the topic if you feel more comfortable discussing another issue as long as it follows the paper assignment directions above.

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CIA. Russia. The World Fact Book: Central Intelligence Agency, 2009. Retrieved on April 23, 2009 from

Gekht, Anna. Shared but Differentiated Responsibility Integration of International

Obligations in Fight against Trafficking in Human Beings. Denver Journal

International Law and Policy: University of Denver, 2008. Retrieved on April

23, 2009 from;col1

Herro, Alan. Human Trafficking. World Watch: World Watch Institute, 2006. Retrieved

on April 23, 2009 from;col1

Human Trafficking (2009). Cambodia. Academy for Educational Development. Retrieved on May 8, 2009 from

Kyodo. U.S. Presses Cambodia on Human Trafficking. Asian Political News: Kyodo

News International, 2007. Retrieved on April 23, 2009 from;col1

- Cambodia Launches National Task Force on Human Trafficking, 2007.

Retrieved on April 23, 2009 from[/articles/mi_mOWDQ/is_2007_April_9/ai_n18792855/?tag=content;col1

-. Cambodia Bars Marriage to Foreigners, Claims Human Trafficking Fear, 2008.

Retrieved on April 23, 2009 from;col1

-. Myanmar to Introduce Anti-Human Trafficking Law in Mid-2005. Asian

Political News: Kyodo News International, Inc., February 14, 2005. Retrieved on May 1, 2009 from;col1

-. U.S. Report Slams China, N Korea on Human Rights, March 13, 2006. Retrieved on May 1, 2009 from;col1

-. Myanmar Sentences Woman to 12 Years in Prison for Human Trafficking, October

30, 2006. Retrieved on May 1, 2009 from;col1

-. Myanmar Enacts Anti-Human Trafficking Law, September 19, 2005. Retrieved

on May 1, 2009 from;col1

Klomegah, Kester Kenn. Russia: Where Migration Means Trafficking. Human Rights

Tribune: Human Rights -- Geneva, 2008. Retrieved on April 23, 2009 from,3051

Potts, Leroy G. Global Trafficking in Human Beings: Assessing the Success of the United Nations. George Washington International Law Review:

George Washington University National Law Center, 2003. Retrieved on May 8,

2009 from;col1

Schuckman, Emily. Anti-trafficking Policies in Asia and the Russian Far East: a Comparative Perspective. Demokratzatsya: Heldref Publications, 2006. Retrieved on May 8, 2009 from;col1

Tully, Andrew F. UN Says Human Trafficking Appears to be Worsening. Radio Free

Europe/Radio Liberty: RFE/RL, Inc., 2009. Retrieved on May 9, 2009 from

UNODC. UNODC Projects in Myanmar. United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,

2007. Retrieved on May 9, 2009 from

Wikipedia. Human Trafficking, 2009. Media Wiki. Retrieved on May 8, 2009 from http://en.wikipedia/wiki/Human_trafficking

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