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Title: Exploring the Philippines

Total Pages: 2 Words: 626 Works Cited: 0 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay

Essay Instructions: Exploring the Philippines
A trip from LAX to , Manila, Puerto Galera, Cebu, Boracay Island, and Bohol Philippines on 3/01/08 to 3/26/08. Staying in 4 stare hotels.

I need some help on planning a trip to the Philippines. I will need airfare to manila from lax and hotel and transplantation to all destinations with the exception being Bohol because I have a friend there that owns some property where I can stay. I will stay there for only 7 days; I don’t want to over stay my welcome. I need some Ideas on what to do and what to see when there. I plain on doing a lot of snorkeling and maybe some scuba diving too if I find a group to do it in. I want to see the sites safely so any guided tours are most welcome. I am a single guy and will be traveling alone however I do know some people over there in the cities I have listed above. I will also need some free time (not scheduled) to take out a few ladies, that my friends want me to meet. So some ideas on where to take a nice young lady for a proper date are also welcome. Right know the dates will be in Bohol and one in Cebu but I would like to know about the other spots too. I am not looking for info on any of the go go bars or anything like that. I want to know of good places to go. I am not in to that kind of seen.

How I plain on using this plain: I am hoping for a plain that gives me all the tools I need to ether book this plain myself or to take it to a few travel agencies and have them match it and see what is my best price. I also want to have a ruff idea of what this trip will cost me so I can start saving accordantly. Thank you

Excerpt From Essay:

Title: Organizational Psychology

Total Pages: 2 Words: 660 Bibliography: 3 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper

Essay Instructions: Propose an environment that is supportive of team functioning and learning and that allows for sustainable innovation and creativity within your selected virtual organization. Be sure to include the rationale for your proposal.

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Excerpt From Essay:

Title: Breach of Faith

Total Pages: 6 Words: 1740 Sources: 7 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay

Essay Instructions: Final Exam

Breach of Faith

Please read and follow the instructions in the Syllabus and below.

On the title page, provide your full name and complete course number.
Repeat in full and respond to all parts of each of the questions you address.
Your replies should be clear, complete, succinct and substantive. All conclusions and statements of fact must be supported by specific citation of sources, including page numbers.
Proofread and edit your statements for organization, coherence, sentence structure, grammar and spelling.
Your completed exam should be submitted in Microsoft Word, Times New Roman 12, single-spaced, with an extra space after headings and between paragraphs.
Your completed exam should total not more than 7 pages, excluding title page, the points I have assigned to be addressed, and bibliography.
UMUC requires the use of an accepted manual of style, as indicated in the syllabus.
Your exam must include the following statement:

"This examination is my own work. Any assistance I received in its preparation is acknowledged within, in accordance with academic practice. For any material, from whatever source, quoted or not, I have cited sources fully and completely and provided footnotes and bibliographical entries. The exam was prepared by me for this class, has not been submitted in whole or significant part to any other class at UMUC or elsewhere, and is not to be used for any other purpose except that I may submit this material to a professional publication, journal, or professional conference. In adding my name following the word 'Signature', I intend that this certification will have the same authority and authenticity as a document executed with my hand-written signature."


Safeguarding personal and confidential information, critically important corporate trade secrets, proprietary, top secret government and national defense information from outside intruders is an increasing challenge, as we have indicated throughout this course, but it is often even more disturbing when misuse of privilege and confidence or betrayal of trust by insiders results in compromise of information, significant financial loss, and even the loss of human life.

Perhaps the most frustrating and potentially disastrous type of security breach is perpetrated by a trusted insider who passes highly sensitive government information to foreign governments often hostile to the U.S. The information passed on may put innocent people in danger and severely compromise the security of our nation.

The case of U.S. Army Private First Class Bradley Manning, accused of passing thousands of logs from the Secret Internet Protocol Router Network SIPRNet on U.S. military maneuvers in Afghanistan to WikiLeaks, which disclosed thousands of the files to the public, comes quickly to mind. But the details of that incident are still not fully known, and, although Manning has been held in prison since last May, neither he nor WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange has come to trial.

In recent years, the following persons, all American citizens and all U.S. Government employees, were convicted or pled guilty:

? Leandro Aragoncillo, an Analyst at the FBI?s Intelligence Technology Center at Fort Monmouth, NJ, was arrested in 2005. Aragoncillo was assigned to the White House on detail as administration chief of security for Vice President Gore and later Vice President Cheney, and received six Good Conduct medals. He was accused of improperly combing the agency?s computer system and downloading or printing more than 100 classified documents on the Philippines, his native country, and passing the information to Manila. In July, 2007, Aragoncillo was sentenced to ten years in prison.

? Aldrich Ames, a CIA counter-intelligence officer, together with his wife, Rosario Ames, who had assisted in his crimes, was arrested by the FBI in Arlington, VA, on espionage charges on February 24, 1994. Ames was a 31-year veteran of the Central Intelligence Agency, who had been spying for the Russians since 1985. For two decades, Ames had passed on classified documents and information that compromised the identities of foreign contacts who had given important information to the U.S. and who were subsequently executed by their government. Ames and his wife pled guilty and, on April 28, 1994, Ames was sentenced to life imprisonment without possibility of parole; his wife was later sentenced to 63 years in prison.

? Ana Belen Montes, a high-ranking analyst with the Defense Intelligence Agency, was arrested in 2001. She was sentenced the following year to 25 years in prison for passing secret information to Cuba over 16 years, including the identities of four U.S. undercover intelligence officers.

? John A. Walker, Jr., a retired U.S. Navy officer, was arrested in 1985 and subsequently convicted of espionage for the Soviet Union. Beginning in 1967 and until his arrest, Walker organized and operated a spy ring with his son and brother and allowed the Soviets to decode more than a million communications.

As you prefer, you may choose any of the above cases for this exam. The case addressed in detail below is well-known and its causes remain as puzzling today as they did when first disclosed a decade ago. Our objective in analyzing this case is to first gain a more complete perspective of what happened and understand how and why it was allowed to happen. We need then to recognize through this incredible story the importance of securing the personal, confidential and sensitive information that resides in our systems and learn from this example what we can do to better secure our nation?s most privileged and closely held information.

If you have not had the opportunity to see the film, ?Breach,? based on the Robert Hanssen case and released several years ago, you may find it helpful. CBS 60 Minutes and CBS News have also reported on this discomfiting story.

On February 18, 2001, Robert Philip Hanssen, an FBI Supervisory Agent, was arrested at Fox Stone Park, near his home in Vienna, VA, where he had gone to drop information for pickup by a Soviet contact. Not five months later, on July 6, 2001, Hanssen pled guilty to fifteen counts of espionage. During 20 years of spying, first for the USSR and then for Russia, Hanssen delivered 26 computer discs and some 6,000 pages of classified information to his contacts. His treason, which has been called the worst intelligence disaster in U.S. history, is reported to have led to the deaths of nine persons working for the U.S. Hanssen received more than $1.4 million in cash and diamonds in return for the information he provided.

The Webster Commission, appointed after Hanssen?s arrest in 2001 by then Attorney General John Ashcroft, has written that every U.S. agency involved with national security, except the U.S. Coast Guard, has been penetrated by foreign agents, going back to the 1930?s. A link to the Webster Commission Report, a fundamental source of information on the Hanssen case, can be found in the webliography.

Robert Hanssen was born in Chicago in 1944. Although physically mistreated by his father, a Chicago police officer, Hanssen seems never to have lost respect for his father, whom he often praised. Hanssen attended Knox College in Illinois, where he met his wife, a devout Catholic, who had great religious influence on him. He practiced his religion assiduously, joining Opus Dei, a rigid, very conservative group of Catholics, and attended Mass daily. Although his wife suffered several miscarriages, they had six children and sent them to Catholic schools.

Ironically, and perhaps holding some clues to his behavior, Hanssen befriended a female stripper in Washington, DC, and displayed a penchant for pornography. His trial psychologist has said that Hanssen suffered guilt feelings because of ?an obsession with pornography?. Hanssen tried unsuccessfully to persuade a friend to have sex with his (Hanssen?s) wife, which Hanssen intended to secretly videotape.

Hanssen?s considerable IT skills eventually enabled him to access privileged information and at the same time conceal his tracks. His skills sufficiently impressed his supervisors to gain their respect and trust, so that activities that might have raised suspicion of another agent did not do so for Hanssen. He first warned his supervisors about security vulnerabilities at the agency and then, to demonstrate his point, hacked into his supervisor?s computer?an effective if rather daring demonstration of his abilities and perhaps a manifestation of frustration over his failure to gain the recognition he thought he deserved.

Hanssen had the freedom to walk unchallenged into FBI offices where he had formerly worked and quite casually use an idle computer to seek out information and identities of secret agents. He was proficient in combing such information from agency files without leaving any tell-tale personal trail of his presence. He did at times let down his guard, sharing his frustrations with others at the agency over what he saw as failure to gain the stature he sought.

Hanssen was not greedy in seeking compensation from the Soviets or Russians and not ostentatiously show off his increased wealth?mistakes that frequently draw attention to a traitor. The payments he received were typically $10,000-$50,000 in cash, but cumulatively over 20 years amounted to some $600,000, and he also received a number of diamonds. But he did not move from his Virginia home and continued to drive the same modest sedan. In 1991, Hanssen?s brother-in-law became suspicious after spotting a substantial amount of cash in an envelope at Hanssen?s home, which he reported to the FBI; there was no apparent follow-up and, in that same year, when the FBI became aware that there was a mole in the agency, Hanssen was chosen as a member of the team to root out the traitor.

After the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Hanssen had no dealings with members of the former Soviet Union for seven years, but re-initiated contact with the Russians in 1999. Following the USSR break-up, the FBI was able to persuade the Russians to disclose information they had received from the U.S. mole, Hanssen, but the agency could only prosecute him successfully if the evidence could be corroborated by U.S. law enforcement. The FBI promoted Hanssen to a newly created role in an office where his activities could be watched more closely and appointed a young man hired not long before to watch him. In spite of his self-proclaimed genius in spotting any undercover activity, and his apparent suspicions at various times of the young man the agency had assigned to investigate him, Hanssen shared with the investigator his level of IT skills, his career frustrations, and even his erotic interests. At times he seemed to consciously want to be discovered. And he was.

In a telephone conversation with a retired senior FBI agent a few years ago, I was told that the agency had changed its procedures little since the Webster Commission offered its recommendations in 2002.

Your Exam:

After carefully reviewing the Hanssen case or another, using your own select sources, the Webster Commission report, and other sources, please respond to each of the questions below. Provide specific citation of sources for your statements.

1. Identify specific vulnerabilities that allowed Robert Hanssen to access highly sensitive personal and secret information, disclosure of which could prove harmful to U.S. security and endanger American lives, to breach FBI security rules and requirements, and pass this sensitive information to the Soviet Union, a government inimical to the U.S. at the time. Cite specific examples to make your point and cite specific sources to support all points.

2. Considering the serious consequences of security breaches at the highest levels of our government, as evidenced in the example of Robert Hanssen and others, what organizational, management, technology and procedural approaches would you employ to prevent any future recurrence of such breaches? Be specific and provide specific citations to support your points.

3. To what extent can personality traits, temperament, family or social history, relationships, associations, habits or practices signal attitudes or behavior contrary to what is needed and required of persons entrusted with government secrets, and what specific actions can and should be taken by organization management and IT management when such attitudes or behaviors are observed? Again, be specific and provide specific citation of sources to support your points.

Your completed exam is due in the assignment folder of the Gradebook by 11:59 pm, Thursday, April 12, 2012.


Trost (2010).Practical Intrusion Analysis:Prevention & Detection for the Twenty-First Century

Caswell, Brian / Beale, Jay / Baker, Andrew . Snort IDs and IPs Toolkit

Excerpt From Essay:

Title: Law and the Legal System

Total Pages: 2 Words: 512 References: 0 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper

Essay Instructions: Answer the following 7 Questions single space:

Week 4:

2. The city of Jacksonville, Florida, sought to increase the percentage of municipal contracts awarded to minority business enterprises (MBEs) and enacted an ordinance containing a 10 percent set aside. Members of the Association of General Contrators brought suit against the city because they thought the set aside program impermissibly favored one race over another. Such a race-based classification system in the awarding of municipal construction contracts, they contended, violated the equal protection clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. The trial court granted summary judgment in favor of the contractor?s association; however, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit vacated the judgment on the grounds that the contractors lacked standing to sue. The appeals court concluded that the contractor?s association had ?not demonstrated that, but for the program, any member would have bid successfully for any of the contractors.? After the U.S. Supreme Court granted the contractor?s association?s petition for a writ of certiorari, the city repealed its MBE ordinance and enacted a second ordinance that was very similar in that it provided for contractual set asides favoring women and black contractors. Is this case moot, inasmuch as the ordinance complained about has been repealed?

Association of General Contractors v. City of Jacksonville, 508 U.S. 656 (1993)

4. Paula Piper was a public defender assigned to defend William Aramy. Prior to William?s trial, Paula told the judges she thought William was crazy. Bail was set and William was placed in a mental institution. Paula failed to tell mental institution was caused by Paula?s negligence, William sued Paula for malpractice. Paula claims that her position as an officer of the court gives her the defense of judicial immunity. Who wins? Why?

7. In 1942, Congress amended the Nationality Act of 1940 to make it easier for noncitizens who had fought in World War II and who had been honorably discharged from the U.S. Armed Services to become Americans citizens. The 1942 act specifically provided that the noncitizen servicemen could complete the naturalization before a designated immigration and naturalization officer and while outside the border of the United States and appear before a U.S. district court judge. In August of 1945, the U.S. Vice Consul in Manila was designated by the Immigration and Naturalization Service to perform this responsibility. The government of the Philippines, concerned that too many of its nationals would take advantage of this law, soon prevailed on the United States to restrict this opportunity. The U.S. Attorney General responded by revoking the Vice Consul?s authority to process citizenship applications from October 1945 until October 1946. Congress also proceeded to limit the window of opportunity to those filing petitions by December 1946. Filipino war veterans brought suit, contending that they were entitled to become citizens under the amended Nationality Act. The INS responded by asserting that the plaintiff?s claims were nonjusticiable because they were political questions. Should the political questions doctrine apply in cases such as this?
8. Judge Stump of a circuit court in Indiana, a court of general jurisdiction, approved a mother?s petition to have her ?somewhat retarded? fifteen-year old daughter sterilized. The judge approved the mother?s petition the same day, without a hearing and without notice to the daughter or appointment of a guardian ad litem. The operation was performed on Linda Sparkman, but she was told that she was having her appendix removed. A few years later, after Sparkman married and discovered that she had been sterilized, she and her husband brought a suit against Judge Stump. Should Judge Stump be immune under the circumstances?

Week 5

2. Richard and Darlene Parker leased an apartment from Sun Ridge Investors for $465 per month. The lease provided that the Parkers would be charged a $20 late fee if the rent was not paid by the third day of the month, and $5 per day for each additional day until the account was paid in full. The Parkers were late in making their February 1995 rental payment, for which the landlord assessed the monthly and per diem late fees. The Parkers made their subsequent monthly rental payments in a timely manner, but the landlord, after informing the Parkers, applied their payments to the amount that was past due. The Parkers refused to pay the $5 per diem fee. Sun Ridge brought suit in state court seeking the rights to forcibly enter and repossess the apartment and $330 in past due rent. The trial court granted judgment to the landlord, and the Parkers unsuccessfully appealed to the intermediate court of appeals. The Parkers appealed to the Supreme Court of Oklahoma. The landlord argued that the per diem fees were additional rent, but the Parkers contended the fees amounted to an unenforceable penalty. Should the Oklahoma Supreme Court affirm or reverse the lower court? Explain your reasoning.

7. Inez Vacarro, who had had two miscarriages, received injections of a hormone to prevent miscarriages throughout the third pregnancy. A child was born with severe birth defects. The child?s deformity was the result of the ingestion of the drug Delalutin, manufactured and sold by Squibb Corporation to prevent miscarriages. In a suit against Squibb, should the father, mother, and/or child be allowed recovery for emotional distress?

8. Flowers, a senior college football player, wanted to play in the Sugar Bowl, which required him to refrain from signing with a professional team. Nevertheless, Flowers entered into a contract with the Giants with the tacit understanding that the contract would be concealed until after the game. The Giants reneged on the understanding when Flowers discussed withdrawing from the contract. In the meantime, Flowers got a better offer from the Los Angeles Chargers and formally tried to cancel the New York agreement. The Giants brought suit for specific performance to force Flowers to play for New York. Should the court order specific performance?

Excerpt From Essay:

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