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Regarding the facets and conditions that typify the "ideal" society in a Western culture, there are a few. Of course, the "ideal" Western culture of the late 19th century would be typified by earlier American (post Civil-War) and Europe at around the same time. There are two conditions and facets that could be seen in either Europe at the time, America at the time or both. First, there was a demand for rule of law and compliance with the government. Indeed, America had just emerged from the Civil War, even if it was still allowing for the disgusting treatment of blacks while the Jim Crow era was going on. Both Europe and American treated women like second-class citizens at the time as the suffrage movements. Indeed, the women's right to vote was not passed as an amendment to the United States Constitution until 1919.
The plight of blacks and women were still commonly bad in both Europe and the United States. Even if the laws supposedly freed and unrestricted their life, they were still both treated like second-class citizens that were expected to not make a lot of noise and fuss despite their being treated like a secondary citizen to the whites males that ruled over them. They spread this ideal through the imperialism (Britain, France and Spain in particular) as well as with the conquering and taking over of new lands in general (America). This was a means of control of not only the blacks and the females but also of the middle and lower class at the time. The social safety nets as we know them today (especially in America) did not exist and this allowed for a greater degree of control that could be exploited and taken advantage of.
Bischoff, H. (2005). At the Edge of Contemplation. Journal of Evolutionary Psychology. 26
Blix, G. (2007). The Prison-House of Revolutionary Memory: The Politics of Oblivion in Michelet, Hugo, and Dumas. French Forum. 32(3): 39+.
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