Essay Instructions: Leadership Project 2
How to carry out the project
You should make sure you are familiar with the overall teaching and learning strategies and
study advice offered in the MBA Programme Handbook before starting work on this project.
When carrying out this project, you should bear the following points in mind:
The project is underpinned throughout by explorations of an academic perspective on
leadership. The first assignment is focused on the critical analysis of a leader who you either
know or who you admire, and the second assignment has a wider organisational research
base to enable you to understand the dynamics of modern leadership, as well as to
understand your own leadership style and preference.
Assignment Two (60%)
The assignment title is as follows:
Analyse some contemporary writings relating to effective leadership in modern business
organisations, or an individual organisation, and critically evaluate different strategies and
approaches to leadership within a modern organisational context. Using your findings and
conclusions as a model or benchmark, evaluate your own leadership style to ensure you can
effect improvements in work performance both at an individual and at a company level.
The purpose of this assignment is to give you the opportunity to critically review some current
papers and writings as well as contemporary themes, on leadership. You will then identify
some relevant issues that will enable you to put forward some ?best practice? models in
contemporary organisations. You will use your findings to benchmark your expertise and
capability and assess some learning goals and needs for yourself to ensure that you achieve
your personal leadership goals ? please do not devote more than 1000/1500 words to this
You will identify key trends in academic and organisational thinking on effective leadership
and then use these insights to derive conclusions about capabilities, In this paper you will,
identify some key leadership issues for organisations in a diverse and complex business
environment. You will find that there are changing interpretations and understandings about
leadership in modern organisations. John Storey (2004) points out that these contrasting
assumptions can be further analysed into differential assumptions about what specifically is
?effective leadership? This analysis will enable you to critically assess your own leadership
development needs and propose a set of short and medium term actions that will improve
your chances of achieving these goals. You may invite your employer to comment on any
aspects of the assignment but there is no obligation for this to happen. The deadline for
submission of this assignment will be at the end of the MBA programme. The learning
outcomes covered focus on 4 and 5 as well as 2 and 3.
Introduction and scene setting ? clear indication of the content of the assignment. Overview
of the topic and clarify terminology. Identify objectives and purpose clearly and set out what
you will achieve (10%)
Review of literature covering relevant past research, studies and articles from relevant books
and journals. Also newspapers. Beware of the internet as there is a mass of inconsequential
and repetitive information here but nevertheless there are some useful websites. Be critical of
the literature and do not just report it (30%)
Use the boundaries and parameters identified relating to leadership theory to explain the
processes relating to effective leadership in a modern organisation or organisations to
understand performance and business growth. Draw on personal experiences, or case
studies where suitable and use this data to justify, develop and analyse reflections sourced in
your literature review (30%)
Use your personal reflections, case studies or other documented evidence relating to
leadership to discuss, evaluate and identify models and theories of best practice relating to
leadership effectiveness. Summarise and conclude this analysis (15%)
From these conceptualisations and conclusions on leadership derive a plan for your own
leadership development. This should identify organisational context, perceived need,
behavioural requirements and development methods to enable you as a leader to achieve
? Assignment Two
? Leadership within organisations
? Not about personal leadership
? Most people fail because they focus on too many theories; focus on individual leadership; choose inappropriate theory; research poorly; ignore the final section.
Study resources for this project
The essential textbook for this project, which you are strongly encouraged to buy, is:
Kouzes and Posner (2003/1995) The Leadership Challenge ? ISBN 07879
In addition there are numerous books and journal articles on leadership from both a
theoretical as well as practical perspective. Recommended journals include Harvard
Business Review for global insights. There are a wide variety of suitable websites where you
can check your leadership style and follow up your own interests
Recommended additional resources
You are also strongly encouraged to access and use the following resources:
? Bennis W (1994) "Visionary Leadership" In , Eds. Warren Bennis, Jagdish Parikh, Ronnie
Lessem (1994) Beyond Leadership Oxford? Blackwell
? Collins J C and Porras J I (1998) Built to Last: successful habits of visionary companies.
2nd Edition London? Random
? Davies P (1998) " The Cassandra Complex: how to avoid generating a corporate vision
that no one buys into" in Eds. Andrew Kakabadse, Frederick Nortier and NelloBernard
Abramovici. Success in Sight: Visioning. Thomson Business Press? London
? Davies P (2002) " Military Strategy" In Eds. Mark Jenkins and Veronique Ambrosini.
Strategic Management: a multiperspective
approach pp 153174.
? Peter Inge (1996) " Field Marshall Sir Peter Inge" In Eds. Stuart Crainier. Leaders on
Leadership pp 4152.
London? Institute of Management
? Kakabadse A and Kakabadse N ( 1999) Essence of Leadership International Thomson ?
? Keegan J (1987) Mask of Command London? Penguin
? Kouzes J M and Posner B Z (2003) The Leadership Challenge San Francisco? JosseyBass
? Leavy Band Wilson D (1994) Strategy and Leadership London? Routledge
? Machiavelli N ( 1962 ) The Prince London? Penguin
? Roberts A (2003) Hitler and Churchill: secrets of leadership London? Weidenfield and
? Slim W (1956 ) Defeat into Victory London? Cassell and Co. Ltd
? Sonsino S (2002) "Leadership perspective." In Eds. Mark Jenkins and Veronique
Ambrosini. Strategic Management: a multiperspective
approach pp 222249.
? Storey J (Ed) (2004) Leadership in Organisations ? Current Issues and Trends, Routledge
Sun Tzu (1981) The Art of War London? Hodder and Stoughton
? Uyterhoven H E R, Ackeraman R W and JRosenblum J W (1973) Strategy and Texts in
General Management Homewood Ill.? Richard D. Irwin
Recommended journals and other periodicals
There are a number of journals and other periodicals which you should browse and delve into
whenever you have an opportunity. Please note that many of these may be available
University and its website.
Recommended journals include Harvard Business Review for global insights. It is important to
read the quality newspapers as there are often articles relating to leadership here ? the Business sections, particularly at weekends are good. Also the Economist has excellent
articles which would be relevant, not just for this unit but for your studies generally.
Recommended websites and online content
The following websites and online resources also contain much that will help you as you carry
out your project:
Excerpt From Essay:
Essay Instructions: ***LEADERSHIP APPLICATIONS IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE***
Self-Assessment Report /Leadership Skill-Building Exercises (Part 4 of Leadership Portfolio Project)
Continue organizing your Course Project (Leadership Self-Reflection Portfolio) by completing Leadership Skill-Building Exercises 7-5 and 8-4.
Submit a written report (not to exceed 1,000 words) that covers both of the portfolio building leadership skill-building exercises. The report should also incorporate your findings and conclusions from the self-assessment quizzes in this module, and from personal reflection. You will use the "Leadership Portfolio Project Outline" in Doc Sharing to structure your final project paper.
Excerpt From Essay:
Total Pages: 6 Words: 1757 References: 7 Citation Style: APA Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: LEADERSHIP & ORGANISATIONS
COURSEWORK ASSIGNMENT TUTORIAL
Leadership & Organisations
Case Study: ?Bill Gates and Steve Jobs?
Using relevant leadership, management and organisational theory covered in the module, compare and contrast and critically discuss the leadership styles of Bill Gates and Steve Jobs. Consider the impact their respective styles and behaviour had on the organisation and their employees and, conversely, how organisational factors may have influenced their leadership.
Word Count: 1500
I would like (Grade) High 2:1 / 70-85%
? The Assignment is 1500 words (+/- 10%). Word count should be entered on front cover. (Excludes ?References? and ?Appendices?)
? Contents page or Abstract is not required.
? The Assignment is in the form of an Essay:
(Read the ASU?s Guide on Essay Writing).
Some points to note are?????????..
? Write a flowing coherent essay. Use of Headings and Sub-headings is permitted.
? Introduction: (8-10% of word count) Define key words in the title. Briefly outline any problems that the terms might suggest. Give background information on the topic, setting the scene & context.
? Main Body: findings, synthesis & analysis. Each paragraph should only address one topic or issue. Two paragraphs can state one issue BUT not two issues in one paragraph: you will overload the reader with information. To write clear sentences remember KISS ? Keep It Short and Simple.
o Paragraphs contain PEEEL. Each has a main Point. This topic sentence is best at the beginning of the paragraph so the reader is clear what that paragraph is about. The rest of the paragraph is used to say more about that topic. It will contain Evidence of the main point, an Explanation/Examination, some Examples and it will Link to the previous / next paragraph and/or the title.
o A quotation alone does not make a paragraph as it must include your comments.
o Use signposting to guide your reader through your essay, indicating the sequence of your discussion/ analysis/evaluation, etc. Each section should be in the order indicated in the Introduction.
? Conclusions: (8-10% of word count). Do not introduce new material/arguments. Summarise the key points from the main body. Suggest implications or areas worthy of further consideration.
? Referencing: Use Harvard Referencing; list sources alphabetically by the author?s surname. Do not number, bullet point or divide sources by type, i.e. journals, websites, etc. (see ASU Guide to Harvard Referencing).
? Up to 5 appendices are permitted.
? Each Appendix must be numbered 1 to 5 and relate to a specific point in the essay. If two or more items refer to a particular point, such as comparing two or more theoretical models or charts, then these can be numbered (a), (b), etc. ? such as 2(a), 2(b)?.
? Do not repeat models or theory that are contained in your Lecture slides. This section is only for NEW material that explains, amplifies or supports your points.
? Degree of academic rigour
? Against Learning Outcomes (see below)
? Critical discussion/analysis (see Pg.6)
? Breadth and depth of literature and linking theory to practice
? Original thought and writing
? Presentation and well structured
? Alignment to the question set
? Harvard referencing
Knowledge and Understanding of
- the origins and contemporary applications of management and leadership theory;
- management and leadership practice;
- the impact of organisations on individual and leader behaviour.
Skills and Attributes
- assess different approaches to leadership and management;
- discuss factors which influence the behaviour of individuals and leadership practice in organisations;
- evaluate the effectiveness of particular organisational leadership styles.
Case Study Specifics
? Use Leadership theories to identify the two leaders? respective approaches to leading and managing (See the first two topics on Leadership - draw from the approaches discussed there and accompanying models, or from any wider reading you?ve done);
? Draw from definitions of leadership, management, behaviour;
? Effect on morale and motivation (see topic on ?Leadership & Motivation?);
? Impact on, and by, organisational culture ? internally; externally e.g. towards customers, ???.. (see topic on ?Organisational Culture?);
? Impact of external factors on behaviour/style (see topic on ?Organisational Management?, specifically the ?Systems Approach?);
? Update discussion to reflect current position in both organisations (such as effect of current economic conditions, legislation, competition ? but without going into too much detail on these factors as this is not a Business assignment, only insofar as they impact on leadership/management behaviour);
? Whilst figures may be quoted in support of your points, detailed market statistics and financials such as balance sheets or P&L accounts are not required.
? Remember, there is no right or wrong answer. Any conclusion is valid provided it is founded on reasoned discussion or argument;
? Interviews with employees of the two organisations are NOT permitted, even if they are family or friends. This is primary research for which Ethics approval will be needed.
? Comments on companies? forums/customer reviews are not recognised sources because they cannot be authenticated. However, if there is a theme emerging that further proves or disproves a point that you have already discussed, then that theme can be used to further supplement your academic findings.
? Critical discussion ? what are the positive and negative aspects of the above, or advantages/disadvantages, argue, challenge, reach conclusions on the basis of your discussion or argument.
Note: Only under such discussions will you be permitted to use the first person ?I?. However, phrases like ?I feel? or ?I think? or ?I believe? should not be used as they imply opinion without a reasoned argument. On the other hand, e.g. ?On the basis on these discussions (or argument), I can conclude/infer that???.?. The third person can also be used if you are more comfortable with this, e.g. ?On the basis on these discussions (or argument), it can be concluded/inferred (or it is reasonable to conclude/infer), that???.?;
? Do not waste your Word Count by reproducing definitions that we have visited in the lectures. Just referring to them will suffice, such as:
?Whilst Herzberg?s (1959) Motivators appear to have universal acceptance, the culture within the organisation favours recognition from a money-driven perspective which fits more with the Scientific principles of Taylor (1911) and derived partly from the Authority-Obedience behaviour of its leadership and management as depicted by the Blake & McCanse (1991) Leadership model?.
However, definitions/theoretical models not covered in the lectures must be given and referenced.
? Journals are a valuable source of information. Try different ?key words? for your search as they appear in, or relate to, the question asked. Use the Journals Access site on Studynet and remember to tick the Athens box.
Excerpt From Essay:
Total Pages: 3 Words: 918 Works Cited: 4 Citation Style: MLA Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Leadership Theories and Approaches- Business class
PLEASE USE RESPIRATORY THERAPIST AS MY POSITION AND A HOSPITAL AS MY ORGANIZATION. CONTACT ME ASAP WITH ANY QUESTIONS. MY SUPERVISOR IS THE DIRECTOR OF THE RESPIRATORY DEPARTMENT. YOU CAN USE ANY SUPERVISOR IN A HOSPITAL POSITION IF YOU FIND DIFFICULTY RESP. THERAPY.
Excerpt From Essay:
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