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Labor unions were created by workers as a means of protecting themselves from big labor and to secure better wages, working conditions and hours.
Reasons for Decline of Labor Unions include:
a. Employer attitudes toward organization of workers.
b. Unemployment tends to bring about a serious drain on union membership and finances.
c. Prevailing anti-union opinion climate of a particular state.
d. Job Restructuring.
e. High Inflation Rates.
f. High Unemployment Rates.
Right-to-work laws tend to constrain union bargaining power and growth.
All right-to-work laws outlaw union shop agreements (these are clauses in collective bargaining agreements that require employees to join the union that represents them).
About half of the states also outlaw agency shop agreements (these are clauses in collective bargaining agreements that require nonmembers to pay a fee to the union to cover the cost of representation).
Advocates of right-to-work legislation maintain that the payment of dues to a labor organization by workers should not obligatory if they do not support that organization.
Critics of right-to-work laws hold that because union contracts and grievance arbitration systems cover all employees, members and nonmembers, right-to-work laws encourage "free-riding."
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