Labeling Theory Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Labeling Theory College Essay Examples

Title: Choose essays options Please write essay MINIMUM 1 000's equivalent 4 pages 12 pt font double spaced I gauge Thus essay specific detailed explicit respect analyze concepts perspectives based knowledge gained

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1119
  • Sources:3
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Choose one out of the three essays options below. Please write an essay, MINIMUM 1,000 (that's equivalent to 4 pages in 12 pt. font, double-spaced).

I want to be able to gauge whether or not you "get it." Thus, your essay should be specific, detailed and explicit with respect to how you analyze the concepts and perspectives based on the knowledge you have gained so far.

Please remember to CITE YOUR SOURCES OF INFORMATION. Not just in the reference section of your paper, but WITHIN the paper as well. If you state a fact, you must cite where you got that fact from!

Also remember to PROOFREAD your work! Misspellings and grammatical errors can disrupt the flow of your writing so please be check your work before submitting it.

One last note: this paper is relatively SHORT. Mininum 1,000 words is NOT a lot(yes, it can be longer). If you work on your paper thoughtfully and do what is requested, you will have no trouble fulfilling that minimum word requirement. However, if your paper does not fulfill the minimum word requirement, I will DEDUCT points. For every 200 words your grade will go down one half letter.

Please contact me with any questions.

Good luck! I look forward to reading what I KNOW will be excellent work from you all!

I. Explain the role of anomie in one criminological theory learned this semester. (Note: to do this, you will have to explain what anomie is, then explain how it relates to the theory.)

II. Your neighbor, Homer Simpson, is arrested for killing his friend Barney Gumble and robbing Moe?s Tavern. You subsequently find out from Chief Wiggum that the previous evening Homer?s wife, Marge, left him for his co-worker Lenny. In addition, Homer?s boss, Mr. Burns, informs you that he fired Homer the week before. Choose a theory that might explain Homer?s criminal actions.

III. Explain labeling theory.

I choose #3 but if you feel one of the other options is better then you can choose what's easiest for you.

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Works Cited:

Lilly, J. Robert. Criminological Theory: Context and Consequences. Thousand Oaks, CA:

SAGE. 2011. Print.

Siegel, Larry J. Criminology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Cengage. 11th ed. 2012. Print.

Townsend, Kerry. "Frank Tannenbaum: 'Dramatization of Evil.'" Web. 2012.

Wellford, Charles. "Labeling Theory and Criminology: an Assessment." Social Problems. 22:3.

1975. 332-345. Print.

Wellford, Charles F. And Ruth A. Triplett. "The Future of Labeling Theory: Foundations and Promises." Web. 2012.

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Title: Labeling Theory of Deviance

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1212
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: This is a formal academic papers in which you discuss various definitions and/or theoretical treatments of a major concept, Labeling Theory of Deviance. Consider the implications of these treatments for using the concept to understand some more concrete, specific phenomenon. Use theoretical examples,then analyze how the definitions used by researchers matters for their work. You must use professional, peer-reviewed, research literature to support your statement. You want to use 2 ? 3 definitions and at least 2 ? 3 journal articles. Word length will be provided at the end of the text. Direct quotations should be limited to appropriate use. For citations and references (?literature cited? list) you should APA.

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References List

Gottfredson, M.R. & Hirschi, T. (1990). A General Theory of Crime. Stanford, California:

Macionis, J.J. & Gerber, L.M. (2011). Sociology. Toronto: Pearson Canada.

Paternoster, R. (1987). The Deterrent Effect (If the Perceived Certainty and Severity Of

Punishment: A Review of the Evidence and Issues. Justice Quarterly 4, 173-218.

Wright, E.R., Gronfein, W.P., & Owens, T.J. (2000). Deinstitutionalization, Social Rejection, the Self-Esteem of Former Mental Patients. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 41, 68-90.

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Title: Labeling theorists adamant labels offenders criminal justice system Labels felons deepening behavior meant halt stereotypes incite individual recover a prison term The labeling theory argues criminal justice system limited capacity restrain unlawful conduct a major factor anchoring people criminal careers

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1603
  • Works Cited:5
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Labeling theorists are adamant about the labels that offenders are given throughout the criminal justice system. Labels, such as ex-felons, are deepening the very behavior that they are meant to halt because of stereotypes that incite an individual trying to recover after a prison term. The labeling theory argues that the criminal justice system is limited in its capacity to restrain unlawful conduct but also is a major factor in anchoring people into criminal careers.

The cultural deviance theory explains the causes of criminal behavior in urban areas are not about the poverty suffered in those areas but the product of a distinct lower-class culture whose focal concern is deviance against the norms of society.

The theory identified 3 influential versions:

?Lower-class culture as a whole is responsible for generating crime in urban areas.
?Urban lower-class areas produce subcultures that are responsible for the rise of crime.
?Subcultures of crimes in which individuals come together to band in creating crimes for their own personal gain and satisfaction in urban areas
Write a 5?6 page paper answering the following questions:

?Pick 1 other theory and strategy to avoid stereotyping individuals in the criminal justice system?
?Is there a legitimate reason to consider labeling theory a legitimate crime causation theory? Why?
?In your opinion, where do gangs fit in the 3 influential versions of cultural deviance theory? Why?
?Which 1 of the 2 theories would you use to explain the following problem:
?The number of youths joining gangs in the inner city has doubled, while the number of gang leaders serving time in prison and being released after good conduct has increased. The crime rate for gang violence has risen 20% from last year.

?Your opinion statements must be justified by theory or real-life strategies and practices of law enforcement activity.
?The explanation of cause of criminality in question 3 must use the case provided.
?You must use the labeling theory or cultural deviance theory in answering questions.
?You must use APA style in citing and creating your reference page.
one source can be Race and Crime (second edition) by Shaun L. Gibbidon and Helen Taylor Greene 2009, Sage Publications, Inc. Thousand Oaks, Ca. 91320

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Works Cited:


Akers, R.L., Sellers, C.S. (2004). Criminological Theories: Introduction, Evaluation, and Application, 4th Edition. Roxbury Publishing Company, Los Angeles, California.

Becker, H. Outsiders. 1963 (1997). New York, NY: Free Press.

Bench, L.L. And Allen, T.D. (2003). Investigating the Stigma of Prison Classification: An Experimental Design. Prison Journal, 83, 4, 367-382.

Durkheim, Emile (1897) [1951]. Suicide: a study in sociology. The Free Press.

Mead, G.H. (1934). Mind, Self, and Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Merton, R. (1949). Social Theory and Social Structure, The Free Press: New York.

Tannenbaum, F. (1938). Crime and the Community. New York and London: Columbia University Press.

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Title: The Labeling Theory

  • Total Pages: 16
  • Words: 5492
  • Bibliography:20
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: For reference purposes only:
Paternoster, R. & Iovanni, L. (1989). The labeling perspective and delinquency: An elaboration of the theory and an assessment of the evidence. Justice Quarterly, 6, 359-394.

Issues to be explained in the term paper are as follows:

1. Why the labeling theory occurred in relevance to juvenile delinquency?

2. How this theory can be used to predict and prevent the likelihood of a similar crime occurrng in the future?

3. Suggestions that the theory would probably give on how to process the (juvenile delinquents) as offenders through the criminal justice system?

Require an abstract and bibliography with no less than 20 references all typed in Times New Roman 12 pt. font using APA format 300 words per page.

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Adams, M.S., Robertson, C.T., Gray-Ray, P., & Ray, M.C. (2003). Labeling and Delinquency. Adolescence, 38(149), 171-177.

Barlow, H.D. (Ed.). (1995). Crime and Public Policy: Putting Theory to Work. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Bartusch, D.J., & Matsueda, R.L. (1996). Gender, Reflected Appraisals, and Labeling: A Cross-Group Test of an Interactionist Theory of Delinquency. Social Forces, 75(1), 145-176.

Braithwaite, J. (1995). 11 Reintegrative Shaming, Republicanism, and Policy. In Crime and Public Policy: Putting Theory to Work, Barlow, H.D. (Ed.) (pp. 191-205). Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Carroll, a., Hemingway, F., Bower, J., Ashman, a., Houghton, S., & Durkin, K. (2006). Impulsivity in Juvenile Delinquency: Differences among Early-Onset, Late-Onset, and Non-Offenders. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35(4), 519-525

Curran, D.A. (1988). Contingencies for Disposition Disparities in Juvenile Justice. Social Forces, 67(1), 23-58

Downs, W.R., Robertson, J.F., & Harrison, L.R. (1997). Control Theory, Labeling Theory and the Delivery of Services for Drug Abuse to Adolescents. Adolescence, 32(125), 1-3.

Felson, M., & Clarke, R.V. (1995). 10 Routine Precautions, Criminology, and Crime Prevention. In Crime and Public Policy: Putting Theory to Work, Barlow, H.D. (Ed.) (pp. 179-187). Boulder, CO: Westview Press

Ferrell, J. (1999). Cultural Criminology. Annual Review of Sociology 1999. 395.

Hoge, R.D., Andrews, D., & Leschied, a.W. (1994). Tests of Three Hypotheses regarding the Predictors of Delinquency. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 22(5), 547-562.

Lanier, M.M., & Henry, S. (1998). Essential Criminology. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.

Link, B.G., & Phelan, J.C. (2001). Conceptualizing Stigma. 363.

Mann, E.A., & Reynolds, a.J. (2006). Early Intervention and Juvenile Delinquency Prevention: Evidence from the Chicago Longitudinal Study. Social Work Research, 30(3), 153+.

McCarthy, B. (2002). New Economics of Sociological Criminology. 417-421

O'Connor, J.M., & Treat, L.K. (1996). Getting Smart about Getting Tough: Juvenile Justice and the Possibility of Progressive Reform. American Criminal Law Review, 33(4), 1299-1344

Onwudiwe, I.D. (2004, October). Theoretical Perspectives on Juvenile Delinquency: Root Causes and Control. Corrections Today, 66, 153-166

Sullivan, R., & Wilson, M.F. (1995). New Directions for Research in Prevention and Treatment of Delinquency: A Review and Proposal. Adolescence, 30(117), 1-14.

Robertz, F. (2007) Deadly dreams. Scientific American Mind. 18 (4); 52-59.

Taylor, I., Walton, P., & Young, J. (1988). The New Criminology: For a Social Theory of Deviance. London: Routledge.

Thomas, W.J., Stubbe, D.E., & Pearson, G. (1999). Race, Juvenile Justice, and Mental Health: New Dimensions in Measuring Pervasive Bias. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 89(2), 615.

Tittle, C.R., & Grasmick, H.G. (1997). Criminal Behavior and Age: A Test of Three Provocative Hypothesis. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 88(1), 309-342.

Van Dam, C., De Bruyn, E.J. And Janssens, J.M. (2007) Personality, delinquency, and criminal recidivism. Adolescence 42 (168) [HIDDEN] Retrieved on 1/25/2008 at live

Wenner, M (2007). Mothers' little criminals. Scientific American Mind. 18 (3);12

Labeling Theory

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