Ku Klux Klan Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Ku Klux Klan College Essay Examples

Title: Ku Klux Klan Terrorist group

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 2121
  • References:7
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: History of the Ku Klux Klan
1st era of the KKK
2nd era of the KKK
3rd era of the KKK
Ideology
Structure
Objectives
Recruitment
Support
Major actions
Alliances
Suppression efforts against African Americans
Classification: Terrorist or social group?

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References:

References

Feldman, G. (1999). Politics, Society, and the Klan in Alabama, 1915-1949. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press.

Harcourt, E.J. (2005). Who Were the Pale Faces? New Perspectives on the Tennessee Ku Klux. Civil War History, 51(1), 23+.

McGee, B.R. (1998). Rehabilitating Emotion: The Troublesome Case of the Ku Klux Klan. Argumentation and Advocacy, 34(4), 173+.

Mecklin, J.M. (1963). The Ku Klux Klan a Study of the American Mind. New York: Russell & Russell.

Moore, L.J. (1991). Citizen Klansmen: The Ku Klux Klan in Indiana, 1921-1928. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

Moore, W.V. (1992). David Duke the White Knight. In the Emergence of David Duke and the Politics of Race, Rose, D.D. (Ed.) (pp. 41-55). Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

Ross, M.A. (2003). Obstructing Reconstruction: John Archibald Campbell and the Legal Campaign against Louisiana's Republican Government, 1868-1873. Civil War History, 49(3), 235+.

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Title: Hate Groups

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 2332
  • Works Cited:4
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: I'm requesting Freelance Writer to write this term paper

Hate Groups
The Ku Klux Klan (KKK), the Black Liberation Army (BLA),
Army of God (AOG) and Earth Liberation Front (ELF)

write a 2000-words or more term paper concerning one or more domestic terrorist groups or movements. The group(s) can be on the left or right of the political spectrum, or anywhere in between. In the paper, you will need to establish that the group(s)/movement you have chosen to write about is in fact a terror organization or movement.

The paper should include at least seven (7) citations from books, scholarly journals, and government documents and reports (other than your textbooks). Internet web-page citations are permitted, but do not count toward the seven.
submission must follow APA guidelines for style.

Please add the Army of God (AOG) and Earth Liberation Front (ELF) to the term paper below. Below is 970 words please add AOG&ELF to term paper for a total of 2000 word. Below I have 7 Citations, please add 4 more, 2 for AOG and 2 for ELF.
Please rearrange what I have below to fit all 4 hate goups
The Ku Klux Klan (KKK), the Black Liberation Army (BLA),
Army of God (AOG) and Earth Liberation Front (ELF)

The Ku Klux Klan and the Black Liberation Army

The purpose of this paper is to introduce, discuss, and analyze the topic of domestic terrorism. Specifically it will discuss the groups the Ku Klux Klan and the Black Liberation Army and establish that the groups are in fact terror organizations. Both of these organizations can be described as "hate" groups, whose messages contain hatred and violence. The Ku Klux Klan and the Black Liberation Army (BLA) seem diametrically opposed. One seeks the equality of Black Americans through Marxism and revolt, while the other maintains white supremacy. Both use violent means to get results, which makes them terror organizations.
Both of these groups are domestic terror organizations because they advocate hatred and violence against certain groups, based on their race, their religion, or their gender. They advocate domestic terror against their enemies, recruit new members to swell their ranks, and support violence as the underlying means to bring their message to the people. The American heritage dictionary defines terrorism as "Acts of violence committed by groups that view themselves as victimized by some notable historical wrong" (Editors, 2005). Both of these groups advocate violence as part of their doctrine, and they both advocate it because of perceived "wrongs" in society or against them. The Ku Klux Klan believes white Christians are a superior race and no other races should survive, while the Black Liberation Army believed that blacks in America had been wronged and that blacks should rise up violently against whites as a form of social justice.
The Ku Klux Klan formed in 1865, and spread across the South in the late 1860s. It calls itself a "Christian" organization, but its main beliefs include white supremacy, and the group has long been an enemy of blacks, Jews, and gay individuals. Membership is secret, and the Klan still exists throughout the American South and around the world. One writer says of the Klan's origins, "To perhaps a majority of southerners, the Negro and white out of their places and – worse yet – reversed, was social disorder and lawlessness" (Rapoport, 2006, p. 59). In the same vein, the Black Liberation Army clearly stated its goals and objectives in their document explaining their mission. Members of the BLA wrote, "We have chosen to build the armed front, the urban guerilla front, not as an alternative to organizing masses of Black people, but because the liberation movement as a whole must prepare armed formations at each stage of its' struggle" (Editors, 1976, p. 3). The BLA is most known for its attacks on police officers, both in New York and San Francisco, where members of the BLA shot and killed or wounded several police officers. Three members were recently arrested in San Francisco, and charged with the murder and attempted murder of police officers in 1971. The group "carried out a 'terror and chaos' campaign aimed at 'assassinating law enforcement officers' that began in 1968 and ended in 1973, Deputy Police Chief Morris Tabak said" (Van Derbeken, and Lagos, 2007). The BLA is no longer active, and many of its members are dead or in prison for crimes they committed while members.
It is important to note that both organizations targeted more than their stated "enemies" during their reigns of terror. For example, another author notes that the Klan targeted government officials they thought were their enemies. She writes, "If government elites were considered unresponsive to the needs and fears of the community, the Klan targeted politicians, either by trying to vote them out of office, or by running a slate of Klan friendly candidates, or both" (Erickson, 2005). In addition, the BLA targeted police officers, but also took part in several armored-car robberies to finance their operations, so they both engaged in other activities that were aligned but not completely related to their terrorist goals and objectives.
Today, groups like these recruit their members online, spreading their messages of hatred and prejudice around the world. One author notes, "According to the Anti-Defamation League (2001), hate groups have successfully used the Internet to organize hate rock concerts and to bring militia members together in real time for 'Patriot confrontations' with government officials or banks foreclosing on property" (Bostdorff, 2004). Their web sites call out for revolution and revolt against blacks, Jews, non-Christians, and gays, and they incite people to violence as they attempt to gain members. Groups like these are just as frightening as any other terrorist organization operating around the world, and yet, they are not controlled or shut down by the government, something that Americans could question. Another writer notes, "During the US civil rights movement’s use of nonviolent action in the 1950s and 1960s, violence by the Ku Klux Klan and police in southern US cities was highly counterproductive, putting pressure on the federal government to intervene" (Martin, 2004, p. 37). The government has intervened at times, and Ku Klux Klan members have been tried for many crimes, but the group still exists, and that says something about the longevity of terrorism and its practitioners.
In conclusion, these two groups definitely qualify as terrorist organizations. They tout violence as a way to solve problems, and members of both organizations have murdered people in the past. One no longer exists, but the other does, and they are no better than the terrorists who attacked the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001. They are a violent, hate-filled organization that believes violence is the only way to "rid" the world of their enemies, and they should be hunted down and removed just as the U.S. is trying to hunt down Al Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden. Members of the KKK are ruthless in their hatred of others, and they are just as frightening and dangerous as any other terrorist organization, which is why they should be stopped and banned once and for all.

References
Black Liberation Army. (1976). Message to the black movement. Self-Published.
Bostdorff, D. M. (2004). The Internet rhetoric of the Ku Klux Klan: A case study in Web Site community building run amok. Communication Studies, 55(2), 340+.
Editors. (2005). The American heritage new dictionary of cultural literacy, Third Edition. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Erickson, C. K. (2005). The invisible empire in the West: Toward a new historical appraisal of the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s. The Historian, 67(3), 526+.
Martin, B. (2004). Terrorism: ethics, effectiveness and enemies. Social Alternatives, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 36-37.
Rapoport, D.C. (2006). Terrorism: Critical concepts in political science. New York: Routledge.
Van Derbeken, J. and Lagos, M. (2007). Ex-militants charged in S.F. police officer's '71 slaying at station. San Francisco Chronicle.

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Australia.TO International Edition Local and World News (2009) "Defendants Sentenced to Prison in Earth Liberation Front (ELF) Action from 2000" Retrieved, March 24, 2009, at http://www.australia.to/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=6501:defendants-sentenced-to-prison-in-earth-liberation-front-elf-action-from-2000-&catid=87:crime

Black Liberation Army. (1976). Message to the black movement. Self-Published.

Bostdorff, D.M. (2004). The Internet rhetoric of the Ku Klux Klan: A case study in Web Site community building run amok. Communication Studies, 55(2), 340+.

Editors. (2005). The American heritage new dictionary of cultural literacy, Third Edition. New York: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Earth Liberation Front (2009). The evolution of ELF after "Operation Backfire"

Retrieved, March 22, 2009 at http://earth-liberation-front.org/

Erickson, C.K. (2005). The invisible empire in the West: Toward a new historical appraisal of the Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s. The Historian, 67(3), 526+.

Horsley, Neal (2009). Understanding the Army of God Retrieved March 24, 2009, at http://www.christiangallery.com/aog.html

Martin, B. (2004). Terrorism: ethics, effectiveness and enemies. Social Alternatives, Vol. 23, No. 2, pp. 36-37.

National Abortion Federation (2009). Anti-abortion Extremists/the Army of God and Justifiable Homicide Retrieved, March 24, 2009, at http://www.prochoice.org/about_abortion/violence/army_god.html

Rapoport, D.C. (2006). Terrorism: Critical concepts in political science. New York: Routledge.

Van Derbeken, J. And Lagos, M. (2007). Ex-militants charged in S.F. police officer's '71 slaying at station. San Francisco Chronicle.

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Title: Extremist Groups

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2606
  • Bibliography:8
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Make sure to follow directions for the elaboration of this Ethnographic Comparative Case Study Research Paper

Main points will be

1. the purpose statement
2. the research analysis using Qualitative Study approach
3. Annotated bibliography -- (Critical for the paper - follow necessary steps)

Research Question
‘What are the motivations, beliefs and desired end state for both the KKK and Animal Liberation Front (ALF)? What are the differences in their extremist, radical approach and tactics to defend their cause and fight for what they believe in?

Purpose Statement

The purpose statement orients the reader to the central intent of the study and from it all other aspects of the research project follow. While there are a number of differing formats for purpose statements, in general the statement should present the central controlling idea in the study, focus on the central issue or “puzzle” under study. The purpose statement should be a concise paragraph that describes the intent of the study, specifically addresses the reason for conducting the study, and reflects the research questions. Begin the purpose statement with a succinct sentence that indicates the study method and overarching goal. “The purpose of this [quantitative, qualitative] study is to... (describe the study goal that directly reflects and encompasses the research questions). Follow with a brief, but clear overview of how, with what instruments/data, with whom and where (as applicable). This information will be presented in greater detail under the Research Method heading within your final research paper.

Qualitative Study: A Qualitative study seeks to learn why or how, so the writer’s research must be directed at determining the why and how of the research topic. Therefore, when crafting a Research Question for a Qualitative study, the writer will need to ask a why or how question about the topic. For example: How did the Ku Klux Klan develop its organizational handbook the Kloren and why is it important to the functioning of the group?
Review of an Annotated Bibliography

An annotated bibliography is the working list of sources to be used by the writer throughout the research and writing process. Like a Turabian Reference List, an annotated bibliography is also an alphabetical listing of the writer’s sources in Turabian format, but each citation is followed by a summary paragraph of descriptive and evaluative comments. This brief summary or annotation helps the writer understand and recall the content of the source.

The annotated bibliography includes all types of sources such as books, articles, reports, studies, Internet/electronic sources, interviews, videos, and so forth. Each source is cataloged in Turabian format: author(s), year of publication, title of work, location, and publisher. If the source is electronic (from the Internet or a database), then the writer must also include the retrieval information: date, name, address of the source. Here is an example of an electronic source in Turabian format, notice the hanging indent and double space:


Kurland, Philip B., and Ralph Lerner, eds. 1987. The founders’ Constitution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. http://press-pubs.uchicago.edu/founders/ (accessed June 27, 2006).

Following the Turabian citation of each source, the writer’s annotation should address all or most of the following:

1. The primary purpose of the text (to inform or to persuade);
2. The author’s thesis, supporting ideas, and conclusions;
3. The intended audience (Proponents or opponents? Other scholars? The general public?)
4. The authority, reliability, and credibility of the author’s text;
5. The evidence, research methods, and supporting materials used (textual and visual);
6. The significant features of the work (illustrations, appendices, cross-references);
7. The strengths and weaknesses of the source, including any limitations or biases;
8. The significance or relationship to other sources found (compare and contrast);
9. The writer’s evaluation of the source and how the source may be used in the final paper;
10. The significant quotes, passages, or key words that may be used in the final paper;
11. The corresponding page/paragraph numbers of relevant information, including important passages, quotes, or evidence;

The key to an effective annotated bibliography is brevity. As the writer conducts research, writing concise annotations for each source will help the writer in several ways:

1. To learn more about the topic and what issues are being debated in the sources;
2. To read more carefully and interact critically with the texts;
3. To make better judgments about the value of the sources;
4. To more easily compare and contrast the content of the sources;
5. To develop an arguable thesis statement and a quick snapshot of the main points observed in the sources;
6. To save time later when creating Turabian citations for the source to be cited in the paper and in the Turabian Reference List.

Remember: the annotated bibliography is a valuable organizational tool for tracking relevant information within all sources and leaving shorthand behind. Aside from helping the writer to reference the value and relevance of each source, an annotated bibliography also establishes an organized database for the writer’s future academic assignments. For more information on this topic, please visit the Writing Centers at Colorado, Purdue, and Chapel Hill universities.

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Bibliography

Anti-Defamation League. 2005. "Ecoterrorism: Extremism in the Animal Rights and Environmentalist Movements" Accessed March 08, 2013. http://archive.adl.org/learn/ext_us/ecoterrorism.asp

This article gives an idea about extremist organisations serving in USA. Particularly in the context of animal rights, various organisations are discussed to give the reader an idea about level of protest carried out in USA to protect the life of animals.

Best, Steven and Nocella, Anthony. 2004. Terrorists and Freedom Fighters. Nigeria: Lantern Books.

This book gives narration of various concepts related to ALF.

Eager, Paige. 2008. From Freedom Fighters to Terrorists. UK: Ashgate Publishing.

This book gives an idea about KKK and its emergence as a terrorist party.

Johnson, Lisa. 2012. Power, Knowledge, Animals. USA: Palgrave Macmillan.

This books tells about importance of ALF in promoting animal life.

Newkirk, Ingrid and Hynde, Chrissie. 2000. Free the Animals: The Amazing True Story of the Animal Liberation Front. Nigeria: Lantern Books.

This book tells about rights of animals and movements working for them.

Owen, Marna. 2009. Animal Rights: Noble Cause or Needless Effort? USA: Twenty-First Century Books.

This book gives narration of various concepts related to ALF.

Wheeler, Albert. 2005. Racism. USA: Nova Publishers

The book gives general idea about the concept and provides information about various organisations working on racism.

Yount, Lisa. 2007. Animal Rights.USA: Infobase Publishing.

This book gives an idea about rights of animals.

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Title: KKK

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 582
  • Sources:0
  • Citation Style: None
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Answer one of the two questions that appear at the bottom of the short primary document on the Ku Klux Klan
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Reference List

Fleming, Walter L. (ed), the Ku Klux Klan, 1905, p. 154ff.

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