Shillinglaw, Susan. "John Steinbeck, American Writer." Steinbeck Center.
1 Jan 2014.
This biography is a summary of John Steinbeck's life, with a particular emphasis on how his life events shaped his works. There is a stress upon how Steinbeck's identity as a Californian influenced his major literary works and the role of the environment in creating the characters. Steinbeck believed that environment created a man's character, not vice versa.
Steinbeck, John. The Grapes of Wrath. New York: Penguin, 2006.
This novel tells the story of the Joad family, a group of Oakies who have lost everything in the Dust Bowl and go looking for a new life in California. However, even in the promised land of California they are exploited as migrant workers. Steinbeck shows how people who are basically good and hard-working like Tom Joad cannot get ahead in America and how difficult it is for poor and landless people to have a voice in a system dominated by the wealthy and the powerful.
Steinbeck, John. Of Mice and Men. New York: Penguin, 1993.
This short novel tells the tale of George and Lenny, two 'drifters' who work as hired hands. George seems extremely lonely and his only friend in the world is Lenny, a developmentally disabled man who does not know his own strength. Eventually, Lenny accidentally kills a woman and George is forced to take matters into his own hands to prevent Lenny from being killed by a lynch mob: he kills Lenny himself.
Steinbeck, John. "Why Soldiers Won't Talk."
This is a short essay by John Steinbeck examining the psychological effects of war upon the human psyche. Steinbeck admits he never served in combat. However, this essay is an imaginative exercise examining 'what if' he were such a man and how being in war would affect his soul and the way he saw the world forever after.
Sullivan, Christopher C. "John Steinbeck, War Reporter: Fiction, Journalism and Types of Truth." Journalism History 23.1 (1997): 16-23. ProQuest. Web. 4 Jan. 2014.
John Steinbeck was a war reporter during World War II. Surprisingly, Steinbeck had relatively pro-war views throughout his life and was relatively conservative, despite the socially liberal texture of his novels and his sympathy with the poor. Many of Steinbeck's dispatches were not fully 'truthful' but stretched the factual truth to encapsulate which Steinbeck regarded as the poetic truth of war.
DeMott, Robert. Steinbeck's Typewriter: Essays on His Art. Troy, NY: Whitston, 1996.
Hayashi, Tetsumaro, ed. John Steinbeck: The Years of Greatness, 1936-1939. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1993.
Owens, Louis. "Writing 'in Costume': The Missing Voices of 'In Dubious Battle.'" John Steinbeck: The Years of Greatness, 1936-1939. Ed. Hayashi, Tetsumaro. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1993. 77-94.
Sinclair, Upton. The Jungle. New York: Doubleday, Page & Company, 1906.
Steinbeck, John. In Dubious Battle. New York: Viking Press, 1936. New York: Bantam, 1963, 1972.
Tammaro, Thomas M. "Sharing Creation Steinbeck, 'In Dubious Battle,' and the Working-Class Novel in American Literature.'" John Steinbeck: The Years of Greatness, 1936-1939. Ed. Hayashi, Tetsumaro. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1993. 95-105.
Werlock, Abby H.P. "Looking at Lisa: The Function of the Feminine in Steinbeck's 'In Dubious Battle.'" John Steinbeck: The Years of Greatness, 1936-1939. Ed. Hayashi, Tetsumaro. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1993. 46-63.
Steinbeck, John. The Grapes of Wrath. New York: Penguin Books. 1976.
"The Grapes of Wrath." Twentieth Century Fox. Key Video (CBS/FOX). 129 minutes.