references to discovery and to the demesne of Homer keeps the idea before the reader that Chapman has a particular vision of the poetic world and that Chapman's discovery of Homer can be repeated by the reader as well. Just as Chapman has shown Homer to Keats in a different way, so is Keats able to recount this for the reader and show the reader how to follow the same path to achieve the same sort of insight Keats has reached. Doing so would also take the individual into the same world of discovery experienced by explorers like Cortex, astronomers like Herschel, poets like Homer, and later poets like Chapman and Keats. The voyage of self-discovery that is involved can also be taken ay anyone looking into Chapman's Homer or the work of any other great poet.
This poem, of course, is written as an immediate response to the revelation experienced by Keats on first reading Chapman's Homer, so it has a certain excitement expressed by the poet because of what he has just discovered. This leads him to want to make more discoveries about himself and about the world and to delve more deeply into the ancient demesnes he has not understood well before this. The sonnet form allows him to shape an argument from one stanze to the next and to do so as if speaking on the spur of the moment, though the argument is carefully shaped and well-designed to convey the information and excitement the poet has discovered. One of the key elements of Romanticism is an emphasis on the need for spontaneity in thought and action and in the expression of thought, and Keats shows this trait clearly in this sonnet. Another Romantic element is a tendency to exalt the individual and his or her needs and an emphasis on the need for a freer and more personal expression, and for Keats, this is what Chapman has done and why Homer is the great poet in the pantheon of ancient poetry.
Fiero, Gloria K. The Humanist Tradition, Book 5: Romanticism, Realism, and the Nineteenth-Century World. New York: McGraw-Hill. 2002.
Hall, Donald, ed. Contemporary American Poetry. New York: Penguin Books. 1971.
Perkins, David, ed. English Romantic Writers. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.