I want you to respond to this question in a professional essay form of five pages long.
Discuss the continuing necessity by critics of addressing gender in the interpretation of authors and the reception of nineteenth-century texts. What constraints and/or freedoms did writers experience based on their gender and how are they productive to our reading of their work?
In your answer draw upon at least 3 authors from the theory list I will refer to now and 3 or 4 different literary texts.
Fiction( Literary Texts)
1. Austen, Jane. Emma. Northanger Abbey. 1803.
2. ---. Pride and Prejudice. 1813.
3. Braddon, Mary Elizabeth, Aurora Floyd. 1863.
4. ---. Lady Audley's Secret. 1863.
5. Brontë, Anne. The Tenant of Wildfell Hall. 1848.
6. Brontë, Charlotte. Jane Eyre. 1847.
7. ---. Shirley. 1849.
8. ---. Villette. 1853.
9. Brontë, Emily. Wuthering Heights. 1847.
10. Butler, Samuel. The Way of All Flesh. (Written between 1873 ??" 1884) & (Published in 1903).
11. Coleridge, Mary Elizabeth. The King with Two Faces. 1897.
12. Collins, Wilkie. The Woman in White. 1860.
13. ---. The Moonstone. 1868.
14. Dickens, Charles. David Copperfield. 1850.
15. ---. Hard Times. 1854.
16. ---. Great Expectations. 1861.
17. Eliot, George. Adam Bede. 1859.
18. ---. The Mill on the Floss. 1860.
19. ---. Middlemarch. 1874.
20. Gaskell, Elizabeth. Mary Barton. 1848.
21. ---. Ruth. 1853.
22. ---. Sylvia's Lovers. 1863.
23. Hardy, Thomas. The Return of the Native. 1878.
24. ---. The Trumpet ??" Major. 1880.
25. ---. Jude the Obscure. 1895.
26. ---. Tess.1891
27. James, Henry. Portrait of the Lady. 1881.
28. ---. The Turn of the Screw. 1898.
29. Meredith, George. Diana of the Crossways. 1885.
30. Scott, Sir Walter. Waverly. 1814.
31. ---. Ivanhoe
32. Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. 1818.
33. Stoker, Bram. Dracula. 1897.
34. Thackeray, William Makepeace. Vanity Fair. 1848.
35. ---. The Rose and the Ring. 1854.
36. Trollope, Anthony. Can you Forgive Her? 1865.
37. ---. Ayala's Angel. 1878.
38. Wilde, Oscar. The Canterville Ghost. 1887.
39. ---. The Picture of Dorian Gray. 1891.
40. Wood, Ellen. East Lynne. 1861.
1. Basch, Francoise. Relative Creatures: Victorian Women in Society and the Novel.
2. de Beauvoir, Simone. The Second Sex.
3. Beer, Patricia. Reader, I Married Him: A Study of the Women Characters of Jane Austen, Charlotte Bronte, Elizabeth Gaskell and George Eliot.
4. Branca, Patricia. Silent Sisterhood. Middle Class Women in the Victorian Home.
5. Burstyn, Joan. Victorian Education and the Ideal of Womanhood.
6. Butler, Judith. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity.
7. Cavallaro, Dana. French Feminist Theory: An Introduction.
8. Coward, Rosalind. "Are Women's Novels Feminist Novels." The New Feminist Criticism: Essays on Women, Literature and Theory.
9. Gagnier, Regenia. Subjectivities: A History of Self-Representation in Britain, 1832-1920.
10. Gilbert, Sandra and Susan Gubar. The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth ??" Century Literary Imagination.
11. Gorsky, Susan. "The Gentle Doubters: Images of Women in English Women's Novels, 1840 ??" 1920." Images of Women in Fiction: Feminist Perspectives.
12. Harding, Sandra. The Feminist Standpoint Theory Reader: Intellectual and Political Controversies.
13. Jenkins, Ruth. Reclaiming Myths of Power: Women Writers and the Victorian Spiritual Crisis.
14. Kolodny, Annette. "Dancing Through the Minefield: Some Observations on the Theory, Practice, and Politics of a Feminist Literary Criticism." The New Feminist Criticism: Essays on Women, Literature and Theory.
15. Mills, Sara. Discourses of Difference: An Analysis of Women's Travel Writing and Colonialism.
16. Moses, Claire and Claire Goldberg. French Feminism in the Nineteenth Century.
17. Showalter, Elaine. A Literature of Their Own: British Women Novelists from Bronte to Lessing.
18. Foster, Shirley. Victorian Women's Fiction: Marriage, Freedom and the Individual.
19. Hoagwood, Terence Allan and Kathryn Ledbetter. "Colour'd Shadows": Contexts in Publishing, Printing, and Reading Nineteenth ??" Century British Women Writers.
20. Houghton, Walter. The Victorian Frame of Mind.
21. Shanley, Mary Lyndon. Feminism, Marriage, and the Law in Victorian England.
22. Thompson, Nicola Diane. Victorian Writers and the Woman Questions.
From this long list of Theory, I would like you to refer to De Beauvoir, Butlet, and Sandra and Gubar. You can refer to one more . As far as the literary texts list is concerned, I would like you to refer the Bronte sisters novels ( refering to their writings in general and a particular one novel or two in depth) and refer of course to other novels( written by female authors) from the list I provided.
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