Italian Unification Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Italian Unification College Essay Examples

Title: The Italian Unification Process and Camillo Benso di Carvour as the Italian Bismarck

  • Total Pages: 20
  • Words: 5952
  • References:15
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: This paper shall compare the unification processes of Germany and Italy during the second half of the nineteenth century. The foci shall be on Camillo Benso di Carvour, Giuseppe Garibaldi, and Otto von Bismarck, following the Italian unification process while elaborating Carvours and Pietmonts role within it. Finally, it should be concluded that Carvour was not an Italian Bismarck.

Please try to have a theoretical approach onto the topic, including, if somehow possible, literature from Ernest Gellner, Eric Habsbawm, and Benedict Anderson.

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Acemoglu, Daron, Simon Johnson, and James a. Robinson. The colonial origins of comparative development: An empirical investigation. No. w7771. National Bureau of Economic Research, 2000.

Anderson, Benedict. Imagined communities: Reflections on the origin and spread of nationalism. Verso Books, 2006.

Campanella, Anthony P. Giuseppe Garibaldi: Garibaldi and tradition. Committee of the International Studies Garibaldi, 1971.

Carter, Nick. "Nation, nationality, nationalism and internationalism in Italy, from Cavour to Mussolini." The Historical Journal 39, no. 02 (1996): 545-551.

Cronin, Bruce. "From balance to community: Transnational identity and political integration." Security Studies 8, no. 2-3 (1998): 270-301.

Dal Lago, Enrico. "Lincoln, Cavour, and National Unification: American Republicanism and Italian Liberal Nationalism in Comparative Perspective." The Journal of the Civil War Era 3, no. 1 (2013): 85-113.

Davis, John Anthony, ed. Italy in the nineteenth century: 1796-1900. Oxford University Press, 2000, 10.

Dincecco, Mark, Giovanni Federico, and Andrea Vindigni. "Warfare, taxation, and political change: Evidence from the Italian Risorgimento." Journal of Economic History (2011): 887-914.

Duiker, William J., and Jackson J. Spielvogel. World History: Since 1500. Vol. 2. Wadsworth Publishing Company, 2012.

Gellner, Ernest, and John Breuilly. Nations and nationalism. Cornell University Press, 2008.

Hobsbawm, Eric J. Nations and nationalism since 1780: Programme, myth, reality. Cambridge University Press, 2012.

Kellogg, William O. Barron's AP United States History. Barrons Educational Series Incorporated, 2010.

Mattli, Walter. "Ernst Haas's evolving thinking on comparative regional integration: of virtues and infelicities." Journal of European Public Policy 12, no. 2 (2005): 327-348.

Riall, L. (1994). The Italian Risorgimento: state, society, and national unification. Routledge.

Young, Iris Marion. Justice and the Politics of Difference (New in Paper). Princeton University Press, 2011.

Ziblatt, Daniel. "Rethinking the origins of federalism: puzzle, theory, and evidence from nineteenth-century Europe." World Politics 57, no. 01 (2004): 70-98.

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Title: medical care influenced Civil War Crimean Italian Unification Wars immediately preceded US Civil War I a sources sources Adams George Worthington Doctors Blue The Medical History Union Army Civil War

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 965
  • Works Cited:5
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: medical care as whole being influenced by the Civil War and the Crimean and Italian Unification Wars that immediately preceded the US Civil War.

I have a few sources that must be used, otherwise any sources will also be okay.

Adams, George Worthington. Doctors in Blue: The Medical History of the Union Army in the Civil War. New York: Schuman, 1952.

Freemon, Frank R. Gangrene and Glory: Medical Care During the American Civil War. Madison [N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1998.

Pearce, Robert L. "War and Medicine in the Nineteenth Century." ADF Health 3 (September 2002): 88-92. Accessed June 26, 2012.

Rutkow, Ira M. Bleeding Blue and Gray: Civil War Surgery and the Evolution of American Medicine. New York: Random House, 2005.

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Works Cited:


Adams GW. Doctors in Blue. The Medical History of the Union Army in the Civil War. Louisiana State University Press, 1996.

Freemon, Frank R. Gangrene and Glory: Medical Care During the American Civil War. Madison [N.J.: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1998.

Robert L. Pearce, Lt. Col. (2002) War and Medicine in the Nineteenth Century. ADF Health. Vol. 3 September 2002. Retrieved from:

Rutkow, Ira M. Bleeding Blue and Gray: Civil War Surgery and the Evolution of American Medicine. New York: Random House, 2005.

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Title: The Strengths and Weaknesses of Italian Nationalism

  • Total Pages: 6
  • Words: 1768
  • Bibliography:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: How strong was Italian nationalism in the middle decades of the nineteenth century? It is not enough to answer, simply, “strong enough to create a united Italy in 1861.”
After all, at the time the obstacles to Italian unification had seemed great, if not insurmountable: strong regional differences, Catholic opposition, widespread poverty and illiteracy, and political rivalries all threatened to prevent Italian unification; in fact, the foundation of the Italian Kingdom in 1861 captivated Europeans precisely because it was such an expected achievement.
Therefore, to answer our deceptively simple question, we will need to break it down into three more specific sub-questions:
1) How dedicated and united were the leaders of Italy’s nationalist movement (for example, to name just the most famous protagonists: the revolutionary conspirator, Giuseppe Mazzini; the king of Piedmont-Sardinia, Victor Emanuel II; the Piedmontese prime minister, count Camillo di Cavour; and the charismatic general, Giuseppe
2) How committed were the ordinary men and women who joined the nationalist movement (for example, as volunteer soldiers)?
3) How active and supportive was the general population in the effort to create a free, independent, and united Italy? In short, we want you to assess the strengths and weaknesses of Italian nationalism using a limited number of primary and secondary sources. We recommend that you read and analyze the sources in the following order.
First, read the relevant pages of our textbook, Sherman and Salisbury’s The West in the World. (These pages are:
a) pp. 585-586, 593, and 596 on Giuseppe Mazzini and Italy during the Restoration;
b) p. 601 on Italy’s revolutions of 1848; and, most important of all,
c) pp. 609-614 on Italian unification, including Doc. 19.1, Fig. 19.1, and Map 19.1) Which protagonists, issues, and events does our textbook emphasize? How strong or weak do Sherman and Salisbury make Italian nationalism seem?
Second, read and analyze the two documents by Giuseppe Mazzini (“Mazzini on Young Italy” and “On Nationality”) and the eight brief documents ."Documents on Italian Unification”. What do these documents add to your understanding of Italian nationalism and the road to Italian unification? Third, read and analyze the long (78-page) excerpt from the nationalist Giuseppe Cesare Abba’s diary account of Garibaldi’s dramatic invasion of Sicily in 1860.
To ensure that you incorporate a range of different sources and perspectives, we are making the following formal source requirement: in your essay you must discuss
1) The West in the World;
2) at least 3 of the 8 “Documents on Italian Unification”; and
3) Abba’s diary.
(Incorporating the two documents by Mazzini is optional.) As you will quickly notice,
Abba’s diary is far longer and more detailed than the other sources; to leave room for your analysis of this unusually rich source, you might want to divide up the contents of your essay (roughly) as follows: ca. 2-3 pages on The West in the World and the assorted documents, ca. 3- 4 pages on Abba’s diary. But this is simply a recommendation, not a requirement.
For further instructions regarding the length and form of this essay, rules regarding late submission of the essay, and writing and editing advice, please consult the attached “essay guidelines” document.

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