International Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for International College Essay Examples

Title: International Business Law subject Recognition Ideas mentioned Definition Recognition It a unilateral declaration explicit express implicit tacit 2 theories declaratory constitutive doctrine Examples graphs put paper

  • Total Pages: 8
  • Words: 2705
  • Sources:6
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: International Business Law

subject: Recognition

Ideas that should be mentioned:

Definition of Recognition: It comes about by a unilateral declaration and it can be either explicit(express) or implicit(tacit).

2 theories: declaratory and constitutive doctrine.

Examples,little graphs are possible to put in paper.But "not" just for filling the empty pages..

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Brownlie, I. Principles of Public International Law, 7th edition. Oxford University Press, Oxford 2008.

Crawford J. The Creation of States in International Law. Clarendon Press, Oxford 2006.

Grant, T.D. The Recognition of States: Law and Practice in Debate and Evolution. Praeger Publishers, Westport, CT. 1999.

Ramzan, M.B. Redefining the Requirements for the Recognition of New and Independent States. Research Report General Assembly Sixth Committee -- Legal, Accessed on February 26, 2012 from

Shaw, M.N. International Law, 6th edition. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2008.

Wilde, R et al. Recognition of States: the Consequences of Recognition or NonRecognition in UK and International Law. Summary of the International Law Discussion, 2010. Accessed on February 26, 2012 from

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Title: International Commercial Arbitration

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3434
  • References:20
  • Citation Style: Harvard
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: International Commercial Arbitration compared with litigation, as a means of resolving international business disputes

- If there are many information, cites, or organizations related to this topic .. please focus on United Kingdom base
- Please use easy English, easy to understand
- Please avoid complicated sentences
- 65-70% of this paper should weight on Advantages and Disadvantages

- Main features of international arbitration ….
- Importance of international arbitration related to commercial and trade
- How it works, the process ……. Which organisations or law that related to international arbitration

Advantages of international arbitration
Advantages I listed below from A-G are the advantages I considered that it s important …. please include
these advantages in paper and feel free to add more advantages you found…….
A. Impartiality of decision maker ***
B. Enforceability of arbitration awards
C. Confidentiality***
D. Expertise***
E. Expense
F. Brevity**
G. Relationship**
H. ………………….

A. …………………..
B. ……………………
C. …………………….

Example cases (if possible)


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Allen B. Green & Jamie L. Boucher, (1998). "International Arbitration: The Spike in Mergers Is Prompting U.S. Courts to Compel Corporate Parties Who Have Not Signed Any Arbitration Agreements to Arbitrate International Disputes," N. AT'L L.J. At B4.

Bermann, G.A. (1990). The Use of Anti-Suit Injunctions in International Litigation, 28 Colum. J. Transnat'l L. 589-628.

Brower, C.H. II, (1995). "What I Tell You Three Times is True: U.S. Courts and Pre-Award Interim Measures Under the New York Convention," 35 VA.J. INT'L L. 971, 976. Congress passed the Federal Arbitration Act in 1925 to reverse this view. Federal Arbitration Act, § 1-15, 43 Stat. 883, 883-85 (1925) (codified as amended at 9 U.S.C. § 1-16 (1988)).

Buhring-uhle, c., Kirchhoff, l. And Scherer, g. (2006). Arbitration and mediation in international business 17 (Kluwer Law International 2d ed).

China Trade and Dev. Corp. v. M.V. Choong Yong. 1987. 837 F.2d 33, 35 (2d Cir).

Coopers v. Ateliers De La Motobecane, S.A., 57 N.Y.2d 408, 414 (N.Y. 1982), the Court stated that "Voluntary compliance with arbitral awards may be as high as 85%."

Gaillard, E. (2008). Anti-suit Injunctions Issued by Arbitrators, in INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION 2006: BACK TO BASICS? 235, 235 (Albert Jan Van Den Berg).

Grantham, W. (1996). "The Arbitrability of International Intellectual Property Disputes," 14 BERK. J. INT'LL. 173, 177.

Link A:

Martin, J.A. (1997). "Arbitrating in the Alps Rather Than Litigating in Los Angeles: The Advantages of International Intellectual Property-Specific Alternative Dispute Resolution," 49 S. TAN. L. REV. 917, 958 (1997).

Mitsubishi Motors Corp. v. Soler Chrysler-Plymouth, Inc., 473 U.S. 614, 628 (1985).

Peter, J.T. (1997). "Med-Arb in International Arbitration," 8 AM. REV. INT'L ARB. 83, 87.

Raphael, T. (2008). The anti-suit injunction 4 (Oxford 2008). As George Bermann put it, "A common anti-suit scenario is one that may be likened to a 'reverse' forum non-conveniens case. AU.S. court may find itself to be so clearly the more convenient or otherwise appropriate forum for adjudicating a given transnational dispute that it considers it necessary and appropriate to enjoin the defendant in that action from even attempting to have that case heard elsewhere. In such cases, anti-suit injunctions effectively convert convenience arguments from a 'shield' into a 'sword'" (G EORGE A. BERMANN, TRANSNATIONAL LITIGATION IN A NUTSHELL 41-114 (West 2003)).

Rozas, J.C.F. (2005). Anti-suit Injunctions Issued by National Courts -- Measures Addressed to the Parties or to the Arbitrators, in IAI SERIES ON INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION NO. 2, ANTI-SUIT INJUNCTIONS IN INTERNATIONAL ARBITRATION 73, 73 (E.Gaillard ed., 2005).

Russel J.W. (2006). International Litigation and Arbitration 605 (Carolina Academic Press 5th ed).

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Title: International Lending and Financial Crises

  • Total Pages: 7
  • Words: 2157
  • Works Cited:6
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: International capital movements can bring major gains both to the lending or investing countries and to the borrowing countries, through intertemporal trade and through portfolio diversification for the lenders/investors. But international lending and borrowing is not always well-behaved, financial crises are recurrent.

Develop a detail paper analyzing the empirical reasons for the international financial crisis and the role of the International Monetary Fund.

Paper structure as follow

*International capital flows
*The International Monetary Fund
* International Lending and borrowing between industrialized countries
*International Lending by industrialized countries to developing nations
*Reasons behind International Financial Crisis
-Overlending and Overborrowing: The Asian Crisis of 1997
-Exogenous Shocks
-Exchange Rate Risk
-Large Increases in Short-Term Debt to Foreigners

*Resolving the Crisis
*Rescue Package
*Debt Restructuring

Quotation and citation not to exceed 20% of entire paper

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Works Cited:


Cecco, M. d. (1974). New Dimensions for International Lending. The World Today, 30(9), 388-393. doi: 10.2307/40394811

Geert Bekaert, Campbell R. Harvey, & Angela Ng. (2005). Market Integration and Contagion. The Journal of Business, 78(1), 39-69. doi: 10.1086/426519

Jain, A.K. (1986). International Lending Patterns of U.S. Commercial Banks. Journal of International Business Studies, 17(3), 73-88. doi: 10.2307/154934

Jun-Koo Kang, & Rene M. Stulz. (2000). Do Banking Shocks Affect Borrowing Firm Performance? An Analysis of the Japanese Experience. The Journal of Business, 73(1), 1-23. doi: 10.1086/209630

Kathryn M.E. Dominguez. (2009). 5?International Reserves and Underdeveloped Capital Markets. NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics, 6(1), 193-221. doi: 10.1086/648705

Lone Christiansen, Alessandro Prati, Luca Antonio Ricci, & Thierry Tressel. (2009). 7 - External Balance in Low-Income Countries. NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics, 6(1), 265-322. doi: 10.1086/648710

Snoy, B. (1989). Ethical Issues in International Lending. Journal of Business Ethics, 8(8), 635-639. doi: 10.2307/25071947

Taylor, J.B. (2011). Macroeconomic Lessons from the Great Deviation. NBER Macroeconomics Annual, 25(1), 387-395. doi: 10.1086/657553

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Title: International Marketing Environment Course Resources The Resources area a variety reference materials complete activities It suggested familiar resources begin activities Textbooks doctoral level courses increasing emphasis primary sources expected

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1509
  • Bibliography:5
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: International Marketing Environment
Course Resources
The Resources area for this course contains a variety of reference materials that will help you to complete the course activities. It is suggested that you become familiar with these resources before you begin the activities.
Textbooks will usually not be appropriate for doctoral-level courses, but rather an increasing emphasis on primary sources is expected. In every doctoral-level course, Students should find, read, and comment on peer-reviewed articles and synthesize their readings with their own ideas.

To prosper in a world of abrupt changes and discontinuities, of newly emerging forces and dangers, and of unforeseen influences from abroad, firms need to prepare themselves and develop active responses. New strategies need to be envisioned, new plans need to be made, and the way of doing business needs to be changed. Further, the growth of global business activities offers increased opportunities. International activities can be crucial to a firm?s survival and growth. By transferring knowledge around the globe, an international firm can build and strengthen its competitive position. Therefore, international opportunities require careful exploration. What is needed is an awareness of global developments, an understanding of their meaning, and a development of capabilities to adjust to change. Firms must adapt to the inter-national market if they are to be successful (Czinkota, 2013). Moreover, international marketers must have an in-depth understanding of country-specific political, economic, legal, social, and legal systems. Equally, important, international marketers must have an in-depth understanding of country-specific cultural intelligence (Torres, 2013).

Required Reading:
Please refer to each Activity for required readings within Activity Resources.

Assignment 3 Impact of Culture in International Marketing
Success in the global marketplace requires that international marketers avoid making cultural blunders relating to a lack of understanding of country-specific cultural intelligence. Further, international marketers must have an in-depth understanding of country-specific consumer behavior and emotional preferences of products and services. Additionally, being a successful international marketer also requires an in-depth understanding of country-specific political, economic, social, and legal systems; as well as a clear understanding the targeted country?s history and geography (Torres, 2013).

Activity Resources:
? Kumar, V., Sunder, S., & Ramaseshan, B. (2011).
? Madden, T. J., Roth, M. S., & Dillon, W. R. (2012).
Main Task: Analyze How Culture Influences and Impacts in International Marketing:
Based on the section readings above, and your research:

? Review 3 international marketing blunders that have occurred in the last 25-years and talk about how these blunders could have been avoided. Analyze the cultural misunderstandings that led to these marketing mistakes? Critique the importance of using a local advertising agency to work with when going global?
? Why culture risk is just as important as commercial or political risk in the international marketing arena?
? You are on your first business visit to one of the South Asian countries. You feel confident about your ability to speak the language (you studied the language in school and have taken a refresher course), and you decide to use it. During introductions, you want to break the ice by insisting that everyone call you by your first name. Speculate as to the reaction.
? Jack Daniel?s whiskey uses its core American values of authenticity, masculinity, and fraternalism successfully in other English-speaking countries like the United Kingdom, Australia, and South Africa. How they can interpret the values of the brand to be more approachable in a culture like China? (For example, is very status-oriented in terms of the middle class.)

Support your paper with five (5) scholarly sources. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources, including older articles, may be included.

Length: 5 pages not including title and reference pages

Your paper should demonstrate thoughtful consideration of the ideas and concepts that are presented in the course and provide new thoughts and insights relating directly to this topic. Your response should reflect scholarly writing and current APA standards.

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Czinkota, M.R., & Ronkainen, I.A. (2013). Chapter 1

Kumar, V., Sunder, S., & Ramaseshan, B. (2011)

Madden, T.J., Roth, M.S., & Dillon, W.R. (2012)

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