Intelligence Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Intelligence College Essay Examples

Title: Definition of Intelligence

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 889
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Intelligence Definitions:
Comparing and Contrasting Multiple Intelligence Definitions

In a two page paper, compare and contrast the differences between intelligence definitions of Alfred Binet, David Wechsler, Jean Piaget, Francis Galton, Charles Spearman, and Robert Sternberg.

Reference used is Psychological Testing and Assessment, 6th Edition, by Ronald Jay Cohen and Mark E. Swerdlik.

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Charles Spearman was the first to develop techniques that measured "intercorrelations" between different tests of intelligence. The development of these theories lead to the evolution of the two-factor theory of intelligence, in which he postulated that the existence of a general intellectual ability factor that can and is tapped by all other mental abilities such as linguistic, mechanical, and arithmetic abilities. (238) Spearman instituted tests that measured the magnitude of this general intelligence and concluded that the higher the general intelligence, the greater a subject's overall intelligence would be. (237)

Spearman's work led directly to the development of multi-intelligence models, like those of Guilford (1967), that attempt to explain the varied types of identifiable intelligence witnessed throughout the general population. Evolving from the discussion of intelligence as a general idea accepted by the lay population but without real definition, psychologists from Sternberg to Spearman attempted to decipher the popular idea of intelligence, capture it within an acceptable definition, and understand its origins, growth, possibilities, and application. Each scientist presented a new way to examine the nebulous idea, mollifying its uncertain nature with an infusion of definition and standards, shedding light on the wholly inconspicuous concept of brilliance.

Cohen and Swerdlik, Jay and Mark E. Psychological Testing and Assessment. 6th Ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2005.

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Title: Intelligence Pathologies

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3119
  • Works Cited:0
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: In 2800-3000 words, compare and contrast the intelligence pathologies revealed by the Church Committee investigations with those contributing to the 9-11 disaster and the Iraqi WMD assessment. What do the respective abuses/failures of these eras tell us about which intelligence pathologies are most intractable, and which appear to me more a function of the post-Cold War threat environment?

Church Committee Reports:
selected sections, online at
http://www.icdc.com/~paulwolf/cointelpro/cointel.htm

CRS, Director of National Intelligence Statutory Authorities: Status and Proposals, Apr. 17, 2008, online at http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/RL34231.pdf

CRS, Organizing the U.S. Government for National Security: Overview of
the Interagency Reform Debates (Apr. 18, 2008), online at http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/natsec/RL34455.pdf

CRS, Congressional Oversight of Intelligence: Current Structure and Alternatives (Apr. 1, 2008) online at
http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/RL32525.pdf

CRS, PL 110-55, the Protect America Act of 2007: Modifications to FISA (Feb. 14, 2008), online at http://www.arl.org/bm~doc/crs-rl34143.pdf

Warner & McDonald, “USIC Intelligence Reform Studies Since 1947” (2005), online at https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/US%20Intelligence%20Community%20Reform%20Studies%20Since%201947.pdf

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Auerswald, D.P., Campbell, C.C. (2012). Congress and the Politics of National Security. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Best, R.B., Jr. (2011, Dec 16). Director of National Intelligence Statutory Authorities: Status and Proposals. Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, 7-5700, RL34231.

Dale, C., Serafino, N.M., & Towell, P. (2008, Dec 16). Organizing the U.S. Government for National Security: Overview of the Interagency Reform Debates. Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, 7-5700, RL34455.

Halchin, L.E., & Kaiser, F.M. (2012, May 14). Congressional Oversight of Intelligence: Current Structure and Alternatives. Congressional Research Service Report for Congress, 7-5700, RL32525.

McCarthy, G.C. (2009). Congressional Oversight of Intelligence: 9/11 and the Iraq War. MI, U.S.A.: UMI Microform, ProQuest LLC.

Miller, R.A. (2008). U.S. National Security, Intelligence and Democracy: From the Church Committee to the War on Terror. New York, NY: Routledge.

Warner, M., & McDonald J.K. (2005, Apr). U.S. Intelligence Community Reform Studies Since 1947. Center for the Study of Intelligence (CSI).

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Title: Intelligence Policy

  • Total Pages: 10
  • Words: 3186
  • Bibliography:9
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Assess the political factors that shape contemporary debates over intelligence policy, effectiveness, and accountability, and the prospects for a national consensus on the proper balance to strike between security and civil liberty. Who should strike the balance; applying what standards or heuristics? Would it help to change the frame of reference for the debate? If so, how?


Reference:
CRS, Congressional Oversight of Intelligence: Current Structure and Alternatives (Apr. 1, 2008) online at
http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/intel/RL32525.pdf



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Baldino, D. (2010). Democratic oversight of intelligence services. Annandale, NSW: Federation Press.

Halchin L.E. & Kaisser, F. (2010). Congressional Oversight of Intelligence: Current Structure and Alternatives. CRS

Reed, E.D., & Dumper, M. (2012). Civil liberties, national security, and prospects for consensus: Legal, philosophical, and religious perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Salinas, F.A.M., Samuel, K.L.H., & White, N.D. (2012). Counter-Terrorism: International law and practice. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Svendsen, a.D.M. (2012). The professionalization of intelligence cooperation: Fashioning method out of mayhem. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Tocqueville, a., Mansfield, H.C., & Winthrop, D. (2002). Democracy in America. Chicago, IL: Univ. Of Chicago Press.

United States. (2010). Congressional record: Proceedings and debates of the ... Congress. Washington: G.P.O.

Wilensky, H.L. (2002). Rich democracies: Political economy, public policy, and performance. Berkeley, CA: Univ. Of California Press.

Yoshihara, T., & Holmes, J.R. (2012). Strategy in the second nuclear age: Power, ambition, and the ultimate weapon. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press.

Zegart, a.B. (2011). Eyes on spies: Congress and the United States intelligence community. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press/Stanford University.

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Title: Intelligence Testing

  • Total Pages: 4
  • Words: 1312
  • Sources:4
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Submit a 3-5 page paper (excluding the title page and reference section) explaining the origins of theories of intelligence and intelligence testing. Select one current theory of intelligence and analyze its strengths and weaknesses. Explain how intelligence is assessed in current times. The paper should include a minimum of one external source in addition to the textbook and the Reynolds article.
Please include abstract
The history and development of intelligence theory and testing are explained.
A current theory of intelligence is explained and its strengths and weaknesses are analyzed.
Current methods of measuring intelligence are explained.
Empirical research is used to support the writer’s points.
The paper includes a summary and analysis of research materials that are relevant to the assignment, e.g. scholarly journals, professional articles, legal documents, government documents, legal decisions, media clips, software, measurement instruments websites, personal communication, etc.
Professional/scholarly journals are peer reviewed and focus on the profession/application of psychology (located on Proquest, EBSCOHost, PsycNET, etc.).
Non-scholarly articles include newspapers, periodicals, secular magazines, etc, and are not peer reviewed. Websites not approved include wilkipedia.com and about.com.
Research focuses on the most current information (past five to ten years) except when citing seminal works (e.g. Freud, Erickson, etc.).




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Barnard, L., & Olivarez, A. (2007). Self-estimates of multiple, g factor, and school-valued intelligences. North American Journal of Psychology, 9(3), 501-510. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/197988283?accountid=10901

Gottfredson, Linda S. (2011) The general intelligence factor. Scientific American. Retrieved:

http://psych.utoronto.ca/users/reingold/courses/intelligence/cache/1198gottfred.html

Helding, L. (2009). Mindful voice: Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences. Journal of Singing - the Official Journal of the National Association of Teachers of Singing, 66(2),

193-199. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/1403418?accountid=10901

Reynolds, Cecil R. (2000). Why is psychometric research on bias in mental testing so often ignored? Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 6 (1): 144-150. Retrieved:

DOI: 10.1037//1076-8971.6.U44

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