Integrated Pest Management Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Integrated Pest Management College Essay Examples

Title: The Honey Bee Mystery Pesticides

  • Total Pages: 13
  • Words: 3437
  • Sources:12
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: The paper needs to be a scientific analysis on the mystery of the massive honey bee deaths/dissapearances over the past several years. The prime suspect is pesticide use, and the suggested method of resolving the issue is integrated pest management.

The paper should summarize the issue, characterize the scientific/technical information (and gaps), indicate how the information is being applied, and suggest how the issue should be resolved using integrated pest management.

Paper will be graded for:
Clear and concise thought and writing, without vagaries or irrelevant information
Adequately representing the topic
Providing good arguments backed up by solid, referenced data and scholarship
Demonstrating a good understanding of the subject matter
Good analysis and synthesis of material, rather than simply repeating other material without much analysis

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1) Dan Kulpinski, (2008), 'Honeybee Mystery Unsolved After Two Years', Available at,

2) Gunther Hauk, (2007), 'Colony Collapse Disorder: Do we Harvest what we Sow?, ACRES, May 2007, Vol 37, No 5, available online at,

3)Benjamin Oldroyd P, (2007), ' What's Killing American Honeybees', PLoS Biol. 2007

June; 5(6): e168., Available online at,

4) Sebastian Gisder, Pia Aumeier, and Elke Genersch, (2009),' Deformed wing virus: replication and viral load in mites (Varroa destructor)', . Gen. Virol., Feb 2009; 90: 463 -- 467

5) Iqbal J & Mueller U, (2007), ' Virus infections cause specific learning deficits in Honeybee foragers', Proc Biol Sci. 2007 June 22; 274(1617): 1517 -- 1521

6) Myrna E. Watanabe, (2008), 'Colony Collapse Disorder: Many Suspects, No Smoking Gun', BioScience 58(5):384-388. 2008, Available Online at,

7) Pettis J.S, (2003), ' A scientific note on Varroa destructor resistance to Coumaphos in the United States', Apidologie. 2003 35:91-92.

8) Gatien P & Currie R.W, (2003) 'Timing of acaracide treatments for control of low-level populations of Varroa destructor (Acari: Varroidae) and implications for colony performance of honey bees', Volume 135, Number 5, September/October 2003

9) Laurent FM, Rathahao E,(2003) 'Distribution of [(14)C] imidacloprid in sunflowers

(Helianthus annuus L.) following seed treatment', Journal of Agricultural and Food

Chemistry, 2003 Dec 31;51(27):8005-10

10) Axel Decourtye & Catherine Armengaud (2003), 'Imidacloprid Impairs memory and Brain Metabolism in the Honeybee (Apis Mellifera)', Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology, Vol 78, Issue 2, February 2004, Pages 83-92

11) Malone LA & Pham Delegue MH, ( 2001), ' Effects of Transgene products on Honeybees (Apis millifera) and bumblebees. (Bombus sp.). Apidologie, 2001 32, 287-304

12) Rinderer T. E, De Guzman, Lilia, Delatte Gary & Harper Charlie (2003), 'AN EVALUATION OF ARS RUSSIAN HONEY BEES IN COMBINATION WITH OTHER METHODS FOR THE CONTROL OF VARROA MITES', American Bee Journal 143(5):410-413.

13) SARE, 'Integrated Pest Management for Varroa Destructor in the Northeastern

United States using Drone Brood Removal and Formic Acid', Available at,

14) Susan Salisbury, (2008), 'Mystery of Lost bees Points to pesticides', Palm Beach Post, Oct 17, 2008, Available at,

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  • Total Pages: 11
  • Words: 3470
  • References:9
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Prepare this document using APA 6th edition format and Times New Roman, 12-point font; the document should have 1" margins and be double-spaced. Each module question should be 1 or 2 pages maximum in length and should be seperated, identified and label by each module question. Each Module Question is a seperate assignment.

Module 01 Question 01
In your paper, discuss some modern day examples of human modification of an ecosystem with which you are familiar and cite some examples of the direct or indirect consequences such disruption has had on biotic communities and/or human populations.

Module 01 Question 02
In your paper, state the ?Laws of Thermodynamics? and discuss the relationships of these principles to environmental problems such as world hunger, biomagnifications, global warming, etc.

Module 02 Question 01
In your paper, give an example of an environment whose carrying capacity may already have been exceeded. Explain what is happening there.

Module 02 Question 02
In your paper, discuss what is meant by the ?Green Revolution.? How successful has it been to date in eradicating world hunger?

Module 03 Question 01
In your paper, answer the following question: What provisions of the Endangered Species Act had the greatest impact on protecting ecosystems from human pressures?

Module 03 Question 02
In your paper, answer the following question: What is emerging as a threat to the survival of gorillas, chimpanzees, and other African wildlife species? Explain why the problem is so much greater now than in the past.

Module 03 Question 03
In your paper, discuss the following statement: In recent years the emphasis on cancer prevention strategies has focused increasingly on changes in personal life style. Keeping in mind the established factors associated with cancer causation, make a list of your own personal habits and activities that might enhance your risk of someday developing a malignancy.

Module 04 Question 01
In your paper, discuss why the use of broad spectrum pesticides, like DDT, may not be the best approach for long term pest control.

Module 04 Question 02
In your paper, discuss the following statement: As society strives to reduce its reliance on chemical pesticides, describe some practical and effective integrated pest management (IPM) approaches that you could pursue to control insects, weeds, and other pests in your own yard and garden.

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Callan, S., & Thomas, J.M. (2010). Environmental economics & management: Theory, policy, and applications. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.

Corwin, J. (2009). 100 heartbeats: The race to save earth's most endangered species. New York, NY: Rodale.

FAO/IRRI Workshop on Judicious and Efficient Use of Insecticides on Rice, International

Rice Research Institute. & Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

(1984). Proceedings of the FAO/IRRI Workshop on Judicious and Efficient Use of Insecticides on Rice. Laguna, Philippines: IRRI.

International Agency for Research on Cancer. (1997). IARC handbooks of cancer prevention.

Lyon: The Agency.

Miller, G.T., & Spoolman, S. (2012). Living in the environment. Pacific Grove, CA:

Brooks/Cole Cengage Learning.

Randhawa, M.S. (1974). Green revolution: A case study of Punjab. Delhi: Vikas Publishing


Stanford Environmental Law Society. (2001). The Endangered Species Act. Stanford, CA:

Woodward, G. (2011). Advances in ecological research: Volume 44. Amsterdam:

Elsevier/Academic Press.

Zeaman, J. (2001). Overpopulation. New York: Franklin Watts.

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Title: Landscape Assessment

  • Total Pages: 5
  • Words: 1243
  • Works Cited:6
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Four Part Paper

Discuss a landscape-level assessment of a significant environmental and economic issue in the U.S. - the defoliation caused by an exotic insect, the gypsy moth. This link provided is to the gypsy moth trap data for the Eastern U.S. Pay particular attention in this map to Southeastern West Virginia. The topographic map provided in Web Resources will focus you on Sandstone Falls on the New River in West Virginia

Part 1 - List the most significant environmental issues that must be considered in developing a treatment plan (pesticide spray operation, pheromone dispersant, etc.).

2 - Detail a treatment plan consisting of the spraying of Btk (Bacillus thuringiensis kurstaki) - how would this be implemented (ie. patches, what would the spray block pattern look like and how would this decision be made or derived at)

3 - Using the topographic map website, increase the scale of the map to 1:50,000 and 1:100,000. What features are now in the map frame? What kinds of landscape-level considerations should be made in the regional context? Describe the features and give thoughts in detail.

4- Consider that the area to be treated includes federal lands. List the steps of the planning process you would undertake before a treatment plan (ie. integrated pest management plan) could be implemented ? what steps would need to be taken.

Must use supplied links, supplied reference material.

Gypsy Moth Trap Results

Topographic Map West Virginia / Sandstone

Lansat Maryland/West Virginia

Gypsy Moth in the US

National Environmental Policy Act

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Any action taken by any federal agency, which includes actions taken on the federal lands include in the targeted region as they are part of the National Forest Service's dominion and thus require federal approval, is required to conduct Environmental Assessments and produce Environmental Impact Statements in accordance with EPA guidelines, as per 1969's National Environmental Policy Act (EPA 2011). The pest management control methods and treatment must be shown to have a minimal expected impact on other populations of both flora and fauna based on available evidence, and the benefits and necessity of these actions must also be demonstrated (EPA 2011). Coordination with other efforts to reforest specific areas of the region, correct other environmental damage, and promote the overall health of the ecosystem must also be a part of the treatment plan development, as well (National Forest Service n.d.). This is not only due to regulatory and legislative concerns but also because such coordination will represent the most efficient and effective use of resources available (National Forest Service n.d.; EPA 2011).


The control of the Gypsy Moth population in the Eastern United States has been a long-running issue since the introduction of the species. The threat the Gypsy Moth represents to the Diana fritillary butterfly is both direct and indirect, and moth population control methods can themselves be harmful to the Diana fritillary. Careful consideration of landscape issues and other concerns is necessary in the development of a treatment plan.

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