Influenza Essays and Research Papers

Instructions for Influenza College Essay Examples

Title: Influenza pandemic

  • Total Pages: 12
  • Words: 5569
  • References:0
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: Research paper: Is the US prepared for an Influenza pandemic? what are the risk and who is at risk. What can be done to minimise morbidity and mortality. Is the CDC and appropiate agencies doing what needs to be done. Page numbers top right hand corner. Tabel of contents and bibliography.

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Title: Influenza Pandemics Past and Future

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 874
  • Works Cited:2
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: Write an analysis of the Case-In-Point below. In your analysis, include the following:

1) Identify any unintended consequences of humankind's activities that have led to environmental problems.
2) Describe how scientific or technological activities are exacerbating or improving the existing situation.
3) Discuss how a proper application of the scientific method could have helped the problem.
4) Address any alternative solutions beyond the scientific method.

Case in Point
The influenza virus has been a threat to human health for centuries. Every year, one or more new strains of the virus appear and quickly spread around the globe during the flu season, which usually runs from late fall through the winter. In a typical year, anywhere from 5% to 20% of the U.S. population contracts the flu, with symptoms ranging from mild headaches to severe muscle aches, digestive and breathing problems, and high fever. Typically, about 36,000 people in the United States die from the flu each year.

In contrast, a particularly virulent strain during the 1918?1919 flu season may have killed more than 850,000 in the United States, or nearly 1% of the population of 100 million people. The 1918?1919 flu season corresponded with the end of World War I, a time already characterized by hardships, including hunger and a lack of medicines, as well as a time of unprecedented international travel. The 1918 flu was unusual in that, unlike most strains, it was at least as lethal to young healthy people as to the very young, elderly, and infirm.

While individuals can be vaccinated against the flu, successful vaccination requires that researchers predict which influenza strains will appear, successfully prepare enough vaccine for everyone who needs it, and then distribute the vaccine to all those people. In recent years, an increasing fraction of those 65 or older are getting the vaccine (65% in 2003, the latest year on record). However, less than 20% of those 18 to 49 years old were vaccinated each year from 1989 through 2003, which means that a strain similar to that of the 1918?1919 season could be devastating. In addition, such a strain could easily spread around the world via air travel?a scenario envisioned by Paul Ehrlich in his 1968 book The Population Bomb.

Another recent concern is that of a pandemic of influenza, passing from birds, pigs, or other species to humans. A pandemic is a disease that reaches nearly every part of the world, and has the potential to infect almost every person. Avian influenza, a strain that appears commonly in birds (Figure 7.3), tends to be very difficult for humans to contract, since it usually is transferred from bird to human, but not from human to human. It is, however, extremely potent once contracted, with a very high fatality rate. A major concern for epidemiologists is the possible evolution of a strain that is easily transferred from human to human?a change that might involve a single genetic mutation. An avian flu pandemic could kill millions, or even billions, of people within a single year.

A swine flu outbreak first observed in Mexico in early 2009 indicates how quickly such a disease can move around the world. The virus was first identified in April 2009; by early May 2009, it had spread to several dozen countries. The 2009 swine flu strain (referred to as an H1N1 flu because of its characteristic proteins) has a mixture of human, bird, and swine flu genetic material, and can be transferred from human to human and between pigs and humans. It has the potential to become highly virulent, even if early cases were not particularly severe. See for information on how to be prepared for a flu pandemic.

Raven, P. H., Berg, L. R., & Hassenzahl, D. M. (2010). Environment (7th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

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Title: For document bellow introduction conclusion Please 1 page introduction 1 page conclusion Note paragraphs Collaborative Learning Community CLC assignment Prepare assignment guidelines found APA Style Guide located Student Success Center

  • Total Pages: 2
  • Words: 627
  • Bibliography:2
  • Citation Style: APA
  • Document Type: Essay
Essay Instructions: For the document bellow do an introduction ,and conclusion. Please 1 page introduction, and 1 page conclusion. Note-- this should be two paragraphs.

Collaborative Learning Community (CLC) assignment.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

Use Rubric 100%
Covers topic in-depth with extensive details and examples. Subject knowledge is excellent. Thoughtfully analyzes and evaluates major points of the criteria. Draws warranted, judicious, non-fallacious conclusions. Identifies the salient arguments (reasons and claims) pro and con providing explicit examples and details. 30%

20% The content is written clearly and concisely. Ideas universally progress and relate to each other. The project includes motivating questions and advanced organizers. The project gives the audience a clear sense of the main idea.

20% All posts encourage further discussion and extensive dialogue with other students in the class. Posts demonstrate a critical analysis of classmates\' postings and provide relevant and constructive feedback. Individual contributions are provided before the designated timeline. Cooperative teamwork is exhibited in order to complete the project.

Risk Communication During an Influenza Emergency
This year Influenza is a public health emergency. The Center for Disease Control (CDC) states that the influenza activity has spread to over 32 states (p. 1). There have been serious flu implications for the public and adults over 65 and children under 5 have the highest hospitalization and mortality rates (Center for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2018). There have been over 8,990 laboratory-confirmed cases of influenza since October, 2017 and there is triple the use of primary care for symptoms of influenza than the national baseline use (CDC, 2018, para. 6).
Chain of Command
Method of Public Health Response Conducted
Public Health Departments will send out press releases to Media for the community and Bulletins to medical providers in the affected areas. The community release will emphasize the need for Influenza prevention, citing the 4 C?s (Clean through handwashing, Cover your cough, Call your provider, Contain by staying home until 24 hours fever free). Bulletins distributed to health providers will emphasize rapid flu testing and tamiflu prescriptions for only positive cases under 24 hours old and as recommended by RI Health Department, ?People with influenza who have high-risk conditions, who have moderate to severe illness, or who live in households with high-risk individuals should take antiviral medications to treat influenza or prevent influenza transmission?.

Important Public Health Issues Related to Medical Care
Shi, Johnson, & Novick (2014), write that ?prevention, mitigation, warning and preparedness, and response? are important when addressing emergencies (p. 553). Communication to the public is essential in decreasing risk and warning the public of the severity and indications of where the virus is most active. Communicating that the biggest prevention technique to aid in decreasing the risk of contracting the influenza virus is obtaining the flu vaccination, and voicing the importance that the vaccination will prevent disease, possible loss of life, and decrease missed work and school days. There should also be an announcement that the flu vaccination is still available and encouraged for everyone, but especially the vulnerable is vital as well.
In preparing the public for the influenza virus emergency, there should be steps to educate the public on how to stop the spread of germs (CDC, 2018), For example, let individuals know to avoid contact with others if they are sick and for 24 hours after the last fever, avoid contact with sick individuals, clean and disinfect hands and surfaces that may be contaminated after contact with sick individuals, and cover the mouth and nose if coughing and sneezing. Communication that one of the mitigating medication treatments is obtaining the flu antiviral drug. The antiviral drug would be taken after contracting the flu and can make the symptoms milder and shorten the time that the individual is sick (CDC, 2018).
Public Health Risks of Communicating to the Public and Media............Missing document

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2018, January 19). Influenza (Flu). Retrieved January 23, 2018, from
Shi, L., Johnson, J. A., & Novick, L. F. (2014). Novick & Morrow\'s Public Health Administration: Principles for population-based management. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Rhode Island Department of Health (2018). Influenza Information For Healthcare Providers
intro and conclusion

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Title: Infectious Disease Influenza

  • Total Pages: 3
  • Words: 870
  • Sources:3
  • Citation Style: MLA
  • Document Type: Research Paper
Essay Instructions: You have been assigned the responsibility of updating your organization’s leadership on what should be done for the next flu season. Recent reports from the CDC have indicated that due to shortages in the flu vaccine, 50 percent of the population who are at risk of contracting the virus will not receive the inoculation for several months. Prepare a report that you will submit to leadership regarding the points outlined below. Use the Internet to research current health care industry data on “Influenza” current trends, treatments, and protocols to assist you in preparing the report.

1.Identify the transmission and symptoms of the flu, treatments that are currently available, and how your organization can help mitigate the spread of this disease.
2.Develop four (4) questions or concerns that you anticipate that leadership in your organization will ask you in regard to possible side effects of the treatments. Provide the rationale behind your four (4) questions.
3.Propose three (3) lessons that have been learned from past flu seasons that will underscore the importance of preparing for the upcoming flu season and why these lessons will be beneficial.
4.Propose two (2) recommendations (and your rationale) to leadership on how to cope with the shortage of the flu vaccine.
5.Compose an infection control policy for the local community.
6.Use at least four (4) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.
Your assignment must:

•Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
•Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

•Examine epidemiology as it relates to population, environment, transmission, and prevention.
•Examine the application of epidemiology to specific diseases.
•Use technology and information resources to research issues in managerial epidemiology.
•Write clearly and concisely about managerial epidemiology using proper writing mechanics.

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